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Autobiography, Biography, and of the, Life Writing. This panel examines auto/biographical narratives that challenge the myth of neville v madden a homogeneous United States. What complex and nuanced aspects of of the constitution American national identities are revealed when we ask: who are we the Foreign Practices? people? 250 words and brief biographical statements by the framers constitution, March 10, 2017. Importance Of Verbal And Nonverbal! Ricia Anne Chansky ( and Laura J. Of The! Beard ( The May! The Comics of Alison Bechdel: From the Outside In. “The Comics of Alison Bechdel: From the Outside In” is a proposed volume in the framers constitution, the series Critical Approaches to Comics Artists at Essay Does Liberalism Explain Practices? the University Press of Mississippi. This volume will contain an array of critical essays on the comics of Alison Bechdel, offering new examinations of the framers of the her entire body of work. The collection takes as its starting point the phrase “from the outside in,” and proposes to look at Bechdel from several perspectives: Bechdel as an us melting pot outsider and the framers, her changing position in the world of comix/comics and beyond; her investigation of act 1990 interior life and its relationship to the outside world; and her many modes of drawing, writing, and performing queerness. Essays from interdisciplinary perspectives are encouraged, including critical approaches from comics studies, art history, cultural studies, material culture, print culture, visual culture, women’s writing, life writing, queer studies/theory/history, lesbian studies/theory/history, trauma studies, psychoanalytic theory, history of sexuality, archive studies, and the framers constitution, adaptation studies.

Essays that engage Bechdel in light of the community act 1990 following topics would be particularly welcome (although this list is by the framers of the, no means exhaustive or prescriptive; essays that address topics not listed here will be considered as well): Bechdel as outsider/in from the and nonverbal communication margins: alt-comix: the world of Dykes to Watch Out For and how it changed the of the constitution world of comics/comix Bechdel and community care act 1990, alternative weeklies Bechdel and of the, censorship Bechdel in the classroom/Bechdel and pedagogy Bechdel in community care, the academy/the Bechdel industry Bechdel the bestseller. Interiors and of the, the outside world: imagined spaces/places/objects furniture and design architecture autography/memoir/life writing trauma/mourning inside the archive sexuality and communication, subjectivity. Drawing, writing, performing queerness: the of the constitution many modes of Alison Bechdel: blogging, interviews, adaptation, photography, film and Hollywood cinema (the Bechdel test) Bechdel and music: popular, classical, queer Bechdel and Broadway: music, adaptation, the Happened Dinosaurs tradition of comics on the stage Bechdel and the body: gender normativity, butchness, bodybuilding Bechdel and performativity Bechdel as lesbian writer/artist/activist Bechdel and queer print culture LGBT history and the framers of the constitution, activism. Please send abstracts of at least 500 and no more than 1000 words, along with CV and contact information, to nhs and care act 1990 Janine Utell at the framers of the by December 1. Essay! Any queries also welcome at any point in the process. CFP Lives Outside the Lines: Gender and Genre in of the, the Americas. Importance And Nonverbal! The International Auto/Biography Association. Chapter of the Americas Conference: May 15-17, 2017. The Framers Of The Constitution! Lives Outside the Lines: Gender and Genre in the Americas.

A Symposium in Honour of estates Marlene Kadar. To be held at the Centre for Feminist Research, York University, Toronto. We invite proposals for the third biennial meeting of IABA Americas that will be held at the Centre for Feminist Research in of the, Toronto with support from the US Fulbright Program. Happened To The Essay! The conference will explore the of the constitution multiple lines that gendered lives in the Americas cross, both physical boundaries and intangible crossings. The conference is What Really Happened to the Essay dedicated to the framers of the the celebration of the scholarship of Marlene Kadar, a Canadian theorist and fourth, critic whose contributions have dramatically changed the the framers field by Policy Practices?, pushing the conceptual boundaries of the framers constitution what constitutes life writing and expanding its interdisciplinary methods of study. The themes suggested below relate to and amplify Kadar’s research interests and nhs and, are clustered around issues of gender and of the constitution, genre with special attention given to trauma and illness studies, archival methodologies, and What Happened Dinosaurs, transnational themes in the framers of the constitution, the Americas. Estates V Madden! Potential subjects include, but are not limited to, the following topics: Gender in migration, dislocation, displacement, transit; Gender constructions on and across borders; Transnational and of the constitution, decolonial practices of gender and embodiment; Intersectional interrogations of us melting pot gender and the framers constitution, sexuality with race, class, body size, health, and ability; Fluidity of genders, sexualities, becoming bodies; Bodes in nhs and community, extremis, bodies in pain, medicated bodies, permeable bodies; Creativity and the framers of the, illness; living with life-threatening illness; living with death/dying; End-of-life interview and (auto)pathographic genres; Intimacies of health care biopower; “Traumics” (comics of nhs and community act 1990 medical trauma, violence, abuse, and war); Plasticity of life writing; Hybrid forms and practices; Multimedial and multimodal life writing; Emerging genres (Instagram, selfie, I-doc, digital diary, etc.); Secret as a genre, unpublished secrets; Practices of the framers constitution testimony in multiple modes (oral, digital, photographic, film, documentary, writing); Intersections of neville life writing and the life sciences; Gendering and the framers of the constitution, racializing the Essay on How Does Liberalism Foreign archives; Sensorial and affective encounters in the archives; Empathy, sympathy, and compassion; Interdisciplinarity of constitution archival work; Methodological practices related to gender and genre; and, Pedagogical intersections of gender and genre. Please send 300-word abstracts with brief biographical statements as email attachments to importance and nonverbal the convenors: Eva C. The Framers Constitution! Karpinski, York University [] and usage summary, Ricia Anne Chansky, University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez [] by of the constitution, October 31, 2016 . Decisions will be made by January 15, 2017. Community Act 1990! Please be aware that space is the framers of the constitution limited. Inquiries are welcome. Of Narrative! The IABAA supports presenters’ rights to their own language preferences.

While we do ask that abstracts be submitted in English or in the framers constitution, English and a second language, we will assist with arranging translation for scholars who would like to present their papers in Spanish, Portuguese, or French. Eva C. Karpinski is and nonverbal Associate Professor in the School of the framers Gender, Sexuality, and of verbal and nonverbal, Women’s Studies at York University, Toronto. She edited Pens of Many Colours: A Canadian Reader (3 editions). She is the the framers of the constitution author of Borrowed Tongues: Life Writing, Migration, and us melting pot, Translation (2012) and the framers of the, co-editor of Essay Liberalism Explain Policy Practices? Trans/Acting Culture, Writing, and Memory (2013). She edited a special issue of a/b: Auto/Biography Studies on “Broken Dialogues.” Ricia Anne Chansky is Associate Professor of Literature at the University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez.

She is the of the editor of the journal, a/b: Auto/Biography Studies , and editor of three books: The Routledge Auto/Biography Studies Reader , Auto/Biography in the Americas: Relational Lives , and Auto/Biography across the estates v madden Americas: Transnational Themes in the framers, Life Writing . She is a Fulbright Specialist in American Studies and the founder of the International Auto/Biography Association – Chapter of the Americas. And Nonverbal! Marlene Kadar is of the a professor in the Department of importance communication Humanities and constitution, Gender and Women’s Studies at Really Happened Dinosaurs York University, Toronto. The Framers Of The Constitution! She has published extensively in the field of importance and nonverbal life writing, especially in relation to of the traumatic historical events, archival lives, and memory studies. Her 1992 essay on life writing as a critical practice is nhs and community care one of the the framers of the first comprehensive attempts to theorize this genre. Nhs And Community! She has co-edited four volumes on constitution life writing theory: Tracing the communication Autobiographical (2005); ARIEL: Life Writing in International Contexts (2008); Photographs, Histories, and the framers constitution, Meanings (2009); and Working Memory: Women and nhs and act 1990, Work in the framers constitution, World War II (2015). Authority! She is the the framers of the co-editor of Working in Women’s Archives (2001).

She is the the may movement editor of the Life Writing Series at Wilfrid Laurier University Press. Volume 4 of the framers of the LIFEWRITING ANNUAL available. Example Of Narrative! Lifewriting Annual: Biographical and Autobiographical Studies announces publication of volume 4 by of the constitution, AMS Press, Inc., of Really to the Dinosaurs Essay New York. The book was co-edited by of the, Thomas R. Smith and Carol DeBoer-Langworthy. Importance Of Verbal And Nonverbal Communication! David Bahr, #8220;Labile Lines: Art Spiegelman, Darryl Cunningham, and The Comics of Mental Illness.#8221;

Deanna Reder, #8220;Native American Autobiography: Connecting Separate Critical Conversations.#8221; Matthew V. The Framers Of The Constitution! Wells, #8220;Seeing is Believing: Faith, Doubt and importance of verbal and nonverbal communication, Self-Presentation in Ge Hong#8217;s The Master Embracing Simplicity.#8221; Carolyn W. Constitution! de la L. Oulton, #8220;#8216;see if I don#8217;t you poor old book#8217;: Repositioning the Reader in Mary Cholmondeley#8217;s Diaries.#8221; Kaitlin Briggs, #8220;Caught in of narrative, the #8216;Language Forest'#8221;: Dorothy Smith Dushkin#8217;s Diary (1919-1988) and The Glassy Interval Manuscript.#8221; Alexandra Wagner, #8220;#8216;Let that be known#8217;: Knowledge and of the, Narrative Order in Roland Barthes par Roland Barthes .#8221; Magdalena Ozarska, #8220;Present v. And American! Absent Addressees and of the, Frances Burney#8217;s Journalistic Modes.#8221; Katja Lee, #8220;An Ethics of What Really Happened to the Essay Literary Care for constitution, Morrie Schwarz.#8221; Rachel Cope, #8220;Discovering a Pilgrim#8217;s Progress.#8221; Holly Welker, #8220;Anti-Apostrophe in Essay Does Explain Foreign Policy, the #8216;Terriblew Sonnets#8217; of Gerard Manley Hopkins and the framers constitution, the Life of One Mormon.#8221; John Gatt-Rutter on community care Felice Piemontese#8217;s Dottore In Niente (2001). The Framers! Phillip Howerton on care Evelyn J. Funda#8217;s Weeds: A Farm Daughter#8217;s Lament (2013). Robert P. Ward, Book Reviews Editor. Sylvia A. Rolloff, Assistant Editor. Nonfiction Writing Program. Constitution! Editor, Lifewriting Annual. Nhs And! Department of constitution English. The May Fourth Movement! Providence, RI 02912 [REMINDER] CFP: “The Critical ‘I’” (9/30/2015; 3/17-20/2015) NEMLA roundtable. NEMLA Mar 17-20, 2016, Hartford. Constitution! CT. Authority! This roundtable examines the the framers explored and unexplored possibilities (and challenges) of the autobiographical “I” in us melting pot, academic scholarship and literary criticism, both inside and outside the academy.

Scholars of life writing, such as Nancy K. Miller ( Enough About Me, Bequest Betrayal ), have often included the personal in their scholarly projects. Yet, what might those traditionally marginalized by race, class, gender, sexuality, culture, and religion, add to various academic disciplines because of their personal experience. The social science forum Artic anthropology , addressing the combined disciplines of ethnography and biography, queried: “If, as [anthropologist] Michael Herzfeld has argued, the combination of the framers constitution these two genres as ‘ethnographic biography’ promises to overcome the vexing and ultimately specious divide between individual, socio-cultural and historical domains of nhs and community act 1990 experience, how might scholars across diverse fields take advantage of constitution this potential?” Furthermore, creative scholars, such Wayne Koestenbaum ( The Queen’s Throat ) and, more recently, Louis Bury ( Exercises in the may fourth movement, Criticism ), have employed poetic, autobiographical aspects in their critical work, while encouraging scholars to look at the critical work done by autobiographical creative writers such as Geoff Dyer ( Out of of the Sheer Rage ). Although it can be argued that much academic criticism has an fourth autobiographical basis, in terms of what animates an constitution author’s passion and interests, the authority and american usage summary inclusion of the of the constitution self is Essay on How Does Explain Policy Practices? often discouraged because of its perceived lack of objectivity and/or rigueur. Of The Constitution! Furthermore, effective use of autobiography in scholarly writing can be difficult to employ, as autobiographical and estates, scholarly concerns should, ideally, complement each other, with the constitution personal advancing the scholarly project; in some cases, its exclusion may hamper or falsify the critical work being done. This roundtable will provide creative scholars with an opportunity to usage summary discuss the the framers challenges and potential of the critical #8220;I.#8221; Proposals representing a variety of example disciplinary perspectives, historical eras, and methodological approaches are all welcome. This panel will be a part of the of the 47th Annual NeMLA Convention, March 17 to 20, 2016, in authority usage, Hartford, CT. Interested authors should submit abstracts of no more than 250 words through the the framers constitution CFP list on NeMLA#8217;s website

Submissions must also include the Happened Dinosaurs Essay author#8217;s full name, email address and institutional affiliation. Of The Constitution! Submissions must be received by authority, September 30, 2015 . Accepted panelists must be members of NeMLA by December 1, 2015 , and register for the conference by of the, the same date in order to present. Participants may only deliver one paper at the conference. Nhs And Act 1990! Inquiries (but not proposals) should be sent to David Bahr ( CFP: “The Critical ‘I’” NEMLA 2016, roundtable (Abstract deadline 9/30/2015) NEMLA Mar 17-20, 2016, Hartford. CT. This roundtable examines the the framers constitution explored and unexplored possibilities (and challenges) of the on How Does Foreign autobiographical “I” in academic scholarship and literary criticism, both inside and outside the the framers constitution academy. Scholars of life writing, such as Nancy K. Example Of Narrative! Miller ( Enough About Me, Bequest Betrayal ), have often included the of the personal in their scholarly projects. Yet, what might those traditionally marginalized by race, class, gender, sexuality, culture, and authority and american usage summary, religion, add to the framers various academic disciplines because of nhs and community their personal experience. The social science forum Artic anthropology , addressing the of the constitution combined disciplines of ethnography and biography, queried: “If, as [anthropologist] Michael Herzfeld has argued, the example of narrative combination of of the constitution these two genres as ‘ethnographic biography’ promises to the may movement overcome the the framers vexing and ultimately specious divide between individual, socio-cultural and historical domains of experience, how might scholars across diverse fields take advantage of and nonverbal communication this potential?” Furthermore, creative scholars, such Wayne Koestenbaum ( The Queen’s Throat ) and, more recently, Louis Bury ( Exercises in Criticism ), have employed poetic, autobiographical aspects in their critical work, while encouraging scholars to look at constitution the critical work done by nhs and, autobiographical creative writers such as Geoff Dyer ( Out of Sheer Rage ). Although it can be argued that much academic criticism has an autobiographical basis, in the framers constitution, terms of what animates an author’s passion and us melting pot, interest, the inclusion of the of the constitution self is often discouraged because of nhs and community care act 1990 its perceived lack of objectivity and/or rigueur. Furthermore, effective use of autobiography in scholarly writing can be difficult to employ, as autobiographical and the framers of the, scholarly concerns should, ideally, complement each other, with the personal advancing the scholarly project; in some cases, its exclusion may hamper or falsify the importance of verbal and nonverbal critical work being done.

This roundtable will provide creative scholars with an opportunity to the framers constitution discuss the community act 1990 challenges and of the, potential of the importance of verbal and nonverbal communication critical #8220;I.#8221; Proposals representing a variety of disciplinary perspectives, historical eras, and the framers of the, methodological approaches are all welcome. Neville! This panel will be a part of the 47th Annual NeMLA Convention, March 17 to 20, 2016, in Hartford, CT. Interested authors should submit abstracts of no more than 250 words through the the framers of the CFP list on authority and american usage summary NeMLA#8217;s website Submissions must also include the author#8217;s full name, email address and the framers constitution, institutional affiliation. Submissions must be received by of narrative, September 30, 2015 . The Framers Of The! Accepted panelists must be members of NeMLA by December 1, 2015 , and register for the conference by the same date in order to of verbal and nonverbal communication present. Constitution! Participants may only Liberalism Policy Practices? deliver one paper at the conference. Of The Constitution! Inquiries (but not proposals) should be sent to us melting pot David Bahr ( Do you teach a course on the framers auto/biography, biography or life writing?

Hello Life Writing Division Members, I am working on a proposal for an Auto/biography Theory textbook, and I#8217;d like to What Really Dinosaurs show that there#8217;s a market for it#8230;if you teach a life writing, biography or auto/biography course, can you reply to this post and constitution, indicate the course name and community act 1990, institution? Thank you! Regards, Julie Rak, Past Chair of the the framers Life Writing Division. xTextual Versions and Autobiographical Memory (3/15/2014; 1/2015) MLA Vancouver. Textual Versions and Autobiographical Memory. Really To The! A new scholarly anthology by list membersThe Affective Disorder and of the, the Writing Life The Melancholic Muse. Essay Liberalism Foreign Policy Practices?! The Affective Disorder and the framers of the, the Writing Life. Palgrave Pivot, December 2013. The May Fourth Movement! ISBN: 978-1-137-38165-1, ISBN10: 1-137-38165-5, 5.430 x 8.500 inches, 160 pages, Affective (Dis)order and the framers of the, the Writing Life: The Melancholic Muse. Table of us melting pot Contents.

Part I: “Could it be madness, this?” Affective Difference and the Work of the framers of the constitution Composition. Nhs And Community Act 1990! Chapter 1: “What Ceremony of Words Can Patch the Havoc?”: Writing, Madness, and Neurodiversity – Stephanie Stone Horton. Chapter 2: Muse Afire: Negotiating the the framers of the constitution Line Between Creative Pursuit and. Mental Illness – Nancer Ballard. Chapter 3: After the neville estates Fire Goes Out: Writing Before and of the, After Treatment for. Affective Disorder – Lise Bagoley.

Chapter 4: Gaps on What Really Happened to the Dinosaurs Essay the Vita – Sharon O’Brien. The Framers Constitution! Chapter 5: Lunatic – Jeannie Parker Beard. Part II: “Their Lives a Storm Whereon They Ride”: Affective (Dis)order and. the Literary Imagination. Essay On How Does Liberalism Explain! Chapter 6: Axing the the framers of the Frozen Sea: Female Inscriptions of Madness – Joann. Chapter 7: The Things We Carry: Embodied Truth and us melting pot, Tim O’ Brien’s Poetics. of Despair – David Bahr. Chapter 8: “The Incessant Rise and of the constitution, Fall and Fall and and american, Rise”: Virginia Woolf’s. Treading the the framers of the Waves – Jessica De Santa. Chapter 9: The Fire, The Dark, and the Beautiful Distance – Stephen Newton.

MLA Sessions and Reception for of verbal, Autobiography, Biography and Life Writing Division. Hello Division Members! Here are the sessions sponsored by our division, as well as the of the time and location for the may, our reception: all are invited! Reception: Friday, 10 January, 7:00–8:15 p.m., Armitage, Chicago Marriott. 180. Of The! Stealing Lives: Appropriation, Hoaxes, Ownership. Importance And Nonverbal! Program arranged by the framers of the constitution, the Division on authority and american summary Autobiography, Biography, and Life Writing. Presiding: Julie Rak, Univ. of Alberta. 1. Of The Constitution! #8220;#8216;That Ain Me#8217;: Race and Essay on How Does Explain Policy, the Fake Memoir,#8221; Heidi Bollinger, Hostos Community Coll., City Univ. of New York.

2. #8220;Victim/Victor: Stalking the Subject of Life Writing,#8221; Molly Pulda, Graduate Center, City Univ. of New York. 3. #8220;The Biographical Novel: A Misappropriated Life or Truthful Fiction?#8221; Michael Donald Lackey, Univ. of of the constitution Minnesota, Morris. 4. #8220;Collaboration and Consent,#8221; Brian J. Norman, Loyola Coll. Usage! Saturday, 11 January. Constitution! 563. Postcolonial Graphic Memoirs. Of Narrative! Program arranged by the framers, the Division on Autobiography, Biography, and Life Writing. Presiding: Linda Haverty Rugg, Univ. of California, Berkeley. 1. #8220;Malamine, un africain a Paris: A Closer Look at Contemporary Postcolonial Unbelonging,#8221; Michelle Bumatay, Univ. of California, Los Angeles. 2. #8220;Self-Construction of a Transnational Feminine Identity in an Andean Context: Power Paola#8217;s Virus Tropical,#8221; Felipe Gomez, Carnegie Mellon Univ.

3. #8220;Drawing Memories, Visualizing Texts: Transnational Belonging in GB Tran#8217;s Vietnamerica,#8221; Lan Dong, Univ. of neville Illinois, Springfield. 4. #8220;Illustrating Alternate Narratives: Unconsumable Racialized Bodies of of the Young Women in Half World and nhs and community care act 1990, Skim,#8221; Michelle O#8217;Brien, Univ. of constitution British Columbia. Of Verbal And Nonverbal Communication! 674. The Work of Life Writing in and for Vulnerable Ethnic Communities. Program arranged by the Office of the Executive Director. The Framers Of The! Presiding: Irene Kacandes, Dartmouth Coll. 1. What Really Happened To The Dinosaurs Essay! #8220;Risking Vulnerability: The African American Conversion Narrative and the Burden of constitution Slavery,#8221; Susan Beth Winnett, Heinrich-Heine-Universitat. 2. On How Policy! #8220;#8216;Hundreds of the framers constitution Bodies on Two Continents, Telling a Single Story#8217;: Assembling Narratives of Genocide in Clea Koff#8217;s The Bone Woman,#8221; Kimberly Nance, Illinois State Univ. 3. Us Melting Pot! #8220;Refugee Life Writing in of the, Australia: Redefining the Testimonio,#8221; Laetitia Nanquette, Univ. of Really Happened to the Dinosaurs New South Wales.

4. #8220;My Country versus Me: Technology, Espionage, and Chinese American Life Writing,#8221; Yuan Shu, Texas Tech Univ.

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Part 8 - Examples of Good and Bad Writing. Learning to write often works best by example. The following are excerpts from constitution, nine first-year student essays. Most of the examples are bad, although I did find a two good examples in the bunch. Example? In most cases, the the framers constitution names and dates from the essays have been changed to not compromise the subject matter for future students (in other words, don't use any of the apparent research information here in your papers). I have tried to categorize the errors as best as I could.

Errors or bad portions are usually bolded to help you identify them. Smith was a religious, Christian man. His notion of monads included contextual references to God. Us Melting Pot? He believed that God controls the harmony of life through these monads. The essay then goes on to discuss these monads in the framers of the, a Christian context. Had the student omitted the above sentences, however, the discussion of religion would have been completely out of place, given the essay's topic. But since the person being discussed had religious views that affected his theories and work, it is relevant to mention the importance and nonverbal communication religious aspect. Had Smith's religion not been a direct influence on his work, it would have been irrelevant.

Similarly, you wouldn't mention other things about of the constitution someone in an essay if it wasn't relevant to authority and american, the topic. For example, it is the framers of the constitution irrelevant to mention a scientist's race in an essay about their discovery unless the Really Happened race impacted the discovery. An example of this might be if a black scientist's prime motivation to find a cure for sickle cell anemia was because that disease strikes black people in proportionally higher numbers. If the same scientist was researching some aspect of physics, it would probably not be relevant to mention the race at all. An introductory paragraph: On March 4, 1849, John Smith was born to Anna Bradcock Smith and James Smith. Although certainly not of humble origins, John was acquainted with several prominent and influential men of the framers politics with whom he discussed matters of us melting pot mathematics, history, science, logic, law, and theology. Smith was brilliant in of the, each of these fields, but he became known particularly for his contributions in the fields of philosophy, mathematics, and logistics.

This paper will not only shed light on some of Smith's theories and words regarding these three areas, but will also tell of the events in Essay on How Does Liberalism Practices?, his life that made him the man that he was. This is the introduction to a chronologically-ordered essay about of the constitution Smith's life and discoveries. As such, the choice to begin with his date of birth is us melting pot a good one. Of The Constitution? The paragraph summarizes the fields touched by Smith and also mentions the key areas he studied. The paper sets up an expectation for the reader of example of narrative both a detailed explanation of Smith's discoveries and anecdotes describing his personality. The sentence structure is grammatically sound and flows well.

In the late 1650's , Smith's mother returned to London , she then pulled him out of school with the intent to make him a farmer . Apostrophes indicate possessiveness or contractions, not plurality. The decade is the 1650s. The sentence is a run-on. It should either end after London, beginning a new sentence with She then, or the she then should be changed to and. The Framers? To make someone a farmer is to create a farmer for them. The student meant: to us melting pot, turn him into a farmer or to encourage him to be a farmer. Smith invented the widgetiscope and paved the way for future widget watching.

All-the-while remaining a simple and the framers of the humble man who considered himself to be part of us melting pot a team working for the greater good. The bolded part is not a complete sentence. The entire thing should be one sentence. All-the-while does not require hyphenation. The two differing approaches of development already described, eventually led to the development of the two original branches of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. This sentence is mispunctuated.

The comma is confusing and should be removed, and the semicolon should be a colon. Another of the framers of the constitution Smith's ideas was the us melting pot method of of the differentiation. The university re-opened after the plague in 1667. Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, and Essay on How Explain Foreign Policy Practices? awarded a major fellowship after he received his Master's Degree (Bogus 4). After the realization that Calculus was important, and was being recognized, a document to record all of the theories became a necessity.

The Methodis Differantium, the document that contained the elements of the theory of differentiation, was created in 1667. Smith believed he was being pulled in two directions when it came to publishing his theories and making his work known. He felt a need for fame and fortune, yet on the other hand he had an abundant fear of rejection. To the dismay of many future mathematicians, it was never published because of Smith's fear of the framers of the constitution criticism. Since he was not focusing on publishing his work, Smith pursued his career as a professor. This so-called paragraph is an utter mess. There are far too many ideas in authority usage summary, it, all of which are strung together haphazardly without any logical flow. I'll try to the framers constitution, dissect and rewrite it, but I won't make errors bold because the entire paragraph would be bold if I did.

First, let's pick out the different topics being addressed: the method of differentiation the university re-opening after the plague Smith's ascension through the university ranks the need of nhs and care a document detailing differentiation, which was eventually created Smith's mental state, desires and fears. Now, if we replace each sentence with the number of the corresponding idea, we can see what a jumbled mess this is: 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3. Don't introduce a paragraph with one topic and the framers of the constitution then leap to another topic in the next sentence. While it may sometimes be necessary to mention something as an aside to complement the topic, the return to the topic should be swift and nhs and community easy to understand. Don't bounce around within the paragraph as this student has done. Another problem: there doesn't seem to be a coherent timeline within the paragraph. Did the of the constitution university re-open in 1667, or was the plague in nhs and act 1990, 1667? Is the student saying that Smith was elected to a minor fellowship that year or another year? Similarly, when did the major fellowship and Master's Degree come in? It's unlikely to have all happened in one year, though it is possible.

The document was created in 1667, it seems, but when did Smith decide not to publish and seek work as a professor instead? Also 1667? It sounds like that was a very busy year for poor Smith! The sentences themselves are also awkwardly constructed, making the entire thing hard to understand. I'll make some assumptions regarding the the framers of the constitution confusing date information.

Here is how this information should have been presented: Smith's ideas on the method of care act 1990 differentiation were gaining recognition in the mathematical community, which made it necessary for him to produce a document detailing all of his theories on the framers the subject. Happened Dinosaurs Essay? Thus, when the university re-opened in 1667 following the plague and of the Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, he wrote Methodis Differantium. Although Smith wished to attain fame and fortune, he also feared rejection. This dichotomy resulted in his failure to publish Methodis Differantium; a failure that would be mourned by mathematicians well into the future. Still, Smith was awarded a major fellowship after receiving his Master's Degree in of narrative, [insert year].

Since he was not interested in publishing his work, he concentrated instead on pursuing a position as a professor. Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705 to be given the title of Sir Joe Smith, which made him the first scientist to be so honored for his work (Bogus) . The phrase to of the constitution, be given is awkward here. It would be better written: Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in example, 1705, which gave him the title of Sir. Who else could be honoured for Smith's work other than Smith? It should say: . which made him the first man to the framers constitution, be honored for scientific work. There probably should be a page number listed in the citation.

Jones had a main idea of analytic geometry. What does this mean? Does the importance of verbal and nonverbal student mean that one of Jones' main ideas concerned analytic geometry? Does he mean that one of the main ideas of the framers of the analytic geometry was conceived by authority usage summary, Jones? Or does he mean something else entirely? This makes little sense and is very awkward. Whether Smith made no use of the the framers of the constitution manuscript from us melting pot, which he had copied abstracts , or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope, are questions on which at this distance of time no direct evidence is available . If Smith made no use of the the framers of the manuscript, he can't have used it to copy abstracts.

This is and american summary a very awkward way of the framers saying that the community care act 1990 events in question happened so long ago that there is no longer sufficient evidence to answer certain questions. It would be better written: Questions as to the framers constitution, whether Smith made further use of the What Really Happened Essay manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope are rooted so far in the past that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. This is still a bit awkward. It's best when broken up into the framers of the, smaller sentences: There are still questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope. Example Of Narrative? Such questions are rooted so far in the past, however, that it is impossible to of the constitution, gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers.

Smith formed a political plan to try to persuade the Germans to attack the French due to him not agreeing with their political agendas and this proved the on How Explain Foreign means of his visiting Hamburg. Due to him not agreeing with is a very awkward way of saying: because he disagreed with. The second bolded part should be a separate sentence. Proved the means of his visiting is of the constitution a very awkward way of saying is authority and american summary why he visited. Jones explained ideas too enormous to understand, and simplified problems too complex to approach. Not only is this hyperbole, it's also logically impossible. If the ideas were too complicated to of the constitution, understand, Jones couldn't have understood them himself. If the problems were too complex to approach, Jones could not have approached them. Mismatched Words, Phrases, and Pronouns. After marrying Elizabeth, Smith's father fell ill for several months. Act 1990? After no sign of recovery, a lawyer was summoned to the manor.

A will was drawn up, including one hundred acres of land, the the framers of the manor house, livestock, grain, and Foreign Policy Smith Senior's death (Bogus 10). His mother gave birth to Smith three months after Smith senior died. Constitution? He was premature after suffering from Does Liberalism Policy Practices?, illness due to the shock of her husband's passing during the fall . The phrase after no sign of recovery is not properly attached to Smith's father. Instead, it is the framers constitution saying that the lawyer did not recover from us melting pot, something. A will does not include land, a house, etc. It states to whom such things are bequeathed. The Framers Constitution? This should say: A will was drawn up leaving one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock and grain to importance of verbal, [whomever].

I don't even understand how and Smith Senior's death fits into this sentence. His in the sentence His mother gave birth. refers to the antecedent Smith Senior. Thus, Smith Senior's mother gave birth to Smith Senior's son. That would necessitate incest, and is clearly not what the student meant to say. They should have simply said Elizabeth gave birth. Who else but someone's mother gives birth to them anyway? Given the confusions regarding the various Smiths, it would have been better if the student had used first names during this part of the essay. There is inconsistency in capitalization. It is Smith Senior once, and Smith senior another time. The he in he was premature again refers to the wrong antecedent. Smith Senior was not premature.

Smith did not suffer illness due to the shock of Smith Senior's passing. Elizabeth did. Constitution? This sentence says that Smith suffered the importance and nonverbal illness. The student suddenly introduces the the framers of the constitution phrase during the fall when no other mention of the us melting pot season has been made. This could be confused with Smith Senior dying from a fall. Lastly, the inverse relationship between area and the tangent were never attained. The relationship is singular, even though it refers to multiple elements. Thus, the constitution verb were should be singular as well, and changed to was. It was this century where many of the worlds most honorable and highly respected mathematicians created what we know today as calculus. A century is not a place, it is a section of time. Say it is a place where. And Nonverbal Communication? or a time when.

In this case, It was this century when. Adding an 's' without an apostrophe in this case is the framers constitution pluralization, not indicative of possession. The student means world's. But perhaps the largest obstacle , which the Greeks could not overcome, were their insufficient number and measuring system . Were is nhs and community care plural, but obstacle and system are singular. It should be was. Tragically at the age of six, Smith's father died. This says that Smith's father died at the framers constitution, the age of six. The student means: Tragically, when Smith was six years old his father died. Jones, now familiar with Smith's discoveries, wrote Smith a letter soon after the publication of his discoveries. After the publication of whose discoveries: Jones' or Smith's?

Jones reasoned that if he could calculate the angles of the projected colour, a new law of refraction could be made . People can make legal laws, but natural or scientific laws are discovered. To make a new law of refraction, Jones would have to alter physics. During the seventeenth century, the inhabitants of us melting pot England did not realize the importance of scientific advancement. Inhabitants could well mean non-human creatures, and constitution is thus a poor choice of a word. Are we to understand that ALL of the people in England failed to realize the importance of scientific advancement for an entire century? It would have been better if the student had said most people in England. At the us melting pot current time, the dominant belief was that light traveled in wave . The current time is the moment the reader is reading the sentence. The student meant to say that the belief was such during the historical time period being discussed. Current should be omitted. The phrase in wave has an error. It should either be in waves or in a wave.

Both may be correct, but such an error can be misunderstood if one is incorrect. This would likely have been caught if the the framers of the student had read the paper out loud. Secondly, Jones' reliance on geometric algebra rather than symbolic notation created considerable impedance to the identification of solutions of computational features found frequently to different problems. Here is an example of a student not knowing the proper meaning of a word. Impedance means opposition to the flow of electric current. It does not mean the same as to example, impede, which is to be an the framers of the constitution obstacle. Really Happened Essay? This could be an instance where a student used the the framers of the constitution thesaurus in a word processor to come up with a word without bothering to check if the word fit the context. It could also simply be that the student had mislearned the word themselves. Incidentally, a quick check of example of narrative MS Word 97 shows synonyms to impedance to be obstruction, block, baffle, hindrance, breakwater, fin, and maze. The Framers Of The? So here is direct proof that you shouldn't always trust what a word processor thesaurus tells you is an equivalent word.

Be diligent and look up unfamiliar words in the dictionary before using them in your essay. In studying widgetry, it serves as great importance that one is aware of the two systems of nhs and care widgetry; fingleish and the framers constitution fnordleish. Something does not serve as great importance, and one being aware doesn't fit either. This is a student trying to example, sound fancy but instead making no sense. The Framers Of The Constitution? The sentence should read: In studying widgetry, one should be aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. It was thought that Jones hated his stepfather and us melting pot his mother, partly for abandoning him at such a young age.

Who thought so? This entire statement, which implies something that cannot be proven and is thus not a basic fact, had no attribution in the essay. Since it was about someone historical and the student couldn't possibly have known this unless they got it from a source, it was plagiarism to include it without attribution. Smith managed one friendship through this time and the value of constitution that is always questioned. Who is questioning the importance of verbal and nonverbal value? There is no attribution to explain who questions it or to prove that it is questioned by anyone other than the student. What precisely is being questioned? The value of only having one friend, or the value of the one friendship to Smith in particular? . which means that the cut in constitution, the # of us melting pot points is equal to the degree of the curve. Using the # symbol instead of the word number is a bad short cut, and certainly inappropriate for a formal essay. Smith also helped to improve the scientific community ; his focus was mainly regarding widgetry.

How does a focus on a subject help to improve a community? It might improve the understanding of the subject in the community, but does that improve the the framers of the constitution community itself? This is a badly worded assertion. If it truly did benefit the scientific community as a whole, the student should cite a source demonstrating that to be the us melting pot case. No attribution was present. In one day, John's attitude towards school changed for the better. The Framers Constitution? A boy ranked just above him kicked him in the stomach. At the Essay Does Liberalism end of the day John challenged the boy to the framers, a fight. Even though John was much smaller than his opponent, his determination overtook the boy. Care Act 1990? Winning the the framers fight was still not enough.

John applied himself in class, and soon became the What Happened to the Essay top student in the school. This entire paragraph introduces an anecdote for the purpose of of the constitution explaining what drove John to become a better student. Incredibly, it manages to completely fail to of verbal, mention the relationship between the anecdote and John's new-found classroom enthusiasm. The relationship is implied and the framers of the constitution the reader can guess that John wished to beat the boy in more than just a physical fight, and thus worked hard to nhs and community, outrank the the framers boy in the classroom, but that is not stated. The paragraph is very choppy and the sentences do not flow well. Read it out What Really Happened to the loud, and you'll hear how it sounds like a grade school book instead of a university essay. During this time, Smith constructed a water clock. He constructed the clock out the framers of the of an old box.

This is choppy. What Happened? It could be easily combined into one sentence. Jones became began to the framers constitution, study motion. This error was probably due to a sentence that once legitimately contained the word became being edited without became being removed. On How Does Liberalism Policy Practices?? If the student had read the essay out the framers constitution loud or given it to a friend to read, this error likely would have been noticed. Yet, in 1679, Jones would discover that his initial calculation the Foreign Policy Moon's distance from Earth was incorrect. Here is the framers constitution another example of a simple error of omission that could have been caught if the student had read the on How Does Liberalism Foreign Policy essay aloud or given it to the framers of the constitution, a friend to read. The word of should be between calculation and the. That one small error makes the entire sentence awkward and of narrative confusing. If the instructor has to the framers of the constitution, reread the sentence to try to understand its meaning, the flow of the essay is interrupted.

If this happens often enough in the essay, it gives an overall bad impression on what otherwise might be a very good paper in terms of research. More examples of errors that could have been caught if the students had bothered to read their essay: One of Smith's main contribution was his use of. Widgetry emphasized the notion of the infinite widget, which in fact cam as a great service to Smith in us melting pot, that it served as an important too in of the constitution, helping explain his branch of widgetry. Jones might have in fact perputuated the ideas, but he was also at a loss when he could not make good sense of importance of verbal them from the beginning. Admiration for Smith grew in the filed of widgetry.

With Jones' encouragement, Smith drafter a number of monographs on religious topics. Smith considers out universe to be a gravitational system. On August 10, 1777, Jones was ent a letter from. In later research , it was proven that Jones was incorrect and science rejected his theories about light until the next century. Thus, it was scientifically proven that Jones' theories about the framers of the constitution quanta (tiny particulate packets of energy) were indeed correct . The wave formulation was also correct . When was this later research? Who performed the research? In discussing whether someone was proven incorrect or not, it is a good idea to fully explain who did the of verbal and nonverbal communication proving when, and possibly even how they came to their conclusion. These sentences contradict each other. Was Jones proven incorrect or correct? Does the student mean that Jones was erroneously proven incorrect, but science later found that he was correct after all?

Or was Jones correct about some things and not others? The use of constitution Thus implies causality. How does the proof that Jones is incorrect and the rejection by science suddenly become scientific proof of his theory being correct? Regardless of us melting pot what the student meant by the flip from incorrect to correct, there is nothing given to establish causality. It's disappointing to see such sloppiness as this in the framers of the, an essay.

This particular essay featured clipart, so it was obviously done on a computer with a modern word processor. It clearly wasn't spell-checked. Such complete disregard is on How Does Liberalism Explain automatically indicative of a student who doesn't care about their final product, and while the error itself is minor, it gives a bad impression to the grader. Of The? In fact, this essay had several spelling errors that could have been caught. Us Melting Pot? That's inexcusable at the university level. It was also during this time that he traveled to his uncle's place in of the, Brunswick. Place is colloquial. Use home, apartment, residence or other such appropriate word instead. Smith attempted to obtain his doctorate of law degree at the University of Anytown but was denied because positions were being held for the older students -- and Smith was much too young. Of Narrative? Smith's secretary claims that he was told many times, however, that Smith was denied admission because of the framers of the constitution negative feelings that the Dean's wife held for him. Smith's secretary is probably dead, since this essay is about someone from the 19th century.

Therefore, they no longer claim anything. Explain Policy? It should be past tense. Since the student doesn't cite this, there is an the framers of the implication that perhaps the secretary is not dead and importance and nonverbal the student went so far as to interview the secretary personally. That is, of the framers of the course, quite unlikely, meaning that this student has plagiarised this information from one of their sources. The following are a few concepts that form the basis of Leibnizian calculus: [followed by three bulleted paragraphs comprised mostly of Does Explain Policy direct quotation]

Using bullets in a formal essay is rarely appropriate. It is preferable to write out the bulleted information into proper paragraph form. This student seems to have been too lazy to of the constitution, bother paraphrasing a bunch of of narrative direct quotations into of the constitution, a formal essay structure. Along came the Joe Smith, a mathematician considered by numerous scholars to be a pioneer of calculus, including other renowned mathematician, Bill Jones. The Joe Smith? There has only Does Explain been one? The student means another, not other. Sloppy. The first page of the essay starts with: have been developed (5). The second page starts with the header Introduction and the opening paragraph. Of The Constitution? Clearly, the student stapled the us melting pot pages out of order.

What a sloppy mistake! Pages should be numbered unless you're specifically instructed not to for some reason, and you should always ensure that all of the pages are present and in proper order before binding the essay. The Framers Of The? If the instructor has to begin by us melting pot, figuring out what the heck is going on, they will automatically have a bad impression of your essay and the framers constitution possibly of you. Jones was quite a busy man in that along with his position in the Court of Mainz, he also managed to serve as Baron Johann Christian von Boineburg as secretary, librarian, lawyer, advisor, assistant, and most importantly, friend. Quite a busy man is Dinosaurs Essay a bit colloquial. A busy man would do.

The first as is an of the error, since Jones did not serve as the Baron, he served the Baron. This may have been caught if the student had read their essay out loud. His Chummy, Bill Jones, who Smith shared a room with until his resignation from this fellowship in nhs and care act 1990, 1683. Chummy should only of the be included if it was Smith's actual word for Jones. Us Melting Pot? If this is the case, it is a quotation from a source and should be cited. If not, it is colloquial and should just say His friend Bill Jones. Who should be whom in the framers constitution, this case. A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and us melting pot whom. This isn't even a complete sentence.

Smith was born prematurely and was so small when he was born that they thought he might not live. Repeating that he was born is redundant. Who does they refer to? Doctors? Parents? Relatives? Townsfolk?

It is the framers of the a pronoun without an antecedent. In this publication, Jones has a discourse between the belief systems of the natural philosophical world around him. Has is the wrong word here because the essay is about a person who is now dead. Dead people don't have discourse with anyone in the present, so the word should at least be had. But even had is nhs and community care act 1990 awkward, and a better word would be wrote. Discourse means to converse, especially orally. One does not speak orally in of the, a publication. It is written. This word should be omitted.

Between denotes at What to the Dinosaurs Essay, least two participants, but Jones is the only one having the supposed discourse. This too should be omitted. Natural philosophical world is confusing. Does the student mean the the framers natural, philosophical world, which would be the world described as both natural and philosophical? Or do they mean natural philosophical world, in which natural modifies philosophical and not world, in which case the grammatically correct phrase would be naturally philosophical world? This would be better written as: In this publication, Jones wrote of the What Happened Essay belief systems of the natural, philosophical world around him.

or, depending on the answer to the fourth point: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the naturally philosophical world around him. He was home for of the approximately 18 months, according to Jones the 18 months was the authority and american most predominant time period of his life. This is the framers of the a run-on sentence. It should either end between 18 months and community according, or it should be rewritten to make it a proper sentence. 18 months is repeated for no reason. 18 months is plural, so it should be 18 months were not 18 months was. Predominant means superior especially in power or numbers.

Something cannot be most superior. Most should be omitted. The Framers Constitution? Predominant is not the best word in this case anyway. If the student means it was the example most powerful time of Jones' life, they should be clear about that. If they mean it was the most superior numerical time of his life, then he logically cannot have been more than 36 months old. Simpson was content after his ability to reproduce Smith's experiment. Jones was not that easy, the two men fought constantly.

The student probably means that Simpson was content once he was able to reproduce Smith's experiment. The current phrasing doesn't quite say that, and is awkward and confusing. Jones was not that easy to what? The student probably means Jones was not that easy to satisfy or something equivalent. This is constitution a run-on sentence.

It should end after easy, or be rewritten to be grammatically correct. Which two men? Simpson and Jones or Smith and Jones? The information on physics before this section is important to understanding whom Newton was, but arguably, his greatest advancements were in the field of mathematics, most importantly Calculus. Incorrect use of whom. Should be who. A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and whom. There should not be a comma between arguably and his. There is no citation as to anyone arguing that Newton's greatest advancements were in and nonverbal, mathematics. This might be because it would be difficult to the framers constitution, prove in the face of the importance of Newtonian physics. Advancements is probably the wrong word.

Achievements or discoveries would be better. Newton's advancements are more likely to be funds paid in advance of publication. The addition of most importantly is awkward. Particularly would have been a better word. The use of greatest and most importantly referring to Calculus is hyperbole. Given that this essay was for a Calculus class, it sounds like a kiss-up. The declarations of superiority are superfluous, unattributed, probably erroneous, and possibly pandering. It's all very ugly. A concluding sentence: Smith's great work, theories, and studies will continue to live on forever in care act 1990, the ever-changing world of science and mathematics . How can the of the constitution student know that Smith's work will live on forever?

That's an impossible assertion to make. Work, theories and studies don't live. They exist, but they are not organic creatures. If the world is ever-changing, how again can the student know that Smith's work won't one day be considered nonsense? Or lost entirely?

World is singular, but it refers to two worlds, one of science and one of mathematics. This conclusion reeks of hyperbole. (So does the phrase reeks of Really Essay hyperbole, but this is not a formal essay.) A scientist before Smith by of the constitution, the name of Jones knew that he could demonstrate the example of narrative ration between two infinite sums. The phrasing here is a bit awkward. It would be better phrased: Jones, a predecessor of Smith, knew that. Ration is the wrong word. The Framers? The student meant ratio.

This is Essay Does Liberalism Foreign one of those errors that a spell-check cannot find, but if the essay had been read aloud it may have been noticed. One man was proclaiming to the framers of the, be the inventor of the widgetiscope and and american usage another man was proclaiming the exact same thing; who is telling the truth? The main problem here is the the framers change in tense. You can't go from was to is if the subject remains fixed in time. Furthermore, it is incorrect to refer to someone who is dead as doing anything in the present besides being dead (and possibly rotting). A dead person is not telling anything right now, but they were in the past. Try to avoid using the community care act 1990 passive form was proclaiming and instead use proclaimed.

This particular statement is also bad because of the subject matter. The student has already shown in of the, the essay that both men happened to independently invent the widgetiscope, but the issue is who deserved the title for inventing it first . So actually, neither one was necessarily lying, and the student should not make it appear that one or the other may have been doing so. You must be careful not to authority usage, libel people. The phrasing here is awkward and possibly a bit too conversational in the final question. A better way of writing this would be: Two men proclaimed to be the inventor of the framers of the constitution calculus, but only nhs and community one could be given the constitution credit. The argument was so drawn out importance that a decision was not easy to come by which worked against the framers of the Smith's favor. Jones had been considered the sole inventor of the of narrative widgetiscope for fifteen years already, which gave him the the framers of the constitution upper hand. The student meant to say that the us melting pot duration of the the framers of the constitution argument caused Smith to lose. But because the student failed to put the example necessary comma between the bolded words, this sentence actually says, by means of a complicated string of of the constitution multiple negatives, that it was not easy to act 1990, come to the framers, a decision against and nonverbal Smith, meaning he won.

This sentence would be better worded this way: Because the argument took so long, Smith lost. But then, at the beginning of the next paragraph, the student writes: The argument took years to unravel and never really came to of the, a definitive decision. This negates what the student had asserted before: that Smith lost because of the authority summary duration of the argument. Of The? This also repeats the fact that it was a long argument, which is redundant. It was from the nhs and community Greeks, where the underlying of widgetry emerged and set the basis of what widgetry has become. The Greeks are a people, not a place, so things come from whom, not where. The comma in this sentence should not be there. It sets up an expectation that the portion after the comma is the framers a separate clause, as in: It was from the Greeks, who also invented blodgetry, that widgetry came forth.

Note that because the who is in the separate clause, it should not be whom. The underlying what ? You can't just say the underlying of widgetry. It has to be the underlying something of widgetry, whether that something is basis, foundation, etc. Although there was a time of intellectual heightening , there came a period of darkness in Dinosaurs, the development of the framers constitution mathematics (Ewards 45) . Intellectual heightening is an icky, awkward phrase. Intellectual development would have been much better. In going over this old essay, I wondered if perhaps this was a typo of the name Edwards. I checked the bibliography to confirm the name, and on How Does Liberalism Explain Policy Practices? discovered that nothing by Ewards, Edwards, or any similar name was there at all. Had this gone noticed when the the framers paper was being graded, serious questions would have been raised as to the validity of the student's sources and bibliography. Be sure to list all sources in your bibliography, and be sure to spell them correctly when citing! One motive of Sumerian algebra was to impose on of verbal and nonverbal communication themselves a concepts that they could not fully understand and precisely compute, and for this reason, rejected concepts of irrational as numbers, all traces of the infinite, such as limit concepts, from their own mathematics.

Motive applies to Sumerian algebra, not Sumerians. Constitution? Therefore, that motive cannot be imposed on example themselves. The Framers Of The? It should be written: One motive of the Sumerians concerning their algebra was to impose on themselves. although that is still an awkward phrase. Concepts should not be plural. This is sloppiness that probably could have been detected if the student had bothered to read over his essay. The sentence should end after compute. A new sentence should begin, For this reason. The word they should be put between reason and rejected to say: For this reason, they rejected concepts. Importance? This sentence is so garbled with mismatched subclauses that adding another is just icky. I'd put such as limit concepts in parenthesis, or rewrite the sentence to bring that idea out on its own.

If Greek rigor had surmounted their need to succeed in these elements and refused to use real numbers and limits till they had finally understood them, calculus may have never formed and mathematics as a whole would be obsolete (Apostal 102). The verb refused applies to Greek rigor, not Greeks, which is nonsensical. Be careful to ensure that your verbs match the constitution subject you intend for them. Don't use till when you mean until. That's colloquial at best, and not really a proper use of the word at all at and nonverbal, worst. The proper phrase is have never been formed. To say something never formed begs the question: What didn't it form? Even though there is a citation for this extreme declaration that mathematics as a whole would be obsolete, it's still probably hyperbole. I wonder if the source actually said that, or if the student's paraphrasing has overstated the source's point that mathematics might be different without the advent of calculus.

Be careful that you don't paraphrase in such a way as to claim a source said something that they did not. If this source really says mathematics would be obsolete without calculus, it's a bad source. Such a statement would render even basic arithmetic and counting as obsolete, which is ridiculous. Essentially , it is a case of Smith's word against a number of the framers of the constitution suspicious details pointing against of narrative him. Of The Constitution? He acknowledged possession of a copy of part of one of Jones' manuscripts, on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them, and a material date I none of his manuscripts had been falsified (1675 had been changed to 1673) (Bogus, 78) Essentially isn't technically incorrect here, but students do have a tendency to us melting pot, use words like essentially and basically too often. It's somewhat conversational, and possibly colloquial. Try to the framers of the, avoid it unless something is communication truly essential. A number of suspicious details pointing against him is an awkward way of saying: suspicions of his guilt. But what the the framers student means is not suspicions, but points of example evidence. When you list several examples of something you've indicated, the way to punctuate it is as follows (note the placement of the colon and subsequent semicolons): [Point being made]:[proof 1];[proof 2];[proof 3]; and[proof 4].

This way each proof can have punctuation such as commas without being confused with other points, and each proof still points to the framers, the main part of the sentence. This entire thing should be rewritten to us melting pot, say: It is a case of Smith's word against the evidence of the framers of the his guilt: he acknowledged possession of a copy of Jones' manuscripts; on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them; and his manuscripts had been falsified by changing 1675 to 1673 (Bogus, 78). After quoting a dictionary definition: The editors of the What Really Dinosaurs Essay famous dictionary are probably unaware of the fact that they have just committed a cardinal sin in the framers of the constitution, the mathematical world , in that they only authority usage summary described fingleish widgetry, and failed to include an the framers of the constitution explanation of fnordleish widgetry. It's okay to question a source, and at higher levels of education it might even be required. But if you're going to of verbal and nonverbal communication, do it, be careful to do it well and with evidence. This just sounds presumptuous. The student has not shown whether or not the dictionary has separate definitions for widgetry or otherwise accounts for its apparent lack of of the constitution sufficient definition. Us Melting Pot? Saying the dictionary is famous is the framers of the constitution probably unnecessary, and possibly hyperbole.

A cardinal sin is a sin of example of narrative fundamental importance. In the Judeo-Christian context, this would mean something very bad, like murder. Thus, calling a disagreement in definition in a dictionary a cardinal sin is of the definitely hyperbole. Even if it was a cardinal sin, the sin was committed in the dictionary, not in the mathematical world. The student meant against the mathematical world. It is surprising how people could be satisfied such a vague definition, as was the case in Webster's Dictionary, on a subject that has tested such great minds for authority usage summary centuries upon centuries . It is surprising how students could be satisfied with such drivel in their essays. That sounds nasty, doesn't it?

That's because it is. Sentences like this are insulting and off-putting, and don't belong in a formal essay. The Framers Of The Constitution? Such great minds requires an example. What Dinosaurs? The word such should be omitted. Centuries upon centuries is redundant. Just say centuries and leave it at that. Jones' first object in Paris was to the framers constitution, make contact with the French government but, while waiting for such an opportunity, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers there, in particular Davis and Myers, discussing with Davis a variety of topics but particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). An object is a thing. The student means Jones' first objective. This is us melting pot a bad run-on. It should be broken up like this:

Jones' first objective in Paris was to make contact with the of the constitution French government, but while waiting for an opportunity to do so, he made contact with mathematicians and us melting pot philosophers such as Davis and Myers. He discussed a variety of the framers topics with Davis, particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). Smith's contribution to importance of verbal, math has helped our society become more technological in building things . In this particular case, Smith made many contributions, not just one. Of The Constitution? Math is the colloquial version of example mathematics. Did Smith's contributions only help our society? What about of the constitution other societies?

More technological in and nonverbal communication, building things is a really awkward way of saying improved our technological aptitude. Undoubtedly, Jones was one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived and constitution this paper will demonstrate that, starting from his childhood until his death . Smith may have been a genius, but to blow that up to one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived is hyperbole. Happened Essay? Even if it is true, the paper didn't demonstrate it because the paper didn't compare Smith to the framers of the constitution, other great geniuses that have lived. The paper showed that Smith was a genius, perhaps, but not his rank amongst all of the geniuses that have ever lived. If you start from something, you go to authority and american usage, or follow through to another something. The phrase starting from the framers of the constitution, his childhood until his death actually means you're starting from the section of time inclusively between his childhood and death and us melting pot not saying where you're going. Furthermore, the paper does not start from Smith's childhood because it was not being written when Smith was a child. The student means, starting with his childhood and following through to his death. That is still awkward, and the sentence would be best written: Undoubtedly, Jones was a genius, and this paper will demonstrate that by examining his entire life. So John lived for seven years with his mother's parents who did not really show him any affection . So in this context is colloquial and should be omitted.

This really should be cited. John's address may be a matter of public record and therefore doesn't have to be cited, but comments on the emotional quality of the household imply research, and the student should give credit to the source. Of The Constitution? Really is colloquial, and should be omitted. While at Cambridge, Smith's genius was most productive in his dedication to math . Who is Smith's genius? The student means Smith's intellect, but an intellect cannot be productive. It facilitates productivity, but it is not productive itself. A better way to write this would be: Smith's intellect was best displayed in his dedication. Authority And American Usage Summary? Math is colloquial. It should be mathematics. This information helps us to understand how we, as humans stay on the ground; we are matter as well and do have an invisible force weighing us down as we push against it and the framers constitution it pushes back against us . This hand full of What Happened to the Dinosaurs Essay knowledge has helped our scientist understand our universe of heavenly bodies and the framers constitution their movement. It has also allowed scientist to delve further in exploring our galaxy.

Does gravity only affect humans? Granted, the student is trying to importance of verbal, make the science seem more personal, but this is an awkward way of doing it. It is also something that seems to indicate an the framers constitution essay geared to children. While you should usually write essays so they can be understood by laypersons, you can assume those laypersons are your age and intellectual peers. The description of the invisible force is very awkward. A better wording would be: do have an invisible force that we push against What Really to the Dinosaurs Essay as it pushes back against us. Of The? Gravity does not, in fact, weigh people down. The student's own definition of it earlier in usage summary, the essay mentions this, and here too it is accurately described as a push, not a pull. To add in the bit about it weighing us down is the framers constitution contradictory. Authority And American? The student means handful.

This is a bad description anyway, since the student is trying to show how this knowledge is of the constitution monumental to nhs and act 1990, scientists. Both instances of scientist should be pluralized. One delves further into something, not in it. The Royal Society always had someone coming in each week they met to show off their invention . Always had someone coming in is colloquial and awkward. It should say: The Royal Society hosted a guest each week. The second part of this is the framers a separate sentence and should be capitalized and punctuated accordingly, or else brought into the first sentence with appropriate conjunctions. Show off is colloquial. Demonstrate would be better. Explain Policy? Since more than one invention was demonstrated, invention should be plural. A concluding paragraph:

Jones was a great man who made an impact in all of our lives . He is recognized as one of the centuries brilliant-minded people who helped to further math along. Of The? This intellectual man has created something which has and will be used for years to come. This is an important part of history which will and should never be forgotten. The essay has shown that Jones was brilliant and invented some useful things. It has not, however, demonstrated that he was a great man.

A great man is one that embodies greatness in all things, including attitude, relationships with others, and nhs and care their contributions to their society. Jones may have been all of this, but the essay did not reflect it, so it is hyperbole to declare it in the conclusion. It is also a highly subjective comment; what makes someone great to one person may not for of the constitution another. Centuries is the and american usage summary plural of constitution century, not the possessive. The student means century's. But Jones was not of our current century, so the student should define which century they mean.

Impacts are made on, not in. If by all of us the student means everyone on the planet, this is incorrect. Jones' contributions to mathematics hardly impact the nhs and life of someone living in a non-literate, non-industrialized society. Even if the student merely means her peers, it is still hyperbole to declare that everyone has been impacted. If you're going to mention that the person did something in your conclusion, mention what that something is. While it is unlikely that Jones' history will be forgotten, the student cannot effectively predict the of the future in this way. Some of these comments may seem nitpicky, but the fact of the matter is errors such as these reflect poorly on authority summary you and your essay.

No one is the framers perfect, and What Really Happened Essay an essay with one or two awkward phrases won't be marked down just for of the constitution those instances. But an essay that is full of the errors listed above prevents the reader from understanding the content. If the instructor doesn't know what you mean, they can't possibly give you a good grade. Last updated in February 2005. Copyright #169 2000-2005 Kimberly Chapman.

All rights reserved. This original work is available for authority and american distribution, provided the following: it is only distributed in this complete form, it contains my name and copyright, it is not altered during distribution without my consent, and it is not used to generate income for anyone without my consent. I would strongly appreciate knowing if anyone is distributing this in printed form. If you want to receive notification of updates on any portion of this site, simply enter your email address here and click/select the button to enter. You will be required to sign up for a free Yahoo! account to complete registration. Please note that Yahoo!'s privacy policy and other management are outside of's responsibility. The Framers Of The? Users are encouraged to perform their own due diligence before signing up with any online service.

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Resume Format Guide - Reverse-Chronological, Functional, Combination Styles. By Resume Genius. Making a perfect resume needs more than just error-free spelling and grammar. A resume must be framed and formatted to of the, present you in Essay the best way possible, a process that requires combining creativity, composition, and marketing. Therefore, we’ve written this resume format guide to be a comprehensive resource to those looking to constitution, format their own resumes. We provide writing tips, expert advice, and sample images covering every resume format for your convenience. Looking for more resume samples? Click the link below.

How to Essay, Choose the the framers constitution Best Resume Format. Use the chart below to get a quick idea of which resume format will be best for of verbal and nonverbal presenting your unique job experience. As you may have seen above, job seekers have three options when it comes to formatting their resume: Chronological, Functional, and Combination . Each resume format has their own set of advantages and disadvantages for different kinds of of the job seekers, so be sure to choose wisely. Authority! Check out the in-depth writing guides below to get every bit of information needed to create the best resume for you: To get inspiration and an idea of what your resume can look like, we’ve created three huge libraries of constitution resume format examples . The links below are separated by resume style and include industry-specific samples. Importance Communication! Visit each library and the framers of the constitution find your industry. As the Really to the Dinosaurs Essay name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from newest (most relevant) to the framers of the, oldest (least relevant). This means the resume will begin with your most recent job, and end with your oldest experience. This structure allows you to and nonverbal communication, present yourself in terms of the framers constitution your promotions and upward career mobility , and is therefore particularly useful for entry to mid level applicants looking to Really Happened Dinosaurs, boost their careers. I should use a reverse chronological resume format if…

I want to demonstrate a vertical career progression. The Framers Of The Constitution! I want to apply to a job in a similar field. I don’t have large work experience gaps. I shouldn’t use a reverse chronological style if… I have multiple gaps in my employment history. I am considering working in a new industry I frequently change jobs. To learn more about us melting pot, what should be in constitution included in a reverse-chronological resume, click here. The functional resume format frames the candidate in terms of the skills and importance abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the reverse chronological resume, the functional resume ignores when and where the constitution candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and simply lists them at the top of the resume in order of Happened Essay most relevant to least relevant skills.

Even the “least relevant” skill should still be relevant to the job you are applying for. “Least relevant” here really means “the least relevant of your most relevant skills.” Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the the framers candidate is hiding something. By using the What Happened to the functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for the job, and hide work experience gaps (if they haven’t been working for periods of time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for a particular position, which is constitution, beneficial. I should use a functional resume format if…

I have unusually large gaps in communication my employment history. I am in the midst of a big career change into a new industry. I want to of the constitution, promote a specific skill set. I shouldn’t use a functional style if: I want to highlight my upward career mobility. I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience. I lack relevant or transferable skills. To learn more about what should be in included in a functional resume, click here. A combination resume is literally a combination of the reverse-chronological and example of narrative functional resume formats.

Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and achievements relevant to the job opening. (This is the functional part.) This introductory section is then followed by the framers of the, your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and additional sections. Us Melting Pot! (This is the reverse-chronological part.) I should use a combination resume format if… I want to showcase a relevant and the framers of the well-developed skill set. What Dinosaurs Essay! I want to transfer to a different industry.

I am a master at what I do. I shouldn’t use a combination resume format if… I am a student or entry level candidate. I want to emphasize my educational experience. I lack relevant qualifications and skills. To learn more about the framers, what should be in included in a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in this guide please feel free to post them in the comments at the bottom of the nhs and community page and the framers one of our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to answer them for summary you! PS. Need that job? Be sure to download our Resume Checklist to ensure that you’ve written a complete, professional resume.

Click Here to Download. Our Resume Checklist. If I apply a admin. job but I only have relevant experience several years ago, and constitution now in school learning social service. How can I make my resume? Emphasize old skills and transferable skills from social service in What to the Dinosaurs Essay a combination or functional resume. Good luck on the job hunt!

Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience. Good luck on the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format. Best of luck on the framers of the the job hunt! We suggest that you stick with the and american traditional reverse-chronological format. Good luck! I did a career shift recently to teaching after having a graduate degree and 10 years experience in planning and development. I have recently completed a graduate degree in education and the framers of the have 2 years of nhs and teaching experience in a preschool setting and trying to now make the shift to elementary age. Do you think I should use a combination resume?

A combination resume should work for your situation. Check out our combination format writing guide for more info: For a chronological resume, if I completed an internship with a past employer — while simultaneously being employed by them — does the internship go above or below the the framers constitution primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at of verbal communication, HSBV from 8/2013 – 12/2015, with my internship — also at HSBV — from 1/2015 – 5/2015, so right in the middle of my employment with them. The Framers Of The Constitution! Should the internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. Good luck! I have what I perceive to be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an army veteran of nearly 7 years and us melting pot now I am studying to get my BS is Homeland Security. I joined the army at 19 in 2006 and got out in 2013.

From 2013 until January of this year, I have been trying to make my own way as an the framers constitution entrepreneur. I was largely unsuccessful and in order to importance of verbal and nonverbal, stay on top of my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at various bars and clubs at night. I am currently looking for an internship as part of my degree program so i need to create a resume. I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to blur the the framers past 3 years. Example! However, I understand from this article that students should use a chronological resume. I need to know how firm that rule is.

Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to the framers, accept advice. Thanks. In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format. Authority And American Usage Summary! This will allow you to focus on your skills that are relevant to the internship you are applying for. Good luck on the job hunt and thank you for your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for a part-time job that fits my class schedule and isn’t in the fast-food industry to help me pay rent next year. I have never had to write a resume for any of my other jobs so I’m at a loss as to the framers constitution, what to do. I am applying as an entry-level applicant but I also didn’t work during my freshman year and about half of my sophomore year. Example Of Narrative! Therefore I’m not really sure how to approach this and I really need this job. Please help! Thanks!

Good luck on the framers the job hunt! Consider adding a ‘Publications’ section to include your research and act 1990 writing experience. Good luck on the job hunt. Several positions require a chronological resume be included. I am over 40, most recent position was over 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block. Recently received my AA degree. I do not include employment start – end dates on my resume for many reasons but I am not trying to the framers of the constitution, look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to of narrative, be a pediatric nurse for two years till moved to this country on 2012 and have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and want to start working as a nurse…what type would you recommend me?

In your case, we suggest using a functional resume. Best of luck on the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in construction company and the framers constitution before this I worked as Operations Manager in a different company. Summary! Now I want to the framers of the, apply for a job (Title : Plant Manager). Nhs And Care Act 1990! I am confused which format I should choose to post for constitution this job opportunity. Please recommend. We suggest sticking with the of narrative traditional reverse-chronological format. The Framers Constitution! Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it.

With three pages, there is community care, likely some redundant information that you could cut. The Framers Constitution! However, if you truly feel that all of your content is relevant and of interest to the employer, then stick with what you have. Best of luck on the job hunt! I am now trying to rejoin the full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence. Prior to marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of Public relations for Happened to the Dinosaurs Essay a well known beauty company in the framers NYC (1990-1996). After that I joined a small firm on of narrative Long Island as their first ever Director of PR and advertising (1997-1999). Then babies came. 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of Operations (office manager) from 2006-2009. Then my family and I moved to Switzerland and just returned after 7 years. I was a teacher of English as a Second Language. I am looking for work in almost any capacity: From Communications manager to the framers constitution, administrative assistant.

I am struggling with how to present my resume. Importance And Nonverbal Communication! I’ve been letting my cover letters explain the history and why I would be a good fit for any given position, but I’m sure my resume is holding me back. Any ideas. Thanks in the framers constitution advance! If you’re looking to get back into authority and american, communications or office management, then it might be better to use a functional format. This will allow you to emphasize your skills instead of the dates of your work experience. As far as explaining work gaps in your cover letter, check out this how-to guide:

While I was in high school I did my internship at for State Farm. After I graduated I was offered a job there and stayed there for 2 years. I have recently worked at of the constitution, the National Instituted of Health for a year. Essay On How Practices?! I currently want to go back to the framers constitution, finding an office job or something related and need help deciding what type of resume I should use? Based on the info you’ve given us, a ‘Chronological’ format would still be appropriate. Best of us melting pot luck! If the the position you are applying for is also an administrative job, then stick with the traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format. Good luck on the job hunt! Glad you liked it! Hi there! This is great.

I was just wondering, if I’ve been at the same position for 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for the framers of the 6 months in 2015 that I would like to list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since I’m still presently in this role? Thanks! List your current position first. Best of importance and nonverbal communication luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable. Best of luck! It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi there Elizabeth, You have a bit of flexibility with the constitution resume format, but when in us melting pot doubt go with reverse-chronological.

Because you’re lacking in transferable skills, I’d recommend working on your resume objective to the framers, get your application started on the right foot. Also consider the authority and american soft skills you’ve built during your time working in a call center. Many of these could potentially be transferable. The Framers Of The Constitution! Good luck with your job application! Yes, a combination resume is usage, perfectly suited to someone of of the constitution your experience, even with the career change.

Good luck making the shift back into your previous field! If you are aiming for a new industry, you can’t go wrong with the classic “reverse-chronological” resume format. Good luck landing your fellowship! Share Resume Format Guide – Reverse-Chronological, Functional, #038; Combination Styles Our code geeks and authority and american usage summary HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in the framers of the today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to authority usage summary, MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of constitution Use and Privacy Policy. Play the and nonverbal communication One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to constitution, Improve Your Resume.

Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of on How Does Explain Foreign Policy Practices? a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for the framers of the constitution a Man or a Woman?

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A Business-Planning Template: Considerations for Cultural Heritage Organizations and Their Digital Asset Programs. The template described here is intended to the framers constitution help cultural heritage institutions prepare a business plan. It is authority and american summary, a general guide to the major business-planning elements; each institution may need to modify or expand it to fit its own needs. Each element of the of the, template is explained, and most are illustrated with examples drawn from the telephone survey. The template elements are as follows: mission, vision, values, and goals executive summary product or service description needs assessment or market research environment and competition markets and services pricing distribution communication organizational structure operations, including facilities and equipment, management and staffing, and legal issues financial plans product evaluation and usability assessment. A mission statement should express the purpose of the organization and describe what is community act 1990, distinctive about it.

The mission statement might also briefly state something about what the organization aims to accomplish, including its marketplace niche or the quality of its products or services. The mission has an impact on many other aspects of the organization's business plan, as indicated in the framers constitution the following examples of the us melting pot, WRLC and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Lizanne Payne of the WRLC, a consortium of the framers constitution, academic libraries, said of importance of verbal and nonverbal communication, her proposal to create a consortial digitization infrastructure available to WRLC members, We saw this idea as a natural extension of the of the, digital library systems which we were already providing. We have a plan for integrating the Essay on How Explain Policy Practices?, new service into the existing organization. It is part of our overall goal of of the, encouraging the nhs and community act 1990, development of digital collections from our libraries. With these comments, she is confirming the importance of making sure that the digital service initiative is consonant with the mission of the of the constitution, organization in which it is based.

At the usage, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the library's mission was considered in making a key decision about of the, sustainability. Deputy University Librarian Larry Alford said, The digital collections support the mission of the library; we use institutional resources to sustain the project long term. Authority Usage. We do not intend to license the resulting data because the project meets our mission. The Framers Of The. We're creating the Documenting the South Collection and other digital collections as a core function of the library, that should be funded as other core functions are funded. Richard Rinehart of the MOAC echoed this perspective when he said, The business plan for the collaborative project needs to be mission driven, coming out of the missions of the participating institutions. That's part of the reason why access to this stuff is free. We figure out authority and american summary what ultimate goal is we are trying to achieve, and of the then fund it on the basis of that. This example demonstrates that even in of narrative a collaboration involving many institutions, it is possible to the framers of the agree on how the digital asset program fits in the aggregated missions and how that determines the community's approach to funding. In another illustration of successful collaboration based on consideration of mission, Greg Colati, director of Digital Collections and Archives, and university archivist at Tufts University, discussed how the university's work with Boston-area cultural heritage institutions supports the university's mission: Everything we do is based on supporting teaching and research.

Part of the university's mission is to support other cultural institutions in the area. There is no specific mandate to do that, but we can do it if it also supports teaching and research. The goal of on How Foreign, this project was to digitize old city directories, census records, and historic photos using GIS capabilities. The vision statement expresses what the organization wants to be or become (the ideal or best-possible form and the framers constitution substance to which it aspires) and reflects the and nonverbal, organization's priorities. Of The Constitution. Value statements describe core beliefs and norms of the us melting pot, organization, and the framers constitution might address issues about the corporate culture, or beliefs about what is and american summary, right, fair, just or desirable (Kotler and Kotler 1998, 79?80). An organization's mission can be product centered or market centered. The Framers Of The. A product-centered definition emphasizes that the organization produces what it expects the consumer to acquire. The market-centered mission emphasizes the needs of the Essay Liberalism Explain Policy, consumer, i.e., the benefits, the values, and the satisfaction they seek, irrespective of the particular product. The mission of the Library of Congress, quoted from its Web site, is to make its resources available and useful to the Congress and the American people and to the framers of the constitution sustain and preserve a universal collection of knowledge and creativity for future generations. This mission is largely market centered, focusing on the Congress, the American people, and the good of future generations.

The mission of a university is us melting pot, more product centered (in the corporate sector, an example would be a mission statement focusing on of the constitution what the example, company sells.) One example is the University of Denver's mission: to promote learning by engaging students, advancing scholarly inquiry, cultivating critical thought, and creating knowledge. While both examples mention the product and the market, each has a different emphasis. Frequently, the organization will have multiple markets and therefore multiple ways to meet its missions. Of The Constitution. For example, a museum will have an educational mission; to deliver on this mission to both the general public and scholars, it will be a community center and serve a scholarly community. The goals statement defines what needs to be achieved to deliver the desired outcomes. Example Of Narrative. The goals are specific and stated in the framers a measurable form. They should be directly related to the mission statement. At the University of Washington Libraries, a digitization project supported the summary, library's access goals.

Director of University Libraries Betsy Wilson noted, The American Indians of Pacific Northwest Digital Collection project, begun in 1998 and funded by a Library of Congress Ameritech Grant, fit with the University of of the, Washington's strategy of Oanytime, any place' library . . Us Melting Pot. . The Framers Constitution. getting materials to the user's desktop. It fit into community act 1990 the direction of enhanced access. Tom Hickerson, associate university librarian for information technology and special collections at of Cornell University, discussed how the perspective on digital initiatives had changed since the Digital Access Coalition was formed in 1992. We increasingly see digital collections as services rather than as purely content, and service support must be holistic, involving staff from various functional areas, such as reference, metadata production, systems, and copyright management. In the of the constitution, first decade, our focus was on content creation; in us melting pot the next one, we will focus on the delivery of services, he said.

Executive Summary of the Business Plan. The executive summary of a business plan provides the reader with a justification for undertaking the the framers constitution, initiative or an overview of the opportunity. It should describe the need or the problem being addressed in the initiative, the act 1990, audience or market segment being targeted, and of the constitution the product or service being developed. The executive summary should leave the reader saying, So now I understand what this is all about. And American. Cornell University is one of the few organizations responding to this survey that provided an example of a business plan. The document had been prepared for the framers, its Digital Consulting and What Really Production Service.

The introduction or executive summary reads as follows: The Library Digitization Service will be operated as a component service of Digital Consulting and Production Services, a unit of the Division of constitution, Digital Library and Information Technologies (DLIT), directed by Thomas Hickerson (Associate University Librarian for Information Technologies and Special Collections). Us Melting Pot. DCAPS offers a suite of digital asset management services supporting digital resource development, from feasibility assessment to full-scale production. Leveraging the Library's existing experience and expertise, DCAPS is comprised of associated services necessary to insure cost-effective creation, management, use, and preservation for digital collections. Presently the services include digitization, metadata, copyright, and delivery technology consulting and implementation support. The document explains that the basis for the framers of the constitution, this program is the IBM consulting model. This approach, which adopts a practice from the Essay on How Does Liberalism Explain Foreign Policy, for-profit sector, is innovative within the library community. The model underlying DCAPS is conceptually similar to the one implemented by IBM with great success in recent years. Rather than having a customer deal directly with the various product-producing divisions of IBM, as was done for many decades, the customer is the framers, provided with a solution based on the full range of products and services needed. Authority. While many of the the framers constitution, products and services recommended are IBM-produced, most importantly, they meet the full range of a customer's needs in and american usage an integrated manner. While this approach has increased the the framers of the constitution, sales of IBM products, more significantly, it has increased the value to customers of What Happened Dinosaurs, IBM's expertise and advice.

Strategic or Market Opportunity. Part of the the framers of the constitution, executive summary should briefly describe the of narrative, specific need that will be filled by the product or service being developed. It should explain why this initiative represents a strategic way to meet the customers' needs and further the the framers, organization's mission. What Really. Service or Product to the framers of the be Developed. The executive summary should describe the us melting pot, product or service that is being developed in response to the strategic or market opportunity presented. The product should be described in of the constitution terms of both the core service and product services.

Examples of core, or basic, services might be a metadata and image database, an online exhibit of selected digital content, an institutional repository, or a digital imaging laboratory for staff use. Examples of product, or value-added, services would be a high-quality printing and digital copying, software licensing, customized software, 24-hour virtual reference, or on-demand digital imaging services. Products are viewed in terms of of narrative, a product mix, defined as the range of products offered. An individual product might be a digital selection of collections within a library or museum; services supporting the use of digital collections, reference services, or museum exhibits; or programs such as museum educational outreach activities. The Framers Of The. The product mix is important as a grouping, since without one element of the us melting pot, mix, another element might not be available. Within the digital asset environment, most activity continues to focus on the base level, i.e., creation of the collections. Survey respondents are creating image and metadata databases, with value-added services and learning tools just emerging.

Museums are starting to create services to support educational needs, databases to support scholars, and the framers services to support their publishing activities. Libraries are working on interactive systems to access scholarly work. Really Dinosaurs. Nonetheless, the greatest percentage of work under way at present is designed to launch the fundamental content on which a product mix will be based. Needs Assessment or Market Research. Kotler (2000, 139) writes that market research is a systematic design, collection, analysis and reporting of data and findings relevant to [a] specific marketing situation. There are several types of market research, including needs assessment, community analysis, and marketing audits. One can collect a wide range of of the, information, including data on the demographics, geography, economics, technology, politics, and culture of the community served, as well as on competition among similar products. These are characteristics of external market research. Internal market research should address a profile of strengths and weaknesses of organizational planning objectives, strategy and of verbal and nonverbal resources (human, fiscal, and the framers of the physical), organizational climate, patterns of communication, and marketing plans. It is importance of verbal, important that an organization define the business it is the framers of the, undertaking, be it the overall business or a new product or service. Business definition can be done through a variety of market research techniques, including needs assessments.

Research, in example the form of listening to constituents, donors, and the framers of the constitution clients, allows the organization to us melting pot uncover what is perceived to the framers constitution be special about and american usage summary, its constituents, both in how they think and the benefits they want in relation to the nonprofit organization. . . The Framers Constitution. . The product mix of an organization is the sum total of all of the organization's service outputs on behalf of particular constituencies (McLeish 1995, 9). Organizations use research to decide which products, or packages of products, should be maintained, increased, or phased out. There are four steps to and american usage doing market research: Determine the data elements to be covered . This step includes identifying depth of coverage, including the amount and the framers type of resources available to do the research. The type of data to be collected will depend on the specifics of the project. For example, a digitization project might begin with a series of focus groups with the target market. The focus group process provides an opportunity to test the basic product concept. This testing should be done before any work is undertaken, as it can help define the scope of the project, including narrowing, broadening, or completely changing the items to be digitized.

Testing can also be used to determine specific things, such as whether the What Really to the Dinosaurs Essay, users have sufficient bandwidth capability to receive digital video. Following focus groups, phone or written surveys can be undertaken to involve a larger number of individuals from the target market. The survey could contain questions about specific product features, willingness to pay for the product, and of the price-level sensitivity. Liberalism Explain Foreign. This is the opportunity to ask members of the of the constitution, audience whether they would purchase the product at a specific price. It is also important to ask the audience why they would not use the product. Other market research could include usability tests.

This type of testing can be undertaken at various stages of the product's development. It provides for testing the various features of the product and the interface design. Usability testing is generally not done to determine audience acceptance of the overall product, because the number of individuals testing the product is too small. Community Care. Develop the procedures for collecting the data and monitoring the process . The focus group and survey questions must be carefully developed. Pretesting questions on several organizations or individuals that represent the constitution, target market is an important step. Questions should address issues from the audience's perspective, and project designers should be open to the possibility that results may not reflect answers that experts or staff may want or expect. Questions should be revised on Really Essay the basis of the results of the the framers constitution, pretest. To avoid bias and to get the best results, an individual with expertise in market research techniques, rather than staff of the institution, should develop the survey or conduct the focus group. Importance Of Verbal Communication. Collect and analyze the data . Market research is of two types: primary and secondary.

Primary research includes customer studies, such as interviews regarding their current needs, demographics, and why they use or do not use a particular library or museum service. Market research can also be used to assess customer interest in a new product or service. Secondary research provides information that others have gathered about a diverse range of customers that is then customized to the framers the specific research needs of the organization. It is standard practice to conduct secondary research first. Competitor research may have to be purchased or obtained through subscription online services. Prepare reports and present the results . A market research consultant or the staff undertaking the market research should present a summary of the data and some conclusions. It is important to look not only for desired results but also for unanticipated feedback. Are the market responses different than anticipated? Do customers want the product delivered in and nonverbal a different way? Do they want an constitution interpretive exhibit approach rather than a database approach? Is the price of the product or service too high?

Is there evidence that the customer wants a different product entirely? For example, do they want high-quality prints when you were not planning to offer prints at all? Or do they want TIFF images delivered via e-mail? Environmental scans, Delphi techniques, and scenario planning are market research techniques developed in the last decade. The Delphi method, developed by on How the RAND Corporation, is the framers of the, a structured method of group communication to deal with complex problems. The process includes three features: anonymity, iteration and controlled feedback, and statistical group response (Weingand 1998, 66?67). Scenario planning was first used in the 1960s by the military and is now used widely to avoid planning based on a single set of importance, assumptions. The scenario method of planning allows an organization to explore questions starting with What if . . . (Weingand 1998, 85?95) and can allow participants to of the explore best and What Really Happened Dinosaurs worst cases, as well as a range of options or solutions for current or future situations. Market research allows an the framers of the organization to. assess new and of narrative emerging opportunities furnish information for short- and the framers constitution long-term marketing plans obtain information to solve problems know which decisions have been correct and us melting pot which ones are in need of change develop promotional and public relation appeals assess where the organization stands as it relates to competitors. Oya Rieger, coordinator of the the framers, management team of Cornell University's Digital Consulting and Production Services (DCAPS), reported that while DCAPS did not undertake any systematic market research for its campus library digitization services, its involvement in the Unified Services Working Group greatly expanded its understanding of faculty needs. Cochaired by Essay Does Policy Practices? the Cornell Library and Cornell Information Technologies, the campuswide group has representation from the Office of Information Technology (OIT), Center for Learning and constitution Teaching, School for example, Continuing Education, Communication and Marketing Services, and of the constitution eCornell.

The working group is exploring how to rationalize service access for importance, faculty interested in using various information technologies to enhance learning and teaching. The goal is to of the provide faculty with systematic assistance in identifying resources and services in support of their projects. As a part of the Mellon-funded Models for Academic Support (MAS) 2010 project, the library has recently completed a survey to determine needs of New York libraries, museums, archives, and historical societies in order to example assess the feasibility of developing a fee-based service. The MAS 2010 team is of the, getting ready to administer a campuswide survey to assess the digital asset creation and management needs of the Cornell community. Information about the MAS 2010 project can be found at Specific ways to learn more include. Communication. mail surveys, which are relatively inexpensive but have a low return rate and are the least reliable option phone interviews, which provide immediate information but limit the amount of information gained from the recipient, since the the framers of the, interviewee will be reluctant to spend too much time on us melting pot the phone personal interviews, which can provide extensive information but are the most expensive option. Market research can also fit into a fund-raising operation. In March 1999, The National Gallery of London, which has a much-admired development office, advertised a position as head of of the, marketing. Nhs And Community Care Act 1990. The National Gallery isn't short of visitors, but will need good data about its visitors, whether individual or corporate.

Without data feeding into the fund-raising department, it is hard to prove the constitution, Oreach' and hence the value of care, a partnership with the Gallery (Runyard and French 1999, 267). One challenge for a marketing effort is to take measure of the overall environment in which cultural heritage organizations exist. More than a decade ago, United States customers were described as demanding, inquisitive, discriminating, and no longer content with planned obsolescence, no longer willing to tolerate products that break down. They are insisting on high quality goods that save time, energy, and calories; preserve the environment (Rice, 1990). Will the donors, volunteers, and clients of the framers constitution, cultural heritage organizations exhibit some of these same characteristics? These changes in audiences mean that a cultural heritage institution must discard preconceived notions of audience and constantly monitor its constituents in order to example of narrative match services and programs with evolving needs and desires. The library or museum must know more about its constituents as they change.

Market research provides those opportunities. For the American Indians of Pacific Northwest Digital Collections project, led by the University of Washington, Betsy Wilson noted, We did informal market research, we asked [questions of] our advisory team made up of historians, tribal leaders, librarians and students. They helped with the of the, grant proposal. . . . Of Verbal Communication. We thought we knew how to do it. Cultural heritage organizations must understand the environment in which they are operating. The word environment includes political, economic, technological, and competitive factors. The organization must understand how its constituency views it.

Publicly funded organizations must understand how the voters and legislators view them. The Framers Of The Constitution. Organizations with donors must understand how their donors view them. One must evaluate one's own programs and us melting pot where they fit within the competitive marketplace, deciding which to keep and which to of the constitution eliminate, even if the community act 1990, products or services are offered free of charge. Thinking about competition is an important part of business planning, and the organization might do well to think in terms of dollars. Any organization trying to gain a portion of consumer dollars, philanthropic or otherwise, has competition (McLeish 1995, 31).

As part of strategic planning, the constitution, organization needs to us melting pot ask a series of questions related to the competition, even if there is the framers, no profit-based motive. As Richard Rinehart of the MOAC confesses about the environment surrounding museum collaboration, There is an importance of verbal inherent competition for glory and resources among institutions that must attract visitors' leisure time and ticket income, as well as scarce public funding. Basic knowledge about the environment and competition also includes the answers to questions such as these: If there are sales involved in the product or service, what is the total marketwide sales volume? In dollars? In units? How many customers does each competitor have, and what percentage of the market do they have? What are the sales-volume trends?

Who are the major competitors? Do they charge fees? Who will the future competitors be? What are the competitors' strengths? Weaknesses? What are the competitors' strategies to succeed? What are yours? What technological trends affect cultural heritage institutions? What are the constitution, competitors' main modes of promotion? When customer behavior changes, how will institution change?

What are demographic trends affecting the museum and Essay on How Does Explain Practices? library environments (e.g., an aging population, changing view of of the constitution, libraries by importance of verbal communication the Internet generation)? What are key financial measures in the museum or library market (e.g., local, state, and federal government funding; changing levels and patterns of fund raising and donations)? Answers to these questions will create a picture of the competitive environment and the framers of the constitution provide information that can be used to and american develop an action plan. The Nebraska Historical Society reported visiting a major national commercial digital imaging service as part of its research for creating its own service. The research allowed the society to learn about such things as the technology used, the pricing strategy, and the quality control program of the vendor. It determined that it could not only build a service for its own institution but also offer the constitution, service to area libraries and museums. Communication. Market research would assist in assessing appropriateness of price levels, product features and functionality, customer support, and the framers other aspects of its service.

On the basis of market research or needs assessment, a cultural heritage organization can define the service provided and the market in which it will operate, define the and nonverbal communication, scope of its competitive environment, and the framers of the expand or limit its offerings or the number of constituencies it will serve. Market segmentation is the process of dividing customers into groups with unique characteristics and needs. On the basis of these data, specific marketing strategies can be developed. Levels of market segmentation include undifferentiated or mass marketing, segment marketing, niche marketing, local marketing, and individualized marketing (Kotler 2000, 256?259). Mass marketing, or undifferentiated marketing, treats the entire marketplace the same. Many cultural heritage institutions take this approach to marketing.

The academic library may initially think it offers the nhs and act 1990, same services to all markets; however, further investigation may reveal that it does segment. For example, the the framers constitution, library offers a different level of services to faculty and Essay on How Liberalism Explain graduate students than it does to high school students. Segment marketing distinguishes among populations, often by offering an array of products designed to meet differing needs. Alternatively, tailor-made messages may be sent for marketing the same services to different segments. The prime tool for this approach is the framers of the constitution, a rich database of marketing information that can be accessed for authority usage summary, a variety of services. The Framers Of The Constitution. Niche marketing, or concentrated strategy, focuses on us melting pot servicing only the framers constitution a few markets. An example might be a children's museum, which would focus its services on children, parents, and educators. The result would be to attract a strong following, investing in that clientele and developing a product offering that is appealing to them. There is a highly defined audience, and What Really Dinosaurs the institution has highly defined goals for the framers of the constitution, reaching that audience. Geographic, or local, marketing may aim at specific neighborhoods. On How Liberalism Explain Foreign Policy. For a local history museum or historical society, this may be a very effective approach.

Walk-in services might also be promoted with this type of marketing, for instance, through promotional flyers directed to specific zip codes. Individual marketing can include mass customization through interactive, Web-based technologies, but it can also open an organization to the framers of the constitution individual feedback and two-way communication about products and services. Us Melting Pot. Nonprofit groups compete with each other in roughly four areas: programmatic or technical superiority, quality of programs or products, better support services, and price. All four bear further examination (McLeish 1995, 79). Marketing strategy will need to be designed to best place the organization in its competitive market, and market research will identify the specific needs of these markets. The Framers Of The. Repositioning or repurposing an existing product can expand its life by introducing it to a new market segment. Identifying the specific market segment will also allow the organization to determine the size of the market and determine the technological requirements, such as bandwidth and computer capacity.

For instance, if a collection is to be useful to the home-school audience, limited access to broadband for home users has to be considered in determining the best way to present large-image files. Richard Rinehart noted that when developing new content there is usually a new market involved, but that the MOAC project did not emphasize development of Essay Liberalism, new markets early on. The California Digital Library was created in response to user demand, users being students and faculty of the University of California, so MOAC already has the target audience; we just brought a different supply side to meet the demand. Within the MOAC project, there were some new audiences, art and anthropology faculty, but there was no systematic means of identify new audiences/markets early on. Most business textbooks have extensive sections on pricing, including many examples that may be useful for nonprofit organizations. Of The Constitution. To determine whether to develop a product or service, one must determine the cost of creating it. A decision is also needed on whether the product should be made available at no cost to of verbal communication the constituency or whether a fee should be charged. In the of the constitution, for-profit environment, the cost of development is known and the price is determined as a matter of course. Cultural heritage organizations frequently offer the importance of verbal and nonverbal communication, product or service at no cost as part of their public purpose; as a result, they do not use financial management systems to determine the total cost of developing and providing the product.

Ideally, business planning should include information on the full cost of constitution, providing products and services, even if the organization decides not to recover that cost. The types of cost data collected should include both direct and importance indirect costs, as illustrated in the framers the following chart. Some projects develop cost models by dividing total costs by the number of digital images or objects generated for the product or service. While this may be a relatively easy method of cost assessment, it is not fully accurate. Instead, the organization should take an approach that includes not only the expenses just noted but also capital expenses.

Hardware and software must be depreciated over a period of nhs and care act 1990, time that generally extends beyond the timeframe for a single project. When amortized, project costs will vary. Other questions to ask include the following: Is the initial investment intended to be used for other projects? Was product research included in of the constitution the overall cost? Have staff costs been appropriately allocated to the project? Are staffing costs higher than anticipated because of the learning curve or delays in the product development? (This will drive up project and product cost and What to the Dinosaurs Essay could have an impact on constitution the cost per item if the simple calculation method noted above is used.) Cultural heritage organizations with a great deal of on How Liberalism Foreign Policy Practices?, experience in the framers creating digital projects and services are keenly aware of how quickly the overall formula for establishing cost can change. John Wilkin of the University of Michigan observed, We're always looking at our costs. We develop and refine the cost models on us melting pot a monthly basis, looking at the unit costs and the trends. The Framers. Another formula for example of narrative, pricing is the framers of the, brief but thorough: Price= Image +Service+Product+Overhead+Profit+Risk (Bangs 2002, 73). Costs are associated with all elements of nhs and community, this intriguing formula. It addresses program costs such as marketing and advertising (image), costs related to creation and delivery of the services provided, and costs related to the indirect or overhead of operating the organization providing the service.

It includes a profit margin. Finally, the of the, costs of taking the communication, risk to offer the service and the framers of the potential lost opportunity are included in this formula. Nhs And Community Care. When determining pricing, one must consider marketplace conditions, not solely the cost of producing the the framers of the constitution, product. Essay Does Explain Foreign. These conditions include the competitive environment, what the of the constitution, competition is charging, what the customer will pay, and an approach to cost recovery over time. Perceived value may play a role in setting pricing, and if the perceived value is very high, the actual cost of creating the product may not be highly related to pricing strategy. Some organizations may establish a low price and sell a high quantity of a product. This approach is generally successful only when the product has become a commodity and there are few remaining competitors. Cultural heritage institutions, with their unique physical collections and environment, will not evolve to a point where products become commodities and us melting pot there are few competitors remaining in the field.

It is, however, possible that digitization services, such as high-quality print, could be a commodity offered by only a few competitors. The marketing literature generally discusses distribution in terms of physical place. However, most digital asset management products or services provided by cultural heritage organizations are distributed through their institutional Web sites, and the traditional image of the library or the museum as a building alone has become outdated. The library that seeks to foster an image of being essential to the community and on the cutting edge of information provision cannot afford to be tied exclusively to yesterday's paradigm of service -(Weingand 1998, 113). The Framers. In addition to the institution's Web site, several other distribution strategies may be considered, including partnerships with for-profit organizations, collaborative initiatives such as the AMICO or the CDP, and partnerships in which one partner is responsible for distribution. The University of Virginia has an us melting pot interesting partnership with ProQuest Information and the framers constitution Learning Limited (formerly Chadwyck-Healey) under which ProQuest Information distributes the licensed version of the university's Early American Fiction collections. ProQuest Information is responsible for sales, publicity, development of promotional materials, determination of the Really Dinosaurs Essay, marketplace, and distribution of the licensed product. The University of Virginia distributes the product free of charge to its faculty and students and to those of other academic institutions in the state through the Virtual Library of Virginia (VIVA). Nontraditional partnerships such as this one are emerging in the digital environment but are still rare. Distribution channels are responsible for getting the the framers of the constitution, product to the marketplace.

Questions to consider include: Where is the best place to sell the product? Will audiences find the product without an aggressive distribution channel, or must such a channel be created? What barriers to distribution might exist, including technological barriers, such as bandwidth capacity, and barriers to penetration into rural communities and developing nations? Most organizations are taking a relatively passive approach to product sales—offering online ordering of prints or digital copies of images from their Web sites. More-complicated product licensing programs, marketing initiatives, sales programs, and conference exhibit schedules are emerging. Sales, while integral to a business plan, is not a topic addressed in this paper. Us Melting Pot. There is ample literature on establishing a sales program, but there are few examples in the cultural heritage community of sales as the primary basis of sustainability. When the the framers of the constitution, topic of sales is present in the business plan, it should be approached with sensitivity to the values and mission of the organization. And American Usage Summary. Before an organization can determine which communication or promotional tools to the framers of the use, it has to have an image or message for a product, service, experience, or organization to promote (Kotler and Kotler 1998, 219). It must be something the importance of verbal communication, user will respond to, find appealing, want to purchase, or participate in.

Today's marketing experts talk about brand image or brand identity . These are shortcuts to attract attention and build familiarity, trust, or expectation of benefit. An effective image works like a funnel, directing a flow of attention and regularly bringing consumers to an organization's . . The Framers Constitution. . corner whenever the consumer has a need for that type of product or service (Kotler and Kotler 1998, 219). Brand image or identity is a visual symbol or logo or a message conveyed through a slogan or tag line. There is more to a communication plan than branding. A full communication plan includes a range of promotional strategies and activities targeted to a specific audience and has a specific set of messages based on the benefits to be derived by those users, as defined by the needs assessment and market research or needs assessment. There are four basic tool sets of a promotion plan: advertising, which includes print and broadcast ads, mailings, catalogs, newsletters, brochures, posters, billboards, symbols and logos, and other print products public relations, including press kits, speeches, seminars, annual reports, sponsorships, publications, lobbying, and media relations direct marketing, such as direct mail, telemarketing, integrated direct marketing, and database marketing sales promotion, including gifts and premiums, discounts, gift shops, redemption coupons, and tickets. It is commonly thought that the refrain from Field of Dreams , If you will build it, they will come holds true for all digital assets, and that making something available through a Web site represents effective and adequate marketing. More can be done with a Web site to enhance a communication plan. Act 1990. An Internet marketing plan can include anything from naming the product with the Internet in mind—for example the Colorado Virtual Library—to using e-mail alerts (selectively, of of the, course) to us melting pot do digital publications (Bayne 1997). Many of these communication tools could be more extensively used by libraries and museums, and could be built into the framers of the a promotional plan for digital asset products and services. This is something many libraries and museums simply neglect.

Even the MOAC project did not put significant resources into marketing, We had a good plan for developing the Really, content, but we haven't successfully reached out to the framers of the let the professional community know that it's available to them. We had a built-in audience; marketing to them was overlooked in importance communication the early stages, commented Rinehart of MOAC. A specific response is desired by the promotional product and should be spelled out in the communication plan. A timeframe for each activity should also be noted in the plan. The communication plan has an impact on the framers of the the budget, and each component of the plan is likely to have associated expenses, such as advertising costs. Organizational structure can have a substantial impact on a variety of sustainability issues. Us Melting Pot. The way in which digital activity fits into the framers the organization, and communicates with it, directly affects the likelihood of ongoing success. Example Of Narrative. The efficiency of the organizational map for the digital service or program can also affect staffing, equipment, marketing, and other business elements. When there is a separate unit, it is essential to define the role of the of the constitution, unit and its collaborators within the organization as a whole.

The model adopted at the University of Michigan is just one example of how central funding for a part of the unit's operation can be augmented through projects or partnerships. The unit's business plan is based on several sources of funding, each of nhs and, which is appropriate for the organizational plan. The Framers Of The. At the University of Washington, the position of the digital initiative unit in us melting pot the library has changed, reflecting changing needs. The unit began as a SWAT team of the framers of the, five people who guided projects across different parts of the library, worked on technical and metadata standards, managed fiscal aspects of projects, watched for emerging technology, and trained staff. And American Summary. However, there was a strong desire to ensure that this group be recognized and the framers integrated across the library system. We learned that we needed a centralized unit to steer the digitizing work within the library, said Betsy Wilson.

This model fit the needs of a single institution in a partnership relationship with other organizations. In contrast, the MOAC took a highly decentralized approach to organization. And American Usage Summary. The CDL Online Archive of California (OAC) provided the technical infrastructure for the Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Finding Aids project that the 11 participating museums used for their project. The goal of the initial grant was to see whether museums throughout California could create an integrated, online collection of finding aids for the museum collections, sharing the OAC infrastructure and adapting the EAD finding aid environment to museums. An IMLS grant was awarded to the CDL, and minigrants were awarded to the framers of the constitution the museums. The 11 museums created digital images and finding aids and submitted the data to the OAC. Rinehart, project manager for MOAC, notes, One of the Really Essay, biggest findings is that we spent a lot of time figuring out how museums could contribute content to one central portal [OAC.

Later we began] to the framers of the constitution enable museums to become more capable at creating digital stuff and sharing it. [We needed to] show [that] each museum can share its information in importance and nonverbal communication more than one portal, instead of focusing exclusively on the centralized portal [OAC]. We looked back up the chain at each individual institution and constitution asked, OWhat can we do to help them?' The focus on individual museums is example, further exemplified by Rinehart's comments on outsourcing: Each individual museum was responsible for digitizing its own content. Constitution. Some outsourced and some didn't. Individual institutions made their own [staffing] decisions; only one museum hired someone just for the project. On the topic of importance and nonverbal communication, budgets, Rinehart explained, It's up to the framers the museum; each came up with its own budget. And, finally, regarding sustainability: Museums that are part of the University of California system will receive some support from the system; the CDL will have to pay for more server storage, tools, etc. Us Melting Pot. Museums are now on their own in the framers of the constitution terms of budgeting; each museum will decide that.

So many other projects have spun off the MOAC; other grants have been developed. The organization of the CDP, like that of the MOAC, is decentralized, yet the us melting pot, program provides centralized services such as training and consulting services, along with infrastructure, such as regional digital imaging labs and a centralized metadata database. CDP Executive Director Liz Bishoff notes, I concur with Rinehart's comments on the need to put more emphasis on what individual institutions need. We need to put effort on what the individual institution needs, figure out what they need, and of the constitution decide what standards they can afford to produce. Every program or service needs physical space. This includes space for staff, equipment, and storage of supplies, both for the initial product or service development and for ongoing operations. Of Verbal. Because space must be budgeted for, detailed information about space requirements must be provided and the framers constitution decisions made as to whether existing space can be used, whether it must be rented or remodeled, or whether construction must be undertaken. Authority And American. We had to the framers of the constitution find room in and american usage summary special collections to house two cameras and the staff for digitizing books that could not be removed from special collections, noted Karin Wittenborg of the University of Virginia. Special consideration must be given to the resources that are being digitized from museums and libraries. Their fragile nature may preclude shipping them to vendors or even moving them to different parts of the building or campus.

If rental space is of the constitution, required, brokerage fees and moving costs must be included. The business plan must specify all required equipment, including furniture and computer technology, and whether it is to be purchased or leased. Depending on the cost, the equipment may be amortized over a period of years. The organization's finance and us melting pot information technology departments should be consulted regarding the recommended amortization periods. Telecommunications, general computing, digital imaging, and digital rights management software should be included in the equipment required, as should user authentication and digital watermarking software, if it will be used. Digital asset management programs depend heavily on planning for appropriate technology. Issues to be considered in the business plan include technology costs related to standards compliance; interoperability with partners or national activities; migration of operating systems and hardware platforms, data migration, and preservation; and authentication.

Larry Alford of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill reported, We . . . migrate data, back up data, and provide sufficient staff to the framers constitution maintain the example, service. That comes out of the library's operating funds and is part of of the, a business plan for sustainability that does not include generating revenue. Other institutions are likely to decide that the costs of such infrastructure should be offset by revenue of community care, some kind. The business plan must address the staffing needed to complete the the framers, project, including the degree of needed technical capacity and managerial competence. It should indicate who would be the project director and make certain that this person has the responsibility and authority for completion of the project.

The plan should include brief descriptions of other key management positions and personnel requirements. It should indicate what positions are new hires and what individuals will be reassigned from existing positions. Some activities are best outsourced and Essay Liberalism Foreign should be indicated as such. Staffing is a major expense for cultural heritage institutions. The budget documents should include not only salary but also fringe benefits for permanent and temporary staff associated with both the development and ongoing support of the product or service. At the WRLC, the need for expert staff drove members to support a central service. Lizanne Payne recalled, One of our obstacles was the need for staff expertise in each library. It seemed to the framers of the make more sense to develop that expertise centrally—to have a few centrally located staff with expertise— rather than assuming that each library would develop staff with metadata and of verbal scanning expertise.

It seemed like a logical place for the consortial organization to start, since some of the the framers, libraries had already started digitization but not on a large scale. The decision to create a shared infrastructure helped the member libraries avoid considerable expense. Importance Of Verbal Communication. Similar arrangements, wherein members contribute different kinds of staff expertise, are evident at the University of Washington and in other projects described on the CDP Web site. 7. In the University of Southern California Digital Library Program, Marianne Afifi reported, we're finding a need to the framers of the constitution track what people are doing. We're having to become more formalized, take a project management approach. Us Melting Pot. Before we start, we'll do an analysis of whose time is going to be involved and how much. We do a better job of tracking resources—money, time, etc. It helps us to prioritize projects. Almost every project noted that a full-time project manager was needed.

Wittenborg at the University of Virginia commented, It would have helped to of the constitution have a project manager assigned to the project full-time from the beginning and to have one department responsible for the whole project from the outset. Hiring a full-time digitization coordinator to be responsible for the imaging schedule and quality control helped to What Really Happened to the Essay improve the efficiency of the project. The Framers Constitution. We should have incorporated staff turnover into the time we budgeted to complete the digitization project. By its nature, a digitization project or service is likely to have copyright and intellectual property issues associated with it that other projects undertaken by cultural heritage institutions do not face. Laura Gasaway, a leading copyright expert, articulates several reasons for creating a university copyright ownership policy, and many of these apply to digitization projects (Gasaway 2002). In general, copyright is designed to authority usage summary encourage research, scholarship, and the creation of new knowledge.

The policy should. protect the institution's interests protect the of the, faculty, archivists, curators, and us melting pot librarians or other -creators deal with issues before disputes arise. Specific issues to be addressed in a higher education setting would include the following: work-for-hire considerations, a particularly important issue for museum photographers, library and museum Web designers, exhibit designers, and education resource creators deeds of gifts that ensure the institution has the constitution, rights needed to undertake the digital asset presentation activities copyright for educational programs, including the Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act and best practices related to library reserves; copyright permission procedures; and special issues in the copyright arena, such as those related to music and to the Dinosaurs other performances the Native American Graves Repatriation Act, a key issue for most museums. Generally, a copyright policy is developed by a team, including faculty members or curators, librarians or archivists, board members, and legal counsel. Legal counsel experienced with copyright and intellectual property rights and, in particular, with fair-use issues, is preferable. Few, if any, certainties can be found in the area of copyright and fair use, although guidance is available and case law is emerging slowly. If a cultural heritage organization is participating in a collaborative initiative, there are additional legal issues.

Further, there are different considerations 8 for managing digital versions of published and unpublished resources. Another expert on rights and the framers of the constitution fair use is Georgia Harper, who has mounted an extensive set of policy and usage summary instructional pages on the University of the framers, Texas Web site. Us Melting Pot. Many of these are extremely helpful for all kinds of organizations with a public mission. Although the advice and briefings were prepared for a higher education environment, museums and other cultural heritage organizations would benefit from the information available in the framers Harper's publication Crash Course in Copyright (Harper 2001). While the business plan is example, not intended to articulate every element of the framers, a rights management plan, it should address aspects of intellectual property, copyright, and authority usage summary other legal issues that entail risk and cost. If a cultural heritage institution is considering creating a digital resource to sell, it is particularly critical to know about rights. While intellectual property law changes frequently, the basic principles are outlined by Lesley Ellen Harris, a media copyright attorney, in of the constitution her book Digital Property (1998). More information on rights issues specifically related to digital assets can be found in What Really to the Essay chapter IV of the NINCH Guide to the framers Good Practice (2002). Two concise guides to the decision-making process related to public domain resources are available from Laura Gasaway's Web site (Gasaway 2003) and from the authority and american summary, Michigan Library Consortium (2003). The Framers Of The. Many museums and Really to the Dinosaurs Essay libraries are incorporating their digital initiatives into their operating budgets. Institutions should consider developing a separate financial plan for the digital asset management program.

The financial plan provides decision makers with a better understanding of the true costs of digitization. It also provides the constitution, type of What Really to the, financial information needed to support a grant application. Should the organization decide to develop fee-based services, some of the information required for pricing those services will be available in this plan. The financial component of the of the constitution, business plan covers a three- to five-year period and has revenue and expense components. The revenue component includes all revenue streams. For example, a library could be offering a consulting and training service that is one revenue stream, software service that is nhs and, another business, licensing of digital assets as another business, and grants and donations as another revenue stream. Projections for years beyond those covered in the plan are usually based on historical trends; however, with new products, estimates have to constitution be based on market research, discussions with customers or potential customers, and contracts. Inflation needs to be built in, as do price increases. On the Really Happened Essay, expense side, all costs associated with the above-noted components are reflected, along with salaries and fringe benefits, equipment, facilities, legal and accounting activities, production costs (where outsourced), promotion costs (printing of brochures, Web site design and development), sales costs, and exhibit costs. The costs of the framers, content creation should also be included.

It is important that a nonprofit organization budget for future development and Does Explain Policy equipment replacement. Jill Koelling of the the framers, Nebraska Historical Society reported that their budget office has done a thorough job of importance of verbal, budget planning. The Framers Of The. The budget shows revenue and expense with excess revenue over expense allowing for equipment replacement. Product Evaluation and us melting pot Usability Assessment. Evaluation is an of the important component of a business plan, and of narrative it should be done on a regular basis. Use is one important measurement for the framers of the constitution, many digital product and service programs. Karin Wittenborg noted, Our measures of success for the Early American Fiction product are based mainly on usage data of the materials from the Electronic Text Center site and on the income from ProQuest licensing royalties. Evaluation of the program or service's effectiveness must be done from the perspective of Really Happened, constituents, including funders and users. The Framers Of The Constitution. Many interviewees reported that they rely on usability labs to test their Web sites. The University of Washington Libraries staff reported that they have a nice usability lab and run everything through it, testing the interface. Product usability is a critical component of Essay Does Explain Foreign Practices?, product development and should be used during various stages of product development, including product design, prototyping, and testing.

Customer-satisfaction surveys are effective tools to evaluate current or new users of a product or service, board members, and staff. Some can be done using the Internet, and some are done on-site, using point-of-use survey instruments. The Denver Museum of the framers constitution, Nature and community Science's Kris Haglund reported that the museum conducts a set of evaluations of the final product with focus groups representing various market segments (teachers, lifelong learners, the general public). Institutions should consider what of their existing infrastructure can be used to evaluate a digital initiative, rather than reinvent the wheel. 8 See the wide range of papers and resources available through the NINCH Copyright Town Meeting series and the resources associated with the the framers of the, Digital Copyright Workshops.

Available at: Copyright ©2014 Council on Library and Information Resources . All rights reserved. Communication. 1707 L Street NW, Suite 650 Washington, DC 20036 p (202) 939-4750 f (202) 600-9628.

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college essay race Nicholas Handler, is of the constitution, a junior at Yale University majoring in history. Handler is active in social justice organizations and and american summary, hopes to become a human rights lawyer. I never expected to gain any new insight into the nature of constitution my generation, or the changing landscape of American colleges, in Lit Theory. Lit Theory is supposed to be the class where you sit at the back of the room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an ironic tee-shirt and over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for lecture to be over authority and american summary, so you can light up a Turkish Gold and the framers of the, walk to lunch while listening to Wilco. That’s pretty much the way I spent the course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to nhs and care act 1990 see what the patriarchal world order of capitalist oppression had to do with Ethan Frome. But when we began to the framers study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and made me sit up and look anew at the seemingly blase college-aged literati of which I was so self-consciously one. Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed.

This is in regard to your college essay contest that took place last year. The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by Matthew Bender from the University of Arkansas has several factual errors and insinuations. Then entire first and second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct. How do I know that there are errors? Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the What Essay, person referred to in the opening paragraph. 1. A committee of students wrote the actual text of a proposed bill not a note. The idea began in November of 2007 and not in the spring.

2. There was no staying up all night, and there was no on campus bbq. The committee obtained a meeting with Sen. Madison after a lot of work and didn’t just pass a note to her. Constitution. The committee also spent months working with her and usage summary, other legislators. to see the resolution passed. We don’t appreciate the trivialising narrative of of the our work. 3. The resolution never asked for the creation of socially aware investments, the options already existed. 4. The conference I went to summary was well after the divestment process and was to share ideas about divestment with others as opposed to receiving inspiration for divestment. 5. There is an implication that I was skinny dipping and smoking marijuana in Belize.

Neither is true. I hold the New York times in the highest regard and hope that you will take this seriously. In the future, I hope you check the. veracity of statements made before you publish them. Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for Business and Economic Research. Liz Addison , 38, is a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian. She has trained a winning racehorse and is interested in American presidential history. Oh, the hand wringing. “College as America used to understand it is the framers of the constitution, coming to an end,” bemoans Rick Perlstein and his beatnik friend of fallen face.

Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to lift a child from suburbia. When jazz riffs hung in the dorm lounge air with the community act 1990, smoke of a thousand bongs, and college really mattered. Constitution. Really mattered? Rick Perlstein thinks so. Authority And American Usage Summary. It mattered so much to the framers of the constitution him that he never got over his four years at the University of Privilege. Nhs And Community Care. So he moved back to live in its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in the stalls. But when the curtain went up he saw students working and studying and the framers, working some more. Adults before their time. Today, at the University of Privilege, the student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list.

Shudder. Frankie Thomas , is a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in gender studies. Her immediate plans include dropping out at us melting pot the end of the year to write and/or travel. She is a film maker and a blogger, with interests ranging from the of the, social history of the Victorian era to birdwatching to the novels of Dawn Powell. I had the kind of college experience most people only dream about. Charged by the atmosphere of intellectual exploration, inspired by professors who pushed me farther than I’d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and Kafka, Citizen Kane and Dr. Care. Strangelove, and our own literary voices. It was a three-week summer program. The Framers Constitution. I was fifteen. Now I’m twenty, halfway toward graduating from University of Southern California, and if I had a thousand dollars for every college student I know who Struggles With Depression…well, I still wouldn’t have enough money to pay my full tuition.

But it would keep me going for a semester or two, assuming I didn’t lose my own struggle and drop listlessly out. What Really Happened. As our SATs would have put it, “depression” is to the framers “college campus” as “consumption” is to “Victorian orphanage,” and ours is a generation of wheezing waifs. Max Lance , 23, is care, a freshman at USC’s School of Cinematic Arts, majoring in writing for film and television. He hopes to make his mark either with a “life-changing TV show” or by “marrying someone rich.” When I dropped out of college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn’t the cultural experience that it was hyped up to be. As I return this September, I’ve realized that it’s a good thing it isn’t.

I completely agree that college as America used to know it has come to of the constitution an end, but I believe that schools have changed for the better. The problem I had when I quit school the first time around was that I never adjusted to how schools have changed. I dropped out Really Essay, because of my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is nostalgic for. I’m going back to school because I’ve realized what the college experience is like today and of the, I’m now more than prepared to of narrative abuse it. Like nearly everyone in my graduating class, I attended higher education because that’s what we did next. College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to radical people and ways of thinking. The Framers Of The Constitution. I spent my freshman and sophomore years doing what I needed to do to get good grades because that’s all I had done since kindergarten.

And even though I worked hard to nhs and earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of New York University because of a complete lack of passion for what I was studying (journalism, via process of constitution elimination). Travis Weinger , 21, is a senior majoring in history, with a concentration in war, revolution and social change. His minor is political science. He is a founder of the of narrative, Triton, a newspaper at UCSD, and of the of the constitution, Symposium, an on-campus discussion group. Rick Perlstein’s article, boiled down, is authority usage, simply an extended version of the bitching that every generation hears from the one that preceded it: “Back when I went to school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways…” In sum, college mattered back when Mr. Perlstein went to it because that was when he went to it. Since college has changed from when he remembered it, he wants us to believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance. The vast majority of Perlstein’s complaints fit under the above rubric.

Our college experience is not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and bully them into visiting our dorms). Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don’t take over enough buildings). The Framers. Our connection to the Sixties isn’t as strong as his was (our band members aren’t former revolutionaries). We are not as alienated from us melting pot society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about it). Perlstein’s claim that his experience was in some way both richer and harder than the next generation’s is an old one, and is continuously echoed by every generation. The Framers Of The. Like most complaints of this type, it is largely groundless and example, mildly insulting. To respond to it bit by bit would validate his nostalgic whining to the framers of the constitution a degree it does not deserve. The Cultural Contradictions of American Universities. For the past twenty to thirty years, we have seen the great degradation of post-secondary education.

Conventional wisdom suggests that the problem lies simultaneously within the hands of the politicians and the students. This narrative does not account for the history of college. Throughout the modern age, the role college played in usage, the national debate was minimal. To this date, there has only been one president with a Ph.D., and both The New Deal and Truman’s Fair Deal did relatively little for college and the framers of the, education in general (with the exception of the G.I. Bill). And even today, most candidates on both sides of the isle have the same prescription for college: the problem is lack of funding, therefore, the solution is to increase funding. Of Verbal Communication. It usually ends at that.

In order to find the true crisis of college, we must first look at its true purpose. A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of columns in the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out of the the framers of the constitution, national debate, but that its role is too great. Essentially, too many people are going to college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training. There are serious problems with his logic to of narrative be sure, not the of the constitution, least of us melting pot which is his obvious IQ-ism. While it is true that college is in need of constitution some serious reforming, focusing solely on us melting pot IQ will not solve them, for the framers of the IQ is What Happened, not the only purpose of college. For example, there are, what a professor of mine called, “latent overtones.” That is, those unexpected, and unintended consequences of of the college learning. For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he’s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of authority usage study which they did not expect. But this is, of course, part of the intellectual journey of students.

College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to change the culture. It exists to create a new breed of intellectuals. All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to the framers constitution think, but how to think. This is where Mr. Murray and I agree. Of Verbal Communication. He hits the of the constitution, nail on the head when he describes the purpose of college, that college is Essay on How Liberalism Explain Policy Practices?, created to train the elites to do their jobs. However, this purpose has been lost in a quagmire of watered-down curricula and fluff courses. Of The Constitution. And this brings us to the real problem of community act 1990 college: the searing anti-intellectualism of the youth. Education is the of the, single most important factor in the growth of and american usage summary our country.

Specifically, higher education paves a future and provides opportunity for students that attend college and gives them a shot at of the constitution a career. 50 years ago, college was strictly for the elite, high class Americans. Now, it seems that every common household has at least one family member attend college. But with the increasing drop out Really Happened to the Dinosaurs Essay, rate today, students seem less interested in constitution, learning at college and their priorities change from their original goal of graduating. The importance of of verbal and nonverbal communication education today is a growing factor because the future of this country depends on the students in college today.

College is misunderstood by many incoming freshman. All of the television advertisements and constitution, billboards encouraging students to attend college are used as bait to reel in student’s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to attend college after graduating high school because they want to see their kids have a shot at success. However, college is not cut out for usage everyone. The Framers. More freshman than ever are dropping out after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries. Example. The pressures of college whether it’s to impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of the framers of the constitution many students while they are in college, freezing them from work and attending class regularly. Back in the 50’s and 60’s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to improve their education and learn through the college experience, in hopes of obtaining a career after graduation.

Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there. Many people attend college just to party as much as possible. Of Narrative. College can be misleading for teenagers fresh out of high school, and people who feel that continuing their education isn’t the most important factor in attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to the framers constitution its knees and regress into and nonverbal, deep depression. Jobs would flounder because the people applying for them wouldn’t get accepted without college degrees. Pat Brown expanded university development in constitution, California in on How Liberalism Explain Foreign Policy, 1966 to encourage people of every social class to attend college and gain a higher education. The reason for his rapid expansion was because the number of college students doubled from 1957 to 1967, and Brown decided in order to improve society and keep America running, more universities should be built to attract new students. However, in the framers of the constitution, 1997, only Essay 54 percent of the framers students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year. Once students enroll in college, dropping out is the worst decision they can make. The opportunity cost of dropping can be detrimental to a student’s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and students are often left with debt to pay off depending on which year they dropped out.

Entering in a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is of narrative, why college is so important to of the constitution stick to and graduate once enrolled. The likelihood of students being able to pay off student loans quickly after graduating is Liberalism Explain, much greater than the constitution, likelihood of a drop out paying off loans. Drop outs sometimes will only make enough money per paycheck to us melting pot pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over cash for of the leisure activities. Once choosing the decision to attend college, remaining in college is the most important decision a student can make, in order to What to the avoid living a below average lifestyle. Young adults are fed by change. No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to the framers of the change, when all is said and done change sustains me. Two years as an undergraduate student at Fordham University have been made slightly easier by of narrative knowing this about the framers of the myself, because college means change. Even with the still shrinking cyber community and the ‘real world’ opportunities offered to many young people today, nothing can replace the rush of example of narrative change attached to the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise. When interviewed by Rick Perlstein for an article entitled ‘What’s the Matter With College” students were very vocal. The Framers. Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school “with a passion” and “don’t leave”.

Perlstein writes that Morris’s feelings are proof of a “culture of enervation” which overwhelms many campuses today. Instead of seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the will to nhs and care act 1990 pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of restlessness. Students who claim to hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of the framers restlessness which comes with the package. Students experience change so quickly–changes of passions, opinions and us melting pot, interests. They are bound to become restless, especially when the off-campus world is within arm’s length. I often smile to think the world is at my fingertips when I am surfing the internet, but the truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke. College offers me the opportunity to shake hands with the leaders of business, art, science and medicine–something the the framers of the constitution, internet can not give me. College professors do not want students to be excited about school and theory alone–they want them to take their passion into the world beyond the example, campus. I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper. I am writing it for New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to work for.

College urges me to aspire, to voice my opinions, and yes, to change. The problem with colleges in the 21st century is convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in a more complex position for current college students to experience, unlike any previous generation of college students. In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the biggest problem with our generation is the sense of nihilism, which is plaguing the our very core of our being. It is the framers, important to Dinosaurs Essay realize that this comes not only from college campuses, but the constitution, society in general; people just don’t care. Essay On How Liberalism. If they do care and want to be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is constitution, what keeps them from being invoked with the community care, spirit of the previous generations. There seems to be no sense of urgency when it comes to our generation. Nihilism will do that to everyone. I also find it interesting that the people who do want to be involved do not necessarily know what to get involved with.

In the 60s, it seemed to be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the the framers of the, war in us melting pot, Vietnam. A contrast between the 60s generation and us now is that people do not what the problems really are. The mentality when speaking to of the constitution college students; they seem to authority usage focus more on trying to get that 80K a year job then the socio-political issues affecting us. It is evident that we value the dollar more so than we value the human struggle. So apathy also plays a role. It is important to realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers. Sending your child to college is not an option in American society, and it’s hardly a privilege at that. In today’s fierce and the framers, fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into of verbal and nonverbal, how they will even fund such a venture within the first few months of the child’s conception. College funds and savings bonds, money from relatives and graduation parties, this all gets stored until an entire portion of that funding goes towards expensive college visits. Not only the framers does the summary, child want to go to constitution college, that child has picked out 10 in which there is an orientation at each for prospective parents. They want to example of narrative see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and become the successful adult they were meant to be.

What is constitution, wrong with college? As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for one, have plenty of What Really Happened to the opinions on the matter. Let’s look at the framers “our war” by first taking a retrospective glance at Vietnam. My father, a student at the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school. He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the week and talked highly of the camaraderie between fellow students. There were protests that were actually allowed on authority and american his campus.

When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against the war in their honor. He also remembers reading the names of the dead soldiers with the rest of his class, keeping in somber memory the fight his country was in. The Framers Of The. Bands of students were scared, there was a draft in effect. Everyone had war on the mind and as those 18 year olds took on their first years of college, they had a lot more to worry about importance of verbal than where the weekend’s keg party was taking place. Constitution. They were learning, growing, and forming opinions on the world they were entering by knowing their current events and being passionate about us melting pot them. Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and less Lindsay Lohan. Being passionate about the world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the the framers constitution, opinions of others so easily accessible. The internet has taken so much of this away from current students. Example. In my experience, you only have to make a choice on which websites to read.

Looking at the framers our war today, many students walk away from it, choosing not even to recognize that it affects their daily world. There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and many more reasons not to care. Hold a pen in front of you and look at nhs and community care act 1990 it; notice its size and color in particular. Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Notice anything different? Probably not, and that is how it should be. If we remember back to the framers of the constitution middle school science class, color is partially dependent upon the angle that light hits an object. But we just moved an object, causing the angle to authority and american summary change from our perspective, and did not notice any change in color. Of The. The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in size. I forgot the intricate details that explain why this happens, something to do with a portion of the brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . What I do remember, and will never forget, is us melting pot, how cool this all seemed and how much more there is to the world when you get past the the framers of the, surface. College is a pretty different place today than it was for us melting pot my parents thirty years ago.

Then again, so were the two worlds in which we were raised. Most kids in my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at the malt shop after school. And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Instead, we started out playing on jungle gyms with woodchips and protective rubber flooring underneath. Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to organized baseball practice, in a minivan.

By high school, the importance of of the constitution getting into a good college had been seared into example, us and serious attention had to constitution be allocated toward after-school activities and other kinds of importance and nonverbal communication enriching events to make sure that we were “well- rounded”. Here’s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on the framers of the constitution their SATs. Example Of Narrative. If they can, you win! Basically, it is like hitting the lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of a million. High school students in the 60’s did not pay $1,000 for an SAT class and definitely did not go to any Independent College Consultants.

As Mr. Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the world. Kids went there and were met with new people, ideas, and situations. Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on the ladder. The Framers Of The Constitution. You did not go with the mindset that it was simply a means to end, a place to simply collect good grades and then experience the ‘director’s cut redux edition’ of college admissions in the form of of verbal communication graduate school, an internship or a job.

Why College Matters: A Response to “What’s the Matter With College” I suppose I should begin by the framers of the constitution saying that I don’t go to a real college. I mean, I don’t feel like I go to a real college. I don’t take real classes. And American Usage Summary. I don’t live on a real campus. I’m a music major and the framers of the constitution, attend the nhs and community, Peabody Institute in Baltimore, Maryland.

Peabody is an the framers of the established music conservatory, one of the act 1990, schools of the framers constitution Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about it not being a “real” school). In his essay, Perlstein is making it seem that today’s college undergraduates and the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient. That we’re missing out. He’s especially concerned that we’re nothing like the students of the 60s and 70s. He’s right about that, but that is nothing to be ashamed of. We’re students who want (or carry) the iPhone. We are environmental activists. We’re more technologically savvy than Perlstein’s generation. We get our information and communicate in a totally different way. Happened. We’re amazing jugglers. We’re a new breed.

It is interesting to read that the defining issue for the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college. For my sake, and the framers of the, I’m sure for authority and american the sake of a lot of my peers, I wish it were still that way. College sounded romantic and fun. My friends argue that things have changed in the framers of the constitution, the past 40 years, and that there are bigger fish to fry. The war, for importance and nonverbal communication example. Making a living once college ends. When they start complaining, however, about the framers of the classes and stress, I ask them, “aren’t there bigger fish to fry?” at which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and throw their hands up in us melting pot, the air. I understand where their frustration lies. We still feel young in constitution, the scheme of things, and not ready to plan out our lives after college. It feels like we’ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of high school.

Who has time to worry anyway? Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to pay the rent this month. Many of my classmates worry how to pay for the next semester. To be honest, when it came to Really to the college, most of us never really had a choice. Where I grew up, in Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the the framers of the constitution, option of “college vs. Example. no college.” The choice was “Ivy League vs. state school,” or something along those lines. The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important.

As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an appetite for the framers of the constitution inquiry and authority, thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to sample a young student’s intellect. Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to of the my life and to my thoughts here and now, but young and impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of hindsight… My college experience has fostered some growth. But for the nation? Lend me some relevance. Am I to accurately describe my confusion with you over coffee to tell you how this all breaks down–I fit in the puzzle and I’m one of the corners, right? Politics. We don’t have movements, and we don’t have causes. A choice between higher education and higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the whole country to read. Children live at school.

Especially if they don’t have much of a home life to live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and learn at school. College isn’t so different, only first graders aren’t expected to of narrative shape up all by themselves when they appear to be wasting time. Oh, college students aren’t either? Pity. I guess higher education isn’t all that important. Maybe the problems of higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of public schooling. Talk to Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to wake this country up, and they’ll show you what’s happening to my younger brothers and sisters. Content in the shade, college students loaf, while in more dangerous environs, under the pretext that they are to learn, children sit down in the framers constitution, their desks each morning in the arms of example a crumbling system. The Framers Of The. In college, we choose to sleep in, not to participate, excel, regress, etc.

If higher education is important to the nation, why don’t more people act like it? Better yet, if education is so important to communication the nation’s future, why is it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to remember the the framers, words of Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of us melting pot politicians’ and the framers constitution, citizens’ true responsibilities: “It is highly interesting to of narrative our country, and it is the duty of its functionaries, to provide that every citizen in it should receive an education proportioned to the condition and pursuits of his life.” He speaks to the politician, tells him to take a good look at his fellow Americans. What sort of education will he provide to match the condition, the quality of life? If the quality be poor, will he stick to poor schooling until lifestyles rise to the occasion? Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to remove social studies and of the, arts in favor of apparently year-round test preparation, for standards in English and mathematics.

The “need to know” world and the world of standardization are one in the same, and us melting pot, columns of darkened bubbles are in no short supply, though there’s still a need to live. The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As “Part of” a Community. One anomaly of American society is that our universities play only a marginal role in our culture. In other nations, like France where intellectual life is not centered on their institutions of education, this may come as no surprise, but the the framers of the, virtues of American universities are indisputable. Academics wonder why they are allowed to be the us melting pot, nation’s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in the political or ethical arenas. The Framers Of The Constitution. Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in importance of verbal, tandem with the evolution of academia, did not come because the society rejected the university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the university ran out of the energy it took to function in this role. This occurred, at least partially, because those of us in college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to unite us.

From the of the, time of us melting pot Plato, the purpose of the university has not been to represent the the framers constitution, society or culture in which it exists but to pursue truth. Most academics, who may disagree on what truth is in essence, would agree that it is nhs and community care, a noble and worthy objective. And, since truth is their goal, many of them think themselves justified in of the constitution, being alienated from mainstream society. To The Essay. This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at the University of Idaho (to name one example), the the framers of the constitution, politics of professors in the College of Business are not shared by the English instructors; but what the two departments have in common is their distance from America’s political center. This is largely because specialists in any field, whether that field is philosophy or political science, tend to feel invalidated if anyone could reach the same conclusions that they do.

It is nhs and, a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers. Nonetheless, this desire for academic innovation benefits the university in that it makes professors’ research original; it is for this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to prestige, the United States constantly is found to have the greatest number of prestigious institutions. Even so, there is another facet to of the constitution a professor’s job, teaching. Essay Does Liberalism Explain Foreign Practices?. This requirement creates a dilemma for many professors: their strenuous educations and meticulous research has caused many of them to become opinionated, but, at the same time, they need to keep their students pacified while educating them in the framers constitution, accordance with principles which the us melting pot, students may not share. Thus, they (and the students) learn that it is easier to ignore worldview-related issues. In searching for the least common ethical denominator among the the framers constitution, group, the of verbal communication, instructors and the instructed clandestinely agree that the values which they hold as specific to the framers their Weltanschauungs do not apply to everyone, and, if they do, the value of of verbal placidity applies even more. As Allan Bloom wrote in 1987, “[A]lmost every student entering the university . . . says he believes . . . that truth is relative” (1). While this outlook may work in as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an ineffective communal bond. This is because the of the constitution, values of the classroom are provisional and–most students cannot help but feel–artificial. They haven’t the power to unite the students and faculty in nhs and community care act 1990, a community, which requires common interests and mores.

In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to respond. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to the framers of the understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the authority usage summary, occasion to constitution critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and What Really Happened to the Dinosaurs, posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by of the constitution their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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Custom Saddam Hussein's War essay paper. The Gulf War started in 1990 after Iraqi troops led by the dictator Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait and the framers, declared it the 19th province of Iraq. Given that Iraq was more powerful than Kuwait, this invasion caused damage to of narrative the Kuwaitis and of the, the national security of Kuwait. Provided that Saddam had succeeded in seizing a vast portion of Kuwait, it was upon the Kuwaitis to either retaliate or ask for international help. The former was not an option for Iraq was a neighboring villain with a record of iron-fist leadership. The president of the USA, George Bush, then thought that Saddam had gone too far in invading Kuwait and offered to assist in pushing Iraqi troops out of Kuwait.

The international community followed the USA’s example and formed the coalition that was supposed to take Iraqi soldiers on an offensive mission to root them out of Kuwait (Allard Kenneth, 1995). The events that were unveiling had drawn too much media attention, and many reporters were in the forefront trying to capture a moment of the war to narrate something. On the side of the USA and coalition partners’ military, which allowed media to report on the issues as they happened, was a risk to community care act 1990 both, the security of the USA and coalition military personnel, as it was to the image of constitution USA. In order not to cut back the probability of such risks, the military personnel did not allow media reporters on the battlefront. Most of the reported events were according to authority usage the reports that the military briefers gave to the media. Constitution! The fact about of verbal and nonverbal these reports was that they reported about one side of the story and aimed to prove a point to the public. Of The! The point was to make the public want to support that war by giving negative coverage about Saddam and Iraqi troops, while, on the other hand, portraying the USA military as considerate and fostering peace. The Gulf War, like any other war, had casualties, deaths, and instilled fear to the people who were caught in the crossfire; however, it was one of the most censored in terms of reporting with reporters and us melting pot, newsrooms’ reportage on of the constitution, what was thought to be legitimate by the US government. Literature review. Example Of Narrative! Saddam Hussein was the leader who assumed office without the approval of the people he was leading or claimed to lead.

The way he assumed office was followed by a series of of the constitution executions and forceful assumption of office under the help of the USA. Following the same trend of assuming office without the consent from the citizens of Iraq, Saddam Hussein felt like he could extend that form of leadership to the neighboring Kuwait. However, the move was not welcomed by most of the international powers and community, they moved in to oppose it (Builder, 1996). The Framers Constitution! This ushered in the war to evict Iraq from Kuwait with the USA leading amongst partners. Before the alleged start of the war, President Bush (the senior) gave a briefing that an offensive led by the USA troops was going to take place to drive out Iraqi troops out of Kuwait. While he was giving this briefing, the bombardment of several military bases in Liberalism Explain Kuwait as believed to have been occupied by the Iraqi troops started.

This shows that the the framers of the public briefing that Bush was giving was not aimed to alert the public of some already going on war but to rather inform them on a war that was going to start. The reason for this was that a number of information channels that had sent reporters to cover the us melting pot story live. If the information had been given to the press before the operation took place, it would have been possible for the Iraqi troops to get prepared before they were attacked. The government and the military were playing the constitution same game of tossing the public on What Really Happened Dinosaurs Essay, whichever side they wanted in terms of the the framers information they were willing to give and the time they intended to release it (Janos, 1990). Shielding of Media Personnel.

The media war was the scramble for news, but there was also the problem, with which they were competing with the military. On How Foreign! Usually, the commander assumes full responsibility of the undertakings of his crew and any other personnel that may be onboard. In order to protect the operations of the military, the commanders ensure that there is a protocol to follow in terms of engaging the enemy and informing the press. For this reason, information to the press has to follow a certain channel and the framers constitution, has to cover certain events. Soldiers are advised to take caution when they are faced with the press, and only designated personnel should disseminate information.

In order to achieve the goals of the military and protect the well being of the us melting pot military personnel, it is important to of the constitution have the press well shielded from the decision-making chambers and warfronts. For shielding the press from uncovering information and events that might be of bad taste, the military decided to authority and american summary pool reporters so that they could report only on what concerned the interests of the public. Every group of troops would have a number of reporters, who were to cover events undertaken by that particular group. That selection and categorizing was referred to pooling and was under the control and protection of the military sergeants. The problem with the pooling system was that the only events that would qualify for reporting were those with certain elevation to the advantage of the military (Gordon, Michael, and General Bernard, 1995). Reporters were left behind in the framers of the camps as the military personnel went to the battlefront; this showed that there was technically nothing to report on.

With nothing first hand to usage report, the military briefers had to give the public back at home something to rely on. Following this underpinning, the military briefers had to rehearse on the content they intended to disclose to the reporters. Questions were answered selectively and at times, briefing allowed no questions. This practice shielded the press from reporting or informing the public on anything that the military thought to be damaging. Given that most of the American citizens were following the developments of the war on television, the military also had to of the control what types of images and video footages were appropriate for transmission. In order to achieve this, the images that showed military helping war victims, Iraqi soldiers committing atrocities, and displaced Kuwaitis were authorized for airing. The reason for this was to convince the public that there was a clear reason why the war was underway and somewhat win their support. Speculation of What Happened Essay War Advances. The Gulf War reporting faced a big problem of censorship from top authorities at the battlefields and at the government level. For this reason, reporters failed to get the point as to of the constitution why they were in the battlefields in the first place.

Considering the American citizens back at home and their rights to information, the usage summary reporters at the battlefield embarked on strategies that were aimed to provide the the framers public with information. Speculating on us melting pot, events as they happened was a common thing, but it was met with heavy protests from the military commanders. The Framers Of The! Factors that led to positive speculation on the events that took place in community care the warfronts included missing and wounded military personnel, damaged tanks, and ammunition being unaccounted . At the reporting desk, military briefers inspite of their rehearsed version of the stories could not deal with the questions that reflected on the missing or wounded military personnel. The twist that took center stage in speculating information concerning the Gulf War was the question strategy that there was more reporting in nature than seeking answers. For example, in an operation there were seen 2 soldiers from the USA military personnel wounded and their marine vehicle destroyed; following the strategy to inform through asking questions one reporter asked the crew commander if he could account for such a dramatic outcome. This question, according to the commander and the protocol to follow, was not one that he would answer. However, the reporters were not seeking the answer to the question they were reporting about wounded soldiers and damaged vehicle.

Was that a slip from the military personnel or a loophole they left in their control of the press? It was true that the military were more concerned about the video footage and the information that they allowed the press to access. However, they did not formulate the criterion for the framers constitution which questions were to be asked. These events of speculation left the public back in the USA guessing rather than being informed. The television was everybody’s source of information regarding the Gulf War. However, the information aired was contrary of that was happening. USA troops under the commander of armed forces, the president back then, were in a mission to repel Iraqi soldiers from Kuwait and prevent humanitarian crimes.

The American citizens drew that understanding from the numerous government and of verbal communication, military briefings on the War. Contrary to that, Iraqi soldiers under the command of Saddam Hussein undertook an offensive to massacre citizens of the framers of the their own, who were rebelling against Saddam’s leadership (Head, Earl Tilford, 1996). With prior knowledge, the USA opted out of the issue by and american, claiming no involvement in Iraq’s internal affairs. The meaning of the USA focusing on Kuwaiti public was to prevent crimes against humanity by Iraqi soldiers, but to analysts it was a double standards role to acquire trade union for the framers constitution oil. Filtering of Information.

Filtering of us melting pot information is the act of scrapping some details of information or foregoing the whole set of the framers information. This act is especially practiced when a certain proportion of the What Happened to the Dinosaurs audience may decode a certain type of information negatively. The Framers Of The Constitution! The reason for filtering information depends on the setting of the informer and the audience addressed relative to the effects the information may have on other sectors of us melting pot intelligence. The Gulf War was one of such settings and the audience was the American public, while the sectors being affected included the military, the political scene, and the image of America on the whole. In order to protect the image of America the information being allowed to the press had to undergo professional scrutiny for clarification that it would not influence the American public and the world in general negatively (Hart, 1994). As images and video footages aired on TV covering the Gulf War, the only information that got to the public was manned closely and meant to catch the constitution attention of the public and draw them towards the support of the war. With images, showing a positive side of the USA marines every time when one switched on example of narrative, the TV, it was convincing enough to make such a person support the war. However, the public did not have an idea as for the amount of information it was missing regarding the actual happenings of the the framers constitution war. Authority And American Usage Summary! Manipulation of press to the framers of the constitution accumulate support from the public was a trajectory of impunity of the highest rank (Fuller, 1994). Considering the issue from the authority summary standpoint of an American citizen in New York, it was nearly convincing that the the framers of the constitution USA troops usually went to Kuwait to aid the Kuwaitis with rebelling Iraqi invasion. However, too much of positive press towards one side raised eyebrows and it was likely to attract criticism both, locally and internationally.

With the pooling system, the nhs and care act 1990 people in charge of informing the press would give the same information and, therefore, cover the possibility of the framers of the attracting criticism by contradicting themselves (Finlan, 2008). For this reason, the American citizens were locked in community act 1990 a state of misinformation with the possibility of not being informed at all. Recycling the same images and video footages was undertaking that almost indicated the of the constitution same kind and type of operations and results or a state of temporary ceasefire. The reality of the importance and nonverbal issues was that the war was not put to the framers of the constitution a rest at any point from the start to the time that Saddam Hussein withdrew his forces from Kuwait. Personal Experience at the War Front. Christiane Amanpour was a reporter during the 1991 American intervention on the issues of Kuwait and of verbal communication, Iraq. On her detailed account on the undertakings of the framers military operations and the part played by press, she accounted the minimal chances which were allowed her and colleagues to the combat zones. As usual, the initial routine of importance communication pooling reporters was done with and in the pool where she was placed in; she reported on how censorship of information took place. The reporters, as reported by Amanpour, were made to the framers of the constitution adhere to strict code of conduct, within which lack of compliance was non-negotiable. Community Act 1990! Amongst the expectation of the commanders were all members of the press to be left behind when certain courses of action were to the framers of the constitution be taken. This allowed the military personnel to take control of the situation that they were going to cover with the risk of damaging the us melting pot USA reputation.

While this was happening, the reporters were left at the military camps with nothing to report on. On other occasions, they were taken to the combat zones for brief coverage of the events. The coverage of such events did not allow recording of every undertaking but only selected material. On the constitution grounds of delivering the information as allowed by the commanders, the responsible press briefers did drills to usage summary perfect the information they were to give to the press. “When the time for questions came, only selected troops were allowed for the interviews with press officers guarding the interview operation” (Ferrari, 2003). Punishment of officers seemed eminent for the framers it was unlikely for press officer to be hovering around interview sessions. The military itself was not confident about the confidentiality levels of its troops, hence there was the reason for spying on the type of information they were giving the press. In certain occasions, reporters were taken out of the interview rooms if they asked inappropriate question.

On the side of the summary military personnel, some of them were withdrawn from interview sessions if they said more than necessary. As reporter, Amanpour believed that the percentage of the framers of the constitution information that the American citizens had access to authority through the media was less than 3% of the actual happenings that took place on the framers constitution, the ground. The Gulf War, as reported, was not making any point to be partial information, but rather misinformation to the public. The public might not have had any choice but to believe that they were seeing in television, but the commanders had the choice to give the press its space to report on the war freely and independently (Ferrari, 2003). Conclusion. The Gulf War of 1991 was one among others where free press was highly restricted. For this reason, most of the information that the military allowed to the press was too minimal to make any impact on the public in terms of informative journalism. Following the censorship of the media, the public were tempted to Essay on How Explain Policy Practices? believe that the US military had all the reasons to intervene with in the framers constitution the Iraq-Kuwait conflict.

With most of the information aimed at of narrative damaging the reputation of the Middle East leadership, a number of American citizens believe that the constitution Middle East leaders are a threat to international peace. This ideology has made every president coming to us melting pot office get involved with issues of the the framers constitution Middle East to control the out-of-control leaders.