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Ap Comparative Government/Politics Ch.1 Outline Essay. The Global Challenges of Comparative Politics. Introduction to Comparative Politics-Studies how different countries both shape and are shaped by in the the world. Sale Personnel! 1989,2001, and 2008 define the of amontillado, current era of Innovative Approach in The Waste Land world politics-describes a particular important moment; critical juncture. In The Cask! A frequently cited date is 1989, when the Berlin wall was dismantled. Innovative Approach In The Essay! 1989 ushered in three important changes. Marked the end of a bipolar world-marked the in the cask, emergence of a unipolar world. Importance Of Neighbours! Marked the triumph of cask of amontillado one model of monsoon wedding film political and economic development.
1989 was a gateway to globalization. Globalization provided a new and distinctive lens for analyzing politics within and among countries. The key question is that whether the global diffusion of investment, trade, production, and electronic communication technologies would promote a worldwide expansion of opportunity and enhance human development. We have been forced to rethink the meaning of globalization. Since on September 11, 2001, when the Islamic terrorist group led by Osama Bin Laden launched deadly attacks on The World Trade Center and of amontillado the Pentagon. Pierce! The attacks created a new challenge, and produced a tragic and somber critical juncture following the brief post-cold war period. Of Amontillado! Many countries have been attacked by importance terrorist before Sept.
11, 2001, including the in the of amontillado, U.S. This was different because of the amount of the scale-more than 3000 deaths. Approach To Form Waste! 9/11 was not an isolated event, soon followed attacks around the world. This led to be known as the cask, Contemporary era. In October, the U.S. attacked the Taliban regime in pierce nickname, Afghanistan because that was where it was known for Osama Bin Laden-the leader of the attack on 9/11-to be hiding. Globalization and Terrorism make the current era complex and fraught with uncertainties. 2008 is in the of amontillado noteworthy because of a cascade of economic challenges. Such as the price of crude oil on world markets reached $100 a barrel and which is an example of a monopoly? $140 by the summer.
Gas at the pump cost over in the cask of amontillado, $4 a gallon. And a world wide recession erupted in late 2008, the demand for oil plummeted. The price of petroleum matters because the world runs on oil, it. fuels the global economy. The world supply is finite, nonrenewable, and becoming increasingly scarce. Competition for sale personnel access to in the cask petroleum has considerably increased in the twenty-first century.
This is largely because China and India have achieved extraordinary rapid industrialization and economic growth that requires hugh amounts of oil. Eliot's To Form And Theme Waste! Many of the cask, major petroleum exporters have somewhat unstable regimes. Of Neighbours Essay! Finally, the cost of petroleum is measured in dollars, and in the the U.S. dollar has significantly declined recently. Of Neighbours! 2008 was the in the cask, year when scientists started warning people about CO2 emissions and that in several decades may be an sale personnel, irreversible tipping point. Involving melting polar ice caps and rising sea levels, which can be disastrous for people in coastal areas. Globalization and Comparative Politics. Globalization also involves the in the of amontillado, movement of people due to migration, employment, business, and educational opportunities.
Globalization includes other profound changes that are less visible but equally significant. Motivation Sports! For example, new applications of in the cask information technology and new ways to nickname deliver news and of amontillado images around the world. Which! Making Sense of Turbulent Times. The World of States: the in the cask of amontillado, historical formation, internal organization, and pierce nickname interaction of states within the international order. Governing the Economy: the role of the state in in the, economic management. The Democratic Idea: the What is the State of Your Essay, spread of democracy and the challenges of democratization. The Politics of cask Collective Identities: the sources and political impact of diverse collective identities, including class, gender, ethnicity, nationality, and religion. What-and How-Comparative Politics Compares. Comparative Politics is a subfield within the academic discipline of political science as well as a method or approach to the study of politics. Comparative Politics involves comparing domestic political institutions, processes, policies, conflicts, and attitudes in different countries. Level of Analysis.
Countries comprise distinct, politically defined territories that encompass. political institutions, cultures, economics, and ethnic and other social identities. The state is almost always the most powerful cluster of institutions. Importance Of Neighbours! State refers to the key political institutions responsible for making, implementing, and adjudicating important policies in a country. Causal Theories. Themes for Comparative Analysis. Theme 1: A World of cask of amontillado States.
States provide more or less well for the social protection of citizens through the provision-in one way or another-of health care, old age pensions, aid to Approach to Form and Theme in The dependent children, and assistance to the unemployed. Cask Of Amontillado! It is states that regulate the movement of is an example natural monopoly? people across boarders through immigration law. States have been significantly affected by globalization. Theme 2: Governing the Economy. The success of in the cask states in maintaining sovereign authority and sale personnel control over their people is greatly affected by their ability to ensure that an adequate volume of goods and in the of amontillado services is produced to satisfy the importance essay, needs of of amontillado their populations. Effective economic performance is near the top of every states personal agenda. Sale Personnel! How it organizes production and of amontillado the extent and nature of it intervention in Eliot's Approach to Form in The Waste Essay, the economy-is a key element in its overall pattern of governance. Political economy refers to how governments affect economic performance and in the cask how economic performance in turn affects a country’s political processes. Sustainable development which promotes ecologically sound ways to Approach to Form and Theme Waste Land modernize the economy and raise the standards of living. Theme 3: The Democratic Idea. One of the in the cask, most important and astounding political developments in franklin nickname, recent years has been the in the, rapid spread of democracy throughout much of the world.
There is Eliot's Approach to Form Waste Land Essay overwhelming evidence of the strong appeal of the democratic idea, by which the in the of amontillado, claim by citizens that they should, exercise substantial control over the decisions made by their states and governments. By 2007 more countries were becoming free, while democracy is not yet uniformly practiced, nor uniformly accepted. Another important pressure for democracy is born of the human desire for dignity and sale personnel equality. Cask Of Amontillado! Social Movements have. targeted the state because of is the of Your its actions or inactions in cask, such varied spheres as environmental regulation, reproductive rights, and race or ethnic relations. What State Of Your Essay! Theme 4: The Politics of Collective Identity. In The Cask! Comparatists thought that social class-solidarities bases on the shared experience of Innovative to Form Land work or economic position. In The! Now know that the formation of monsoon film group attachments and the interplay of politically relevant collective identities are far more complex and cask uncertain. Religion is sale personnel another source of collective identity- as well as of severe political conflict. Of Amontillado! Distributional politics-the process of pierce deciding who gets what and how resources are distributed. In The Cask Of Amontillado! Classifying Political Systems.
When Comparativists classify a large number of cases into smaller number of types or clusters, they call the result a typology. Typology facilitate comparison both within the same type as well as between types of franklin nickname states. In The Cask! Can also compare across clusters or types. Sale Personnel! In this type of comparison-comparativists call this “most different case analysis”. What is the meaning-or rather meanings-of democracy?
Selection to the highest public offices is on cask of amontillado, the basis of japanese pow camps ww2 treatment free and of amontillado fair election. For an is the State of Your Essay, election to in the cask of amontillado qualify as fair, there must be procedures in importance essay, place guaranteeing candidates the in the cask, right to compete, all citizens must be entitled to vote, and votes must be counted accurately. Political parties are free to of Your Household? Essay organize, present candidates for public office, and compete in elections. The elected governments develops policy according to specified procedures. All citizens possess political rights. The political system contains a judiciary with powers independent of the cask, executive and how does motivation legislature. The elected government exercises supreme power within the government and country. There is widespread agreement that conflicts will be resolved peacefully. A Typology of Political Systems.
Our typology of in the of amontillado political systems involves a further distinction between long-established, or consolidated democracies. Organization of the Approach and Theme Land, Text. In The Cask! 1: The Making of the film, Modern State. In The Of Amontillado! Section 1 provides an overview of the of neighbours, forces that have shaped the particular character of the state. This discussion should give you the idea of how the country assumed its current political order. 2: Political Economy and Development. (1) Section 2 looks at the issues raised by in the of amontillado our core theme of example monopoly? governing the cask of amontillado, economy and analyzes how economic development has affected political change. State Of Your Household? Essay! 3: Governance and Policy-Making. (1) Section 3 describes the state’s major policy-making institutions and procedures.
Representation and in the Participation. (1) The focus of section 4 is the relationship between a country’s state and society. 5: Politics in Transition. (1) In Section 5, each country study returns to the books four themes and nickname analyzes the major challenges reshaping the world and the study of comparative politics. University/College: University of in the cask of amontillado Chicago. Type of wedding film paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 24 March 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Ap Comparative Government/Politics Ch.1 Outline. for in the cask of amontillado only $16.38 $13.9/page. Pow Camps! Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample.
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How to in the of amontillado Write an Artist’s CV in importance of neighbours, 10 Steps. A CV or curriculum vitae is an overview of your artistic professional history and in the of amontillado achievements. Although it looks similar to a resume, it contains different elements which are only related to your artistic professional practice. One mistake emerging artists often make in writing their CVs is trying to wedding oversell their work. Less is more. Your CV should be neatly organized, and only include information pertinent to your artistic career. What should you include on a CV? Here is where how to compose one in in the cask, 10 steps: Often, more established artists will keep it simple. Sale Personnel? This is because their CV is in the cask usually referenced as a biography rather than a resume.
Damian Hirst (b. Which? 1965, UK) However, you can include contact information if you are sending out your CV to galleries in in the, the hopes that they will reply: Damian Hirst, (b. 1965, UK) Either of these formats is appropriate for pow camps an artist’s CV. Just keep in mind that you should only include your website if it directly relates to in the cask of amontillado your artistic practice. You may have attended post-secondary school for art, or you might be a self-taught, mentored, or otherwise educated artist. Importance Of Neighbours? Generally speaking, this section of a CV relates to institutional education specifically in the field of in the cask of amontillado, visual arts. If you do have post-secondary education in the arts field, include the school(s), the year(s) that you graduated, and the degree(s):
University of British Columbia, Master of Fine Arts, 2009. Emily Carr University, Bachelor of Fine Arts, 2005. If you do not have a degree in the visual arts field, fear not. This section of the CV is sale personnel not a pre-requisite for exhibitions or gallery representation. Cask Of Amontillado? The only thing to note is that you should not put down any other type of education (high school graduation, degree in business management), unless it very directly relates to the artwork that you make. Leaving this section off of your CV is perfectly acceptable. Beginning with your most recent, you should list your exhibitions in a manner similar to this: 2011 Title of Show , Museum of Modern Art, NY.
2010 I’ve been showing a lot lately , Galerie Espace, Montreal. If you have a large number of importance, exhibitions, you can split them into cask, two or more categories: solo exhibitions, group exhibitions, and even duo exhibitions. This helps define in what capacity your work was shown (you don’t want to undersell your solo show at monsoon the MoMA.) A method often used by artists is to list “selected” exhibitions, ie, the heading would read “selected group exhibitions”. This has benefits whether you have a lot of exhibitions or not: if you have lots, you can weed out the exhibitions that are no longer relevant to your career.
If you don’t have a lot of cask, exhibitions, you are assuring the reader that they are not looking at What is the a short list, but rather your most relevant history. In this section of your CV, you can include any articles in which you or your art appeared. If it is an in the article, it should include the how does motivation, author, title, publication, volume, publication date, and cask of amontillado page number: Coupland, Douglas: “Why I Love This Artwork”, Canadian Art Magazine, vol. 12, February 2011, p. 55-60. If your work appeared on the cover of a publication, you can format your information like this: Canadian Art Magazine, Cover, vol. 12, February 2011.
If writing about which example of a natural monopoly?, your artwork or your artwork itself appears in a book, the in the cask of amontillado, formatting should read: Schwabsky, Barry (Compiler), Vitamin P: New Perspectives in Painting , Phiadon Press 2004, p. 78. For further information and other examples of MLA format, there any many resources online. As an example, here is SFU’s citation guide for MLA style . Once I entered a competition to paint banners for a small city’s Christmas celebration. I requested the film, banner be returned when the competition was over, but they refused to in the cask return it. Now I put “City of _____” under the public collections section of my CV. We both win! Generally, the “collections” portion of your CV is to monsoon film list public institutions which own your artwork. In The? This could be museums, corporate collections, or even municipalities or agencies. They can simply be listed under the heading collections: The Vancouver Art Gallery.
The Canada Council Art Bank. The Colart Collection. If you only have artwork in private collections and you wish to What State of Your Essay include this section on your CV, you should not list the name of the collector unless 1. they are well-known as important collectors of art, and 2. have explicitly agreed to be listed on your CV in whatever venue it gets published (the web, etc). If several people own your artwork in cask of amontillado, private collections and you would like to note that, you can list them like this: Private collection, Calgary AB.
Private collection, Vancouver, BC. Just don’t go to overboard with the is the of Your Essay, list– if you really have lots, you’ll look more understated and impressive by inserting something like this: Works held in cask of amontillado, private collections in Canada, the United States, Germany, and New Zealand. If you have any published writing relating to either your own practice or that of others, you can list it here in proper MLA format: “This Artwork is Awesome”, Awesome exhibition catalogue, Vancouver Art Gallery, 2006. The above points are the most common and usually the most notable elements which artists include on of neighbours, their CVs. However, depending on your practice, there may be a number of other professional and artistic points of of amontillado, interest to list. Here are some examples: This is a space to list any teaching positions you may have had, either as a faculty member or as a guest lecturer or speaker.
You should only include those related specifically to your practice or to japanese pow camps visual arts: 2009, Guest lecturer, Emily Carr University. 2007, Sessional instructor, SFU. If, as well as being an cask of amontillado artist you have also undertaken curatorial projects (as so many artists seem to do now), you can list them simply as the exhibition itself, or, add on a brief explaination: 2011, “Drawings”, Richmond Art Gallery. 2010, “Paintings”, Or Gallery, co-curated by Damian Hirst. Some artists choose to is an example list awards and / or grants they have received. If you decide to include this, the list should all be specifically related to your artistic practice, unless it is extremely notable, such as the Nobel Peace Prize: 2011, Canada Council grant. 2010, BC Arts Council grant.
Artist’s residencies you may have attended are good to include on your CV as they show a dedication to your practice and to of amontillado your professional development: 2010, Studio residency, School of is the of Your Household? Essay, Visual Arts, New York. One of the in the, best ways to start writing your CV is to sale personnel see how other artists do it. In addition to the categories listed above, there are many different professional practices or ways of organizing your information. Many galleries or artist’s themselves post CVs on in the cask of amontillado, their website, so they are easily accessible. Sports? A few to check out: 143 thoughts on “ How to Write an Artist’s CV in 10 Steps ”
Thanks so much, great information. really great,, I was struggling on puting one together, The information online is very conflicting when it comes to in the cask artists CV’s. thia article only applies to artists with sufficient experience and various accomplishments such that this article would provide no value, with no usefulness or relevance to artists who are seeking advice on What is the, creating a resume. Hi Bradley– I’d be happy to give you other suggestions for your artist CV.
What kind of artistic experience do you have, and cask what were you thinking of including on your CV? What would you reccommend to write in an unexperienced artist?s cv? I don?t even have shown my work in sale personnel, a gallery, do you think it is of amontillado a must to do this? What would be the previous steps to writing a cv? I am interested in japanese pow camps ww2 treatment, applying for a contest but I always end up not applying because of the of amontillado, cv.
Wow. This blog is such a fantastic resource! I am thrilled to What is the State of Your Household? have found it this afternoon! Cheers! If you are creating a resume for an art teacher position, do you still include all the info you pointed out? Or do you create more of a standard resume (objective, job history, etc.)? Do they want to see if your work has been in galleries, etc? Hi Tanya, I would still use all the info listed above, but perhaps pare it down to include only the “highlights.” Then you can also include standard employment info from a regular resume, as well as references. Cheers! Thanks for in the the info. Also, should I put experience first, then the highlights of CV?
Also, is their a max for performance number of pages, because I know on my standard employment resume you shouldn’t have more than 2 pages. Apologies for the delayed reply! I agree experience first and then CV highlights. I’d keep it to 2 pages if possible, but if the position you are applying for is prestigious or highly competitive, they would probably appreciate more information. For example, the cask of amontillado, CVs of many scholars are pages and pages long! If you do not have a formal art degree but have taken collegiate courses, should you include the university and monsoon film disciplines under Education? I was originally enrolled in in the, a 4 year art program and due to a significant change in circumstances had to move and was forced to complete a 2 year general degree. My CV is really short, although I’m working on wedding film, getting more exhibitions under my belt. Hi Diana, yes, I would include these collegiate courses but keep them brief. I would list the cask of amontillado, general degree and highlight your original focus on the arts-related courses.
What if you have no experience, have taken photography classes and have only sale personnel shown in student shows? How can you put something together with practically nothing without making it look that way? Hi Lisa, you should list your photography courses under education and your student shows under exhibitions. If anyone owns your work (even if you’ve gifted them a work,) you can list them as a private collection (see step 5.) Those three items formatted nicely with your contact info should give you a decent 1 page CV. Don’t worry if it seems sparse to you, there’s nothing wrong with being an emerging artist!
Also remember most people will look at your artwork before they look at your CV #128521; Thank you for in the the information – it’s very helpful! One other question – as far as publications is concerned: what if my art appeared in a [student] publication, but wasn’t reviewed? The book appears every spring and What of Your Household? Essay consists of photos of various students’ work. Should I put that on a CV or leave it out? Hi Lisa, definitely include it. Any time your artwork is in the cask published it’s worth including! A couple of questions: I have several exhibitions from the Navy, should they be listed by ship or simply U.S.
Navy with home city and wedding year? I also received a nomination for 2005 Graphic Artist of the Year while in in the cask, the Navy, which section would you recommend listing this? Hi Michael, for your exhibitions, I think you should list U.S. Navy, the ship, as well as home city and year. Someone looking at of Your Household? Essay your CV would probably appreciate as much information as possible. For your nomination (congratulations, by the way!) you can list that under a heading called “awards.” You could format it something like this: 2005, Nomination, Graphic Artist of the Year, US Navy.
I hope that helps #128578; Very much so. Thank you! OK, one more question, for multiple awards received in one year, list year and award individually or as a group under that one year? Hi Michael, there’s no exact right or wrong here, it’s up to you in terms of what you think visually looks better. In The Of Amontillado? You could go like this:
Nominated, Award #1. Nominated, Award #2. Finalist, Award #3. 2005, Nominated, Award #1. 2005, Nominated, Award #2. 2005, Finalist, Award #3. 2004, Winner, Award #4. just saying thank you. Importance Essay? i have struggled to find a good reference for in the of amontillado creating a cv for an artist, this one is great. Thank you!
I’m glad it helped you. I was wondering whether the tips above applies to those wanting to pursue arts-management courses as well? . I don’t have formal post-secondary arts-related education but have taken part in small-scale and major group exhibitions. Hi Yangzheur, I think it depends exactly what you’re tailoring your CV for. Do you mean that you are applying to of neighbours an arts-management business type of course? If so, look closely at their requirements. Are they asking for an artist’s CV? If so, the information about would be applicable to you. If they are asking for a resume, and in the cask if you feel your participation in the exhibitions are relevant to the focus of the of neighbours, program, you could add those to your resume as professional experience. I hope that helps! Thank you. Cask? Its good reference to make a CV for is an example natural an artist.
Reblogged this on balladblood and commented: Very helpful for cask those of us doing their artist C.V’s for the first time. Great Advice! My sister is film struggling and in the cask I am trying to ww2 treatment help in any way. I am not an artist so all the advice helps! Can I send you her CV so far?
Hi Natalie, if you have any specific questions about the CV or its formatting, please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Cheers! Thanks for the information. You have clearly explained how we can write professional resume perfectly. There is one option to cask create perfect CV is to use resume templates.
This helps in saving your lot of time and also helps to make your resume best among all. Wow, This is wonderful. Is An Of A? I am trying to take the information from my regular resume and crate a CV for in the of amontillado graduate school applications. Is there a best format for grad school applications that combines both work and art? Also, I am challenged by how I should add a competition (the only one I have to put on sale personnel, the CV) that was through Creative Quarterly: The Journal of Art and Design, Issue 18, which is a print and web journal. In The Cask Of Amontillado? I won a Merit award in pow camps, student photography and was published (full page) in the magazine. Of Amontillado? But in addition to that for the same issue, my winning Runner-Up image was posted in the on-line gallery. Sale Personnel? Here’s what I have written. The formatting did not carry over cask with a copy and paste function.
Please imagine that the journal title is monsoon wedding underlined not to include the words, Volume Five, Number Four. Cask? Can you tell me if it is correctly entered? This is monsoon film so awesome! Thank you! New Talent Merit Winner-Student Photography. Creative Quarterly: The Journal of Art and Design, Issue 18. Volume Five, Number Four. Spring 2010. 64. Cask Of Amontillado? Print.
Runner-Up-Student Photography. “Online Gallery: CQ 18.” Creative Quarterly: The Journal of Art and Design, Issue 18. Volume Five, Number Four. Spring 2010. Forgive if this post hows up twice. My laptop is being a pain right now. Hi, please forgive me for my delay in replying! I think you should choose what elements you need from your work resume and which from your art, and combine them as you see fit based on the requirements of your application. Resumes are CVs are formatted fairly similarly, so if you just keep that consistent it should be just fine to combine the japanese pow camps ww2 treatment, information that they require into one document. Regarding your competitions section, you could consider renaming it “Awards.” Even if you technically received runner-up, it still is appropriate. Cask? I think your formatting works well.
Hope that helps #128578; New Talent Student Photography Award,v The information you’ve shared is very helpful. I will change the is an example monopoly?, section to Awards,and I’ll change the information as you have suggested above. I really appreciate you! Thank you very much. When adding shows to your CV, should you separate juried shows from in the of amontillado, exhibitions? Does it matter and how should you separate them? I know that separating solo shows from group shows is done, but I am wondering specifically about is an natural, juried (and, now that I think about it, un-juried — but that would make it more of just a group exhibition, no?) shows. Thank you.
If you want to note that certain shows were juried, I would just put a note at the end of in the, those entries. Japanese? For example: 2013: “Portraits” at the Downtown Art Gallery (juried) “Landscapes” at of amontillado West Art Gallery. “Abstracts” and monsoon wedding East Art Gallery (juried) I think if you were to separate juried shows into cask of amontillado, their own section, it could get too confusing for is an example of a a reader.
Hope that helps! Hi! Thanks so much for this CV advice, v helpful! I have a question aswell. Would you include web-based magazines under “bibliography”? And in in the cask of amontillado, that case, how would you write it? If you would like to include web-based magazines or publications on your CV, go ahead. You can list them along with the other items in your bibliography, and just put ” (online) ” or similar at the end of the listing.
I’m sure web-based articles and reviews haven’t always been appropriate for CVs, but obviously things are changing. Is The Of Your Household?? Any important articles and reviews, online or otherwise, should be included. Hope that helps! Thanks very much for your help! Am struggling with my CV, and realized Ive been in some magazines that have both a paper-based article and the same article online, so just thought I could refer to the online article as it would be easier get a hold of. In that case, you could add “(also available online)”?
Perhaps that would make it clear to in the the reader. Thanks so much for your help with this! If I had a collaborative piece in a group show in a museum, how do I indicate that I was one of a number of people who produced the pow camps ww2 treatment, piece, or do I need to? You could list it like this: 2013, Group Show, Museum of in the cask of amontillado, Modern Art (artwork in of Your Household? Essay, collaboration with Andy Warhol and Jackson Pollack) or if you don’t want to list the other artists (there’s too many, or you just want simplicity), you could simply put: 2013, Group Show, Museum of in the cask, Modern Art (collaborative artwork). Hope that helps! If you show and sell in artist markets do they go in the Exhibitiions section?
Should they be in of neighbours, a separate section ie; Markets. Many of the markets I have done over in the of amontillado the past year were juried. Hi Leslie, usually you would not include markets in the exhibition section, even if they are juried. You could include them in their own section if you would like to motivation affect include them on cask of amontillado, your CV, but I would say only do this if you are submitting your CV for commercial purposes, ie applying to film a different market. Thank you for in the cask of amontillado sharing this information and displaying it in is the, such an easy to cask follow fashion. Hi mate, do you suggest a cover letter with your cv? Thank you for this, I had done mine like a job CV until I found your post. Importance Of Neighbours? I do not have a lot of shows on my CV, but I have made the most of it with your advice. Thank you. Hello and thank you for cask the information you’ve shared. However, I’m someone who has had a career in producing and promoting the essay, art of others.
I recently found my own ‘voice’ and of amontillado am trying to establish myself. My work is abstract photography and I’ve been approached for some rather large projects in Saudi Arabia, here in Los Angeles and in monsoon wedding film, NYC. I’ve had an in the article written on me by a design magazine. I do have work in private collections in sale personnel, London, New York, Jacksonville, Dallas, New Orleans, Provincetown and Los Angeles, as well as shows in a couple of in the cask of amontillado, smaller galleries here in sale personnel, Los Angeles, but I can’t seem to land gallery representation. I’ve created an EMK (electronic media kit) to use to begin cold submissions to galleries. I just was curious what input or advice you might have for me going forward. In The Cask? I appreciate your time and attention. Robert Madden. I would suggest, if you haven’t already, researching the mandates or programs of galleries before submitting. This could be online, or simply a phone call asking if galleries are accepting submissions, and what exactly they are looking for.
Hopefully you can then narrow down the list of galleries you are approaching. Of course, acquiring gallery representation is not easy for anyone. Stay persistent and monsoon keep working on your own projects and exhibitions–good things will happen. Hi dear,Thanks for sharing this format,I tried my best to made the most of in the cask of amontillado, it with your advise. I have attended some workshops by some well known artists. Should I include this under education or leave it off the CV. Including the sale personnel, workshops would be appropriate in the education section as you suggested. Thank you so much for this.
Even the comments under specific questions asked by others has been helpful. I appreciate your efforts. I unfortunately have no formal art training (I can not afford to in the of amontillado attend art school) and I am near completion of my first collection (it is a mixed media project that focuses on the use of green army men in each piece). I recently discovered a not for which of a profit gallery in my area that are taking submissions. Cask Of Amontillado? I have a few pieces that I want to motivation affect sports performance submit, and I have been racking my brain on what to place in my resume since I have not sold any work, presented it anywhere, I have yet to place any work on a website. Cask? Could you please assist me? Thank you in advance. I also would like to ask if it is strange for an artist to work on a political body of work (as my toy soldier piece is), and then jump to a humorous body of work, and back to something political in nature, and monsoon anywhere in in the of amontillado, between? I can not think of any artist that have done that. Wedding? I always make notes of cask, ideas for importance of neighbours bodies of works that I’d like to cask of amontillado create (many tend to be of a conceptual nature), and I have realised that many of my ideas don’t fit into a mold that would categorize me as a person making a particular type of work.
I ask this because, at some point, I would like to work on importance of neighbours essay, a humorous body of work after I feel ready to move on from this project. The best I can do for your is included in my newest post, which offers suggestions for if you need to write a CV and don’t have much professional experience: https://thepracticalartworld.com/2013/04/09/how-to-write-an-artists-cv-when-you-dont-have-much-or-any-professional-experience/ Alternatively, depending on what is of amontillado required of you for is the State your submission, you could include a cover letter indicating that you do not have a CV as you are a new and emerging self-taught artist. In terms of the art itself, honesty is always visible. If you make work that matters to you, whether it’s serious or humourous, that’s the in the cask of amontillado, best anyone can do. Thank you so much! Recently I took part in a photo competition organised by a local independent art gallery. I didn’t win first prize but I was one of the how does performance, runner-up(finalists).
Can this be included in my CV? If so under which (specific) category? If am applying for of amontillado transfer of article ship in any firm where should i mention experience details.In experience column or any other place as the performance, reason for transfer. What a fantastic resource. Cask Of Amontillado? Thank you! My issue is that I’ve taken about importance of neighbours essay, 10 years off to raise my children, so all of my dates are really OLD!! I’d like not to include any dates on cask of amontillado, exhibitions or education or anything – what do you think? I feel like I am still emerging, and yet the dates would say otherwise (ie: undergrad in 1985-1991, grad school in 1993/94, etc…)
How would you include a publication you produce? I have been publishing and selling a calendar of how does motivation affect performance, my mandala art since 1997. Cask Of Amontillado? Do I include that? How is the japanese ww2 treatment, best way? You could list them under the heading “Publications”
The format beyond that is cask of amontillado up to you, but for an example you could do something like: 1997, “Michael Lukacsko” published by which example of a monopoly? Mandala Art. If there are any essays or authors, you could list them also. Hope that helps! Thank you so Much. You helped me a lot. Thank you for this advice – it helps a great deal to make sense of the differences between a work resume and an artist CV. I do have one question – is it ok to mix media on a single CV?
I came from a journalism/print media background and am now doing photography. Cask Of Amontillado? Can I list my “Images of Men and Women in importance of neighbours essay, Advertising” Pop-Culture presentation and my piece on Lollapalooza on cask, the same CV as my photography exhibit? I would say yes, as long as everything is still relevant to your practice (which it sounds like it is). Thank you so much for putting this together. It is just what I need to get my CV in working order for gallery applications. Film? I have been doing solo exhibits for in the a number of years, but have never had the sale personnel, courage to cask of amontillado try to of a break into the world of gallery showings. The part about the in the of amontillado, CV always had me worried. Now I know what I need to do. #128578; Reblogged this on sallyann16 and commented: Wow. This is sale personnel brilliant.
Thank you Justine ! I am really grateful to the owner of this web page who has. shared this enormous post at at this place. Best breakdown I read today. Clean simple truths. In The Cask? About to start my CV thanks. This post provides clear idea for the new visitors of blogging, that. actually how to do blogging. Greetings from Carolina!
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loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, superb blog! First, this information is in the so very helpful! Many thanks!! Secondly, I’m an emerging artist, so my CV is in the “sparse” stage. I’ve had two projects in which people commissioned me to create art work for covers. How Does Motivation Sports? One was for a published book of poetry, the other was for a music CD. What title would I list these 2 projects under?
I’m truly enjoyng the design and in the layot of your blog. It’s. a vety easy on which natural, the eyes whicdh makes it much more pleasant for mee to come here and in the cask visit. more often. Did yoou hire out a designer to japanese ww2 treatment create your theme? Quality posts is the crucial to be a focus for the visitors to go to see the of amontillado, site, that’s what this website is providing. Greetings! This is my first visit to your blog!
We are a team of volunteers and starting a new project in film, a community. in the in the, same niche. Your blog provided us beneficial information to. work on. You have done a outstanding job! Heya! I understand this is sort of off-topic however I. needed to What of Your Household? Essay ask. Does operating a well-established blog like. yours require a lot of work? I’m brand new to operating a blog however.
I do write in cask of amontillado, my journal everyday. I’d like to start a blog. so I will be able to share my personal experience and of a thoughts. online. Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips for brand new aspiring blog. In regards to cask the education section, I have a multimedia illustrator professional diploma from Defense Information School, would it be helpful to list it? I have been an artist for years and I still don’t have a comprehensive cv. I would also advice including links for is an example of a your online portfolio i you have blogs or a website.
It would be useful and convenient for employers if they will just type the links and get an cask of amontillado idea of what you can do as an artist. Nice advice! Keep it up! I will try to apply including to sale personnel links for my future resume drafts. #128578; BTW, good job for this article. I really enjoyed reading EVERY BIT of advice written herein. For more advice on resume writing, I would like to in the recommend http://www.resumeprime.com/. Hi, Carrie Fox.
Thanks for japanese pow camps ww2 treatment commenting. I really find the website you have given very useful. Just contacted them a while ago and they are really great and in the of amontillado awesome. Thank you once again. Aw, this was an incredibly good post. Taking the time and actual. effort to What is the of Your make a superb article… but what can I say… I hesitate a whole lot and never seem to get. nearly anything done. Hi, this is the most useful site i have come across for advice on writing an artists cv– So thank you for that! I have a question.
I come from of amontillado, a background in Animation, i studied a postgrad in it, and prior to sale personnel that a degree in in the, Graphic Design but in the last few years i have chucked animation in to be an how does motivation sports performance artist. I have several exhibitons, but am wondering if it is cask of amontillado ok to put that i occasionally teach with a group of is an example natural monopoly?, kids once a month animation at the BFI (British Film Institute), or does this sound unproffesional. Also i have an award from years ago from RSA for a short animation film i made…it is ok to in the of amontillado include this in the CV. I also developed a childrens animation series and was creative director at a major tv company in the UK a while ago but am concerned that if i put all this in of neighbours, this CV it will be too long and not sticking to cask of amontillado the field i am now involved with. I am just checking with you really, I was thinking of putting the of neighbours, awards only and if anyone wanted to cask of amontillado know more about motivation sports performance, my experience as an animator treat it as a seperate subject or CV?? thanks in advance for in the cask of amontillado your advice. I am applying to do an artists fair. Regards B. I think if you create a heading on your CV called “teaching” and put your BFI experience under, that would sound great. It doesn’t matter that it’s in animation—teaching is a good thing to of neighbours put on your CV if it’s in an arts-related field, which this is. Cask Of Amontillado? I would agree with you that the award should be included, as it is an award you won for a personal creative project.
I would also agree that the TV company experience should not be included, as that would be more of a work resume item. I hope that helps. Cheers! that’s great- thanks for that. One other quick question. I know that nowadays it is not compulsory to put your date of importance essay, birth on a CV- at in the cask least that is the case in the UK- due to importance essay ageism! would you think that for an artists CV this is cask of amontillado necessary though?
My thoughts are that it might be needed for say selling something in an auction, or on an artists biography, but why should this be on japanese pow camps ww2 treatment, a CV necesarily….? If it is a necesity could you let me know and i will put it, but I do not agree with it personally! I think it is often done, but not compulsory. Wonderful article! We are linking to this great post. on our site. Cask? Keep up thhe grat writing. When someone writes an post he/she retains the thought.
of a user in his/her brain that how a user can understand it. Thus that’s why this post is perfect. Thanks! Everything is very open with a really clear description of the how does affect sports, issues. It was definitely informative. Your site is very helpful. Many thanks for. Hmm it seems like your website ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll. just sum it up what I had written and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog.
blogger but I’m still new to everything. Of Amontillado? Do you have any points for sale personnel rookie blog writers? I’d definitely appreciate it. I’d like to in the thank you for sale personnel the efforts you’ve put in penning this blog. I am hoping to in the of amontillado see the japanese, same high-grade content by you later. on as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to in the get. my own, personal site now #128521;
What’s up, I would like to subscribe for this blog to obtain newest updates, so where can i do it please help. Thank you for another informative site. Where else may I get that kind. of info written in such an ideal manner? I have a project that I’m simply now operating on, and I have been at.
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Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Wow, awesome blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is excellent, as. well as the pow camps, content! Pretty! This was an in the of amontillado incredibly wonderful article. Thanks for providing this info. I have (finally) joined a gallery that is asking for an artist resume – I have a bio, but this will be my first artist resume.
Your outline makes it look like a very doable task. Is An Example? I have one question – the gallery has asked for my website. In The? My site is a with a POD (print on japanese pow camps, demand) group – I have my own page and only my work is represented. Would it be ok to use that site or would it make me look “unprofessional?” I’m not that familiar with POD websites, but it sounds like you are hesitant to in the of amontillado share your site because you think it would be unprofessional compared to your representing gallery. If this is the case, why not make a new site that is only your portfolio of works? Thanks for getting back to me, I’ll get to work on What is the State of Your, that page! Hi! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted.
to give a quick shout out and say I genuinely enjoy reading through your. posts. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that go over the same subjects? very helpful … but a lot of differences with other cv examples. Reblogged this on My Blog.
Hi there, I wish for in the cask of amontillado too subscrib for this website to obbtain hottest. updates, thus where can i doo it please assist. Hi there, thanks for posting this and helping all of us artists. I have a question, how would you include artwork produced that was not for an article/magazine, but a poster for a play? Where does this fall under? Hi Kirsty, there’s no rule for this but I would suggest a heading like “Projects” where you can add all of your published works or other projects. What’s up friends, how is the whole thing, and what you desire to say regarding this post, in my view its really awesome designed for. Very great post. I just stumbled upon your blog and importance of neighbours wished to. say that I’ve really loved surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and in the cask I’m hoping you write.
My partner and I stumbled over here different web address and What is the of Your Household? Essay thought I might check things. out. I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward to going over your web page repeatedly. RealtimeCV interactive CV creation tool is awesome. In The? Now you can create your modern infographic CV and save it PDF. Here is the link: http://www.realtimecv.com/cvdetails. Reblogged this on Greta Laundy Art and commented: Useful information.
Very similar to NAVA’s suggestions. Thanks, but i have a question. what if i am currently working with the people of of neighbours essay, my field(let say engineers) but as a creative team. shall I still not have to mention my engineering degree in my CV? i’ve had my art featured in several independently published zines and online magazines, how should i feature that in my CV? awesome! i am writing one for a friend and was trying to find all of the exact resources you list. kuddos and cask of amontillado many thanks!
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Nov 17, 2017 In the cask of amontillado,
An Essay on the Types of People I Dislike Most. No two men are alike. People differ widely in their nature. Some people are of sweet nature. They are loved by all. Of Amontillado. Everyone wants to win their friendship. Which Example Of A Natural. On the other hand, there are people who are ill-tempered.
They easily offend others. “Birds of a feather flock together”, is an in the, oft quoted saying. It simple means that only people of the same nature can be friendly with each other. Pow Camps Ww2 Treatment. Some people dislike others due to their ugly appearance-black color, bad features, fat body etc. but on my part, I can say that I never disliked anyone on an account of his ugly appearance. In The Cask. I only What, dislike those nature is not good and who have a defective character. Thus, I dislike ill-tempered people. In The Cask. Image Source: bdb3b8.medialib.glogster.com/thumbnails/fee7ff2f0dbb2ca37a228b0e07904dbc07947b6efff8ecf9f5537508891c6ba8/i-dislike-you-source.jpg. Fashion is another of my pet aversions. Now-a-days people are becoming more and more fashion-minded. They may not eat well, but they like to put on costly dresses. Students come to japanese pow camps ww2 treatment, the classes with combs in their pockets. They comb their hair while the cask professor is lecturing.
Similarly, some English educated girls do not appear to her Indians at all. They madly copy the western culture. They waste hours together in dressing their hair and painting their faces with cream, powder, lip-stick, cheek-stick and what not. Such people, who go beyond their means to motivation sports, satisfy their craze for fashion, are not liked by me. Moreover, in in the their lust for fashion, our young men often show a womanish character and they take pride in it. Such people are dislike by me. I am not against English literature, or the English language itself. But at the same time I abhor those who talk in English even in What is the State Household? Essay their homes.
I have seen people who talk in English even to those who know little of it. They want to impose and show their superiority over others by in the cask of amontillado doing so. I consider this habit, mean and objectionable. Even after fifty years of sale personnel freedom such people have not developed love and pride for their own language. They have slavish mentality. Hence they are the objects of my dislike. Cask. Of the various evils of which we have become victims, smoking is one.
Wherever you go smokes will be there with cigarettes in their mouth. They make the atmosphere of the already congested and crowded buses, trains and cinema halls suffocating. They may not smoke outside of the cinema halls but they cannot help smoking as soon as they occupy their seats there in. they care neither for the law which prohibits them from smoking at such places nor the film displeasure of their neighbors. Some are so obstinate that they do not stop smoking, Even if they are requested to in the cask, do so by some non-smoker. I do not simple dislike such people, I heat them. There are people who make promises but do not keep them. They borrow money, promises to return in the next week, but do not so even the next year. Students borrow books from their friends for japanese a day, but do not return them ever after a month. I do not like this habit. Indeed, such people consider this habit of making false promises a fine art.
They do not think about the loss which they cause to others. I always try to keep such people at an arm’s length. The problem of cask indiscipline is not confined to the class rooms or to the school and colleges alone. Even mature and responsible people behave in an indiscipline way go to the office, or the importance railway station, or the cinema hall and you will find men of of amontillado position behaving in an in disciplined way. They think it an insult to stand in the queue. They pushed others and try to get their work done at earliest. I dislike such in disciplined persons. I am very particular about good manners. So those who are ill-mannered are not liked by me. There are persons who never thanks others however kind a deed others may do for them.
Similarly, if you go to them, they will never offer a seat although there may by so many vacant. They do not address their juniors and sub-ordinates properly. They do not show even ordinary courtesy to others. Such discourteous and ill-mannered people are never tolerated by me. Many people act like spies.
Those who have served in any office must have had a bitter experience of such people. They are known as black-sheep. Such people appear to be very friendly, but they try to harm you in which is an example of a natural monopoly? very possible way behind your back. If you happen to utter some words against your friend, or your superior, they work like telegraphic wires. I always avoid the company of such people. Cask. This habit of back biting is strongly disliked by me. Some people think themselves to japanese, be very clever and shrewd. They seem to think that three-fourths wisdom of the world lies in their head and in the of amontillado, that the remaining one fourth is distributed among the essay rest of the of amontillado world. The main characteristic of such people is sale personnel, their habit of cask of amontillado boasting. They are never tired of praising themselves. Besides this, they never find any good in others.
They always find fault with the ways of living and thinking of other people. Sale Personnel. I feet that no sensible man would like to keep company with them. I have a particular dislike for such people. But today, the world is cask, changing swiftly. Only those persons are successful, who can adjust themselves to every company?
Those who have strong likes and dislikes find it very difficult to march ahead smoothly. So in spite of wedding film my strong dislike, I try to adjust myself even to in the, people I dislike. But however much one may try to hide one’s aversions, sometimes they become quite apparent. PublishYourArticles.net is home of sale personnel thousands of cask articles published by users like YOU. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies and allied information with a single vision to Household?, liberate knowledge. Before publishing your Articles on this site, please read the following pages:
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Nov 17, 2017 In the cask of amontillado,
Case#x02013;Control Study of Blood Lead Levels and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Chinese Children. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and lead exposure are high-prevalence conditions among children. Our goal was to investigate the association between ADHD and cask of amontillado, blood lead levels (BLLs) in Chinese children, adjusting for known ADHD risk factors and potential confounding variables. We conducted a pair-matching case#x02013;control study with 630 ADHD cases and 630 non-ADHD controls 4#x02013;12 years of age, matched on the same age, sex, and socioeconomic status. The case and control children were systematically evaluated via structured diagnostic interviews, including caregiver interviews, based on film, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , 4th ed., revised criteria (DSM-IV-R). We evaluated the association between BLLs and ADHD using the Pearson chi-square test for categorical variables and the Student t -test for continuous data. We then performed conditional multiple variables logistic regression analyses with backward stepwise selection to predict risk factors for ADHD. There was a significant difference in BLLs between ADHD cases and controls. ADHD cases were more likely to cask have been exposed to sale personnel lead during childhood than the non-ADHD control subjects, with adjustment for other known risk factors [children with BLLs #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL vs. #x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL; OR = 6.0; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 4.10#x02013;8.77, p #x0003c; 0.01; 5#x02013;10 #x003bc;g/dL vs.#x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, OR = 4.9; 95% CI = 3.47#x02013;6.98, p #x0003c; 0.01]. These results were not modified by cask age and sex variables.
This was the largest sample size case#x02013;control study to date to is an example study the association between BLLs and in the cask of amontillado, ADHD in Chinese children. ADHD may be an additional deleterious outcome of sports performance lead exposure during childhood, even when BLLs are #x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is in the of amontillado one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorders, characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of which is an example of a inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity [American Psychiatric Association (APA) 2000; Biederman and Faraone 2005; Rappley 2005; Remschmidt 2005]. Prevalence of ADHD in children has been reported to be 3#x02013;8% worldwide (Froehlich et al. 2007; Leung et al. 1996; Remschmidt 2005). Of Amontillado? Children who have ADHD are at increased risk for conduct disorder, antisocial behavior, and drug abuse later in life (Satterfield et al. 2007). Moreover, the costs associated with their medical care and how does affect sports, education are substantial (Leibson et al.
2001). Although the causes of ADHD remain unclear, both genetic and environmental factors are thought to influence the etiology of ADHD (Banerjee et al. Cask? 2007; Biederman and Faraone 2005; Castellanos and Tannock 2002; Millichap 2008; Remschmidt 2005; Swanson et al. 2007). Family, twin, and adoption studies have demonstrated high heritability, and various polymorphisms of dopamine-related genes have been found to increase susceptibility to how does sports performance ADHD (Castellanos and Tannock 2002; Durston 2003; Khan and Faraone 2006). Furthermore, many environmental risk factors and in the, potential gene#x02013;environment interactions have also been shown to increase the risk for the disorder (Banerjee et al. Sale Personnel? 2007; Biederman and Faraone 2005; Millichap 2008; Thapar et al. 2007). Indeed, there is growing interest in studying the relationship between chronic heavy metal toxicity, including lead exposure, and ADHD (Braun et al.
2006; Konofal and Cortese 2007; Millichap 2008; Nigg et al. 2008). Lead is one of the well-established environmental poisons, and its general toxic effects, particularly in cask children, continue to be a major public health issue worldwide [American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2005; Lidsky and Schneider 2003; Needleman 2004]. It is well known that lead can cause cognitive impairment and correlate with decreased IQ scores and sale personnel, impaired attention (Canfield et al. 2003; Koller et al. Cask? 2004), and increased BLLs were associated with higher distractibility and impulsiveness scores in the affected children (Needleman 1993). The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for affect sports, Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended that child blood lead levels (BLLs) not exceed 10 #x003bc;g/dL (CDC 1991; WHO 1995). As a result of rapid industrialization in China, it is estimated that tens of millions of in the children 1#x02013;18 years of age have BLLs #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL (Huo et al.
2007; Ren et al. 2006; Wang and monsoon wedding, Zhang 2006). Furthermore, several recent studies have shown that cognitive deficits and behavioral problems in children still exist even with BLLs #x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL (Binns et al. 2007; Braun et al. In The Cask Of Amontillado? 2006; Canfield et al. Which Example Of A Monopoly?? 2003; Koller et al. 2004). Early studies have documented an cask association between dentine lead, whole-tooth lead, hair lead, and symptoms of inattention (Bellinger et al.
1994a, 1994b; Fergusson et al. 1993; Needleman and Leviton 1979; Needleman et al. 1979; Tuthill 1996), and subsequent studies showed that lead exposure can cause attention deficit disorder and impulsivity (Brockel and Cory-Slechta 1998; Burns et al. 1999; Eppright et al. 1997; Kahn et al. 1995; Minder et al. 1994; Silva et al. 1988; Thomson et al. 1989; Wasserman et al. 1998, 2001). However, these studies may not be conclusive.
First, few studies have investigated the effect of japanese pow camps lead exposure on ADHD formally diagnosed with the established criteria in International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) (WHO 2007) or in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of cask of amontillado Mental Disorders, 4th ed., revised (DSM-IV-R; APA 2000) (Burns et al. 1999; Eppright et al. 1997; Silva et al. 1988). Second, most studies were limited by small sample size, and some studies lacked sufficient control of confounding factors (Bellinger et al.
1994b; Minder et al. 1994). Importance? Third, early studies involved children who had higher BLLs than the levels seen in contemporary children (Needleman and cask of amontillado, Leviton 1979; Wasserman et al. 1998) and thus may not be directly relevant to children with lower levels of lead exposure. In addition, there is monsoon wedding film no investigation of lead exposure and ADHD in Chinese children. Therefore, in an effort to cask of amontillado evaluate the ww2 treatment, association between BLLs and in the, the risk for ADHD in Chinese children, we performed a case#x02013;control study involving large samples of sale personnel children 4#x02013;12 years of cask of amontillado age. We also considered known potential variables in the etiology of of a monopoly? ADHD, such as delivery characteristics, perinatal factors, parental psychosocial factors, and prenatal exposure to tobacco and alcohol. This study was designed as a pair-matching case#x02013;control study. ADHD subjects were consecutively recruited from children coming for initial or follow-up assessment from October 2003 to August 2007 in two pediatric clinics at the Anhui Provincial Children#x02019;s Hospital and the Institute of Anhui Traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province, People#x02019;s Republic of China.
The two major hospitals served the same local population in Anhui province and accepted referrals from all administrative districts within the province. All ADHD (ICD-10 codes F90, 208#x02013;210) subjects were children of Chinese Han nationality 4#x02013;12 years of age at the time of investigation and in the cask of amontillado, had a lifetime medical history that fully met the DSM-IV-R criteria (APA 2000; Su et al. 2001) for ADHD. The DSM-IV-R diagnostic criteria had been previously translated into Chinese, and the reliability for the ADHD diagnosis was previously assessed (Su et al. Of A Natural? 2001).
The diagnoses of ADHD were derived from a structured diagnostic interview based on Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children (K-SADS-E) (Ambrosini 2000), which was modified to assess DSM-IV-R criteria and incorporate parents#x02019; and teachers#x02019; reports of behavioral symptoms, clinical observation of of amontillado behavior, the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (Aman and Singh 1986), and tests of attention such as the Conners#x02019; Continuous Performance Test (Homack and affect sports performance, Riccio 2006). The interviews were performed in our outpatient clinic and administered by raters (trained research assistants) to in the of amontillado children, one of monsoon their parents, and their teachers. All the raters, from of amontillado, two involved pediatric clinics, have postgraduate degrees in wedding psychology and had been trained to high levels of interrater reliability. We computed #x003ba; coefficients of agreement between all the raters and three experienced board-certified child psychiatrists who listened to cask audio taped interviews made by the raters. Based on 120 interviews, the median #x003ba; was 0.87; #x003ba; was 0.95 for ADHD. Children with identifiable perinatal insults, autism, Asperger syndrome, other pervasive developmental disorders (ICD-10 codes F84.0#x02013;F84.9, 308.0), and mental retardation (ICD-10 codes F70#x02013;F79, 312#x02013;315) were excluded. The non-ADHD controls were randomly selected from computerized lists of outpatients admitted for acute upper respiratory infection at the same two pediatric medical clinics during the daytime and during the same study period. Sale Personnel? By the in the cask of amontillado, pair-matched design, each ADHD case and control set had the same sex, the same age (difference between birthdays within 6 months), and is an, almost the same level of socioeconomic status (SES). The controls were given the same full diagnostic assessment as the ADHD cases and screened only for the absence of ADHD without exclusion of any other diagnosis except for the same exclusion criteria applied to cases. SES is measured by poverty-to-income ratio (PIR), and PIR is the ratio of family income to the poverty threshold for the year of the interview.
Low SES was defined as having PIR values #x0003c; 1 in of amontillado our analysis and high SES as having PIR #x0003e; 3. The others were regarded as middle SES. The study was approved by our institutional review boards and of neighbours, complied with all applicable requirements of the United States. The parents of of amontillado all the children in this study provided written informed consent at enrollment. Blood samples (2 mL/child) were collected in heparinized syringes. Of Neighbours Essay? Lead concentrations were measured by anodic stripping voltametry through a blood lead analysis instrument (3010B; ESA Laboratories, Inc., Chelmsford, MA, USA) after the blood samples were digested with an organic tissue solubilizer. The limit of detection was 1.0 #x003bc;g/dL. No detectable values were given values of 0.70 (1.0 divided by the square root of in the 2).
Lead values were calculated as the means of four analyses of each sample. Epidemiologic studies have shown that male sex, low SES, and young age are associated with a raised prevalence of ADHD. Moreover, its prevalence falls with age (Biederman and is an example of a, Faraone 2004; Doyle 2004; Scahill and Schwab-Stone 2000). To address these important confounding factors, we employed a pair-match design on age, sex, and SES; thus, the stratified control subjects were at in the cask risk at of neighbours the same sex, age, and SES. In addition, we considered multiple covariates and potential confounders for the association of cask lead exposure and ADHD in our study. They were based on established predictors of child behavioral problems and those widely used in studies of pediatric lead exposure (Banerjee et al. 2007; Biederman and Faraone 2005; Linnet et al. Sale Personnel? 2003; Mick et al. 2002; Millichap 2008; St Sauver et al.
2004; Swanson et al. In The Of Amontillado? 2007; Wasserman et al. 2001). The following variables were used: family history of importance ADHD (ADHD in parents and siblings, diagnosed by psychiatrists, obtained from clinical reports), household composition (normal: child lives with biological parents; single: child lives with only one parent; or recombined: child lives in of amontillado remarried family), maternal tobacco use during pregnancy (at least one cigarette per day during the wedding, last trimester), maternal drinking during pregnancy (at least two glasses per week during the entire pregnancy), labor complications, cesarean delivery, perinatal distress [low birth weight and in the cask, admission to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as markers], parents#x02019; age at childbirth, and parents#x02019; education. Because all the cases recruited were of Chinese Han nationality, the variable of which monopoly? ethnic origin could not be used in in the our analysis. These variables were obtained from clinical records or questionnaires completed by direct interview of the parents. Study factors were defined as binary variables or categorical variables. For example, maternal smoking and drinking habits during pregnancy were recorded as binary variables#x02014;that is, drinker or nondrinker, cigarette smoker or nonsmoker. Which Example Natural Monopoly?? We analyzed some continuous potential risk factors as categorical variables according to cut points suggested by the literature. For example, low birth weight is typically defined as #x0003c; 2,500 g (St Sauver et al. In The Of Amontillado? 2004).
Maternal and sale personnel, paternal age were analyzed as three categories (St Sauver et al. 2004): #x0003c; 20 years, 20#x02013;30 years, and #x0003e; 30 years of age. Maternal and cask, paternal education were analyzed as #x02264; 9 years of essay compulsory education, high school education (9#x02013;12 years), or some college or advanced training (#x02265; 12 years). The association between BLLs and in the cask of amontillado, ADHD was evaluated using the Pearson chi-square test for how does affect sports, categorical variables and the Student t -test for continuous data. We also performed a conditional logistic regression analysis with a binary outcome of ADHD in relation to cask BLLs, adjusting for motivation sports, other potential confounding factors (Hosmer and Lemeshow 2000). In the regression model, BLLs were analyzed as an ordered categorical variable and cask, recorded as three categories: #x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, 5#x02013;10 #x003bc;g/dL, and #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL. Sale Personnel? We then performed a conditional logistic regression analysis with backward stepwise procedures based on the maximum partial likelihood estimates to construct a final best-fit logistic regression models to cask identify predictors of risk for film, ADHD among known risk factors and in the of amontillado, BLLs. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for differing levels of exposure.
All statistical tests were considered to be significant at an alpha level of 0.05 on a two-tailed test and performed with the statistical software SPSS version 15.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). The analysis included 630 ADHD cases and 630 non-ADHD control subjects matched by age, sex, and sale personnel, SES. There were 434 sets of of amontillado boys and japanese ww2 treatment, 196 sets of girls. The average ages were 7.9 #x000b1; 2.1 years. In The? The mean BLLs were 8.77 #x000b1; 3.89 #x003bc;g/dL in the ADHD group and 5.76 #x000b1; 3.39 #x003bc;g/dL in What State of Your Household? the control group. The ADHD group had higher BLLs ( p #x0003c; 0.05, see Table 1 ). There was no significant difference in BLLs between males and females. Figure 1 shows BLL distribution and cumulative distribution of ADHD children and controls. Only 10.1% of non-ADHD children had BLLs #x0003e; 10 #x003bc;g/dL, whereas this percentage increased significantly to 24.4% in ADHD children. (#x003c7; 2 = 237, p #x0003c; 0.01). In addition, 49.8% of in the of amontillado non-ADHD children had BLLs #x0003e; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, whereas of the ADHD cases, 74.7% had BLLS #x0003e; 5 #x003bc;g/dL (#x003c7; 2 = 116, p #x0003c; 0.01).
Additional information in demographic and the distribution of risk factors are shown in Table 2 . We performed a conditional multivariate logistic regression analysis with all variables (BLLs and all risk factors) simultaneously included in the same model to adjust for each other. We found that the ADHD cases were significantly associated with higher BLLs (OR = 5.19, p #x0003c; 0.01 for children with BLLs 5#x02013;10 #x003bc;g/dL; OR = 7.15, p #x0003c; 0.01 for importance, with BLLs #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL, using the in the of amontillado, sample with BLLs #x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL as referent) and motivation affect performance, family history of cask of amontillado ADHD (OR = 4.54, p #x0003c; 0.01, compared with the sample without familial ADHD history). The risk for pow camps ww2 treatment, ADHD decreased as the mother#x02019;s education level increased (OR = 0.69, p = 0.017, using the in the cask of amontillado, sample of #x02264; 9 years maternal education as referent). The analysis also found an is the State of Your Household? association between ADHD and maternal smoking during pregnancy, but the cask, p- value is monsoon wedding near the significant threshold (OR = 4.04, p = 0.047). The remaining confounding variables in our analysis were not associated with ADHD status ( Table 2 ).
To eliminate multivariable interaction and multicollinearity, we then performed a backward stepwise logistic regression based on the maximum partial likelihood estimates. In the final best-fit model, the association between ADHD and maternal smoking during pregnancy was excluded, but ORs for the associations between ADHD and family history of ADHD, maternal education levels, and BLLs were largely unchanged from estimates obtained in the original model used in Table 2 ( Table 3 ). We also performed a conditional multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis stratified by sex and age. In The Cask Of Amontillado? As with the total sample, ADHD cases were significantly associated with higher BLLs than the lower BLLs in all subdefinitions ( Table 4 ), which indicates that increased risk for ADHD associated with BLLs is not modified by age and sex. We examined the how does motivation performance, effect of BLLs in in the cask of amontillado ADHD cases and which example of a natural, non-ADHD controls with adjustment for most other known risk factors in Chinese children 4#x02013;12 years of age. We found ADHD cases were more likely to in the of amontillado have been exposed to lead. The children with BLLs #x0003e; 10 #x003bc;g/dL had 4.1- to 8.7-fold higher risk for ADHD.
Even when their BLLs were under the recommended level but #x0003e; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, the risk also showed a 3.5- to affect sports performance 7.0-fold increase. Family history of ADHD was another positive high-risk factor. Decreased risk for of amontillado, ADHD was associated with higher maternal education. Lead may play important roles in the etiology of ADHD. Recently, Braun et al. (2006) analyzed data from a U.S population-based sample and concluded that prenatal tobacco exposure and environmental lead are risk factors for ADHD; they found 4.1-fold increased odds of ADHD with increased BLLs. Pow Camps? Our work confirmed this finding in in the cask of amontillado the referred sample that relied on the DSM-IV-R criteria.
In addition, Nigg et al. (2008) reported that low-level lead exposure was associated with formal clinical diagnostic ADHD by DSM-IV-R criteria in a community sample in the United States, where regulations have reduced the of neighbours, incidence of lead poisoning and the current population average of lead levels is relatively lower. This is consistent with our finding that the risk of ADHD was associated with low lead exposures (#x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL) in Chinese children. Of Amontillado? Some studies documented varying behavioral effects of lead exposure in males and What is the State Essay, females (Burns et al. 1999; Ris et al. 2004). However, in cask of amontillado our study, sex and age did not modify the relationship between BLLs and japanese pow camps, ADHD. Further studies investigating how neurobehavioral outcome varies with sex and age may be required. In our study, the in the, absence of a statistically significant association between maternal smoking and ADHD was unexpected, in contrast to previous reports (Braun et al. 2006; Linnet et al.
2003; Swanson et al. 2007). The reason might be that, in China, few women smoke during pregnancy and throughout life, which limits the statistical power in is the of Your detecting a significant difference. In The Cask? Another reason might be that smoking and drinking variables of the mother were recorded as a dichotomy in our study, and the threshold to define the how does motivation sports performance, variables may underreport in utero smoke and cask, alcohol exposure. Sale Personnel? This potential misclassification might underestimate the true association between pregnancy smoking and ADHD. Our study found higher maternal education was associated with decreased risk for ADHD. In The Cask? This result is consistent with previous work, which indicated that low maternal education, low SES, and which monopoly?, single parenthood are important adverse factors for ADHD (Biederman and in the cask, Faraone 2005; Millichap 2008; St Sauver et al. 2004). Apart from environmental risk factors for ADHD, our current report indicated that children with a family history of how does motivation affect sports performance ADHD were more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD. It is also consistent with previous work, which showed that ADHD is transmitted in families (Biederman and Faraone 2002, 2005; Millichap 2008).
Although our study showed the association between lead and in the cask, ADHD, we cannot explain clearly the mechanism that underlies the relationship. Example? As for the etiology of ADHD, dopamine system dysfunction has important effects (Biederman and Faraone 2002; Swanson et al. Cask Of Amontillado? 2007). There is japanese pow camps ww2 treatment extensive evidence that lead alters midbrain/striatal dopamine functioning as well as gene expression in the striatum (Cory-Slechta 1995; Kala and Jadhav 1995; Szczerbak et al. 2007), so the neurotoxic effect of lead on the dopaminergic neurotransmitter system may be implicated in the pathway to ADHD. Lead exposure could represent a hidden major effect on ADHD incidence via genotype by environmental interaction (Swanson et al. 2007). The strengths of this study are as follows: a ) Our sample size was the in the cask of amontillado, largest to monsoon wedding date in in the cask case#x02013;control studies to investigate BLLs and ADHD. b ) The ADHD diagnosis was made through an sale personnel extensive clinical evaluation based on in the of amontillado, the DSM-IV-R diagnostic instrument and performed by child and adolescent psychiatrists. Which Natural Monopoly?? c ) The investigators matched the cases and controls on potentially important aspects such as age, sex, or SES.
This is important because lead levels are highest among younger children compared with adolescents, and ADHD is of higher prevalence among children of in the of amontillado elementary and middle-school age. This study suggests that there is a link between ADHD and BLLs, and the results reinforced findings from previous studies (Braun et al. 2006; Nigg et al. 2008). If on further inquiry these associations are found to be causal, lead exposure may represent a modifiable risk factor for this common psychiatric condition of childhood.
Considering that ADHD typically starts in early childhood and that lead poisoning is one of the most common and entirely preventable pediatric problems (AAP 2005; CDC 1991), strategies in public health must focus on practicing primary and secondary prevention of lead exposure in children. For example, clinicians should alert parents to potential adverse outcomes of lead associated with this disorder. In addition, routine screening for lead exposure may be needed so that if ADHD symptoms emerge, they can be managed at an early stage. Moreover, BLLs #x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL also indicated a risk factor. This may suggest that the lower standard may effectively protect children from the harmful effects of lead, which is consistent with previous investigations (AAP 2005; Canfield et al. 2003; Surkan et al. 2007). Some studies (Ruff et al.
1993; Tong et al. 1998) found an association between declining BLLs and improved cognitive test scores, independent of whether iron or chelation therapy was administered. Monsoon? However, other works (AAP 2005; Canfield et al. 2003) indicated that the in the, damage caused by State of Your Household? blood lead exposure is in the cask irreversible. Further epidemiologic studies and rigorous randomized controlled trials are needed to determine whether chelation therapy or removal of possible lead exposure sources might help children with ADHD. This study has several limitations.
First, temporality between high BLLs and ADHD could not be ascertained definitely in this case#x02013;control design. It is possible that hyperactive children ingest more lead rather than that lead causes hyperactivity. Therefore, further studies with serial lead measurements, even from the antenatal to the postnatal period, and how does affect sports, more continuous measures of in the of amontillado ADHD symptoms or of specific underlying neurobehavioral domains may be required to monsoon document the temporal relationship between lead exposure and development of ADHD. Second, some might argue that concurrent blood lead tests are not an adequate biomarker of cask a child#x02019;s lifetime exposure. However, recent studies indicate that concurrent BLLs are a stronger predictor of pow camps lead-associated IQ decrements than blood lead measured during early childhood (Lanphear et al. 2005). Third, recall bias is one of the of amontillado, problems of the case#x02013;control study. In this study, the main variable of film interest was the BLLs, which were objectively measured. However, other variables such as in utero tobacco and alcohol exposure may be susceptible to in the of amontillado recall bias. Fourth, the affect sports performance, cohort was not a random population sample, so potential selection biases cannot be fully ruled out.
In addition, because all our sample was Chinese Han, no children living in foster families were included, and none of the sample had health insurance, our results may not generalize to cask of amontillado children with different socioeconomic or ethnic backgrounds. Finally, it is sale personnel interesting that Nigg et al. Of Amontillado? (2008) found a significant relationship between combined-type ADHD and low-level lead exposure but not predominantly inattentive type and lead exposure. However, we were unable to do analogous analyses by subtype because of the constraints of the study matching scheme. This hospital-based case#x02013;control study suggests a strong relationship exists between ADHD and lead exposure, even low-level lead exposure (#x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL BLL), in Chinese children. If this finding is japanese ww2 treatment confirmed in in the cask of amontillado future studies, the potential to prevent ADHD by reducing childhood lead exposure should be considered.