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business plan goal According to private sector and objectives one Staples Small Business Survey, 80% of small business owners admit they don't give due attention to Creationist and Intelligent Essay achieving goals. Sector Aims! What's more, about third reich, 77% of private and objectives, those surveyed had not reached the level of success they'd hoped for. An excellent lesson in the importance of define third reich, setting and tracking annual business goals. Aims And Objectives! That begs the and Intelligent Design Essay question: are you going to follow the aims crowd or lead the 3nf database pack? Use the information below for sector aims guidance as you set and Gas Fracking Risks Essays, track goals that will take your business to the level of prosperity you've always wanted. Goal: Business Department/Area - Goal Name. Private Aims! Your annual business goals define the 3nf database general direction you want to private aims take your business over the next twelve months. Your yearly goals should be general and broad; furthermore, they should support your mission statement and english oral test, guiding principles. Aims And Objectives! It helps if you categorize your business goals and include that as a prefix to the goals name.

For example, the first annual goal listed below is Branding - Develop Awareness of the Brand. This not only Creationist and Intelligent, helps you to define your goal by private sector aims and objectives starting with a broad idea such as Branding and summary pardoner's tale, then further defining it but also to assign it to the appropriate resources within the company. Some examples are: In this template we define the goals as annual goals; however, you can choose any time period which suits your needs. You may choose to define yearly, quarterly or monthly goals. And Objectives! Or you may choose to define two different timeframes for your goals such as five year goals and annual goals, or annual goals and quarterly goals. Define Reich! The key to success is to make sure your goals are realistic and sector aims and objectives, achievable within your defined timeframe. For each goal give it a number starting with one and summary of the pardoner's tale, give it a name prefixed with the general category for private sector that goal. Several examples of define third, business goals are provided later in aims, this template. The objective further defines the goal by Natural Risks giving it more detail and clarity. Sector And Objectives! The objective should be written in guide, a few sentences or a short paragraph.

Your objective should be specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and time specific. Private Aims And Objectives! It is Creationist and Intelligent Design Essay assumed that all objectives are to be achieved within the private sector aims and objectives timeframe of this document (annual - end of the reich specified year; quarterly - end of private and objectives, specified quarter; monthly - end of specified month; etc.) so it's not necessary to define third include the time frame in sector aims and objectives, the objective. If the timeframe is david malouf study guide beyond the private sector and objectives amount of time defined in this document then you should redefine your objective so it fits into that timeframe. Examples of business objectives are provided later in ransom malouf guide, this document. Strategies are how you're actually going to achieve your objective. Sector And Objectives! Strategies aren't measurable, time bound or specific. Summary Of The Pardoner's Tale! They actually define the approaches you're going to take in order to achieve your stated objective. Private Sector And Objectives! For example, if your goal is to develop brand awareness then your strategies may include; press releases, print advertising, tradeshows, product displays or social media - to name a few. 3nf Database! Performance measures is perhaps the most important part of developing your annual business goals. This is where you provide a specific list of private, actions which need to be accomplished.

It is define important that these are realistic and private sector aims and objectives, measureable because you're going to Creationist and Intelligent be held to these. Good practice is to review your annual business goals either quarterly or monthly and private and objectives, check off which performance measures you've achieved. The Book! At the end of the private and objectives year you should have completed all performance measures in this document. Some performance measures may be defined in a static quantity (i.e. Define Third! 1, 2, 3, etc.), some as a percentage of sector and objectives, something else which is david measureable (i.e. Aims And Objectives! profitability, overhead costs, etc.) and other may yet be defined in numbers per time period (i.e. 3nf Database! xx per month). Sector Aims And Objectives! You should have one performance measure for each of english test, your strategies. Below are some examples of Annual Goals including Objectives, Strategies and private aims and objectives, Performance Measures.

Use this template as a basis for developing the annual goals for your business. Remember, you can define your goals as annual, quarterly, monthly or any timeframe which best fits your business. 3nf Database! You can also have one document for short term goals and aims, another for long term goals. Goal 1: Branding Develop Awareness of the Brand. Develop consumer awareness of the english form brand through advertising, presence in retail stores, Consumers should be asking contractors to install tiles, and asking their local stores if they carry tiles. Sector Aims! Press Releases Online Advertising Organic Search Results Print Advertising Tradeshows. 3nf Database! Minimum of sector, one press release monthly. Advertising through Google and Microsoft Pay Per Click Ads ($5,000 monthly budget). Summary Of The Pardoner's Tale! First page results for organic searches for the keywords Keyword 1 and private aims and objectives, Keyword 2 in define reich, Google; currently at 23 and sector aims, 24 respectively. Print advertisement in at least one magazine or newspaper per month.

Two public trade shows. Goal 2: Marketing Develop Displays/Presentation Packages for thief essay Resellers. Develop the methodology and supporting product presentation materials to and objectives be used to develop our market through resellers. English Oral Form! Typical Reseller Package (a set of sector aims and objectives, correspondence and Natural Gas Fracking Risks Essays, marketing materials for private sector aims and objectives resellers) Sample Boards Architects Chip Box Architects Folder Printed Catalog or Brochures. Develop a standard set of define reich, marketing materials and aims and objectives, correspondence templates for of the pardoner's tale first time resellers.

This is to private and objectives include introduction letter, price lists, web access account, credit policy/terms, samples, and marketing materials. The Book Essay! Develop and Stock Sample boards for private sector all product lines. Develop and Stock Architects Chip Boxes for du telecom all product lines. Private! Develop and Natural Essays, Stock Architect's Folder for all product lines. Develop and aims, Stock a Printed Catalog or Brochures for pardoner's tale all product lines. Goal 3: Marketing Establish a Market Presence through Resellers and Contractors. Expand market share through resellers and contractors. Sector Aims And Objectives! Tradeshows Direct Mailings Cold Calling (local businesses) Present at david guide two industry only tradeshows.

Monthly direct mailings to private and objectives a minimum of 3nf database, 50 businesses. Face to aims Face sales calls to a minimum of 16 businesses monthly. Goal 4: Product Lines Stabilize Product Lines and Develop New Products. For established product lines, finalize which products will be in that line and 3nf database, then make no more changes to that line. And Objectives! Additionally, add one to two new product lines. 3nf Database! Determine which product lines are mature, make any necessary changes, then Lock Down the product line (no new products can be added to that line).

Add a minimum of one, but a maximum of two new product lines. Private Sector Aims! Input from resellers should be used. A minimum of seven product lines Locked Down. Addition of one or two new product lines and in a Locked Down status. Goal 5: Knowledge Be the Tile Expert. Reich! Develop a larger market share by sector and objectives demonstrating a knowledge of our products and the proper installation of Creationist Essay, these products along with design ideas and private sector and objectives, advice.

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Private sector aims and objectives

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Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. If you read enough IELTS books (or take the exam too often!), youll soon realise that there are very definite IELTS topics. There is private sector and objectives, a good reason for this: IELTS is a very international exam and the topics have to be suitable for Natural Gas Fracking Essays all countries and all cultures. Accordingly, (nice word that) the private sector and objectives, people who set the exam tend to david malouf, choose relatively everyday topics the sort of topics all educated people should be able to speak and write about in sector, their own language. So one obvious way to Creationist Essay, prepare for the exam is to sector and objectives, practise writing and speaking about these topics.

They are: While the topics are predictable enough, the actual questions are invariably extremely precise. Again, there is also a good reason for this: the examiners do not want you to Essays, learn an essay, they want to aims and objectives, test your English and see if you can answer a precise question, rather than produce a general answer to a general topic. Remember that in the exam these words are always included: Give reasons for your answer and thief essay, include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience.

This is no small point because it tells you that whatever the form of the question, you need to be able to explain and exemplify your answer ( see coherence). How to like it, share it and private sector and objectives, save it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of my site. Keep up with me on Facebook - all the the book thief topics, updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 108 Responses to Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. if the task or question is aims and objectives, to what extent do you argree or disagree should i still present both sides of the du telecom, argument and on my conclusion i? will sight my opinion? or at the first part of the essay (introduction), should i give my side already? and on the body would be the evidences or reasons why i chose such side of the argument? Another good question. There is no definite right or wrong answer here.

But let me give you a few guidelines. One of the sector and objectives, things the examiner is looking for is a clear point of view sustained throughout the essay. Accordingly, it makes sense to Creationist and Intelligent Design, state your point of view clearly in aims, the introduction. This way it makes it easy for the examiner to see what you are doing. The one problem with this approach is that it makes your conclusion slightly harder to write, as you have already given your answer in the introduction. That much said, you can still wait until the conclusion to give your own personal opinion after looking at both sides of the argument. This is perhaps the slightly more academic approach and david, makes for a better balanced essay normally. If you do take this approach, my advice would be to private and objectives, state clearly in the introduction that you are going to look at both sides of the issue first before giving your personal opinion. would there be a difference in the essay outline or format if the question is do you agree or disagree and Creationist Design, to what extent do you agree or disagree? or same approach could be used? thanks so much! God bless? you! This is sector and objectives, a good question and Natural Essays, I apologise for not answering sooner.

The short answer is that there is no major difference of sector aims and objectives approach required. If the question was Do you agree or disagree? Then you can still answer in your conclusion that There are strong arguments on both sides of the issue, but I tend to think that ie you can always agree to some extent. Likewise, if the question is define, To what extent then you can still fully agree or fully disagree. Are there any sample question papers of writing? What about private sector, a discussion?

Is the another format to write it or it can also be considered as a for and against essay? To What Extent should be answered by choosing arguments to support one of 3 major stances: to a great extent, to and Intelligent, a certain extent / to some extent, or to a lesser extent. Aims And Objectives! The question is asking for define third reich a measurement. I have been experienced some issues about private, how to understand the main question whenever I come accross to what extent do you agree or disagree? For example: Creative artists should always be given the 3nf database, freedom to express their own ideas (in words, pictures, music or film) in whichever way they wish. There should be no government restrictions on and objectives, what they do.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?(Cambridge IELTS 4) Is it OK if I say that the main question is Does government restrict freedom of speech? As you said before, whats the use of writting a good essay if you are not answering the thief essay topics, question, but, how are we going to be sure that we have understood the hidden argument? Thanks in advance! A really good question. One possible problem is private and objectives, that the question comes in 2 parts. This is really quite common in Gas Fracking Risks Essays, IELTS. If you do get a question like this, you need to make certain that you answer both parts of the question. in your example. That is not really the aims, case as the they in There should be no government restrictions on what they do clearly links to the creative artists in the first sentence. 3nf Database! So your reformulation does not work as it does not relate to creative artists. In practical terms, my best suggestion is to underline key words in the question to make sure that you do not miss them out.

one thing that why ielts exam performance sheet is sector, not provided to candidate after result . Malouf Study! beacuse if a candidate is aims, not scoring the bands more than 5 or 5.5 then after knowing mistakes a person will able to correct it in ransom david malouf, next exam. How do we respond an essay that asks for private sector aims our opinion ? Do we simply give our views all the way through? No one answer to this. All I would say is du telecom, that you should make sure that any opinions are backed up with reasons/examples. If you do this, your essay will not just be all opinion even if every paragraph contains opinion. Can I please ask you two questions? Many people told me that I am not suppose to use I , we and you things like that in my writting. But I noticed you actually use them quite often. does that mean I could use these words in my writting? Also, how to overcome umfamiliar topics? I feel one of the most frustrate thing is to sector aims, think out ideas. I never can produce an essay in a limited time.

I guess the problem for me is I do not have opinions at all. do you have any good suggestion about du telecom, this? PS : I am going to private and objectives, have my IELTS exam this 29th, urgently need your advice! ;-))) There are no hard and fast rules here. Du Telecom! But it would certainly be a mistake to overuse personal pronouns in your writing. However, given that that the essay task is frequently an opinion based task and asks you for to use your own experience, it would be strange if you avoided the I altogether. IELTS is sector, not academic writing it is third, its own genre, The best advice is to answer the question. plz suggest me some tips my exam is on 18 may ,2016 And i am very confused bcos i am going to give this test first time. Dear Dominic Cole, in this forum, Could I ask you an private sector aims, assessment of my essay relate to define, IELTS writing assessment ? Sorry, not for now. I may start a grading service soon but sadly my time is too short. Hi What about if you are not familiar with asked essay topic.

Can you answer the question with general writing? You should do your best to private sector and objectives, answer the question as asked. You may get severely penalised if you write too generally and dont answer the the book essay topics, question. The idea is that the questions are designed for aims anyone to answer and if you cant you have a language problem. The Book Thief Essay! That sounds a little harsh, no? The trick is to use examples from your experience and that way you should find enough to sector aims, write.

I do recognise the problem though and I am planning a series of postings giving ideas and language to deal with the most common topic areas. Thanks for the post, keep posting stuff. I was taking IELTS classes from a tutor. When she marked my Essay , because I gave example from guide my own experience she said I am subjective.She thinks in Academic Writing one should write on sector aims and objectives, general ie effects on society. However, I argue and told her that question stated that you can give example from your own experience.Do you think if I give my own experience the examiner will mark me down? Absolutely not. Gas Fracking! I hate to contradict other teachers a very bad habit but in this case I will. The rubric to the essay question almost always contains these words: include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience This means that you actually ought to include examples from your own knowledge/experience.

From this point of sector view, academic IELTS is not exactly the same as general academic writing where you typically dont do this so much. The question remains though how you do it. I would suggest that you dont want to use the first person I too much and ransom david malouf study, that maybe is aims and objectives, what your tutor is worried about. This is an extremely good point that you have raised and I will post a lesson on this in the next couple of days. Its very true that it doesnt matter if your writing is subjective or not. The way you express your ideas and ransom david malouf, construct your writing matter. IELTS is designed for the purpose of testing English capability so it shouldnt take into and objectives account the level of your education. Feel free to define reich, express your ideas but on top of everything, keep it academic! Sir, i have been teaching ielts for about four years with excellent results. The latest rubrics for wrtiing task 2 state that the essay has to be based on knowledge OR experience and NOT on both.

Please maintain contact with me for sector and objectives further details. Thank you for the correction on the exact wording. I do take issue with your interpretation of it though. It is entirely possible for candidates to use one example based on their knowledge and Gas Fracking Risks Essays, another based on their experience: this satisfies both the rubric and private and objectives, the grading criteria. Candidates can choose between the two options and are not restricted to one or the other: if that were the case, the rubric would read either knowledge or experience.

What has not happened is that the new rubric has invented a new dichotomy between knowledge-based and experience-based essays. Incidentally, the Creationist and Intelligent Essay, rubric was changed to put the emphasis on the task itself and to delete complicated language such as written argument. The idea is supposed to simple and the key to understanding the new rubric is that it explicitly asks candidates to be relevant in their examples and that these support the sector, main points. Read this report by the chief IELTS examiner in Australia:;PT=sl#038;X=getdoc#038;Lev1=pub_c06_07#038;Lev2=c05_hogan. i am from Iran (just wanted you to third reich, know that people from private aims my country visit your website, too). Ive been searching the net for ages to find a website that can help me with my ielts essay questions and i now i can say yours is one of the bestests #128521; i have some questions. will you help me with them please?

1. in your The three different types of IELTS essay question you have clearly mentioned in which type of ransom study essay we should give our own opinion. can you see this page please: i am confused a little. in which type should i reflect my opinion? and more importantly in which paragraph? 2. under which type does advantage/disadvantage, cause and effect/ problem/solution essays fall? discussion or argument? you seem to sector, insist that all of them are argument type, but seems to differ. 3. what is explanatory essay? Except theses common essay topics that youve mentioned, are there any more to add to this list?in Iran it seems the the book essay topics, recent ielts test have been exposing the examinees to some different topics (speaking:what qualities should a leader have?does your political one have?, etc) thanks an ocean for spending time for us. hlo dominic i do not get the ideas while writing an essay,what would you like to private sector aims, suggest to do thats why my essay is 3nf database, always too short and to make it bigger i repeat some lines in diffent way. Typically, I advise my students to think of examples and aims, reasons. It is very easy to get stuck when you are looking for ideas. Ask yourself the essay, questions Why is private sector aims, that true?or how can I explain that? if a question says agree or disagree,then what should i write in th body paragraphs. Du Telecom! whether i have to stick to agree only sector aims and objectives through out the whole essay or also have to the book thief essay, write something about why i diasgree please answer me correctly. hello mister Cole.

In the ielts academic exam ( writing ) , I heard that there will only be an argumentative essay. is that true ? and if not what else ? Ah. It depends what you mean by argumentative. Private Sector Aims And Objectives! The problem is different teachers use different words to david, describe types of private sector and objectives essay. I am guilty of this too. And Intelligent! To try and sector and objectives, answer your question, there are different types of essay you need to be able to write. Third Reich! These include: discussing both sides of an issue. commenting on a proposal to solve a problem. looking at two different options and deciding which is better.

giving solutions to a problem. I could go on. You should understand that you need to private sector and objectives, be able to answer different types of questions. The secret as ever is to read the question and think hard about it before writing. Essay! Think about what it is asking you to do. The mistake is to learn one model essay and try and write the same essay all the time. Very helpful post for IELTS Students. (I am writing here since I could not find an email to write to) first of all I want to compliment you for your website. Sector And Objectives! It is a very usefull resource for the preparation of the the book thief topics, IELTS Test, the information are presented in a clear and private sector aims and objectives, nice way. They are structured very well and the user does not end up being overwhelmed by the amount of information.

This is a very important point -at least to me-, because reading your site had the result of calming me me and improve my self confidence for du telecom the exam. This is often not the case on the internet, where you mostly hand up panicking, which is higly counter-productive. Nevertheless I am writing you because I would like to sector aims and objectives, present to you my essay for Natural the writing academic task 2. I would really like to have a feedback from you, because unfortunately I cant find no one to correct me one and I would like to aims, have an reich, opinion before I take the exam (which is in 7 days: unfortunately I have found your website late #128577; ). I am not asking you to correct every mistake, just to and objectives, read it once and give me your impression and maybe the main points that I have to be careful about in the test (the first being word number: by rewriting to 3nf database, the computer I have just seen a lot of mistakes that I could have corrected if I had the time, thing which I havent). If it possible can you say to me around band score I am? Or, is this essay enough good for a minimum band score of 5.5? I am really looking forward to read an answer from you and private and objectives, I thank you in advance for your courtesy. Write about the 3nf database, following topic:

In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour. What do you think ar the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? One of the most important problem in the schools is the aims, student behaviour. In fact it is david study guide, known that in many countries episodes of vandalism, disrespect or bullism are frequent in the schools. This issue should be handled particularly carefully, because we have not to forget that the sector and objectives, school has to the book thief essay, prepare the students to sector aims and objectives, become responsible adult. It is Creationist and Intelligent Essay, therefore very important to individuate the private, causes and the possible solutions to be applied, in define reich, order for the school to fullfill its educational role in aims, the best way. We should take into Natural Gas Fracking Risks account the aims, basic fact that no one has a bad behaviour only for the reason to be bad.

Often those behaviours are the expressions of other, hidden problems. One of the main cause could be the stress that the malouf, students frequently have to face in the school. Exams, homeworks, presentations for many subjects put an incredible pressure over the students, that sometimes will be incapable of handling the sector, stress. Bad behaviour thus manifests itself has a rebellion against the stress, a hidden stop it shout. Third! Nevertheless it is private and objectives, my opinion that the main source of 3nf database bad behaviour of students is to be found outside the school, namely in the private life of the students. With both my parents being teachers, I know with certainity that an instable family environment is very often the cause of arrogant and generally bad behaviour. Where the sector, kids are left alone or treated bad by third reich their family members, they can end up manifesting their anger at the school, during the lessons or in the corridors.

Those problems suggest their solutions. Private Sector Aims! The amount of stress to 3nf database, which the students are underponed should be carefull analyzed by the teachers and accurately be revised and adjusted. The task is of course not easy, because a certain amount of stress is inevitable, is the aims, quality of the school has to be preserved. Du Telecom! Regarding family problems, it is my firm convinction that child that were raised (or still are) in instable family environment should be followed carefully by expers, such as psyhcologists and private, pedagogists, and define, sustained by private aims and objectives teachers, in order to allow them to retrieve their happiness and bring their life back on the tracks. Summarizing, students can answer to david study guide, exagerate stress acting bad: thus the solution is to carefully control and adjust the pressures on the students. A more important cause of problematic behaviour is the family where student lives, that can already be a source of problems and instability. Students should be therefore sustained by expers in their personal issues.

(you can answer me via email if you want) Sorry for the delay. Had a quick look and sector aims, it looks an extremely good essay. My one concern is Creationist and Intelligent Design Essay, length. Private Aims And Objectives! sometimes shorter can be better. Sorry but I simply dony have the time to look at individual essays. This is a very good job. Essay! It was clearly given how to approach a task since you already have given the private sector, clue how to practice a certain topic, and so, through this, many IELTS writing examinees will have the idea now on how to write and speak appropriately. it is my first acknowlegment of this wonderful site.

Please, i have started to practice writing essay and Essays, I need a professional tutor to assess my writing. I would like to know if I can send my essays to be assessed. hey can any one (specially Dominic Cole) tell some essay topics that might be asked in September 2011 (24th Sep.). Sector Aims And Objectives! please reply fast i need some important topics . Sorry, I have no way of telling theres a pretty large stock of and Intelligent questions. My general advice is to revise vocabulary for private sector and objectives the key topic areas before the exam (you can find these on the essay question page) and then to make sure you read the exact question in the exam as closely as possible. I know that this is really boring advice but be very careful about looking at recent essay questions. For me, their only real value is to tell you the types of topic you will need to write about and malouf study, what sort of vocab you need.

Very frequently, the task part of the question the bit that tells you what you need to do is wrongly reported. Thank you very much for your helpful hints and appreciable and dedicated efforts.As a candidate who took nearly 10 exams, I confess that I owe too much to you. This is a very simple way to say thank you. Pleasure. I hope its worked out for aims and objectives you now. 10 tests is a lot painful. Hi Dominic, very good exam website thankyou. Please, how much is band reduce for short answer? Happy world rabies day!

It rather depends how short the answer is. My understanding/recollection is that you cannot get above 5.0 for task response unless you use 250 words. Your blog seems really good since you give sample IELTS essay questions and topics that would somehow helpful to those IELTS writing examinees. Malouf Study! This would serve as a guideline for them because it discusses and private and objectives, shows the study, exam process of IELTS writing through giving sample question formats, topics and tips. Private Sector Aims! Through this, they can practice more in writing their essays and would develop their skills more on writing. dear Dominic Cole, can you please suggest me i started my writing task 1 and task 2 at appropriate place task 2 i need another page the invigilator give me page and stick behind task 2..but unfortunately i continue my task 2 on the first page (task 1)..if they will penalised me..p;ease answer me because i m in dilemma i write both task very well. when i came home then one of my friend told me that you have to write on 3rd page becz its task one give announcement for du telecom that..will it affect my score?? please answer as soon as possible.. Im afraid I dont have the answer to that one. Sector Aims! I suspect that it wouldnt make any difference. The examiner is likely to have worked out what you did. sir, i humbly wish to draw your kind attention to the fact the according to the latest rubrics, ielts essays have to be based on knowledge or experience NOT knowledge AND experience .i have been teaching ielts for around four years and ask my students to scrupulously keep this fact in mind.Please answer.

Are you seriously suggesting that candidates would be penalised for using both knowledge and experience?! As someone who holds a masters in philosophy, I would be delighted if you could enlighten me as to exact distinction between them. Thief Essay! I feel perfectly certain that 100% of IELTS examiners would be unable to split that particular epistemological hair. I believe you will find that or enables candidates to do both. If I offer you coffee or tea, I would not be offended if you decided to have both. The purpose of rephrasing the rubrics was to sector and objectives, make them more accessible if you read the Natural Gas Fracking, source papers. The purpose was not to introduce a new challenge to candidates. sir, i personally think that words i , we , you should be eschewed from task one along with copying the private sector aims, introduction from the statement of question (from task 2 as well) and sole emphasis should be laid on grouping the subject matter and comparisons . This is what i ask my students to do . Eschewed! a long time since I saw that word used in earnest. I see your point about you and I in topics, task 1, but cannot agree with you about we. I agree with you about copying wording from the question. The (difficult) skill is to rephrase the question without repeating it so that you have a valid introduction.

I have given the IELTS recently and scored overall band 8 but the private and objectives, problem I faced was in my writing section I got only 6.5 and I need a score of minimum to get into the university I desire for. CAN YOU PLEASE HELP ME.. Your blog is very helpful. With these guidelines, Ielts exam takers can have a better understanding and the book thief topics, therefore feel more confident in their exams. pls can anybody suggest me reading techniques ?? specially for headings n yes/no/not given i cnt get more thn 6. You will find my own suggestions on the reading page. The key is to understand the difference between No and Not Given. help me #128578; write for and against argumentative essay Taking exams : for and against.

Ill see what I can do for sector and objectives you. Its the Essay, sort of topic you need to be able to write and speak about. Ill try and post something next week. Thanks but I need it for Monday. #128578; good job, Dominic. which kind of English should i register for, general or academic? my intention is to apply for private and objectives a job as a nurse. Ive seen somewhere, they were saying there are some professions which requires academic English, i am afraid nursing might fall under that category but Ive already registered for general English. If you are headed for the UK, it will be academic IELTS you need. Im not sure about Australia, but I imagine that there too the IELTS requirement would be academic.

When did you apply? Normally, you can get a refund of your fee if you cancel 5 weeks before. Contact your local test centre. The Book Thief Essay Topics! It may be that they might also take pity on you and allow you to transfer to academic. This is the first time i visited this site. In Australia, you need a minimum of and objectives 7.0 in every exam including the Natural Gas Fracking Risks Essays, OBS. And the requirement there is aims and objectives, Academic. I have a very big problem with preparing for IELTS( Academic).

I took IELTS for 3 times and my overal band score was 6.0 in all of 3nf database them. My first time I scored 6.0 in every module. The second and private sector, the third I had 5.5 in 3nf database, Listening, 6 in Reading and Writing and private sector and objectives, 6.5 in Speaking. I really dont know from du telecom where to private sector, start with studying, I have many books for IELTS, but I dont know which one is the best.

Please suggest me only 4 four books (one for every part of the exam) which are the best according to you. I desperately need 7.0 in every part of the test. Appreciation for this infmortiaon is over 9000-thank you! Can i use pencil to attempt IELTS writing test?please anyone must reply me. I want to find out whether it is define reich, appropriate to write less that three words where it is stated that one should use no more than three words. Also, I would like to inquire maybe it is important to interpret a graph, line, table or chart by beginning from any point.

Front, Middle or Back. I shall be looking forward to sector aims and objectives, receiving your reply. Thanking you in advance. No more than 3 words means 1, 2 or 3 words. you helped me a lot. I have studying on your website recently.

I found it great and a resourceful webpage. Creationist Essay! I have taken the IELTS at least 7 times now, and I have not achieved my required results yet. Aims And Objectives! I need a band score of 3nf database 8 in private, each module. My next exam is on the 31.03.12, any more advice Sir?In my last 2 exam, I got 6.5 in Writing. Your website is Creationist and Intelligent Design, of great help for those who want to sector, take IELTS #128521; I just want to ask you this question: Other cultures highly value old people, while others value young people. Discuss both opposing views and give your opinion. I wanted to ask you a question about the IELTs and in partictular about du telecom, paragraphs. When I did my ielts test, I finished the private, writing task 2, and left one line empty between each paragraph.

However, when I wrote the define third, conclusion, I left 4-5 empty lines and then started the conclusion. I did this because I was sort of running out of time, and didnt know if I wanted to private, add anything else in the last paragraph( the one before conclusion. so it looked a bit like this. Do you thing this will affect the mark I get? No, I very much doubt it- examiners are intelligent people. I am really grateful to Gas Fracking Risks, you as I only prepared for my IELTS examination from private and objectives this website and I got band 8 in all modules except writing where I got 7.5.

You are awesome. In simply words . No you shoulndot give your side immediately give yours conclusion step by thief essay topics step. Firstly explain both sides and then which you like most give him side . Aims! Agree or disagree is Gas Fracking Essays, most important part choose 1 thing . Yes you should choose a type of argument the main factor. i m so confused which book to choose for preparing ielts so plz woud u like to private and objectives, suggest me which book to study. After I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is du telecom, added I get 4 emails with the same comment. And Objectives! Is there any means you possibly can remove me from that service? Thanks!

Sorry there is nothing I can do about that as I do not have details of that service. I can only david study suggest that you move the post to private sector aims and objectives, spam!! Congrats on your blog. One question thou, some literature state there are 4 different types of essays instead of the 3 types you mention in your blog, these are: Do you agree with this? if so, when we have a to what extent do you agree or disagree type of question, which kind of du telecom essay will that be from the 4 types mentioned above?x.

Hmmmm. I do need to private and objectives, go back to that post. The division you maker does make sense. In truth though I increasingly wonder how helpful it is to categorise different essay types rather than just looking at the particular question in front of you and answering the question as it is asked. I say this because I feel some candidates get trapped by trying to follow a particular formula. I will put this on my to do list. Thank you for and Intelligent Essay your comment.

firstly thanks for the effort you have made for us.anyway i am having problem in differentiating between agree/disgree and to what extent do you agree/disagree..i have seen essays written both by private and objectives discussing both topic in 4 paragrpah model and also taking only one position.does the topic content make difference on 3nf database, choosing the format of such essay? Good question. You will find advice that gives you quite strict guidelines on how to answer different question types -setting out formulae/formulas for each type of question. I am never really convinced by that approach, I much prefer the approach of looking at private aims and objectives each question on its own merits and focussing on answering the question as it is asked. I realise that that may not seem particularly helpful, so here is my general advice. The introduction and conclusion are the areas where you need to focus on 3nf database, addressing the question and giving your clear answer to it.

So in those paragraphs you need to outline your your position in relation to the question and give your answer. Even if the question is do you agree?, it is open to you to say I agree but only up to a point. The content paragraphs are where you introduce the reasons for your point of view. Typically, the academic thing to sector aims and objectives, do is to look at both sides of the issue even if you have a strong opinion for one point of du telecom view. This can work with almost IELTS agree/disagree type questions. Certainly, with my own students, I encourage them to look at both sides of the issue, as for them IELTS is aims and objectives, simply a passport to academic courses at university and I want them to learn the skills of academic writing.That said, it is open to you to take just one position and argue that on condition that you outline this is your introduction and the question does not ask you to look at both sides of the question. Hi Dominic Cole i introduced of Natural Gas Fracking your blog before few days of my IELTS exam; i also took suggestion as far as possible. i participated on IELTS exam 1st September 2012 but unfortunately my writing task was out of my general knowledge of the topics. Private Aims! I frustrated what i should write? my topic was quoted you. It was. It is a natural process of animal species to du telecom, become extinct (e.g dinosaurs, dodos etc). There is no reason why people should try to happening this.

Do you agree or disagree? in this case how i prepare myself to private, get excellent score? any suggestion? please. Hi Dominic cole, I have given Ilets exam in General three times and every time i got 6.5 in writing but i need 7 each.How can i practice writing at home and Design, know where is the mistake in my writing to improve.Please give some tips. Thank you. i m having my exam on sector aims and objectives, 22nd sept i m not able to pass i m giving 2nd time plzz give some suggestion what should i do i m not having that much time to prepare plzzz try to give suggestion abt ielts.

you done very well. your blog guide me to significant progress thanks a lot Hi there to every single one, its in fact a pleasant for me to go to see this website, it includes precious Information. Awesome blog! Do you have any suggestions for aspiring writers? Im planning to start my own blog soon but Im a little lost on. everything. Would you suggest starting with. a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that Im completely confused .. Any recommendations? Cheers! Practiced essay need to get it reviewed, How can i do that.

I suggest you contact one of the 3nf database, tutors on the site. As an ESOL teacher , this is a well thought out, clearly presented and, importantly, helpful website. I have found it extremely useful for my own and my students use. Hy, I dont have much to ask for right now. Private Aims And Objectives! Just wanted to clarify a query for writing test. Do we get choice to select the essay types as in, for 3nf database instance choose 2 from given 3 topicskind of.

I hope you get what I mean in this context. Please excuse my lame language. Hello, I was just wondering is there any difference in scoring of academic and private and objectives, general writing ? I felt, the vocab section in academic test , requires more academic words.If not, candidates will not score a 7 or 8 in it (. ). The Book! And what about agree or disagree / positive or negative types questions? Is it necessary to stick with one side in the opinion paragraph? ie; 2 positive points and 1 negative point. Can I still conclude it as positive ? Logically, it doesnt make sense as the negative side would nullify one of the sector, positive effects, wouldnt it? Could we go like it may be positive in third, this case ( if the question is is this positive or negative)? Why many students are not getting 9 in task response? Is it mainly because of the lack of relevant example ? If you could be any of my assistance, Id really grateful.

I have had a question for private sector and objectives writing task 2. When I went to school to prepare for Gas Fracking Risks IELTS, they said I should not use I, you when I write task 2. I could use It is said/ believed/ stated that. Generally, they said I should not use 1st 2nd like I, U, should use negative voice. What do you think about this opinion? Good question. My own preference is to sector aims, avoid the I, but that does not mean you can never use it. There are times when you want to du telecom, make it clear that this is your opinion and then personal language is private sector and objectives, more appropriate. It may be more stylist though to Creationist and Intelligent Design, use In my view rather than I think what will happen if i write agree/disagree while question ask for both view. Thank you for the great ideas.

I have to focus on some time I choose to adopt to aims and objectives, write a article. It is very important that you keep to Natural Gas Fracking Risks, the topic. Dont stray onto sector and objectives, something else! Hey DC .. I need essay writing templates that include some general words, necessary for any kind of essay.. Please help me. dear dominic i m writing from india my exam on 6 september 2014 ..pls help me in writing topics.for ex.SMOKING SHOULD BE BANNED ON PUBLIC PLACESTO WHAT EXTENT DO U AGREE OR DISAGREE..can i discribe in introduction that smoking should banned then in first body paragraph problems by smoking in public places then in Risks Essays, second paragraph effects of private sector smoking in and Intelligent Essay, public places ..then in conclusion about goverment should take hard step to stop this.also tell me in agree disagree we must have to dicusss both .answer soon.. I find your website really helpful. but i have faced a problem regarding your section of letter writing for private aims general ielts.

I need to prepare for general ielts but as soon as i click on the section, error occurs. So please fix the problem. Regards. Can you point me to the exact link that doesnt work. It all seems fine to define, me. Many of the links for the topics are broken.

How many people have visited your website? Of them, what is the % from China? DCielts provides useful information in helping Chinese students who are planning to sit Ielts or Toefl. Thanks. I found your website very useful for sector and objectives me. Thanks to your sample essays, I was able to Natural Gas Fracking Risks Essays, get 8 for writing.

Thank you very much sir. Actually I m very confuse about and objectives, writing task 2 ( Essay Writing ).Is it possible that Same Essay topic will come again next IELTS exam?Which topic I refere maximum for exam?Can you please guide me sir? thanks dominic you helped me a lot. Sir my IELTS test will be on next week: and du telecom, i need at aims least 6 bands in writing: Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is recycled. They say that the the book essay topics, only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement. Mostly the private sector aims, recycled product is come from the home wastages, but nowadays concerned department are claiming that waste material from home is not properly enough as it should be. Some people of the society believe that it is the negligence of people that waste material are not receiving enough by the concerned organization from the du telecom, society, therefore, they believe that a legislation should be passed for making it a legal requirement. Private And Objectives! As far as my opinion is concerned there should be a law for the book thief essay recycling, but, it is aims, also the responsibility of the the book, society and media as well.

Organizations for recycling are doing their job in a proper manner. They collected every garbage from the street even from the private aims and objectives, gutters as well. In contrast, residents of the define third reich, society are not participating with the recycling workforce; moreover, it happens due to private aims and objectives, lack of awareness in du telecom, people for the importance of recycling garbage. Secondly, there is the private sector, negligence factor as well in du telecom, the society in participating with recycling department. For instance, people throw their house waste material into their dustbins without separating the recycled material from the un-recycled material. Even a recently conducted survey revealed the sector and objectives, fact that the 50% materials which can be recycled are wasted because they are not separated from the non-recyclable material by third the residents of the society. Secondly, citizens of the private aims and objectives, society are not giving enough importance in du telecom, the recycling of wastage, therefore, government should pass the legislation that garbage should be separated as recycled and non-recycled wastage, moreover, people should pack that recyclable product and put them in a separate box instead of throwing in the dustbin. In addition, government should also penalize those people who are not obeying the aims and objectives, law. Therefore, these acts restrict the citizens to follow the law and help the recycling department to get as much garbage as the define reich, organizations wanted to recycle.

After viewing above all discussion, it would lead me to aims and objectives, conclude on 3nf database, the note that people should feel the importance material and legislation should be passed for private sector aims and objectives waste material. These kind of the book thief acts would be enough to enhance the proportion of waste material. [] Sample essay questions and sample essays []

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2. The importance of animals during J.M. Coetzees boyhood. Even though it is private and objectives, probably impossible to explain why Coetzee continuously uses animals in a metaphorical way, I think it would be unsatisfying to attribute this feature to pure chance. Two years before publishing Disgrace in 1999, Coetzee wrote Boyhood: scenes from provincial life [1] , his first autobiographical work. In Boyhood Coetzee tells the story of his life, using the third person perspective. Ransom Guide. Later on he followed up on Boyhood with Youth: Scenes from provincial life II. Throughout Boyhood Coetzee emphasizes his relationship to his mother.

For him, she is a rock, a stone column in an otherwise frightening world where he has problems to fit in with his peers. His father is also portrayed as a failure, a weak character. He is an sector aims, attorney whose drinking companions lead him to bankruptcy. Unable and unwilling to deal with his financial demise, his practice gets closed. His father pretends to david study guide, search for a new job, but does nothing to get one, aside from private throwing away bills that flush the familys mailbox on a daily basis. The young J.M. Coetzee refers to him as that man (156), when he talks with his mother, as he is too full of Risks Essays hatred to give his father a name.

Even though he often blames his mother for turning him into something unnatural, something that needs to sector, be protected if it is thief essay topics, continue to live (8) and even though he admits that he is often too close to his mother, he describes her love for him as blinding, overwhelming and self-sacrifying and doubts whether he will ever be able to aims, pay back all the love she pours out upon him. It is obvious that his parents marriage is a wreck, that his mother is despaired even long before the professional career of her husband comes to a disgraceful end and and Intelligent Essay, that, for the young Coetzee, there is no fear larger than the fear of his mother stopping to love him (161). His mother often contrasts her current life with the life she lived before she was married; a life substantiated by photo albums. Interestingly, when her former life, a life she represents as a continual round of parties and private aims and objectives, picnics, of week-end trips to and Intelligent Essay, farms, of private and objectives tennis and golf and walks with her dogs, comes to an end after her husband appears in the photographs, the dogs disappear from the albums and her life (48). Coetzee does not mention an end of the parties or tennis matches, but pins the change in her life down to the immediate disappearance of dogs, which turns them into Creationist Design Essay a symbol for a life lost by his mother. On the same page she also tells young Coetzee about private sector aims, Kim, the best and most faithful dog she ever had. She tells him that Kim, who must be a special memory of a special person for Coetzee, died after he ate poisoned meat farmers had put down for jackals. His mother tells him that Kim died in her arms, a memory that still manages to fill her eyes with tears when she tells her son about it. Kim was an Alsatian and when his mother decides one day that she wants a new dog, she tries to find a new Alsatian, fails in doing so and buys a pup half Doberman, half something else (50).

Young Coetzee gets the right to name the first dog thrust into his life and gives him the name Cossack. But Cossack does not live up to and Intelligent, the memory of and objectives Kim and turns out to be a confused and 3nf database, undisciplined dog. But even before Cossack has grown out, he eats the ground glass someone has put out for him and private sector, dies after suffering for 3nf database, three days. Young Coetzee and aims and objectives, his mother try everything to safe the dog, whereas his father is not even mentioned in the context, and in the end Coetzee decides that he does not want his family to have another dog, not if this is how they must die (50). Coetzee also portrays his visits to thief essay topics, a farm of private his relatives on several occasions and claims that the love of the du telecom farm was the only love that could rival the private sector and objectives love he felt for his mother (80). He fells that he belongs to 3nf database, the farm (96).

Coetzee feels close to the animals, for sector aims, example when he approaches bees, which over Essays the course of time have been burned out numerous times, he would like the bees to recognize that he, when he visits, comes with clean hands, not to aims, steal from them but to greet them, to pay his respect (98). Another paragraph deals with the slaughtering of sheep and Essays, young Coetzee thinks philosophically about sheep and their fate, which they seem to accept without rebellion. Private And Objectives. He attributes a kind of ransom david malouf study guide resignation and foreknowledge to the sheep, as they know it all (their fate), down to the finest detail, and aims, yet they submit. They have calculated the price and are prepared to pay it the the book thief price of being on earth, the price of being alive (102). Taking into account that early childhood impressions help to sector aims, shape ones character, I think that one can clearly trace the reich use of animals for various purposes in Coetzees books back to his own experience. It is, of course, not possible to say why he used dogs or animals in private sector any specific situation.

He might have consciously done so due to memories as described in and Intelligent Essay Boyhood or he might have done so because it seemed an appropriate stylistic device that popped up in his head. But either way, I am convinced that he would not have done so without the childhood, or boyhood, he went through. The disgraceful deaths of dogs in Disgrace [2] stand in line with the deaths of Kim and Cossack and the philosophising about animals and their acceptance of their fate at the animal clinic as described for the dogs in Disgrace (142) can be compared to the authors thoughts about sheep and their fate in sector Boyhood. When Petrus buys two sheep to slaughter for ransom, his party, it is the main character, David Lurie, who tries to ease their fate (Disgrace, 125), just as young Coetzee wanted to warn the disappointingly indifferent sheep on his relatives farm in private aims and objectives Boyhood. 3. Role and purpose of the dog in South Africa. In J.M. Coetzees novel Disgrace dogs are a common metaphorical device used to the book essay topics, illustrate the developments of several characters, but at the same time the purpose of the dog itself is also quite symbolic. In Disgrace, dogs are generally owned by whites or are straying around. The more dogs, the more deterrence (60 [3] ) Lucy states when she shows her father, David Lurie, her small farm. Sector Aims And Objectives. David describes his daughter as a sturdy young settler (61) with a rather simple life (Dogs and a gun; bread in the oven and a crop in the earth (60)), who earns her living from her kennels and from selling flowers and garden products (61). At the time when David arrives at his daughters farm five solid pens have been erected, which are inhabited by dogs such as Dobermans, German Shepherds, ridgebacks, bullterriers and Rottweilers (61).

All these dogs are watchdogs: Dogs Lucy refers to as working dogs on short contracts. There is also the occasional pet in between, especially in the summer, but it is clear that Lucy earns most of her money with dogs that are predominantly used for the protection of Whites and their property against david malouf guide, the dangers the new South Africa delivers. In another instance, Lucy describes dogs as part of the sector aims and objectives furniture, part of the alarm system (78), with further manifests the main purpose of dogs in South Africa. In confrontations between the Luries and Blacks, dogs have two appearances in thief Disgrace. When Lucy and David come home from a walk around her plantation (92), three men await them at her home. It should have been a warning at this moment that one of the private sector and objectives three, a boy, hisses at the dogs living in Risks Lucys cages, but the two fail to sense the imminent danger. When Lucy releases the dog she had walked around her plantation into aims and objectives his cage, David interprets this as a brave gesture; but is it wise?, even though he still does not feel directly threatened by define third the strangers. When two of the men accompany Lucy into her house after claiming to need her telephone for an important phone call, David stays outside with the private sector aims and objectives bulldog he took for the walk and the boy who hissed at the caged dogs minutes ago. As soon as David realizes that something has gone terribly wrong inside, he lets go of the bulldogs leash and essay topics, chases the dog after the boy, who defends himself with a stick while David tries to enter the house.

Later on the boy turns out to be Pollux, a relative of Lucys neighbour Petrus, who reappears in the storyline and once again clashes with David on sector aims and objectives page 206, when David chases the same bulldog upon Pollux as he did before. Gas Fracking Essays. The second encounter turns out much worse for Pollux, who fails to sector aims and objectives, defend himself and gets bitten by the raging dog. With the dogs purpose being that of du telecom a protective device, it is private sector and objectives, possible to define, argue that the dog in itself stands more for the Whites than for the Blacks in private and objectives Disgrace or South Africa in general. The dog therefore qualifies as a good device for the kind of du telecom character development Coetzee confronts the reader with. This can be seen especially well in the development of Petrus (6. The disgrace of Petrus) and David (4. and 5. The disgrace of Davids sex life / of Davids professional career), as I will show further on. Historically, dogs have been introduced by the Europeans to private aims and objectives, South Africa, who brought them in for home and family protection [4] . Du Telecom. Some good quotations illustrating the dogs purpose in South Africa can be found on the homepage of (White) Breeders of South African Boerboels. Private Aims And Objectives. The Boerboel, a dog who has been bred and employed in South Africa since 1652, has traditionally been used for homestead defence, against 3nf database, intruders both two and four-legged. Without a doubt, the homes defended by private sector aims these and other dogs were or still are not those of the Blacks inhabiting South Africa and instead those of reich Whites such as Lucy or her even more careful neighbour Ettinger.

The latter one secures his property (or better: fortress) by bars, security gates, a perimeter fence (113) and never goes anywhere without his Berretta (100). Another proof for this reading of dogs can be found in a statement by David, who, while digging graves for Lucys dead dogs, states that dogs (in South Africa) are bred to snarl at private aims, the mere smell of du telecom a black man (110). 4. Private. The disgrace [5] of du telecom Davids sex life. David Luries affair with a student, the sector and objectives 20 years old Melanie Isaacs, is anything but an accident for the main character, who thinks of himself as an Byronic hero. His identification with the romantic poet Byron can be shown by quotations like the end of rowing (175) or thoughts the reader has direct access to, as on page 168, where David Lurie describes himself as the man whose name is 3nf database, darkness. In Disgrace there are numerous parallels between David Lurie and the romantic poet.

Both considered themselves irresistible at sector, their prime and used to have women throw themselves at them [6] . For David, who has long moved past the sexual retirement age proposed by Byron, it all ended one day and and Intelligent, he became a ghost (7). Private Sector. His idol, Byron, suffered from Design Essay erotic confusion since his sexual instincts had been aroused at the age of nine [7] , when a nurse manipulated his body in various sexual experiments. For Byron, a division line existed between love and sex and women he adored bored him the moment he had finally loved them (in the sense of made love to them). David Lurie states that he was never made for marriages (69) and private sector and objectives, proves with two failed marriages and affairs throughout the novel that he is, at thief essay topics, least concerning his ability to hold up a relationship, as unable and aims and objectives, confused as Byron was. Just as Byron only felt real love for du telecom, the woman with whom he shared a scandal, his sister Augusta who bore a child of him, David experiences a continuous fascination with Melanie, the female part of his scandal. Byron felt attached to sector aims and objectives, Augusta through their scandal [8] and David feels a connection through Melanies and his wrongdoings as well (28). When he talks about his sex life with Melanie Isaacs father, he justifies his actions by thinking that he is a man of a certain kind with sudden little adventures (166). He does not see that statements like In Melanies case, however, something unexpected happened. I think of it as a fire. Du Telecom. She struck up a fire in and objectives me have no appropriate place in a conversation with a father whose trust in the university, a nest of vipers, has been shattered by the professors actions (38).

Throughout the and Intelligent Essay novel, David Lurie meets harsh criticism for his affair, which fails to reach him. Not surprisingly for the type of protagonist Coetzee created, if thoughts like A child! No more than a child! What am I doing? Yet his heart lurches with desire (20) occupy his mind? Other, rather questionable, insights into his attitudes are given throughout the novel, for example when he tells Melanie that a womans beauty does not belong to her aloneshe has a duty to share it. (16). His ex-wife Rosalind questions whether he ever invested a minutes thought into private sector the pleasure a girl must have in 3nf database bed with an 52-year-old, an aims and objectives, accusation he, the egocentric man of a certain kind, fails to respond to. Instead, the author uses the stream of consciousness technique to show his thoughts at that moment and where remorseful thoughts should be found, one can only malouf study, find that perhaps it is the right of the young to be protected from the sight of their elders in the throes of passion. That is what whores are for, after all.. (44). Prostitutes are, after all, a frequent passion for David.

Young prostitutes, or whores as he refers to them, seem to and objectives, be especially attractive for his adventures. His hero, Byron, saw the age of thirty as the barrier to any real or fierce delight in and Intelligent Essay the passions, (86) an sector aims, age barrier David, a servant of eros (52), has crossed decades ago. Later on ransom david malouf he concludes that he has never really lived up to aims and objectives, Byron, when, after buying the thief services of a streetwalker younger even than Melanie, he discovers that he might simply lack the aims and objectives fire he believes Byron to have had (195). But even though he seems to Natural Gas Fracking Risks, understand that he is not as heroic as he would like to be, he finds happiness or satisfaction with the young girl from the street. So this is all it takes!, he thinks. Private Sector And Objectives. How would I ever have forgotten it? (194) is a statement completely in Risks Essays line with it surprises him that ninety minutes a week of a womans company are enough to make him happy (5), which can be found in the context of one of sector and objectives his frequent visits to a young prostitute who is described as technically he is old enough to be her father, but then, technically one can be a father at twelve (1). Rosalind, his ex-wife, states that his whole affair is disgraceful from beginning to end (45), and we have to ransom malouf guide, assume that she has no knowledge of her ex-husbands numerous adventures that would qualify for the same verdict. There is, after all, not much grace involved in sex with ones own students in the bed of the private aims own daughter (29), or more or less forced intercourse when he stops by Melanies house on an earlier occasion. Even though Melanie does not want him to come in, nothing will stop him. She does not resist, but her limbs crumple like a marionettes and David is define third reich, well aware that he is close to the fine line between undesired intercourse and rape (25). The world of private sector aims love is borderless for David, who even tries to trace down one of his favourite prostitutes with the the book thief essay help of an detective agency, as, without a short-term substitute for Soroya, the tall and slim (women/girl), with long black hair and liquid eyes (1), the week is as featureless as a desert (11).

All in all, one can conclude that Davids attitudes towards sex and its enormous importance are nothing but disgraceful and his explanations nothing short of the same. In front of the universitys committee, David is unwilling to private aims, cooperate in order to save his professional career. Study. The committee wants him to apologize in public and even goes as far as to offer a prepared statement, but unwilling to understand his wrongdoings, he states that he is not willing to issue an apology about which he is not sincere (58). In front of the sector campus media that awaits him afterwards, he even states that he was enriched by the experience, when a reporter asks him whether he had any regrets for his actions (56). David describes the reporters as hunters who have cornered a strange beast (56) and fills his self-assessment of a strange beast when he talks about his scandal with his daughter Lucy. She is the 3nf database first person to really listen to the apology or justification he is sector and objectives, willing to offer when he tells her that his case rests on the rights of desire. On the Gas Fracking god who makes even the small birds quiver (89).

J.M. Coetzee allows him to follow up on this first comparison between his desires and animals when he lets David tell Lucy about a dog their neighbours had in her youth. Sector Aims And Objectives. The neighbours dog would get excited and unmanageable every time a bitch was in reich the vicinity. Unable to live out its desires the dog had no idea what to do and private and objectives, chased around the garden with its ears flat and its tail between its legs, whinging, trying to hide. He continues to tell his daughter that there was no way to punish the dog, whose story is 3nf database, symbolic for private sector aims and objectives, Davids current troubles, for its desires. Consequently the dog started to develop a hate for himself, a hate that could even inflict self-punishment. The dog would not have preferred to be fixed (e.g. castration), instead it would have prepared to be shot before it would have to deny its nature. David concludes that he sometimes feels the same, and thus his role as the servant of eros stands in third line with the instinctive desires the dog could not control (90). During a conversation with his ex-wife Rosalind, David himself states that he would prefer to be shot, to be put against a wall and shot.

Have done with it (66), instead of accepting the counselling. Sector Aims And Objectives. It is clear that David identifies with the dog he witnessed in the past and, just as the dog, has no understanding why he should suffer for 3nf database, his instincts, which, in the presence of a woman, lead to aims, the same desires as the Essay dogs when a bitch was in the vicinity. 5. The disgrace [9] of Davids professional career. Throughout the novel, David Lurie continuously dismantles his professional career. Whereas he was a professor of communications at Cape Technical University at the beginning, he winds up more or less unemployed and near the bottom of the social ladder. In addition to his fall from grace as a university professor, his ambitioned plans for his own chamber opera, Byron in Italy (4), seem to fail as well.

Even though David was well aware of the fact that his affair with Melanie Isaac could result in a scandal from its early beginnings onwards, he behaves surprisingly indifferent towards this risk throughout the private sector aims affair and asks himself if it (the scandal) would even matter (27). His indifference allows him to fulfil his role as a servant of Eros without any precautions that could save him. Ransom David Study Guide. For example, nothing will stop him (25) when he visits Melanie at her own home for pleasures he correctly identifies as not rape, not quite that, but undesired nevertheless and is warned by her that her cousin will be back any second. He still escapes from this situation, but soon finds himself visited by Melanies angry boyfriend at private sector, his office (30), who also interrupts his class afterwards. And Intelligent. By then the scandal is out (31) and David starts to feel the pressure of the private and objectives enraged community when Melanies father confronts him (38) or a pamphlet gets slipped under his office door during a Rape Awareness Week at university, bearing the message your days are over, Casanova (43). David. A committee is set up to investigate the private and objectives whole scandal, and even though the committee sincerely wants to help David, he decides not to Gas Fracking Risks, give in and refuses to offer an apology to the public (58). He even rejects a prepared draft statement the sector aims and objectives committee offers for this purpose (57), which clearly shows his stubbornness and makes it clear that no one is to blame for define, his professional fall from grace but he himself. Unwilling to deny his own desires, he sees no need to offer an apology or to accept counselling sessions, minimal demands the committee and thus the sector and objectives university confronts him with. After his disgraceful dismissal from university, he escapes to his daughters smallholdings and creates a situation where his finances are in chaos, bills go unpaid and du telecom, his credit is sector aims and objectives, going to dry up any day (175). 3nf Database. When he returns to Cape Town after three months, his house has been visited.

Even though most of his belongings are gone, he reacts once again rather indifferently and considers it an private sector and objectives, incident in the great campaign of redistribution (176). J.M. The Book. Coetzee places a badly smelling and private, long deceased pigeon as an animalistic symbol into Davids house in order to underline the Creationist and Intelligent state his life is in at this moment. Rosalind, his former wife, confronts him with the sad state of aims and objectives his life when she lists everything that seems to be wrong with David from societys point of define reich view. Sector Aims. He has lost his job, his name is in the mud, his friends avoid him, he hides out Creationist Design like a tortoise afraid to stick its neck out of its shell and he looks unkempt, so she says. He, probably well aware that her words are not far from the truth, dismisses her ramblings by stating that they both will end up in a hole in the ground, no matter what (189). The reader does not know if Rosalinds predictions become reality, but with no secured income and his unpaid job at private sector and objectives, an animal clinic run by Lucys friend Bev Shaw, Davids life seems on track for disaster.

He just wants to go on as long as possible, which can be seen when he buys a half-ton pickup from a friend of Bev Shaws husband near the end of the novel. An eighth of the price he pays with an cheque for ransom david study guide, immediate use, the remaining sum he puts on a cheque post-dated to the end of the month (210). He spends money like water, but does not question this (211). He even indicates to private sector and objectives, the landlady from whom he rents a room near the local hospital in Lucys vicinity that he might be in the area for cancer treatment (211), another trace the author left to indicate the blank future David faces. Instead of the university, where he, many years ago, enjoyed his existence as a professor of thief topics modern languages (3), it is the animal clinic that becomes his home at the end of the aims book. He spends his days on an old armchair in the bare compound behind the building, lives from canned food and feeds the animals when he does not read or doze (211). He also refers to essay topics, himself as a dog man, or dog undertaker / psychopomp (146), which is exactly the role Petrus (see 6. The disgrace of Petrus) emerges from in the new South Africa. By attaching the label dog man first to sector aims, the uprising Petrus and then to the stumbling David Lurie, J.M. 3nf Database. Coetzee illustrates perfectly how one can perceive the role reversal the past decade has brought about among the private aims races in South Africa.

In this context it might also be quite reasonable to argue that the varying definitions of the role dog man indicate the define reich changes South Africa is going through or has gone through. While Petrus, as Lucys servant, feeds the dogs and takes care of them, David identifies with the role as dog man when he delivers the dead bodies into private aims and objectives the incinerator, where they, a symbol of white oppression as I have shown in chapter 3. (Role and purpose of dogs in ransom david malouf guide South Africa), are burnt to ashes. Dogs also serve as a symbol to show how Davids ambitions to write a successful chamber opera fail. His writing career has been mediocre at best, with three published books that failed to cause a stir or even a ripple (4). Despite this record, he invests a lot of energy into his next work. When Disgrace draws to a conclusion, he spends the days in the backyard of the animal clinic, where his work consumes him night and day (214). Even though he invests a lot of energy into it, he realizes that in truth his work is going nowhere and that his resources, especially his musical resources, are not up to private sector aims and objectives, the task he has set for himself. He knows that he will never hear a note of his play, if it is ever finished, himself, but somehow speculates that he might become well-known after his death. 3nf Database. He seems to be deceiving himself, as the private only being that pays any attention to his work is one of the dogs which surround him, awaiting their deaths in the holding pens (214). This dog is handicapped and has a withered left hindquarter, which he drags behind. David feels a particular fondness for the dog and the dog is fascinated by the sound of the Banjo whenever David strums the strings in order to search the music his opera is du telecom, longing for (215).

The dogs admiration lets David ponder whether he could include a dog into his opera, a work that will never be performed and in whose production therefore everything is allowed (215). Private Sector Aims. But the handicapped dogs days are numbered, as there is no hope that he will be adopted. Essay. His life depends on Davids and Bevs decisions, as they decide which dogs to put to death during the private sector and objectives Sunday killing sessions, also referred to as Lsung by the author, at the animal welfare clinic. When David decides that a (his, the dogs) time must come, it cannot be evaded and Essays, carries the private and objectives young dog, the one who likes music (219), to Natural Risks Essays, the deadly needle, Bev is sector, surprised that David is Creationist Essay, willing to part from the dog. She asks him whether he did not want to save him for another week, but in the last sentence of the novel David states that he is giving him up, after he carried him to the surgery bearing him in his arms like a lamb (220). Sector Aims And Objectives. The strong symbolism of animals in this context is evident when one concludes that Davids ambitious plans have first gone to the dogs (or, in this case, to the handicapped dog) and then the dog, the only character in the whole novel who gave any sort of positive feedback to his chamber opera, is sacrificed. David, the david study guide once respected professor, has turned into a mad old man who sits among the dogs singing to aims, himself, as he describes himself. Du Telecom. With the downfall of his subjectively important sexual attractiveness to women he does not pay for private aims and objectives, their service, the sacrification of his only fan, the dog, and the financial disaster that awaits him any time soon it is clear that there is no hope left for and Intelligent Design Essay, David. There seems to be a high probability that David ends up as Rosalind, his former wife, predicted when she states that David will end up as one of private sector and objectives those sad old men who poke around in rubbish bins (189). The only Natural Risks, hope for private and objectives, David might be that Rosalind offers a cooked meal when you (David) are tired of du telecom bread and sector, jam (190), a tiny consolation considering the otherwise hopeless outlook for Davids life. 6. The disgrace [10] of Petrus.

When Petrus, the ransom malouf Black main character of aims and objectives J.M. Coetzee's novel, is introduced, the reader learns that he serves as Lucy's assistant (62). Lucy also mentions that Petrus has recently become her co-proprietor, and throughout the novel Petrus gains more and 3nf database, more control of her (and eventually their) property before he finally owns the sector and objectives whole farm at the book's conclusion. At first sight Petrus might be the prototypical or even idealistic Black emerging from Creationist and Intelligent Design oppression after the end of South Africa's era of sector aims Apartheid in 1994, but further analysis disturbs his emergence. In order to illustrate the positive development Petrus undergoes, Coetzee portrays him as the gardener and the dog-man during his first conversation with David, who had just arrived at his daughters farm after fleeing from third reich his scandal in sector aims and objectives Cape Town (64). Without a doubt, the description of his purpose or role at this time signals inferiority, as he is nothing more than an 3nf database, assistant taking care of dogs and flowers, with the sector and objectives dogs also being connected to their traditional purpose of the du telecom protection of Whites.

Petrus lives in an old stable on Lucy's five-hectare farm, which is sector, located at the end of a winding dirt track some miles outside the town. Du Telecom. The farm itself is described as a rather small, but nevertheless valuable, smallholding, with most of the private sector aims and objectives property being arable, a wind-pump, stables and outbuildings (59). When David arrives at her farm, Petrus already owns a small patch of land, but continuously increases his property. 3nf Database. Once Petrus, who was suspiciously absent at the time of the private and objectives crime, returns, he brings with him a load of building materials for a bigger house. Lucy describes him as his own master (114) and shortly after Petrus holds a party, as his land transfer goes through officially on the first of the next month (124). David and his daughter make their appearance on du telecom Petrus' big day (128) and sector aims and objectives, are the only Whites to ransom study, attend. Petrus does not play the private sector aims eager host and does not offer his White neighbours a drink. Instead, he declares that he has finished his life as a dog man.

Lucy does not realize the magnitude of his honest statement and interprets it as a joke (129), but it soon becomes perfectly clear that Petrus' days as an assistant have come to an end. By freeing himself of the role he titled as the dog man, Petrus clearly climbs up on the social ladder and becomes what a Black could not become under the strict Apartheid regime: an independent farmer with his own arable lands. The shift of power, as illustrated by David becoming a dog man as shown before, is just as obvious when David helps Petrus laying pipes after the party. Petrus does not need any professional advice from Natural David, but merely needs him as a handlanger, a word that indicates that the inferior role has gradually shifted to sector aims, David (136). Ransom Guide. David realizes that Lucy does not stand a chance against sector aims and objectives, the new Black farmer living next door, who works his property very unlike Africa (151), which means that he uses modern equipment and finishes work that would have taken him days with a hand-plough and oxen ten years ago (151) in 3nf database nothing more than a few hours. David ponders whether it would not be better for Lucy to temporarily leave the farm, but when he asks Petrus if it would be possible for him to look after her. belongings for the time of her absence, the former assistant declares that it would be too much, too much in aims addition to the work in need to be done on his own property (153). At first sight this whole development, illustrated by the terms dog-man and dog man no more seems rather positive on Petrus behalf and can be seen as a sign for the improving living standards and life-opportunities of Blacks in du telecom the new South Africa, but as I will show now his emergence is nothing but another disgrace.

The day the three intruders and rapists choose to commit their crime, the private aims attempted murder of David, the Design Essay gang rape of Lucy, the killing of her dogs and the stealing of Davids car, Petrus is suspiciously absent. Ettinger, Lucys well protected neighbour, is the first to remark darkly that it is private sector and objectives, impossible to trust a single Black person (109), and when Petrus finally returns with the thief essay materials for private sector, his new home and two sheep to slaughter for a tastelessly scheduled party (113), David finds it odd that he does not report back to Lucy. When David confronts Petrus, he instantly comforts David by telling him that they (he and 3nf database, Lucy) are all right now, which further indicates that Petrus might somehow be involved in the whole incident. He also states that the sector aims and objectives crime, of which he seems to know, was a very bad, a very bad thing, but fails to ask how Lucy is du telecom, or to show any kind of private sector aims emotion that would indicate something resembling a shock (114). David ponders whether Petrus knew who the strangers were or even knew in advance what they were planning (116). He mulls that the old times, when one could have simply sent him packing, are gone and that Petrus is define third reich, well aware of the new rules live in South Africa is being governed by (117), rules that have lifted the aims and objectives former peasant up to the status of an Gas Fracking, equal neighbour. Private Sector And Objectives. In his thoughts, David accuses Petrus of being a plotter and a schemer and no doubt a liar too, and identifies what seems to be Petrus aim in the longer run: to take over Lucys land. He knows that Petrus has a vision of his future, in which there is no space for Davids or Lucies, and subsequently cannot hold back the thought that Petrus even engaged the strange men to Creationist and Intelligent Design Essay, teach Lucy a lesson (118). Working together with Petrus following his return to the farm, David feels close to a rage when he cannot manage to extract any sort of emotional expression from Petrus.

David tries to verbally manoeuvre Petrus into a corner when he asks how strangers to aims, the area could have known about thief essay topics, Lucy, but Petrus decides to sector aims and objectives, remain silent and continue his work (119). Davids darkest vision (118), the vision of a Petrus well informed and possibly highly involved into the crime that threw Lucys life off balance, seems to become reality when one of the three rapists, the youngest one, appears at Petrus party; a party where Petrus also considers Lucy their benefactor (129), which seems to be a rather strange term to describe a neighbour and employer. During a later conversation between Petrus and David, Petrus declines to identify the boy whom David wants to Essays, turn over to the police. Petrus says that the boy is too young to go to jail and even though David wants to know how Petrus can know, Petrus decides to end the conversation as an earlier one by stating that Lucy, from now in, is safe. Aims. David becomes more aggressive and almost accuses Petrus, who seems to be the key to the kind of justice David is hoping for.

By keeping his information about the boys whereabouts his secret, there is no cooperation for the solving of the criminal case, which does not even seem to exist for Petrus (139). The true motives of Petrus become clear near the Gas Fracking Essays conclusion of the book. Even though it is not revealed whether Petrus really played a role in the original planning of the crime, Lucy tells David that the boy, whose name is Pollux, has moved in with Petrus. David is furious about the blunt and offensive behaviour of Petrus, who confides that Pollux is private sector, a relative, a relative he, Petrus, as part of the family, his family, has to look after (201). For Petrus the du telecom matter of the crime is finished or ought to be taken care of by the insurance company in the case of the stolen car. But Petrus does not stop his offensive and even disgusting behaviour with the protection of private sector and objectives Pollux, he even wants him to david malouf study, marry Lucy once he has grown up (202). Until then, Petrus himself wants to become Lucys wife as part of a deal that would see her property being transferred to him in private sector exchange for her safety (203). David is shocked by Petrus disgraceful plan, a plan that might have involved the original crime in the first place or, if not, has been carefully constructed on the opportunities offered by it. It becomes clear that Petrus aims to increase his property without any respect to dignity or even laws and that the Natural Gas Fracking new South Africa is a playground well suited for his even criminal scheming and blackmailing. As I mentioned before, Petrus, at private aims and objectives, first look, is a man who has made it in the new South Africa, but upon guide further analysis it is quiet obvious that the way he has made it only private sector aims, qualifies for one verdict.

A disgrace. 7. The disgrace [11] of Lucy. Lucy, David Lurie's daughter, decided to david malouf guide, move into a commune on the Eastern Cape years ago. The commune's home was the farm Lucy, the only remaining member, still inhabites. Her commune was a tribe of young people who sold self-made products on sector aims and objectives a nearby market in order to support themselves and eventually grew dagga, as David puts it. The Book Thief. He himself helped her to buy the farm when their commune broke apart and she convinced him that she had truly fallen in private sector and objectives love with the du telecom place, which she wanted to farm properly. A dream she seems to have realized when David arrives at her smallholding, his refuge, far away from the city and his career-threatening scandal (60). For a while, a friend called Helen remained on the farm with Lucy, but obviously departed for good months ago (61).

Helen and Lucy probably not only shared the work on the farm, but were in love as well, a detail of her live David did not know about before his prolonged visit and which he, to a certain degree, disagrees with, even though the subject is private and objectives, never raised between him and Natural Gas Fracking, his daughter (86), the aims and objectives sturdy young settler (61). She, also desribed as a frontier farmer of the new breed, a solid women, or a daughter no father has to be ashamed of (62), has big plans for her small farm. She has already expanded her business quite successfully and has added a large number of Natural Gas Fracking boarding kettels for dogs since his last visit, which was about a year ago. Private Sector And Objectives. In addition, she wants to branch into cats (61) and makes good money at ransom malouf, the local market, where she sells flowers, potatoes, onions and private sector, cabbage (70) every Saturday morning. She knows many of her customers personally (72) and Creationist Design, has made friends like Bev and Bill Shaw, who run the local animal welfare clinic (74). Private Sector Aims. David does not try to hide his initial disapproval of people like the Shaw's and Creationist and Intelligent, when Lucy responds to his ramblings, she underlines the importance of the animal welfare clinic by private sector and objectives pointing out that she would not want to come back in another existence as a dog or a pig and the book thief essay topics, have to live as dogs or pigs live under us. This statement, uttered at a time when one could easily conclude that Lucy is living her perfect live, can be used to illustrate her deep fall, as she ends up as a dog at sector and objectives, the book's conclusion. Yes, like a dog, is her powerful response to David's challenging question if she truly wants to live a disgraceful life like a dog under the conditions the plot has forced upon her. It is symbolic that the author connects her new existence, which has nothing to do with the near-perfect live of a sturdy young settler, with that of a dog, as all other character developments, as I have shown before, resolve around the term dog as well.

But how does Lucys life turn into Natural Gas Fracking that of a dog, with nothing. Not with nothing but (205)? At the private aims time of Davids arrival at her farm everything is still perfect, as stated above. Then, on a Wednesday morning, Lucy and David go for ransom david, a walk with some of her dogs and meet three strangers at the farm when they return. The three claim to need her telephone for an emergency call (92). Private Sector. Lucy, sceptical but willing to help, allows one of the three to come into her home, but as soon as another of the du telecom three pushes in right after her, David feels that something is terribly wrong (93). He sets his dog on private and objectives the remaining person, a boy, and forces himself into her house, where he gets knocked out immediately (94) and awakens in the locked lavatory. Yelling his daughters name, he annoys the intruders, who take their time to Essays, shoot Lucys dogs with her own rifle, one after another. Private. Afterwards, they try to burn David alive (96), but fail to do so.

However, while David was knocked out and locked into the lavatory the worst crime of all was committed, the gang-rape of Lucy. 3nf Database. The crime, committed by the three who used her like dogs in a pack (159), crushes Lucys confidence and happiness. Lucy is terribly scared that the three will come back for private sector, her, as she thinks that she is now in their territory (158), a term semantically related to dogs, but also does not want to leave her farm. Surprisingly, she does not even report the rape to the police when two policemen come to visit (108), and her relationship to her father worsens continuously. David cannot understand why Lucy did and still does not want to lay real charges against the intruders and shows no interest in pressing Petrus for answers concerning his probable involvement (133). Lucy probably realizes that David is quite right when he states that there is no future for and Intelligent, her alone on the farm, but there seem to be no other options for her than the decision to hold on to the life that fulfilled her before the crime turned her life upside down. But despite her decision to hold on, she looses her aims and merely drifts along.

The crime, which has put her in her place and showed her what a woman was for (115), has drained her of all of her energy and when it is time to go to sector aims, the market again, David and Petrus go alone in week one, before nobody opens the stall the following week (127). David knows that his daughter is not the Natural Gas Fracking Risks Essays confident young woman she was before, but for her sake he tries to sector and objectives, uphold a fragment of her former existence and runs the shop for her (115). The next shock hits Lucy when one of the Creationist and Intelligent Design three rapists appears at private aims, a party Petrus holds in order to 3nf database, celebrate his land transfer. David presses her to private sector, call the police, but Lucy has long lost her self-respect and decides against it (134), knowing fully well that by doing so she accepts the existence of one of her perpetrators next door. David realizes that Lucy has been outplayed on all fronts (151), but she seems to accept her defeat without second-guesses. Things become even more depressing when David returns to 3nf database, Lucys farm after a short stay in private sector Cape Town. She confesses that she became pregnant when the intruders raped her and Essays, plans to have the baby. He is deeply shocked, but becomes even more so when she adds that the boy, the youngest of the three intruders, has moved in with Petrus. David sees how ridiculous his daughters situation has become, but his lamentations do not reach her.

Totally upset, David confronts Petrus, who uses this conversation to propose to Lucy. Even though the proposed marriage is nothing else than an attempt of blackmail, Lucy is willing to play Petrus game. Private Sector Aims And Objectives. At this time, she has lost all dignity and the reader has to question her sanity. Du Telecom. There is no plausible way to private aims and objectives, understand her decisions ever since the day of the 3nf database rape and David, too, is aims and objectives, deeply frustrated by the humiliation his daughter appears to be willing to accept. For David, the only comparison available for the state of her life is that of a dog and when he confronts her with this thought she agrees that this is what her life has become. Ransom Malouf Study. There seems to be a remote chance for private and objectives, a better future as Lucy interprets her situation as a good point to start from again (205), but quite honestly I cannot follow her thoughts and even hopes at this stage of her life. It might be possible to argue that things have reached a point where the only direction is up, but other than her unborn child, the product of her brutal rape, there is nothing I could imagine her to live for in her current surroundings. Interestingly, there seem to be clear parallels between the acceptance of her faith and reich, the behaviour of sheep J.M.

Coetzee has described in his childhood memoir Boyhood [12] . In a chapter about a visit to private aims, his relatives farm, he describes the slaughtering of Risks sheep he had to witness as a child. Sector And Objectives. The following statement, taken from Boyhood in this context, could have been equally well uttered by Lucy They know it all, down to the finest detail, and yet they submit. They have calculated the essay topics price and private and objectives, are prepared to pay it the 3nf database price of being on earth, the sector aims and objectives price of being alive. 8. South Africa today: A rainbow nation? The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand In honouring those who fought to see this day arrive, we honour the best sons and daughters of all people. We can count amongst them Africans, Coloureds, Whites, Indians, Muslims, Christians, Hindus, Jews all of them united by a common vision of a better life for the people of this country. [13] When J.M. Coetzee published Disgrace in 1999, five years had passed since Nelson Mandela had come to power in South Africa, after spending 27 years in prison for his dream of a united South Africa, a country without any kind of racial domination. Third. Nelson Mandela, and private, probably the thief topics whole population of South Africa, believed in a better future when the era of Apartheid came to an end. Ever since the National Party had started to private and objectives, put in place an increasingly repressive framework of laws to ensure the Natural White domination in private sector and objectives 1948, living conditions for Blacks and Coloureds worsened [14] . Examples for 3nf database, acts carried out could be the Immorality Act of 1950, which banned sexual relations between people from different ethnic groups, the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act (1949), the Bantu Education Act, which severely worsened the educational opportunities for Blacks (1953), the private sector aims Natives Resettlement Act (1954), which enabled the government to forcibly resettle Blacks or many others [15] . Taking into account the unimaginable hardships Blacks or Coloureds had to face, it has to be considered a miracle that the end of Apartheid came as peacefully as it did.

Even though a massive bloodbath had been predicted by many, the actual transformation of power took place as well as one could have hoped [16] . But what has become of the hopeful nation the third reich world watched in astonishment about aims, a decade ago? Has South Africa become the rainbow nation Nelson Mandela dreamed about, has the ransom david study guide population been able to become the non-racial society everybody hoped for? Actually, the answer has to private aims and objectives, be no, but. Considering the vast inequality in South Africa just a decade ago, it would be impossible to expect a complete overhaul over the course of a few years. South Africa might be facing enormous problems and the new government might have committed inexcusable mistakes, especially concerning the ransom guide HIV epidemic, but all in aims and objectives all, one should be satisfied with the way things have developed. It is obvious that the poverty-stricken majority is not deeply satisfied with the results so far, but nevertheless, clean water has been brought to nine million people, electricity to ransom guide, two million, telephones to one and a half million and the literacy rate of 15 to private and objectives, 24 year olds to 95% [17] . If one just thinks about the reunification of essay topics Germany and the still unfinished task of sector levelling the du telecom standards of aims living in both parts of the country, it becomes obvious that South Africas task cannot be near its conclusion after one decade, and therefore the answer no, but is still closer related to a miracle than to a failure. The HIV epidemic in South Africa, probably the countrys main problem, has even been labelled An African Holocaust by some analysts [18] , and with more than 10% of its population infected with the deadly virus, the comparison seems plausible. Between 1990 and 1995, when the epidemic came into reich full swing, the old regime and aims and objectives, the ANC were too preoccupied with their negotiations regarding a new political order and after the transfer of power the ANC more or less went into a denial mode.

It did not help that Thabo Mbeki, Nelson Mandelas successor, felt attracted by AIDS dissidents, people who believe that there is no connection between HIV and Essay, AIDS and blame AIDS on malnutrition or poverty, but not on sexual activities. In 2002, the government changed its deadly course, but of sector and objectives course for many the change happened too late and it is estimated that by 2010 six million South Africans will have died of the disease. It is ransom study guide, obvious that David Lurie is scared that his daughter has been infected with HIV during her rape (105), even more so when his daughter tells him that she thinks of the private aims three as frequent rapists (158). He continuously asks her whether she has taken care of all eventualities and she lies to ransom study, him numerous times (125), as the reader finds out near the books conclusion (198), even though an HIV-tests seems to have been taken. Crime, another huge problem scaring off foreign investors and driving the current brain drain, is the second main problem the sector country has to face [19] . Crimes are also a common occurrence in Creationist and Intelligent Design Disgrace, not only regarding the incident at Lucys farm. Private Aims. When David re-enters Cape Town after his first visit to Lucy, his house has been visited (176). The burglary does not even come as a surprise to define third reich, David, as he knows that his house has stood empty for months. Private Sector Aims. From this, the reader can assume that one cannot expect to leave ones house for a prolonged time without provoking a burglary in the process. David describes the Design break-in as another incident in private aims and objectives the great campaign of redistribution (176), no surprise in a country where unemployment is rising and close to 40% [20] and the wealth gap between Whites and the vast majority of Blacks is still painfully wide [21] . Then there is also Ettinger, Lucys neighbour who has turned his farm into define third a small fortress, for whom David predicts a future with a bullet in his back, which further illustrates what a dangerous country South Africa is (204). Additionally, the police force seems unfit to handle the task at hand, as one can show by the number of reported and prosecuted rape incidents.

Between 1988 and 1996 the number of reported rape cases increased by aims and objectives more than 160%, but at the same time the number of cases which went to court fell by 28% and less than a third of these prosecutions were successful [22] . In 2002 for example, 24,892 rape cases were reported and 3nf database, only 1,797 resulted in successful convictions [23] . The failures of the South African police are obvious in Disgrace. When the police comes to Lucys farm, they miss important evidence (109), and sector, when the police informs David that his stolen car has been retrieved (153), they have not only left the suspects out of custody before David has a chance to identify them, but have also mixed up his case with another, as the retrieved car is not his. Lucy knows that there is no hope that the police would catch the intruders in 3nf database its current state and by this gives a first hint why she might not have reported the sector aims crime in the first place. Gas Fracking Risks Essays. Earlier in the plot she stated, concerning her rape, that in another time, in another place it might be held to be a public matter. But in this place, at this time, it is not, which might illustrate her resignation (112). By turning Lucy into the victim of sector aims and objectives a rape, J.M. Define. Coetzee also points a finger at the result of the bad policing in South Africa, where, taken into account the numbers stated above, rapists can be almost sure to escape without being convicted. Sector And Objectives. Even though BBC News might have exaggerated a bit in an article concerning rapes in South Africa, the message behind the du telecom statement It is a fact that a woman born in aims and objectives South Africa has a greater chance of being raped, than learning how to ransom malouf study guide, read is quiet clear [24] . With the low number of cases actually brought to sector, court, sexual violence is booming, with a 400% increase in thief essay sexual violence against children over the past decade. In line with such numbers, Lucy might be quite right when she assumes that her perpetrators are rapists first and foremost (158), who use their victims like dogs in a pack (159). J.M. Coetzee also attributes the crimes to a failure of private sector aims Mandelas plan of a rainbow nation [25] , as all crimes involve Blacks as criminals and Whites as victims.

The burglary of his house is part of the redistribution (176), which clearly puts the blame on Blacks and the rapists are Black, too. But there are other hints of a failure of the rainbow ideology. When David spies on Pollux, one of the guide three intruders, at Petrus party, he lifts a hand to his white skullcap. For the first time he is glad to private and objectives, have it, to wear it as his own (135) and clearly puts himself apart by ransom david study these thoughts. But not only aims, David thinks in Risks Essays terms such as we and them, as Petrus justifies his taking care of Pollux by stating that Pollux is part of his family, his people (201).

In Disgrace, there is no united nation to be found. For Petrus, the private sector idea of protecting his family and his people stands above the law and thus above a law-system the Creationist and Intelligent Essay Whites, or Westerners, have imported to private, South Africa. Petrus does not even try to understand the way a Western society works, as we can see in statements uttered by him concerning the crime. The stolen car will be replaced by the insurance company, Petrus states, who does not mind to define third reich, leave it to insurance companies to deliver justice or to make up for sector aims, injustice (137). Also, even though he probably knows fully well at this stage of the book which members of his family were involved in the incident, he states that it is his job to keep the and Intelligent Design Essay peace and sector aims and objectives, that we can leave it to the police to Natural Essays, investigate and private sector aims and objectives, bring him (Pollux, the boy) and his friends to justice (137). And Intelligent Design Essay. Of course, he probably knows that the sector police does not stand a chance without any cooperation from the public, but this does not matter to define third reich, him as he probably rejects the whole concept of the aims and objectives police in the first place. There are even more events that illustrate the incompatibility of define third reich cultures in South Africa. Private Sector And Objectives. When Petrus buys two sheep to slaughter for 3nf database, his party, he does not care about their treatment at all. Bleating monotonously, the sheep are kept on a bare patch of ground next to sector, Petrus stable, even though they could have been placed on a patch of grass as well (123). David, who feels sorry for 3nf database, the animals, moves them to private, a nearby dam where they can graze, but Petrus moves them back to the miserable patch of land where he had put them before (125). David Malouf. In this context, a passage from sector J.M.

Coetzees Elizabeth Costello [26] can be used to underline the du telecom cultural conflict at sector and objectives, hand. During a debate in Elizabeth Costello, the protagonist discusses the issue of the animal-rights movement, a movement that also stands in line with the Animal Welfare League, run by Bev Shaw (80). The animal-rights movement becomes clearly associated with the human-rights movement and thus gets identified as an offspring of the Western culture. Blind to other traditions, the Western societies try to impose their ideology on other cultures and force justified resistance, the define third reich reader gets to know during the debate taking place in Elizabeth Costello. Considering this, there seems to be a clash of cultures on private sector aims and objectives hand when it comes to Natural Gas Fracking, the treatment of Petrus sheep. I think it could be justifiable to conclude that J.M. Coetzees main aim in private sector Disgrace was to show the disgraceful state the South Africa of 1999 was, or probably still is, in.

All characters, as I have illustrated in detail before, are part of the general disgrace, and animals, especially dogs, serve as symbols to illustrate this. Petrus, the former dog man, becomes not any more the ransom malouf study dog man, but does so in and objectives a disgraceful manner and only after Lucy, his (or their) benefactor (129), has been raped by people Petrus protects and who committed their crime like dogs in a pack (159). Davids career comes to a sudden end after an affair with one of his students. Natural Gas Fracking Risks Essays. He moves out of Cape Town and becomes the dog-man Petrus no longer is (146), with the only difference between the private aims two being the fact that Petrus took care of living dogs, symbols of Black oppression, while it has become Davids job to handle the remains of dogs put to Design, the needle at the Anima Welfare Clinic, a symbol of sector Western ideology. Essay. In a sense, David is carrying a symbol of the aims former South Africa to its grave, but at the same time there is no new South Africa fulfilling the high hopes of its inhabitants.

His aims to the book, write a chamber opera go to the dogs as well, as nobody but a crippled dog ever listens to the tunes of his work (215). Lucy, his daughter, is the victim of sector aims Petrus disgraceful upswing and consequently ends up with an existence that David compares with that of define third reich a dog, without property, rights or dignity (205). And Objectives. She knows that there is no hope for justice in the country she is living in, her dreams of running her farm properly have been crushed by the fact that in the end the farm does not even belong to the book essay topics, her anymore (205), and the only hope in private a life that might even see her marry her former servant Petrus or his relative, one of the three intruders, Pollux (201), is her yet unborn child. For the future of South Africa, I can only define third reich, hope that J.M. Coetzee exaggerated in aims Disgrace. If Disgrace was truly a mirror of todays South Africa, I would identify it as a country heading for disaster. Ransom Guide. To a certain degree this might even be the case. Sector And Objectives. The brain drain has to be stopped, huge tasks at hand such as HIV/AIDS and the high crime rate have to be dealt with in the book thief topics an appropriate way and the education system has to provide the country with well-educated generations, who know and value the private aims and objectives benefits of 3nf database a democratic society, regulated by private and objectives laws with higher values than family ties or ethnic belongings. Even though I cannot comment on the nations chances to ransom study guide, head into private aims and objectives a future filled with grace, I can state that J.M. Coetzees novel Disgrace is a great work of writing, highlighting everything that seems to be wrong, or disgraceful about South Africa at the current time. 1) Buckley, Richard (ed), 1995, Understanding Global Issues 95/5: South Africa: After.

Apartheid , European Schoolbooks Publishing Ltd, Cheltenham. 2) Coetzee, J.M., 1997: Boyhood: Scenes from Provincial Life , Great Britain, Vintage Books. 3) Coetzee, J.M., 1999, Disgrace , Great Britain, Vintage. 4) Coetzee, J.M., 2003, Elizabeth Costello: Eight Lessons , Secker Warburg, London. 5) Dempster, Carolyn, April 9, 2002, Rape silent war on SA women , BBC News, 6) Grabanier, Bernard, 1970, The Uninhibited Byron: An Account of His Sexual Confusion , London, Peter Owen Limite. 7) Horny, A.S., 2001, Oxford Advanced Lerners Dictionary of Current English , Sixth.

Edition, Oxford University Press. 8) Iduna, Ann, History and Today: Boerboels in South Africa, 9) Mandela, Neslon, 9 May 1994, Address to the people of Cape Town , Grand Parade, on. the occasion of his inauguration as state president, Cape Town, The Department of. Information and Publicity, P.O. Box 61884, Marshalltown 2107, Johannesburg. 10) Mutune, Gumisai, May 12, 1998 , Development-South Africa: Crime Down, But Not Out , World News: Inter Press Service, Johannesburg, , 11) Sparks, Allister, 2003, Beyond the Creationist Design Essay Miracle: Inside the New South Africa , Profile Books, [1] Coetzee, J.M., 1997: Boyhood: Scenes from Provincial Life , Great Britain, Vintage Books, all page references in sector aims and objectives this chapter, unless marked otherwise, have been taken from Creationist and Intelligent this work. [2] Coetzee, J.M., 1999, Disgrace , Great Britain, Vintage.

[3] Coetzee, J.M., 1999, Disgrace , Great Britain, Vintage, unless other information is given, all further page references have been taken from this novel. [5] dis-grace, noun, (1) the loss of other peoples respect and approval because of the bad way sb has behaved; Horny, A.S., 2001, Oxford Advanced Lerners Dictionary of Current English , Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, page 359. [6] Grabanier, Bernard, 1970, The Uninhibited Byron: An Account of His Sexual Confusion , London, Peter Owen Limited, p. Aims. 14. [8] see above p. 160. [9] dis-grace, noun, (1) the loss of other peoples respect and approval because of the bad way sb has behaved; Horny, A.S., 2001, Oxford Advanced Lerners Dictionary of Current English , Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, page 359. [10] dis-grace, noun, (2) a person or thing that is so bad that people connected with them or it feel or should feel ashamed; Horny, A.S., 2001, Oxford Advanced Lerners Dictionary of Current English , Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, page 359. [11] dis-grace, verb, (2) (be disgraced), to lose the respect of people, usually so that you lose a position of power ; Horny, A.S., 2001, Oxford Advanced Lerners Dictionary of Current English , Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, page 359. [12] Coetzee, J.M., 1997: Boyhood: Scenes from Provincial Life , Great Britain, Vintage Books, page 102. [13] Mandela, Neslon, Address to the people of Cape Town , Grand Parade, on Gas Fracking Essays the occasion of his inauguration as state president, Cape Town, 9 May 1994, The Department of Information and sector aims, Publicity, P.O. Box 61884, Marshalltown 2107, Johannesburg. [14] Buckley, Richard (ed), 1995, Understanding Global Issues 95/5: South Africa: After Apartheid , European Schoolbooks Publishing Ltd, Cheltenham, page 5.

[15] Buckley, Richard (ed), 1995, Understanding Global Issues 95/5: South Africa: After Apartheid , European Schoolbooks Publishing Ltd, Cheltenham, page 4. [16] Sparks, Allister, 2003, Beyond the Miracle: Inside the New South Africa , Profile Books, London, pp 3-9. [18] Sparks, Allister, 2003, Beyond the Miracle: Inside the New South Africa , Profile Books, London, chapter 14. [19] Sparks, Allister, 2003, Beyond the Miracle: Inside the New South Africa , Profile Books, London, chapter 11, pp 220-234. [20] Mutune, Gumisai, May 12, 1998 , Development-South Africa: Crime Down, But Not Out , World News: Inter Press Service, Johannesburg, , [21] Sparks, Allister, 2003, Beyond the Miracle: Inside the New South Africa , Profile Books, London, pp. 3-9.

[22] Mutune, Gumisai, May 12, 1998, Development-South Africa: Crime Down, But Not Out, World News : Inter Press Service, Johannesburg, , [25] concept of a nation living up to the expectations of the quote by Nelson Mandela at the beginning of this chapter; a nation where all ethnic groups make up a united and harmonious society.

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After reading `The Rocking-Horse Winner` by D. H. Lawrence. One of the most interesting aspects about D.H. Lawrence#8217;s short-story, #8220;The Rocking-Horse Winner,#8221; (1926) is the story#8217;s haunting, almost horrific imagery. Although the story conveys a harsh theme, that of child-exploitation, the climax of the story and the associated images create an unforgettable experience for the reader. Many great works of private sector fiction defy categorization and draw from du telecom various genres. A story such as #8220;The Rocking-Horse Winner#8221; presents a difficulty so far as classifying the sector aims, story into a specific genre. We will write a custom essay sample. on After reading `The Rocking-Horse Winner` by 3nf database, D. H. Lawrence or any similar. topic specifically for you. There are good reasons to consider the story as a satirical look at the money-mad state of modern-society as Lawrence experienced it nearly one-hundred years ago.

There are also good reasons to aims and objectives consider the story to be a work of fantasy of speculative fiction. In final analysis, the story, though not without aspects of black humor, is thief essay topics, probably best regarded as a horror story with a very strong social message. The story is also, #8220;among other things, a story of the supernatural.#8221; (Moore, 1951, p. 278) and, as such, is very memorable due to the underlying mystery of the story#8217;s fantastical elements. Of course, a sensitive reader might decide or intuit that the source of Paul#8217;s uncanny power to predict the private sector aims and objectives, race winers was born out of his fierce desire to be loved, a mechanism or #8220;rational#8221; explanation for the boy#8217;s abilities is never offered. The absence of 3nf database any rational explanation for the boy#8217;s ability assures that the private, reader will assume it is born out of love and innocence, which allows Lawrence the chance to define third reich develop his penetrating theme: #8220;The theme of greed illustrates the private aims, consequence of a boy#8217;s having to win his mother#8217;s approval through material possessions rather than the unconditional love that parents feel for their children#8221; (Smith, 2002, p. 160) and this theme is an important theme #8212; as important as any theme in david guide literature.

The reason this theme is so important is private sector, that no society of civilization can afford to ignore or abuse their children because children represent the future of any given society. As such, it is the role of. Du Telecom! Page 2 After reading `The Rocking-Horse Winner` by D. H. Lawrence Essay. adults to sector aims nurture #8212; rather than exploit #8212; children. However, all too often, and Essays, even more-so in Lawrence#8217;s time, children were regarded merely as a #8220;means to an end#8221; or as a nuisance or an obligation. The exploitation of children is symbolized in the story not only by Paul himself, but by the rocking-horse which he rides to private aims his feverish visions of #8220;luck#8221; and third reich, money: #8220;the innocent [#8230;] young boy who, ironically, rides a child#8217;s toy to satisfy the urges of the adults in his life#8221; (Smith, 2002, p. 160). Obviously, the sector aims and objectives, even greater irony is that the child, Paul, is in practice more #8220;adult#8221; than the chronologically mature people around him.

His actions are born out of the desire to du telecom serve and gratify those he loves as he sees their needs and expectations. On the other hand, the #8220;adults#8221; in Paul#8217;s world fail to recognize that Paul is even a person, let alone a child who needs their guidance and aims, protection. The irony is that the 3nf database, #8220;adults'#8221; pursuit of money is private aims and objectives, merely a game, a pursuit of children while their true purpose and responsibility in david malouf guide life: to nurture and protect the young and to grow a better world, is and objectives, left undone while they pursue material greed. That is why, at root, the Natural Gas Fracking, story is a horror story adn not merely black-satire, because the exploitation of Paul is final: he is made to private sector ride his #8220;luck#8221; until it kills him: #8220;The Rocking-Horse Winner#8221; is a horrible commentary on today#8217;s money-madness-horrible because its evil forces crush the child in the story#8221; (Moore, 1951, p. 277). The idea that a child#8217;s love is turned through the greed of the adults to nothing more than money#8230;and death creates a tragic ending for the story which makes the story#8217;s moral even more profound. It is possible that Lawrence was speaking not only, literally, of the the book, children in society who are put at risk by greed and exploitation, but the essential innocence and goodness that is in everyone, whether they are a child or an adult, and how greed and selfishness can corrupt and private sector aims and objectives, murder those aspects within individuals. This reading of the stroy views the aspects of the narrative as symbols: the boy, Paul, as a symbol for du telecom humanity#8217;s innocence and goodness, the rocking horse as a symbol of the exploitation of childhood, the money as symbols of private aims and objectives love turned to greed, and death as symbol of the humanity#8217;s loss of its compassion and innocence. This type of interpretation allows the story to third reich be read as having a broad, sociological implication and could, in some ways, even be consider a political interpretation. If the story is,#8221;in the truest sense, a horror story#8221; (Moore, 1951, p. Private And Objectives! 279) part of that true horror comes from the fact that Lawrence was able to reach a universal expression of the social injustices he perceived and comment on these injustices through a cast of characters and a progression of images that could be very widely comprehended. This story is malouf study, one of the most powerful, memorable and complex pieces of literature that I have encountered and sector and objectives, I think that the fact that it functions not only as a work of art but as a work of deep social significance means that this story deserves a wide readership. There are many stories which seek to point out social ills or to present tragedies which contain a lesson or a moral, but few works of fiction are as haunting or as universally important as D.H.

Lawrence#8217;s #8220;The Rocking-Horse Winner.#8221; In this tale, #8220;Lawrence has here written a study not only of the gambling neurosis-even the winners are destroyedbut also of the entire money neurosis that destroys so many modern families#8221; (Moore, 1951, p. 278) and he has reminded anyone who cares to observe his story that the price of 3nf database greed is innocence and love. Moore, H. T. (1951). The Life and Works of D. H. Lawrence (1st ed.). New York: Twayne. Smith, P. A. (2002).

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Cybercrime Literature Review Essays and Research Papers. CHAPTER II Review of Related Literature This chapter presents the different literature and studies that . have direct bearing on the topic undertaken. LOCAL LITERATURE 1. Sector Aims? What are the common cybercrimes in the Philippines? In the Philippines, 87% of Filipino Internet users have been victims of du telecom, cybercrimes DOJ, the primer quoted a 2010 report of the security software firm Symantec that as many as 87 percent of Filipino internet users (nearly nine out of 10) were identified. Broadsheet , Computer virus , Crime 635 Words | 3 Pages. Literature Review The purpose of this research project is for you to create a scholarly piece of graduate-level research and . writing, which conforms to APA format. Sector? Competency in the APA format is required of all Business graduates of ransom study guide, Liberty University, as set forth by private and objectives, policy of third reich, both the Graduate Faculty and the administration. Private Sector Aims? You will research and write a literature review on a topic relevant to our course.

What is a Literature Review ? A literature review discusses published information. Academic journal , Academic publishing , Peer review 1008 Words | 4 Pages. ?Reviewing of literature is an essential part of your academic research project. The review is a careful examination of a body of . literature pointing toward the Natural Gas Fracking Risks answer to your research question. A literature review is the sector aims effective evaluation of selected documents on a research topic. Creationist Design Essay? A review may form an aims and objectives essential part of the research process or may constitute a research project in ransom david malouf guide, itself. In the private sector aims context of a research paper or thesis the literature review is a critical synthesis of previous research. Academic publishing , Original research , Primary source 1104 Words | 4 Pages. Questions frequently asked about the literature review : What are the topics. or what can I write about? Topics need to come . from the course content. You may choose from the following: Any of the lecture topics Any of the sub topics within any of the chapters of your text You may choose a topic from any of the define third weeks as it is better to choose a topic that you are interested in or find particularly relevant from any of the units topics, rather than be restricted to the first few or last few.

Academic publishing , Expectancy theory , Motivation 1655 Words | 3 Pages. ?Writing a literature review The overall purpose of a literature review is to demonstrate a . knowledge of the private existing body of research in du telecom, a particular topic area. In other words, it retrospectively undertakes a critical analysis of the pros and cons of existing important studies and research and shows which issues require new or further study how the body of knowledge could be improved. As such, it is a useful way of arguing for new research to be done - for example, as part of aims, a proposal for. Academic publishing , Citation , Original research 1882 Words | 7 Pages. Writing a Literature Review A literature review Provides an overview and a critical . evaluation of define third reich, a body of sector and objectives, literature relating to a research topic or a research problem. Analyzes a body of literature in 3nf database, order to classify it by themes or categories, rather than simply discussing individual works one after another. Presents the research and ideas of the field rather than each individual work or author by itself.

A literature review often forms part of a larger research. Academic publishing , Argument , Present tense 1542 Words | 7 Pages. Abstract The primary role of literature review in a quantitative research study to gain information on the subject of sector, your . research question and identify unbiased and valid studies connected with your research question. 3nf Database? For instance, my quantitative research question is all other factors being equal, do high school students reading popular fiction achieve better Language Arts test scores than high school students reading curriculum-required fiction? My hypothesis is that high school students. Causality , Fiction , High school 1081 Words | 4 Pages. ? Literature Review Team C BSHS/435 May 18, 2015 Staci Lowe Literature Review Elderly are not . immune to mental health issues.

The research question is How does social support impact the mental health of the elderly? The research question will allow the study to see what types of social supports help the elderly reduce the aims and objectives mental health issues they face. It will synthesize and evaluate the data, and explain the importance of the topic to Creationist and Intelligent establish ways to cite statistics how social support. Ageing , Aging , Gerontology 1734 Words | 9 Pages. behaviour, such as alcohol fuelled violence. This literature review will explore the academic readings, that help assist identity . key issues relating to private sector a criminology perspective of alcohol related problems.

Ergo, based on past research from the third academic readings this literature review will explore prevention strategies that help reduce social harm to the individual and sector and objectives, the community, and also the consequences that alcohol can lead to. Also, this literature review , has identified gaps within the academic. Abuse , Child abuse , Crime 1670 Words | 5 Pages. ? Review of du telecom, Literature Sarah Shipley . Review of private sector and objectives, Literature Health promotion is defined by the World Health organization as the process of david malouf study guide, enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions. Health promotion is a whole body and mind approach instead of looking at one specific. Health , Health care , Health care provider 791 Words | 3 Pages. Running head: LITERATURE REVIEW Literature Review Western Governors University . Sector Aims? Literature Review The professional setting is Natural Risks Essays, a public healthcare facility that has licensed for 1,395 beds and budgeted to staff 745 bed.

This facility provides emergency, inpatient, and outpatient services with 714 full-time physicians and 900 registered nurses (RNs). The hospital is also a teaching hospital that trains many medical professionals daily. Private Sector? The hospital has several units like children center, maternity. Bachelor of Science in du telecom, Nursing , Florence Nightingale , Health care 1836 Words | 6 Pages. Coleman Literature Review . 1 Literature Review Convicted Felons: Should they be allowed to vote? Writing II Professor: Melissa Piumelli 2 Introduction: The term disenfranchisement or taking away a criminals right to vote, has been around since ancient. Bill Clinton , Criminal law , Democracy 2045 Words | 6 Pages. American families and the celebration of Christs birth to a prideful, competitive marketing strategy to increase economic growth for private and objectives, manufacturers. Essay Topics? . Private Sector Aims And Objectives? Christmas is about giving, not getting, and Natural Risks Essays, it is important to remember that. Through this literature review , I will discuss the history of Christmas in America and sector aims, focus on its origin, traditions, and marketing aspects and how it has progressed throughout the years. I have selected five articles from various areas using the library database. Each article.

19th century , Christmas , Christmas card 1723 Words | 5 Pages. Literature Review This Literature review seeks to du telecom provide knowledge on aims and objectives the research that has been . Reich? found on Sustainable Tourism Management in the Small Island Caribbean States. A general background would be given on, Sustainable Tourism, Sustainable Tourism Management likewise an overview of the Small Island Caribbean States along with the issues that are plaguing them with the development of Tourism. In addition to this there would be an private sector aims examination of the relationship between Tourism and managing. Association of Caribbean States , Caribbean , Sustainability 1510 Words | 6 Pages. Such two characteristic factors make me interested in the relationship between luxury brand and Natural Gas Fracking Essays, Economic recession. So I researched the ideas and found a . few books which talked about the luxury brands in Asia under economic recession.

The literature review will pay attention to a book on the cult of Luxury Brand, Impact of Personal Orientation on Luxury Brand Purchase Value, Shopper Behaviour in Recession and impulsive buying behaviour in private, recession. Radha Chadha is one of the most famous. Branding , Goods , Luxury good 1510 Words | 5 Pages. Network Pricing - A Review of the Literature Mcandrews, James J. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Citation Information: . Ransom Malouf Study? Review of Network Economics. Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages , ISSN (Online) 1446-9022, DOI: 10.2202/1446-9022.1023, June 2003 Publication History: Published Online: 2003-06-01 Automated teller machines (ATMs) have altered the relationship between banks and private sector aims and objectives, their depositors, as well as the Natural Risks Essays competitive relationships among banks. In this paper, I survey the private sector aims literature to describe the ways.

Automated teller machine , Bank , Customer 1823 Words | 5 Pages. Assessment Task #1 Literature Review Write-Up This literature review concerns the texts . Introduction from Rabelais and His World by the book thief essay, Mikahail Bakhtin and Some Psychodynamics of Orality from Orality and Literacy by sector and objectives, Walter Ong. Du Telecom? Mikhail Bakhtin was born in Orel, Russia on November 17 1895. He was associated with the private sector and objectives Russian formalists, and this text was not well received when first written. He claimed that Rabelais a French writer during the renaissance, book was misinterpreted, but his dissection. Eric A. Havelock , Francois Rabelais , Marshall McLuhan 1181 Words | 4 Pages. Literature Review Product Counterfeiting: Motivations of Design, Consumers When Purchasing Non Deceptive Counterfeit Goods Nowadays, . luxury brands have become even more prevalent especially in developing countries where economies are starting to private aims emerge. Traditionally, luxury goods or status goods are defined as goods for ransom david malouf, which the mere use or display of a particular branded product brings prestige on the owner, apart from any functional utility. . Counterfeit , Goods , Luxury good 1486 Words | 5 Pages.

? Reviews of Related Literature This chapter presents the different readings, literature and studies that are . closely related to adolescent stress and response. These were gathered from books and internet materials. Adolescence is sector, typically a time of du telecom, great strain on the body, mind and emotions. Private Sector Aims? According to E.A. Peel (Essentials of du telecom, Educational Psychology), The adolescent is private, beset by Design Essay, problems of sector, divided loyalties, accentuated by the lack of adult privileges and responsibilities.

He thus appears excessively. Adolescence , Anxiety , Peer group 1516 Words | 7 Pages. ?Running Head: LITERATURE REVIEW : DOES HOMEWORK INCREASE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT? LITERATURE . REVIEW : DOES HOMEWORK INCREASE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT? Caroline Oakland University EST 601 Problem Sheet 3: Review of the Literature 1. And Intelligent? What are the aims and objectives specific problem(s) or question(s) to Creationist and Intelligent Design be addressed in your literature review : The Value of private, Homework in Student Achievement. 3nf Database? Is there a positive effect? Negative effect? No effect ? 2. What general reference tools did you. Education , Educational psychology , High school 1837 Words | 12 Pages. Financial Restructuring and Its Impact On Corporate Performance In India CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 21 Financial . Restructuring and private and objectives, Its Impact On Corporate Performance In India LITERATURE REVIEW Finance is the life blood of Creationist and Intelligent, business.

A unit may fall sick because of a major lubricant i.e., finance. There are various mechanisms available to a firm for revival. Financial Restructuring is a favoured mechanism for sector aims, firms in red. Does financial restructuring help in improving the financial. Bank , Bankruptcy , Debt restructuring 1742 Words | 7 Pages. Literature Review : Memory Impairment in Epilepsy and the Effects on david study Patient Care Memory impairment in sector and objectives, epilepsy is a concern . for anyone that has to Natural care for a person with epilepsy. Nurses need to be educated on and have knowledge on private sector how memory impairment in epilepsy affects patients.

Having a knowledge base of the subject will affect the way we care for patients with epilepsy. Gas Fracking Essays? As nurses we need to adapt the way we educate and care for the patient due to memory loss and decreased cognitive functioning. Alzheimer's disease , Cognition , Epilepsy 1110 Words | 4 Pages. Module Code: PM504 Module Title: Research Project Assessment Type: Literature Review Assignment Title: How . can international students manage their money effectively Tutor Name: Nadine Solanki Student Name: Haochen Pan Student ID Number: T0002071 Date of Submission: 20/06/2013 Word count: 952 1. Introduction Background As the private aims developing of the technology, the Banking. Automated teller machine , Bank , Credit union 1032 Words | 4 Pages. Literature Review The literature review regarding various hr practices is presented in the following . paragraphs. David Guide? Job analysis is the process of obtaining information about jobs i. e. information about the aims tasks to be done on the job, as well as personal characteristics(education, experience, specialized training) necessary to do the tasks Job analysis in many ways is the first personnel activity that affects commitment and performance (Dessler 2003). Ransom David? Human resource planning analyzes and identifies. Human resource management , Human resource policies , Human resources 987 Words | 3 Pages. technology. The health sectors technological applications have been achieved within health information systems.

The implementation of technology in this . sector has resulted into private sector aims and objectives, both positive and du telecom, negative implications on health care. Sector Aims And Objectives? This literature review focuses on the book thief essay reports of past research on sector aims and objectives the impact of technology within the health sector with an aim of analyzing how technology has affected the quality of the book thief essay topics, care, the management of private sector aims and objectives, health record management processes and the direction of health. Electronic health record , Health care , Health care provider 2504 Words | 7 Pages. Literature Review Introduction I will present some relevant theories to concern the david study guide two research questions in my research . proposal. For the first question what can motivate a high skilled employee in private aims and objectives, a small and du telecom, medium sized-company in private, China?,the basic theories for the motivation will be presented. For the second research question What kind of tools can be used by the small and medium sized company to develop talents in their company?, the define third reich theories about the approaches for the talent.

Abraham Maslow , China , Fundamental human needs 1941 Words | 7 Pages. Review of private sector and objectives, Literature Nancy D. Guerrero Grand Canyon University: NRS-429V Family-Centered Health Promotion March 31, 2013 . Health promotion has been defined by the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2005 as the process of Creationist and Intelligent, enabling people to increase control over private aims, their health and its determinants, and thereby improve their health. Health Promotion is the book thief essay topics, focused on bringing awareness to the public in order to prevent an increase in disease. Health promotion can also give the aims and objectives individual the tools. Epidemiology , Health , Health care 953 Words | 3 Pages. Literature Review : Effects of 9/11 on Design Essay Pakistans Textile Industry Submitted to: Mr.Amir Baig Submitted By: Waleed . Nasir BS-ECO 2k9 Pak-US relations have remained unpredictable ever since the 9/11 attacks. The literature review the effects of and objectives, September 11 attacks on Pakistans textile trade entails analysis of reports, articles and define, online magazines. The secondary research gave an insight on how applicable and imminent the research hypothesis is and in what aspects the terrorist attacks. Economics , September 11 attacks , Taliban 725 Words | 3 Pages.

Running head: RIVIEW OF LITERATURE REVIEW OF LITERATURE SOON TAYLOR GCU: NRS 429 JUNE 8, 2012 PROF. Sector? MELANIE . ESCOBAR REVIEW OF LITERATURE Introduction We are facing the revolutionary era of 3nf database, shifting health concept and promoting health behavior through multi-influencing factors includes technological advancement and and objectives, media. More people are aware of the du telecom benefits of private sector aims, physical fitness, good nutrition, stress management, and avoidance of health hazards such as smoking and are striving for the. Health , Health care , Health promotion 1163 Words | 4 Pages. A Literature Review Eimear Eves '' B00344400 Module '' Research Methods PUP 313 Tutor '' Trevor Currans Is there a . creditable link between criminality and biology, does it predispose peoples inclination towards criminality? Introduction The main objective of this literature review is to identify different approaches and research on Design Essay the idea that biology and criminal behaviour are linked in some way.

I will use three separate literature articles from philosophers in this field surrounding. Biology , Cesare Lombroso , Crime 1863 Words | 6 Pages. Lee Ritchie Lee Ritchie Literature Review SWG 560 Literature Review SWG 560 I am determined . to find an answer to the following question: Are middle aged women more stressed out than any other population and does that eventually lead to sector aims and objectives depression? The articles that I will be reviewing center along the issues of stress in 3nf database, middle aged women and the effects that are caused due to feelings of being overwhelmed. It is predicted that stress can eventually lead to issues involving depression or. Big Five personality traits , Long-term depression , Middle age 2317 Words | 7 Pages. ? LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1. Concepts 2.1.1.

Marketing Strategy Marketing strategy is a long-term course of action designed to . Sector Aims? optimize allocation of the scarce resources at the disposal of du telecom, a firm in delivering superior customer experiences and promote the interests of private and objectives, other stakeholders. Ransom David Malouf Study? Scarce resources include monetary capital, human capital, technology, time. Beside, Marketing strategy is intimately tied with strategic planning the process of creating a firms strategy. However, marketing strategy. Advertising , Customer service , Marketing 950 Words | 3 Pages. ? Review of Literature Grand Canyon University NRS-429V Health promotion is sector aims, about promoting, improving, . advancing, supporting, encouraging and placing the health status of Creationist Design Essay, individuals and communities higher on personal and public agendas. The goal of health promotion is to enable the private and objectives people to have increase control over the aspects of their lives and to improve their health and define, well-being. Private Sector? The purpose of health promotion in nursing practice is to promote and provide information. Health care , Illness , Medical terms 1044 Words | 4 Pages. ? Literature Review How does exposure to third reich violence relate to violent crimes in American society?

Exposure to violence can . Aims And Objectives? encompass three of Creationist Essay, our senses. We will see it, hear it and unfortunately touch it as well. Most of our exposure will come from seeing and hearing. We watch movies, television we experience violence in our homes, schools, workplace or simply being out and and objectives, about, we may experience some sort of violence. The majority of ransom david guide, us experience violence and abstain from it as best we can. Abuse , Child abuse , Crime 1349 Words | 4 Pages. Introduction In this research proposal one will be analysing and researching how the aims and objectives internet has impacted high street travel agents and if there will be a . need for them in the future.

One will be also completing a comprehensive and well-structured literature review which is third, drawn from a variety of different sources. The proposal will go on to discuss, recommend and private aims, justify the research question. Ones aim is to analyse how the 3nf database internet has affected travel agents. One has chosen the topic because one thought. Qualitative research , Research , Travel agency 2355 Words | 7 Pages. Literature Review Department of Communication Studies Literature Review Below is a . review of and objectives, literature on the uprising topic of employers using social media sites to screen current or potential employees. And Intelligent Design? Also included is a synopsis of the issue of privacy awareness along with the potential invasion of sector, privacy. The Book Thief Essay Topics? This literature is used for and reflects the purpose of and objectives, a better understanding of the issue of Creationist Design Essay, privacy awareness and the invasion of privacy in organizations, particularly the workplace.

Employment , Facebook , Internet 1529 Words | 5 Pages. Literature Journals/ Reviews Name Of the private sector aims author | Title of the article | Title of the the book thief essay topics journal | Year of public-cation | . NumberOf volume | Part number of the private aims journal | Number of relevant pages | Brief content and value | P.Bansal amp; S. Natural Gas Fracking Risks Essays? Kandola: CSR: Why good people behave badly in organizations, Ivey Business Journal, March/April 2004 Content: Corporate Social Irresponsibility (Example of Enron), Bystander effect (Three ways), Consequences of irresponsible actions, How to prevent. Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility , Corporation 495 Words | 3 Pages. ? Literature Review With the growth of global market and the international labor division, international trade has been rapidly . Private Sector? increased for guide, hundreds of years. Private Sector And Objectives? Meanwhile, since the middle of the 20th century, e-commerce appeared on the scene and has quickly grown. E-commerce is changing the mode of international business in a new way, impacting the cost, value and efficiency of trade (He, Li, Wu, Jiang, 2011, p.175). It has more and more influence on international trade that many scholars did specific. Electronic business , Electronic commerce , Globalization 1183 Words | 4 Pages.

Literature Review 1 Jennifer McReynolds Northcentral University Literature Review 1 Research in . the area of personality theory has numerous multifaceted concepts. Individualism and collectivism are two of these concepts. Define Reich? Another major concept that must be considered is Michels critique. Sector Aims? The use of both microcontexts and macrocontexts aid in the understanding of ransom david guide, personality theories. Personality also can be understood through the concept of modern interactionism. Understanding how human personality. Big Five personality traits , Individualism , Person 1357 Words | 4 Pages. Literature Review For the purpose of sector and objectives, this study this literature review will analyze . Du Telecom? improving student attendance through building a family connection through parental involvement.

If students are in school on time everyday then learning takes place. By building a family connection which highlights the importance of attendance, this will lead to improving student performance on sector and objectives standardized test, Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment Systems/Scholastic Reading Inventory (MCAS/SRI). College , Education , Grammar school 1158 Words | 4 Pages. Review of Literature Family-Centered Health Promotion NRS-429V Review of Literature . Malouf Guide? Healthcare promotion is defined as being the sector and objectives process of enabling people to increase control over; and to improve, their health.( Healthcare promotion has changed over the years due to communities and the general public becoming more educated and the book thief topics, aware of how diet, exercise and how one lives their lifestyle impact their future. People now are becoming more aware of sector aims and objectives, how. Education , Health care , Human sexual behavior 1015 Words | 3 Pages. Literature Review Mr CRM in Entertainment Services: A Comparative Study Between Inox and Adlabs . The major objective of . this research was to determine the factors that constitute the base of customer relationship management (CRM) with respect to two multiplexes in Indore city (Inox and reich, Adlabs).

The results of private aims, this study can be of use for du telecom, multiplex as well as single-screen theatres. It can also be perceived as a comparison of multiplex theatres vis-a-vis single-screen theatres. Customer Relationship. Bank , Customer , Customer relationship management 889 Words | 3 Pages. 3.0 LITERATURE REVIEW The system in and objectives, study is a management information system which is to be used to facilitate information . capturing, processing and storage. The following are some of the definitions of Management: Organization and coordination of the activities of an enterprise in accordance with certain policies and in achievement of clearly defined objectives. Management is often included as a factor of production along with machines, materials, and money. According to the management.

Decision theory , Hospital , Management 662 Words | 3 Pages. Literature Review Keith A. Cunningham Grand Canyon University Family Health Promotion NRS-429V Dawn Peters November 07, . 2010 Literature Review A review of nursing literature was conducted using the du telecom Grand Canyon University online library. The literature was reviewed looking for references to health promotion at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. From the review some questions were answered regarding the nurses role in promoting health to the public. Health promotion can be defined. Health , Health care , Nurse 2148 Words | 7 Pages. Literature Review : Designing Effective Instruction (4th Ed.) by Gary R. Private Sector Aims? Morrison, Steven M. Ross, Jerrold E. Kemp List of . Creationist And Intelligent Essay? Exhibits Table 1.1 Overview 1.2 Instructional Design 1.3 Summary of Review 1.4 Journal Article Critique 1.5 References Overview According to Grubb Cox (2005) there are four critical elements that influence the learning environment.

These elements are students needs, instructor approach, course content, and institutional setting. These four elements are. Communication design , Education , Educational psychology 2070 Words | 7 Pages. The intent of this literature review is to assess the best practices surrounding skin disinfection before administering an . Sector And Objectives? injection. This review will look at the different views on this issue and the changes in practice over time. Third? It will also evaluate the quality of the evidence and examine arguments for and against sector the use of skin disinfection prior to an injection. Numerous studies have been undertaken to debate the need to disinfect a patients skin before an injection and third reich, several of these.

Antiseptic , Best practice , Health care 2025 Words | 6 Pages. ? Review of aims, Literature Brittany M. Warnke Grand Canyon University: NRS- 429V May 12, 2014 . Review of Literature According to the World Health Organization, Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health (2014). It is no surprise that a large cause of death in the United States is often a combination of genetic and environmental factors, as well as lifestyle choices (Chiverton, Votava, Tortoretti, 2003). Health promotion. Health , Health care , Illness 1195 Words | 6 Pages. , Computer , Customer 1784 Words | 7 Pages. REVIEW OF LITERATURE The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme is the world's largest early child development . program . Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is the only major national program that addresses the needs of children under the age of six years. Because the health and 3nf database, nutrition needs of private sector aims and objectives, a child cannot be addressed in isolation from those of his or her mother, the program also extends to adolescent girls, pregnant women and nursing mothers . It was initiated in 1975. Childbirth , Childcare , Day care 969 Words | 3 Pages. ? Stress Associated with Preterm Delivery Donnita Rountree Liberty University Literature . Review Preterm preterm labor can lead to short and third reich, long term health issues for the mother and her infant such as immune system complications, which protects the uterus from infections (Smith, et al., 2011). Although studies are have been inconclusive on how stress effects preterm delivery, studies have shown that stress-related hormones play a role in private sector aims, preterm labors.

African American , Cervix , Childbirth 670 Words | 4 Pages. Literature Review on Homeless families with young children Instructor: James Krewman April 15, 2008 Overview of Natural Essays, homelessness . regarding families and children Homelessness isan international social problem but the United States and other developed nations seem to agree on its definitions; researchers have categorized homelessness as either being literal or precarious. The literal definition seem to refer to the most commonly seen forms of homeless. Meaning, those who are without a home, that. Homelessness , Poverty , Squatting 1085 Words | 3 Pages. aspects includes performance excellence, financial management, resource management, emergency preparedness. This research has made a deep insight in . sustainable OM and the matters evolving on this field. There are still some limitations in private aims and objectives, literature reviews , bibliometric and citation analysis because of the limited sources taken. Among all the 3nf database journals, only 6 articles have made their place in this study, thats why it was prioritized to have a look at the information given in Table 1. In addition. Ecological economics , Economy , Management 852 Words | 2 Pages.

? Review of Literature Ann Linehan Grand Canyon University: Family Centered Health Promotion 2/16/2014 . Aims? Health promotion is developing a guidance system to optimize the health and wellness of an individual, community, or nation. It takes into account and aims to balance the physical, spiritual, social, emotional, and intellectual aspects of the recipient, and assists them in achieving their goals. Health Promotion is the art and science of helping people discover the synergies. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1377 Words | 4 Pages. much debate within the peri-operative environment at a regional New South Wales hospital regarding the management and transfusion of red blood cells. This is . Natural Risks Essays? why the topic has been selected for sector aims and objectives, further study. The purpose of this paper is to review the reich literature surrounding the safety of red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, which comes under standard seven of the private sector and objectives National Safety and 3nf database, Quality in Health Service Standards (ACSQHC, 2012). Aims? It will touch on the complications of RBC transfusion, when to transfuse. Blood , Blood transfusion , Blood type 2081 Words | 7 Pages. ? Literature review Definition of marketing strategy There are a lot of authors speak about the marketing strategy, the marketing . strategy is the book thief essay, very important in sector aims and objectives, business, it can lead the firm towards attractively economic opportunities which are adapted to study guide their imagination and know how to provide a potential to help the company grow and earn more profits (Lambin,1997). If we want to have good marketing strategy in sector and objectives, the firm, we need to understand the strategic situation confronting in an organization.

Competitor analysis , Distribution , Marketing 1203 Words | 4 Pages. Literature review As for years hospitality industry is suffering from high staff turnover. The main aim to Creationist chose this topic for . the literature review is that continuous problem and effect causing to the organization in and objectives, terms of labor shortage especially skilled labor and organization having no control on du telecom the staff retention due to which it is become a challenge for private aims and objectives, hospitality industry especially human resource that how to attract and retain the talented and third, skilled staff (Barron, 2008). Demographic. Employment , Hospitality , Hospitality industry 2261 Words | 6 Pages. Literature Review There are so many things that need to sector be added or changed to the way that education is to and Intelligent be . taught today. Teachers these days have no clue what they are doing. But then again, most teachers are not caught up with the new strategies, any new technology that can be incorporated into the curriculum, and or just any new way of teaching in general. This article called Critical Issues in Advancing the Special Education Technology Evidence Base, is basically explaining. Education , Educational psychology , Field Island 1063 Words | 3 Pages.

? Review of Literature Ann Genovese Grand Canyon University: NRS 429 December 22, 2013 Review of . Literature How is health promotion defined? Health promotion is sector and objectives, a process of du telecom, enabling people to aims increase control over and Intelligent Design, and improve their health (WHO, 2013). People involved in health promotion should consider the private meaning of what do they think health means relating to themselves and to others. Natural Risks Essays? This will assist with clarifying outcomes and expectations (Edelman Mandle, 2010, p. 3). Medical terms , Medicine , Nursing 1121 Words | 4 Pages. ? LITERATURE REVIEW NAME: Hong Pham Student Number: 100883930 Course: SOCI 1002 Instructor: Holly Thomas . Due Date: October 11, 2013 Question 1 How does male and female use Facebook in social interaction in social media sites setting? Question 2+ Question 3 A. Haferkamp, N., Eimler, S. C., Papadakis, A., Kruck, J. (2012). Men are from Mars, women are from Venus? Examining gender differences in self-presentation on social networking sites. Cyberpsychology. Facebook , MySpace , Orkut 1651 Words | 5 Pages.

? Literature Review Understanding CPI has always been an area of interest in theoretical as well as empirical economics . research around the aims and objectives world .There are several factors that effect the prices of goods that are included as a part of the basket of goods that is 3nf database, used to and objectives determine the CPI. Creationist And Intelligent Essay? These goods mainly include the items that are used everyday by a consumer. These include bothf ood and non food items such as wheat, rice, clothing, shelter, fuels, and other goods and services that consumers. Central bank , Consumer price index , Currency 887 Words | 3 Pages.

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Descriptive Essays/The Sport of Boxing term paper 5463. Boxing is often referred to private sector aims and objectives, as the Manly Art of Self Defense. It is a very. respectable sport that has a rough side to 3nf database, it. Boxing takes place in a sixteen to twenty-four foot square padded area called a. ring. A boxing match (referred to as a bout) is usually a fast , violent show of and objectives, strength, stamina, and skill. The boxers throw powerful punches as each tries to win the bout by. means of points, knocking his opponent unconscious, or forcing him to give up the fight.

While at the same time , each boxer must guard his head and body against the others. punches by 3nf database, dodging or blocking the blows. The action may take place in any part of the. ring as the fighters weave about or press forward, trying to get a chance for a successful. blow or combination. Good boxers are strong, quick, skillful, and in top physical condition. Private Sector? They also have.

the courage and determination to fight in spite of pain and exhaustion. Boxers fight as amateurs or professionals. Most amateurs compete as members of. and organization or team and some box in Natural Gas Fracking Risks, tournaments. Amateurs may not accept or. receive money for boxing.

Professionals fight for money and private sector aims are often referred to as. The rules followed for amateurs and professional bouts do differ for the United States. and in du telecom, international and Olympic Game competition. Weight Classes-Boxers compete in classes, or divisions, based on private sector and objectives their weight. To.

fight in Gas Fracking Risks, a particular class, a boxer may not weigh more than the maximum for that class. The professional weight classes from private heaviest to Creationist and Intelligent Design, lightest is Heavyweight, Junior. Heavyweight , Middleweight, Junior Middleweight, Welterweight, Junior Welterweight, Lightweight, Junior Lightweight, Featherweight, Junior Featherweight, Bantomweight, Junior Bantomweight, Flyweight, Junior Flyweight. The Ring- The ring is a square platform measuring sixteen to twenty-four feet on. each side. For professional championship bouts, the boxers may select the size of the ring.

within these limits on private sector aims the approval of the local boxing commission. At least three ropes. attached to a post at each corner, surround the ring. The floor of the ring has a canvas. covering stretched over du telecom, felt or foam rubber. The ring floor stands three to four feet. higher than the floor of the arena. Equipment- A boxers hands are wrapped in soft cloth bandages , over sector and objectives, the bandages he.

wears padded gloves. His gloves soften his punches and protect his hands as well as his. opponent from injury. The gloves weigh eight or ten ounces. Boxers wear trunks and. light weight shoes that lace just above the ankle.

A mouthpiece of hard rubber protects. the teeth, and a plastic cup protects the sex organs. Both amateur and professionals wear. a protective leather helmet when training. Thief? Amateur fighters may wear a helmet in private sector and objectives, actual.

competition, though professionals do not. The helmet covers the back and sides of the. Time periods- Time periods of Natural, a boxing match are referred to as rounds. Each round. lasts two or three minutes in amateur bouts. Rounds in major professional bouts last. three minutes. In all matches there is a one minute rest period between rounds.

A professional bout may be scheduled for four to fifteen rounds . Most professional. championships are scheduled for twelve or fifteen rounds. Amateur fights are three to six. rounds. All amateur championships are scheduled for private sector aims and objectives three rounds. Fight Officials- During a round, the referee is the only person in the ring besides the. boxers. He sees that the fighters obey the rules.

The referee warns a boxer that disobeys. a rule. 3nf Database? He may disqualify a fighter for committing a serious violation or too many. Two or three judges sit along ringside and score most fights. However, amateur. championship fights require two judges. The time keeper keeps track of time and sounds. a bell to signal the beginning and end of each round.

An official ring physician is present. at every bout to provide medical treatment if needed. Aims? The physician then advises the. referee how serious an Essays, injured fighters condition may be. Scoring a Fight- A boxer wins a fight by sector and objectives, (1) a knockout, (2) a technical knockout, or. (3) a decision.

Sometimes, a professional bout may end in a draw, with neither fighter. declared the winner. Amateur fights cannot win in and Intelligent Design, a draw. In a close bout, the amateur. who showed better style or committed fewer violations may be awarded the winner.

A knockout , or KO, occurs when a boxer is knocked down and private aims does not get back on. his feet within ten seconds, as counted by the referee. If a round ends while a fighter is. down, but before the ten second has passed the fighter is saved by topics, the bell. He then can. rest until the beginning of the next round. A technical knockout, or TKO, occurs when a boxer is declared to be physically. unable to continue fighting.

The judgment may be made by sector aims, the referee, the official ring. physician, the fighter himself , or the fighter's corner. A decision results when two boxers fight the scheduled number of rounds without a. knockout or a technical knockout. In most parts of the United States, the referee and du telecom two. ringside judges then decide the winner or, in and objectives, the case of 3nf database, a professional bout, declare the.

fight a draw. A decision may be made unanimous, with all three officials voting for that. winner. A decision may be split with victory going to the boxer judged the winner by two. out of the private aims and objectives three officials. In Olympic competition, the referee has no vote, and five. judges decide the winner. A decision is Creationist and Intelligent, based on either the round or point system. Some states in the United. States use the point system for professional bouts. In this system, the referee and the.

judges decide individually after every round which fighter won that round or whether it. was even. At the aims end of the bout, each official votes for the fighter he has awarded the. most rounds. States that do not use the du telecom round system for private sector and objectives decisions in professional fights. use some form of the point system. In a point system, the referee and the judges. separately award each fighter a number of points after every round based on his.

performance. At the end of the fight, each official adds up all the Design points he has given to. each boxer. The boxer , scored the private sector winner by two of the officials, wins the bout. Risks Essays? Some. states use a five-point or ten-point system. Private? In this system, each official gives the boxer.

he considers to Essay, be the winner of a round five or ten points and private aims the loser fewer points. If. an official decides the round is a draw, each boxer gets five or ten points. All decisions in du telecom, the United States and private international amateur fights are based on the. twenty-point-must system. Each official awards the winner of a round twenty points. The. loser receives nineteen points or fewer, depending on how the officials judged his. performance.

If the round is judged even, each receives twenty points. Fight Rules- A boxer may not hit below the belt or in reich, the back of the head, nor may. he strike an opponent who is private, down, even to du telecom, one knee. Such actions are called fouls. Other fouls include kicking, tripping, wrestling, holding, hitting with the forearms or the. inside of the sector glove, butting with the head, or using the elbows. A boxer who commits a.

foul is warned by the referee and loses points. If a boxer commits too many fouls, he. may be disqualified. After a fighter is the book thief, knocked down, his opponent must immediately go to the farthest. neutral corner, which is one of the two corners not occupied by either boxer between. rounds. The referee then begins the count.

If the fallen boxer rises, the count is ended. In amateur and some professional bouts, however, a fallen boxer must take a mandatory. eight count. Under this rule, fighting may not resume after a knockdown until the sector referee. has counted to eight, even if the fallen boxer rises immediately. If a boxer in an amateur. fight is knocked down three times in one round, his opponent wins the Gas Fracking Essays match on a TKO. This rule also applies to all professional bouts except championship matches.

Boxing Skills- every boxer has his own style, but overall they use the same basic. techniques. In the ring, a boxer adopts a basic stance that helps him to private aims, move quickly and. effortlessly. And Intelligent? A right-handed boxer keeps his left side toward his opponent and stands. with his feet about shoulder width apart.

The boxer holds his left fist a short distance in. front of the left shoulder and his right fist just to the right of the chin. The boxer keeps. his elbows close to his body to protect his ribs. Many left-handed boxers adopt this same. stance, though some reverse it. The basis stance puts a boxer in the best position to avoid. or block the punches of and objectives, his opponent and to and Intelligent Essay, throw effective blows in return. To create openings for his punches, a boxer uses various feints and combinations. A.

feint is a fake punch. For example, a boxer may make a feint with his left hand and then. deliver an actual blow with his right hand. A combination consists of two or more. lightening-fast punches in a row, such as a left, a right, and then a followed up left. Good boxers keep in top physical condition and and objectives spend many hours practicing boxing.

skills. They do much roadwork. They do things like running and 3nf database jogging to develop. endurance, and skip rope to improve footwork. Private Sector And Objectives? They also practice their punching ability. on punching bags. When training for a bout, boxers practice under fight conditions by.

boxing with sparring partners. In the United States, Many Schools, boys clubs and Gas Fracking camps, and various branches of. the armed services offer boxing as a sports program. Most of this competition is. conducted under regulations set by the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU). The AAU conducts amateur boxing championships every year. It cooperates with the. Air Force, Army, Navy, and Marine Corps in establishing interservice championships. The AAU also supervises the and objectives selection of the United States boxers for the Olympic. Games and other international events.

It is a Member of the malouf study Association Internationale. de Boxe Amateur (AIBA). The annual Golden Gloves tournament is probably the most famous amateur boxing. event in the United States. A newspaper, the New York Daily News, sponsored the first. Golden Gloves competition in 1927. The nationwide tournament is approved by sector and objectives, the.

AAU and operates under the organization's rules. A series of local and ransom david guide regional. elimination bouts lead to the final championship matches. Financing- Professional boxers fight for money in bouts arranged by aims, promoters. Creationist? A. promoter may be an individual or an private aims and objectives, entire corporation. Creationist Design Essay? The promoter rents an arena or. stadium, decides on private aims and objectives the amount to be paid to ransom david malouf, each boxer, sells tickets and makes all other. needed arrangements. the promoter may be able to sector and objectives, sell television rites, to make video or. motion picture deals, and radio rites for an important bout. The promoter schedules several matches for the same evening.

The main event. features the two top boxers. Many preliminary bouts between less important or known. boxers take place before the main event. Most preliminary bouts are scheduled for four. Every professional boxer must have a manager to handle all business affairs. The.

manager makes agreements with promoters for the bouts, hires the fighter's paid help. and employees, and Essay sets up a training camp for private sector aims the boxer. He may get as much as a third. of his fighter's prize money. A boxer's employees include a trainer and one or two. seconds. Creationist Design? A trainer drills the private sector and objectives fighter in boxing techniques and gives strategy during the. bouts. The seconds assist the ransom david malouf study guide trainer. Promoters usually pay less experienced boxers a flat out fee or pay with no added. extras from ticket sales or pay-per-vue appearances before the main event.

Well-known. fighters usually receive a percentage of the gate of usually known as the ticket receipts. They also share in profits from the sale of any entertainment rights. Regulations- In the United States, state and local boxing commissions regulate. professional boxing.

Most of sector aims and objectives, these commissions belong to the book thief, the World Boxing. Association (WBA), some to the World Boxing Council (WBC), and others to both. The. WBA and WBC are international organizations that recommend rules to their members. Each organization names its own list of private aims, world champions.

The two lists often differ, both the WBA and WBC allow a boxer to hold only du telecom one championship at a time. The. Canadian Boxing Federation supervises it's professional boxing in sector, Canada. Ancient Times-Boxing is one of the oldest known sports. Stone carvings indicate that the.

Sumerians, who lived in what is now Iraq, boxed at least 5,000 years ago. The sport. probably spread from the Sumerians to people throughout the Risks world. Boxing was a brutal spectacle in ancient Greece. Private Sector And Objectives? Two men (usually young men) would sit on flat stones, face to face, with their fist wrapped in ransom david malouf study, thongs ( which were strips. of leather which offered little or no protection). At a signal, they began to hit each other. until one of them fell to sector aims, the ground unconscious. The other man then continued to beat. his opponent until he died.

Later, the thongs were fitted with metal spikes so that the. fights ended quicker. The Romans also had their type of brutal matches. On their hands ands forearms, the. fighters wore cestuses, which consisted of leather straps plated with metal. The fighters. were allowed to stand and move around a small area. The sport became more savage. with time. They then forbid the use of du telecom, cestuses. Sector And Objectives? In the first century B.C., they prohibited.

Archie Moore, Sugar Ray Robinson, and Rocky Marciano were three of the greatest. fighters of the 1950's. Archie Moore held the Light Heavyweight title from 1952 to 1961. Sugar Ray Robinson was the Welterweight Champion from 1946 to 1951 and then went. on to win the Middleweight crown five times. Rocky Marciano was the Heavyweight. Champion from 1952-1956 and won all his forty-nine professional fights. Though in the 1950'2 attendance at boxing matches declined with the rise of. television. Many fans preferred to watch major fights on television at home rather than.

attend other fights in 3nf database, person. As a result, small boxing clubs, where fighters got there. start, went out of business. The public's interest decreased to the point where only some. championship bouts were televised. The Future of aims and objectives, Boxing. Evander Holyfield is du telecom, now the reining Heavyweight Champion.

He was awarded his. title in November, 1996 by knocking out Mike Tyson in the ninth round at the MGM. Grand Hotel In Las Vegas , Nevada. They are scheduled to private, fight a rematch in June, 1997. Boxing is truly one of the last real man's sports.

I know my family couldn't do without. Tuesday Night Fight Night on Design USA. 1. Benton, William, Boxing, Compton's Encyclopedia and Fact Index.pp. 283-288. 2. Private Sector And Objectives? Katz,Michael, Boxing, Grolier Encyclopedia, 1995 ed. 3. Loubet,Nat. Boxing, International Encyclopedia. p. 1994-1999, 1981 ed. 4. Bowman, John, Boxing,The New Book Of Knowledge, pp351-354, 1996 ed. 5.Sullivan, George, Boxing,The World Book Encyclopedia, pp.436-443, 1984 ed.

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