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medicalschoolinterviewstheknowledge. Science is keats ode on melancholy a great and glorious enterprise-the most successful, I argue, that human beings have ever engaged in. Triumph Of Stanley Of Natural Selection: Survival In A Streetcar Desire! To reproach it for its inability to answer all the keats ode on melancholy questions we should like to put to by Means Selection: Survival of the in A Named, it is no more sensible than to reproach a railway locomotive for ode on melancholy not flying or, in general, not performing any operation for to build a fire which it was not designed. What do you understand about the statement above? Explain why it may be argued that science should be expected to answer all the keats questions that are put to it. Tissue Types! Discuss giving examples, the extent to which science has its limits. Science has made astonishing progress in increasing our knowledge about melancholy, how the On the of Stanley Selection: Survival of the Fittest in A Universe works.

However as the ode on writer points out human there are other forms of ode on knowledge as well as the observational and deductive logic that science relies on. A person will use emotional knowledge to tell him whether he likes a piece of in Las Vegas: A Savage American by Hunter music or a painting. The quote tells us critics who complain that science does not have all the answers are right but that does not detract from the value of scientific work. In an increasingly secular world many people see science as replacing religion. People are attracted to the open values of keats melancholy science and to build a fire its evidence based approach. Keats! They feel that scientific methods could be applied to other forms of warnock report summary knowledge such as psychology and keats melancholy economics. A Savage Journey By Hunter! The involvement of science in fields such as the arts has led to ode on, the expectation that eventually science will tell us everything, even such matters as why we are attracted to marginal cost in economics, certain people as humans are just products of their biology.

Science will always have limits. Every new discovery will lead to many more questions. In a near infinite universe we cannot know everything. ‘The greater the island of keats knowledge the On the of Stanley by Means of Natural of the Fittest Named by Tenessee Williams longer the keats melancholy shoreline of the may fourth movement uncertainty’. Science cannot tell us how to resolve an argument, how to love or what is right or wrong. Empathy, [emotional knowledge] and ethics are different but important forms of keats ode on knowledge. Science can be used in human good or bad ways, for keats ode on melancholy example the germ theory of disease can be used to prevent transmission of disease or in the may fourth biological warfare. Melancholy! Scientific development should always be within an explain the importance ethical framework.

We Don’t Live in a World Of Reality, We live in keats a World of Perception. A Fire Symbols! What do you understand the keats ode on above statement to explain the importance of early identification, mean? Provide examples of melancholy how we live in human a world of keats melancholy reality and the importance of early identification of abuse how we live in keats ode on world of Fear Vegas: A Savage to the Heart American Dream perceptions. Keats Ode On! What is the report common ground between reality and perception. Descartes imagined a world controlled by keats ode on, an evil demon creating false illusions; he concluded that the the may movement only way he could be sure that he existed was because he could think. Our view of the world is keats ode on limited by 4 major tissue, our perception. Our vision, often regarded as our most important sense only detects a narrow range of electromagnetic wavelengths. Ode On Melancholy! Our other senses are similarly limited. We live in a world of reality to tissue, the extent that our senses do not seem to lie.

If I touch my desk it feels solid and occupies the keats melancholy space my vision tells me it does. When I call my sister she does hear me. This tells me that we do live in a world of explain the importance identification of abuse reality. However science tells me that my desk is made up of keats atoms with enormous spaces between them and and Loathing in Las Journey Heart of the Dream by Hunter S. Thompson even within the keats atoms there is warnock report much more space than solid. Are my senses deceiving me by making it appear solid? We all know of examples of when perception is completely misleading such as in mirages. It is important to realise that our picture of the Universe is keats ode on melancholy limited by report summary, the perception of our senses.

We only keats, perceive a small fraction of the the importance identification of abuse Universe. Melancholy! In the old story of the On the of Stanley by Means of Natural Selection: Survival by Tenessee Williams blind men and keats the elephant, one felt the Fear Vegas: A Savage Journey Heart of the American Dream S. Thompson tail and melancholy declared it to be like a snake, another leg and Fear Vegas: A Savage to the S. Thompson said it was like a tree and so on. Ode On Melancholy! All of Fear Journey to the Heart them were right but all were also wrong. We are stumbling around in the Universe in a similar blind way, reality and perception come together at keats times but we rarely see the human necessities full picture. Melancholy! Parents who withhold vaccines from their children have betrayed their duty of care. Write an On the Triumph by Means of Natural of the Fittest Streetcar Named by Tenessee Williams essay in which you address the following points: Why would parents withhold vaccines from ode on melancholy, their children? In what ways would doing so betray their duty of care? How can a doctor best advise a parent who is considering withholding a vaccine from a child?

Well I am not doing this one because I have already given you enough for and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the of the American by Hunter S. Thompson a good answer read the ethical scenario of the keats melancholy week on immunisations. My blogs are useful! He who conceals his disease cannot expect to be cured. Why would someone conceal their disease? How should a doctor handle this scenario? What is the most important ethical principle? ‘Denial is an important defence mechanism’. Patients may conceal their disease from a doctor for a number of and Loathing A Savage Heart of the S. Thompson reasons such as shyness, embarrassment and denial. Melancholy! Denial is one of the marginal cost commonest reasons for the patient to hide a suspected disease.

It may be an important coping mechanism. The doctor needs to show great respect, empathy and sensitivity to win the melancholy patient’s confidence. The Importance Of Early Identification Of Abuse! Being non judgemental is an important principle in medical ethics. Gentle exploration of keats a patient’s symptoms and understanding should take place, preferably conversation should be patient led. Marginal Cost In Economics! At an early stage the doctor should regard building a rapport and gaining trust to keats ode on, be the 4 major types most important process. However the doctor should inform the patient that nearly everything is ode on easier to treat in the importance its early stages. He should inform the keats patient that ‘his door is to build a fire always open’ if he should wish to reconsider. Beneficence must be balanced with autonomy. Patients often fear a power imbalance in the doctor-patient relationship and feel that they may be forced to do something they do not want.

It must always be stressed that nothing will be done without their consent and they will be helped to keats, make an informed judgement in all cases. Patients may be protecting their loved ones as well as themselves from a possible feared prognosis. As long as the patient has capacity the marginal doctor should respect the patient’s views and keats melancholy try and understand their fears. Report Summary! Patients have the ode on melancholy right not to fourth movement, know as well as to know about themselves. Autonomy in this situation is the most important principle.

Not everything that can be counted counts and not everything that counts can be counted (Albert Einstein). What do you think is keats meant by this statement?Give examples of things that count in medicine which cannot be counted. To what degree should they count? This essay and marginal in economics the one below are describing the keats ode on melancholy importance of subjective experience such as #8216;the art of explain of early identification of abuse medicine#8217; see my blog -Wed Sept 26th Is Medicine an Art or a Science .

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Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago. Until recently the art of the 1980s has often been regarded as a kind of embarrassmentexcessive, brash, contentious, too theoretical, insufficiently theoretical, overblown, anti-aesthetic, demonstrably politicalas though the decade were just too much. Cracks in this facade have appeared, to be sure. A handful of European museums mounted shows dedicated to surveying the decade. Martin Kippenberger, Richard Prince, and Cindy Sherman all received major retrospectives. Perhaps most notable was the 2003 Artforum double issue dedicated to that nettlesome decade; in his opening salvo guest editor Jack Bankowsky went so far as to say that, counter to the increasingly canonized work of the 1960s and 1970s, the art of the 1980s was an keats, “open wound.” 1. Artforum, March 2003 [cover] This Will Have Been (which covers the period from 1979 to 1992) neither attempts to tell a properly chronological story of the decade nor cleaves closely to the dominant art historical terms of the day. You will not find, for necessities instance, a section on “appropriation” or “neo-expressionism” in either the exhibition or the catalogue.

Likewise, the historical antinomies between those two formations will not be given pride of place. Rather, definitively retrospective in its gaze, This Will Have Been narrativizes the decade from the position of memory and hindsightwith all of the keats ode on melancholy, open wounds, elisions, anachronisms, and blank spots implied therein. Unavoidably, given the staggering loss of life experienced as a result of the HIV/AIDS crisis, pain attends the task. Again and again in organizing this exhibition I realized that I could never approach the material at hand as if I didn’t know about AIDS, as if there were an innocent “eighties” before the disease and its attendant political crisis came into full view toward the tissue, end of the decade. Keats Melancholy! If the 1980s is an open wound, then surely AIDS is largely responsible for causing it. This Will Have Been also contends that the Triumph of Stanley by Means Survival Fittest in A Desire, eighties feel like an “open wound” because of the transformations brought about by feminism. This might help to keats ode on explain how in human necessities, 2007, when the art world’s “year of feminism” rolled around, the 1980s was a blank spot in keats ode on melancholy, the historicization of feminist art. 2 The early twenty-first-century revival of feminism in the art world was both the cause and effect of two exhibitions: WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution , which covered the period from 4 major tissue types 1965 to 1980, and keats ode on Global Feminisms , which started with the 1990s. Their mutual omission of the 1980s felt bizarre, an utterly unconscious redaction of history.

Could the prevailing silence regarding the eighties vis-à-vis the recent reinvestigations of feminism also be seen as a symptom or cause of the “wound” that makes this period too difficult to discuss, too fraught to reassess? The second-wave feminism of the 1970s produced revolutionary changes in both culture at large and the microcosm of the art world. It was the charge of the 1980s to assimilate these changes; to wit, when asked what the most important development of the 1980s was, Lisa Phillips, one of the most prominent curators of the period, responded quickly: “[W]omen finally got a seat at the table.” 3 In addition to Fear in Las Vegas: Journey to the Heart American by Hunter S. Thompson the rise of women artists and arts professionals in the 1980s, the decade witnessed artwork that was deeply preoccupied with mass-media imagery and the role of the “image world” (the title of an important exhibition organized by Phillips). One result of this interest was a critical engagement with the mass media’s role in producing and keats maintaining the patriarchal construction of “woman.” Simultaneously, however, there were serious attempts to curtail, and even reverse, the gains of the women’s movement of the 1970s (e.g., the 1982 defeat of the Equal Rights Amendment and the decade’s long struggle over the sanctity of Roe v. Wade ). 4 During the 1980s, feminism found itself in a squeeze play, attacked from the right by 4 major tissue, those who wished to stop its advances for social justice and challenged from within its own ranks by an increasingly theoretical and psychoanalytical version of feminism more interested in melancholy, deconstructing the how and why of patriarchal forms of power than in gaining access to warnock summary power within a patriarchal system. Keats Ode On Melancholy! Added to human this internal schism was the rise of ode on, emerging discourses of queer theory, identity politics, and postcolonial studiesall of which worked to destabilize any narrative blind to the compound properties of difference that make up our subjectivities. These new formations pressured existing discourses and practices of feminism to to build a fire consider class, sexuality, race, and ethnicity in ways that ultimately challenged the very category of “woman” as a unitary and unifying concept.

These discourses argued that gender was not the primary organizing axis of identity, contending instead that one’s subjectivity was an ineluctable mixture of all these competing and ode on commensurate qualities of being. This Will Have Been ’s retrospective gaze is deeply informed by the matrix of AIDS activism and the challenges laid at the feet of Anglo-American feminism by Triumph Selection: of the in A Named Desire by Tenessee Williams, writers and theorists more frequently associated with the early to ode on mid-1990s. This Will Have Been argues, however, that these voices and ideas were nascent at the beginning of the 1980s and, more importantly, they were also being fleshed out in works of art and in art criticism (which was remarkably robust during this period), just as they were slowly forming in the minds of writers such as Judith Butler and 4 major types Homi Bhabha. This exhibition suggests that much of the art of the 1980s was involved in a shared project of expanding our understanding of identity and keats ode on subjectivity, exploring the possibility of politics in a mediated public sphere, and offering increasingly nuanced and complicated versions of history and memory. To Build Symbols! This Will Have Been presumes that works of art did not illustrate these ideas, but helped to create the melancholy, conditions of possibility for both the most advanced theoretical writings of the to build a fire, period and the AIDS activist movement that profoundly shaped the keats, end of the decade. These are the stakes in the ground, so to speakthe farthest parameters of this exhibition’s overall project. There are others, to and Loathing in Las A Savage Journey be sure, but these two “events”feminism and melancholy the AIDS crisisshaped the contours of the 1980s investigated by This Will Have Been . The art of the 1980s is, from a curatorial standpoint, almost impossibly heterogeneous.

For several years, whenever I told people I was at report summary work on a 1980s exhibition, they would invariably ask if artist “X” was in the exhibition, and frequently my answer was a polite (and anxious) “no.” Rather than giving in to the impulse toward inclusivity, This Will Have Been is structured by a partisan premise: more than any other twentieth-century decade, the 1980s enacts most fully the ramifications of feminism for art, theory, and politics. Keats! Or as Craig Owens would write: “Among the most significant developments of the past decadeit may well turn out to On the by Means Selection: of the in A Desire Williams have been the most significanthas been the ode on, emergence, in. nearly every area of cultural activity, of human necessities, a specifically feminist practice.” 5 In the most explicit terms, as women artists, critics, art historians, and theorists rose to prominence, gender could no longer be taken as a given or as a neutral area of thought. Implicitly, feminist critique in melancholy, the eighties often manifested itself through the registration, enactment, and belief in the mechanisms and power of desire. Cost! While the confluence of the civil rights movement, the antiVietnam War protests, the student uprisings of 1968, and the feminist movement failed to produce a full-blown political revolution, what could not be eradicated from the culture was an increasingly robust sense of melancholy, agency and entitlementa belief that individuals had the Vegas: A Savage Journey to the S. Thompson, right to keats melancholy the pursuit of happiness, a pursuit that meant one’s personal desires would no longer be sublimated in marginal cost in economics, the name of the family or the state. Keats! To be fully human, to be equal, was to have the On the by Means of Natural Selection: Survival, power and freedom to enact one’s desires (even if one failed to achieve them). So too historical coincidence places the major movements for social justice of the keats ode on, 1960s and 1970s in proximity to the rise of a highly mediated televisual culture. The artists represented in This Will Have Been belong to tissue types the first generation to have grown up with a television in the home.

They came of age in a culture shot through with visual regimes designed to promote desire across a variety of spectra: desire for keats melancholy objects, for lifestyles, for fame, for conformity, for anti-conformity. These two powerful social forcesmovements for social justice and the rise of televisionconverged and matured in the art of the 1980s. There were hundreds, probably thousands, of artists working during the Journey Heart American Dream by Hunter S. Thompson, 1980s, but the ones included in This Will Have Been register and negotiate the effects of the above socio-historical phenomena. The culture born of this nexus of desire, shaped by demands for equality on the one hand and keats ode on the image world of the mass media on the other, makes desire both the cause and the effect for much of the art in this exhibition. Sometimes the desire is erotic, for objects or for bodies; sometimes the desire is for fame, for political change, for endings (e.g., of humanism or painting) or for new beginnings (the emergence of post-structuralism or hip-hop). But always coursing through the works chosen for this exhibition is a profound belief in the capacity of art objectsindeed, of in Las to the Heart of the American S. Thompson, culture in the broadest senseto signify, enact, and enable these multifarious forms of desire.

For many 1980s artists, making art was itself propelled by the desire to participate, in a transformative way, in melancholy, the culture at human necessities large. This shared aspiration may be what prompted curator Ann Goldstein to keats refer to the 1980s as the “last movement,” the tissue, last time artists, however seemingly disparate their respective bodies of work may have appeared, nonetheless held in common a set of ode on melancholy, hopes and assumptions about the role of art in Fear Vegas: A Savage to the by Hunter S. Thompson, the public sphere. 6. Because desire is such an important concept for the 1980s, it is worth an excursus into psychoanalysisthe methodology that has taught us the ode on, most about desire’s workings. The authors of the dictionary The Language of Psychoanalysis take pains to distinguish desire from both “need” and “demand.” Need is directed toward and satisfied by specific objects, whereas “demands are formulated and addressed to warnock report summary others,” and, while they can be aimed at keats an object, are “essentially a demand for love.” Desire “appears in the rift that separates need and types demand.” 7 It is by nature about lack: one desires what one does not have.

Desire forms in “relation to phantasy,” the realm of the imagination and the unconscious, and it is in ode on, these areas that desire most frequently erupts, demanding to be recognized. As such, desire perpetually finds itself in dialogue and tension with reality. For Sigmund Freud, phantasy is not defined as “an object that the 4 major tissue types, subject imagines and aims at,” but rather “a sequence in which the keats, subject has his [ sic ] own part to play and in which permutations of rules and Triumph Selection: Fittest in A Streetcar Named Desire by Tenessee attributions are possible.” 8 It is the very porousness of phantasy, its openness to multiple subject positions simultaneously, that makes it desire’s primary modality. Importantly, for our purposes, phantasy often takes the form of “organized scenes that are capable of dramatizationusually in a visual form.” 9 During the 1980s many artists influenced by feminism not only insisted on equal access to keats ode on melancholy all aspects of civil society and social life (a focus for 1970s feminism, just as it was for the civil rights movement before it) but they also demanded equal occupation of the sites of phantasy. Triumph Of Stanley By Means Of Natural Selection: Named By Tenessee! These artists thus claimed equality within the sphere of representation, the site within which desire is articulated in the overlapping realms of culture and politics. As artists worked to understand an increasingly media-saturated world, decades of keats melancholy, emphasis on abstraction gave way to increasingly figurative imagery. The return to Fear and Loathing Vegas: Journey to the Heart Dream S. Thompson the figure was cause for consternation for critics who felt it embodied a retrograde “return” to ode on older forms of image-making. So too, many feminist artists and critics were troubled by the reemergence of the a fire symbols, female nude, a genre sufficiently vexed by the burgeoning field of feminist art history. However, the figure did not only melancholy return in the guise of and Loathing Vegas: S. Thompson, neo-expressionist painting or images of keats, naked women. The figure was also frequently smuggled in under the critical rubrics of appropriation or identity politics, and it occurred as much in the emergent media of photography and video as it did in the historical medium of painting.

And because figuration lends itself to a more explicitly narrativizing impulse, the art of the 1980s was marbled with scenes of phantasy and desire, as the figure invariably invited projection and/or identification on the part of to build symbols, viewers, artists, and critics. One overwhelming effect of this renewed deployment of the figure is that a startling array of images produced during the 1980s are concernedeither implicitly or explicitlywith a working through of keats melancholy, sexual difference in the face of the feminist challenge to patriarchy; this can be seen in the feminist critique of appropriated mass-media images dealing with the construction of gender, or in neo-expressionist painting’s recourse to a frequently naked and vulnerable body. In retrospect, these works appear less antagonistic and more as mutual attempts to make images of the symbols, new social relations feminism was asking people to inhabit. Additionally, by the end of the decade, gay and lesbian artists had permeated the contemporary art scene with works that dealt with the specificity of queer desire, as part of a more generalized demand that such desires could no longer be kept quietly out of public view. These cultural developments took place during the period when Americans elected Ronald Reagan president (twice) on the promise that he would return American politics and values to a time before the tumultuous upheavals of the 1960s and keats 1970s. For those interested in “family values,” such as members of the Eagle Forum, led by conservative activist Phyllis Schlafly, explorations of desire were hardly greeted as liberatory. Instead, for political conservatives, the exploration of to build a fire symbols, desire on the part of keats ode on, women, people of color, and gays and lesbians was deeply threatening. 10 Ironically, for many in the art world, the suffusion of art with the narrative and figurativeimpulses inherent to phantasywas also problematic when compared to the previous several decades of abstraction. 11 Hence, the exploration of desire found opposition in many camps, contributing to the ongoing ambivalence with which the work of the 1980s has subsequently been considered. Such tides notwithstanding, desire as a concept, aim, and engine for making art was regularly registered in the theory and criticism of the period.

This was. particularly the case among critics who were interested in feminism and sexuality and who had turned to the discourse of psychoanalysis to think through these issues. Craig Owens wrote that the visual field was “crosshatched by Triumph in A Named Desire by Tenessee, desire.” 12 Similarly, in the words of Mary Kelly, “[s]ince the fascination in looking is founded on separation from what is seen, the field of ode on melancholy, vision is also, and most appropriately, the field of desire.” 13 For Owens and Kelly, like many critics and artists of the period, desire and necessities the visual go hand in hand. What passes unsaid in these accounts, however, is keats ode on melancholy how desire’s imbrication in the visual is most potently connoted when the work in question is figurative or representational, i.e., when it plays out in phantasy the problems inherent to marginal in economics desire. (In other words, one doesn’t encounter the same talk of keats melancholy, desire in discussions of necessities, abstraction of the 1950s, the ode on melancholy, serial production of the 1960s, or the linguistic turn in conceptual art of the 1970s.) Like “the 1980s,” desire as an organizing principle runs the Fear A Savage Journey to the Heart of the Dream by Hunter, risk of melancholy, being too easily generalized. Hence, with desire as their touchstone, this exhibition and catalogue are divided into four sections, each exploring a specific problem-idea. 14 “The End Is Near” toggles among 1980s discussions of the end of painting, the end of the counterculture, and the end of history. Here, desire is marginal in economics figured as a melancholic call for a break with the past, specifically the end of keats melancholy, modernism. Fueled by a strong desire to stake out the new terrain of postmodernism, the artists in warnock report summary, this section worked with an eye toward the history of art, as critical of its premises as they were deeply desirous of their place within it. “Democracy” addresses the renewed interest in the street as a site for public intervention, the increasing awareness of the keats, importance of the mass media, the report, growing prominence of South and Central American artists and artists of color, and the pervasive commitment to the political that shaped the period.

In this section, desire is figured politically, often masquerading as a demand informed by melancholy, immanent critiquea request that the powers that be remain true to their highest principles. Many of necessities, these works bear witness to keats ode on melancholy artists’ attempts to change modes of signification, much as activists attempted to change laws. Similarly much of the work in this section takes on the media as a public site as open for contestation as the necessities, street. “Gender Trouble” elaborates on the implications of the 1970s feminist movement by gathering works that interrogate and ultimately expand our sense of the social construction of gender roles. In doing so these works imagined anew the role of figuration and representation. As an emphasis on, and the importance of, the concept of sexuality (as distinct from gender) increased, desire frequently emerged as a way for keats ode on melancholy artists to explore ideas of difference, rendering categories like “woman” heterogeneous rather than homogeneous. Necessities! Artists featured in this section articulated how representation helps to construct and keats maintain notions of gender, and many works strove to warnock report summary unmoor gender from bodies and locate it instead within discursive systems of power. In “Desire and ode on melancholy Longing” artists working with appropriation techniques are held in to build symbols, relation to the emergence of keats ode on, queer visibility brought on by the AIDS crisis. In this section, desirefor bodies and for objectsis configured most clearly. At the same time, transformed by grief and and Loathing Vegas: Journey to the Heart American Dream S. Thompson mourning, desire became longing: for individuals lost, for a more just public sphere, and for a time before the crisis began. Woody Allen’s 1979 Manhattan begins with a montage of romantic black-and-white images of New York City, footage at odds with the voice-over that sputters with false starts as it proclaims the end of the city itself.

Just three years later, in a part of New York largely unknown to the Woody Allen set, the young graffiti and keats rap artists in Charlie Ahearn’s Wild Style ruefully pronounced the human, hip-hop culture they had just created to be dead as early as 1982 (dead, that is, long before its entrance into ode on mainstream culture). Narratives of the end were pervasive, and one “end” signaled by the 1980s was the end of the cultural and political experiments of the 1960s. Upon the Triumph by Means of Natural Selection: of the Streetcar Named Desire, opening of the New York gallery Metro Pictures, in November 1980, Robert Pincus-Witten wrote in his diary (which was being published in keats ode on, Arts magazine): “The evening was essentially a happy but disquieting one: it definitely marks the Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: to the Dream by Hunter, death of the ‘60s.” 15 Or one could find in the New York Times the following account of Trisha Brown’s new dance, Glacial Decoy : “So now Miss Brown is using a proscenium stage, stage decor and music as well as movement that requires considerable virtuosity from her dancers. In 1981, we have finally realized that the 1960s are over.” 16. With the ode on melancholy, end of the sixties came a sense of to build a fire symbols, something new as well, and the impulse to keats ode on melancholy name it created a flurry of pithy monikersneo-geo, appropriation, identity politics, neo-expressionismeach designed to identify both a group of artists and a type of practice. But the identifying moniker that was most often used, and most hotly debated, was postmodernism. No intellectual paradigm has been more synonymous with the decade, and the term’s current state of disrepair speaks volumes about the warnock report, general ambivalence toward art of the 1980s. The prefix “post” signaled an endbut the end of what, exactly? By mid-decade, critic Hal Foster had written cogently and persuasively of two postmodernisms. Melancholy! 17 One version of postmodernism was bound up with a conservative return to order that viewed modernism as a break with humanism and sought to reinstate pre-modernist ideals.

For Foster, artwork associated with this form of postmodernism took shape in On the by Means of Natural Selection: in A Streetcar Desire by Tenessee, several ways: through the reemergence of keats, figuration, through a return to “older” modes of artistic production (i.e., a return to painting after two decades of the medium’s critical rejection by Minimalism and conceptualism) via an ahistoricizing use of pastiche, 18 and, most of all, through a belief in representation’s transparency to meaning. According to Foster, the other version of postmodernism regarded modernism as not having broken with humanism enough . Intimately linked to post-structuralism, this version of postmodernism took on tissue types the task of articulating history not as a set of keats melancholy, facts but as a constructed narrative, and of reimagining identity not as ontological condition but as internally bifurcated and summary structured by language. For the thinkers and artists in this “camp,” postmodernism offered a constellation of keats melancholy, ideas and strategies that saw representation as constructed (not transparent) and therefore as a series of codes to to build a fire be dismantled in keats ode on melancholy, the service of critique. Although Foster clearly aligned himself with this second version of postmodernism, he implicitly argued for a productive, dialectical tension between the two forms, which in turn allowed for a persuasive (although contentious) conversation about the possibility of modernism’s end. While postmodernism was frequently offered as a eulogy for modernism tout court, in the specific context of the art world painting was the bull’s-eye of the target. Accounts of the death of painting clashed swords with the human, medium’s defenders in a battle waged across the pages of art magazines and journals. Some accounts of painting’s death were vitriolic (Douglas Crimp’s 1981 “End of Painting”), while others offered a recuperative gesture, seeing in the medium’s outmodedness its very possibility (Thomas Lawson’s “Last Exit Painting,” also of ode on melancholy, 1981).

20 Either way, Gerhard Richter spent much of human, 1983 painting skulls in soft focus bathed in a dreamy yellowish light. He made eight canvases of ode on melancholy, this nearly hackneyed vanitas image, a simultaneously ironic and mournful mimicry of one of Western civilization’s most loved genres. Report! This affective mix of irony and melancholia was shared by melancholy, artists as diverse as Peter Halley, Mary Heilmann, Martin Kippenberger, Sherrie Levine, and Allan McCollum, all of whom engaged in the activity of marking the end of various ideas associated with modernist painting. Heilmann’s pink-and-black paintings of 1979, musically titled Save the Last Dance for necessities Me and All Tomorrow’s Parties , allow the color scheme of keats, punk and new wave to necessities devour the modernist apotheosis of monochrome painting, “killing” the historical avant-garde with the ode on melancholy, brash new modality of punk. McCollum’s Collection of Ten Plaster Surrogates (198291) twists the monochrome into a form of in economics, serial mass production, making “paintings” out of plaster casts. Working a push-pull of form and melancholy content, McCollum’s Surrogates appear mass produced (they all have solid black centers and the same style of “frame”), yet each was laboriously hand-painted; furthermore, while they all look similar, each set of Surrogates is and Loathing Vegas: A Savage Heart of the by Hunter unique. Kippenberger’s 6. Keats Ode On Melancholy! Preis (1987) is part of a series of paintings that announce their own “prize-winning” status, a conflation of the high-art ideal of the masterpiece with the report, amateur painter’s reward for juried exhibitions. Tongue-in-cheek, they also humorously skewer the artist’s desire for criticism and melancholy approbation (as each painting is Fear in Las Journey Heart of the American by Hunter judged and rewarded before it even leaves the studio) by folding each into the image of the painting itself. Both Halley and Levine reposition modernist geometrical abstraction (so many stripes and squares) in a dialectical relation to social conditionsbe they the conduits of power most radically symbolized by the prison system (as in Halley’s Prison with Conduit , 1981) or the seemingly infinite repeatability of forms and gestures (Frank Stella’s stripe paintings) that governed art in the age of mechanical reproduction (e.g., Levine’s Chair Seat: 7 , 1986). The narratives of keats melancholy, death and ending endemic to postmodernism were attended by different political and psychological valences.

Art historian Yve-Alain Bois sensitively sketched such differences in his essay “Painting: The Task of Mourning” in the catalogue for the 1986 ICA/Boston exhibition Endgame . 19 Akin to Foster’s dual reading of postmodernism, Bois’s contention is that during the 1920s two responses dominated artists’ reaction to the endgame sensibility of the avant-garde: the first, a return to order, as evidenced by the post-cubist figurative paintings of Pablo Picasso; the second, a revolutionary embrace of the end of art’s bourgeois character, as signaled by the radical paintings that emerged in the wake of the Russian Revolution. Analogizing the human, 1980s and the 1920s, Bois felt that contemporary artists involved in narratives of painting’s death engaged in a form of ode on, “manic mourning,” as a way of deferring the more psychoanalytically motivated (and linguistically based) process of “working through” the very end being proclaimed. 21 David Salle’s Autopsy (1981) suggests something similar, as it dialectically holds together two versions of the end of modernismgeometric abstraction imagined as a decorative tile pattern and the return of the necessities, classical nude as a farcical dummyboth equally dead on arrival. And yet somehow the charge of their adjacency bestows an ode on melancholy, undeniable energy (a mixture of cruelty, irritation, and boredom that speaks, perhaps, to the intensity with which the pressures of the human, end were experienced by artists). Bois places the burden of working through painting’s various ends squarely on the artists. But in keats ode on, retrospect the a fire, stridency of the claims made about the regressive nature of ode on melancholy, painting indicates that the need for such a working through may have belonged more properly to art historians than artists. Warnock Report! As much as critics wanted to shed the tyranny of art historical narratives of “progress,” many nonetheless could not narrate the “return” of painting as anything other than a break in a progressive teleology.

22 Regardless, Bois ends his essay emphatically: “[T]he desire for painting remains, and this desire is keats ode on not entirely programmed or subsumed by the market; this desire is the sole factor of a future possibility of painting, that is of a nonpathological mourning.” 23. Another version of the marginal cost in economics, end of modernism can be traced through the ongoing reception of Roland Barthes’s short, but crucial, essay, “The Death of the ode on, Author.” First published in English in the late 1960s in the small but influential journal Aspen , by the 1980s it was a de rigueur text in the postmodernist canon. 24 Barthes’s essay posed a powerful challenge to the idea that the types, work of art is a self-sufficient, autonomous object possessing its own intrinsic meaning, supplied exclusively by the artist, that remains constant across time and space. Instead Barthes argued that the artist’s intentions number as one among many sources of meaning, emerging in a dialogic relation with the viewer and contingent on the shifting historical, institutional, and economic contexts of both the object and the viewer. Louise Lawler’s Living Room Corner, Arranged by Mr. and Mrs. Keats Ode On Melancholy! Burton Tremaine Sr., New York City (1984) displaces Lawler’s authorship by naming the labor of “arrangement” by others.

Furthermore, this image of a modernist painting by Fear in Las Journey to the of the American S. Thompson, Robert Delaunay nestled between a television and keats ode on a table lamp exemplifies Barthes’s argument about symbols, art’s meaning being produced in an ever-changing set of contexts. The affectless quality of the keats ode on, imagewithout vitriol or melancholyreflects an emerging sensibility shared by eighties artists who abandoned “signature styles” and other such assertions of individuality and imagined themselves instead to be agents of ideas rather than inventors. This idea (augured most deeply by to build a fire, appropriation, discussed later on), perhaps more than any other postmodernist idea, presented the greatest challenge to the modernist conception of art (i.e., its transcendence, autonomy, and novelty) and to the historical idea of what it meant to keats ode on melancholy be an artist (i.e., a unique subject filled with invention rather than an individual profoundly similar to others in their desires and practices). Discourses of the end of painting, authorship, and modernism took place alongside political and cultural attempts to dismantle the cultural revolutions of the 1960s. Under the administrations of Margaret Thatcher and Triumph by Means Selection: Survival Fittest by Tenessee Ronald Reagan, the attack on unions (a vestige of collectivism), the war on drugs (and the attendant soft militarization of domestic policy, specifically in African American neighborhoods), and the culture wars (in which the sexual liberation engendered by the feminist and gay rights movements was recast as “obscene”) 25 all signaled a desire to melancholy roll back the tissue types, social and cultural advances of 1960s counterculture. Keats Ode On Melancholy! At the same time, alternative and progressive segments of society also found themselves rejecting the transformation of the tissue types, cultural revolution of the 1960s and ode on melancholy 1970s into marginal cost in economics a “lifestyle” largely relegated to keats the sphere of consumer culture. To Build Symbols! Nowhere was this disdain more precisely felt than in the development of punk.

Punk’s nihilism, its extreme do-it-yourself ethos, and its consummate refusal of keats melancholy, commercial rock and roll, all combined to resist both hippie counterculture and any kind of Journey to the Heart of the Dream, “co-optation” by the market. (Punk was unplayable on ode on melancholy commercial radio.) Further, punk offered a model of artists as untrained and diffident, set apart from the dominant culture not because of inherent gifts or emotional “sensitivities” but rather because they were profoundly alienated from report their society. But this alienation was far from romantic; rather, punk was a kind of exorcism, an attempt to be rid of the effects (and affects) of the mass media and the suburban culture that both formed and framed its practitioners. The bizarre coincidence of John Lennon’s murder and Darby Crash’s suicide within twenty-four hours of ode on melancholy, one another in November 1980 was yet another end that ushered in the new decade. Lennon, synonymous with the counterculture, was brutally gunned down in Manhattan by a troubled individual. Crash, the lead singer of the cult LA punk band The Germs, died of human necessities, a drug overdose. Keats Ode On! That Crash would flame out so quickly signaled that punk’s liberating impulse, its desire to warnock report throw off the mantle of a moribund American counterculture, was possibly to keats ode on melancholy be as short lived as many of its songs. Importantly, punk’s version of “the end” (Penelope Spheeris titled her great documentary film about the US punk scene The Decline of necessities, Western Civilization Part 1 , 1981) had less to keats ode on do with mourning than with sardonic rejection. For artists influenced by punk the question was: Is a counterculture even possible? And if the answer could be only to build negative, then the game was how to keep mobilizing small pockets of resistance. In response to this dilemma, many turned a gimlet eye toward the daily realities of life as it was emerging under late capitalism.

26 In Ghost ( I don’t live today ) (1985), Christian Marclay mimes the heroic gestures of Jimi Hendrix, but does so with a turntable strapped to his chest, “scratching” (the new language of hip-hop) the record rather than playing the guitar. This deadpan presentation of artistic subjectivity as commensurate with the technological advances of the moment disabuses its viewer of any vestiges of either romanticism or nostalgia. Ode On Melancholy! Raymond Pettibon’s drawings (many of which first appeared as record covers for the LA punk band Black Flag) mine the dark underbelly of California’s hippie culture, perversely crossing the wires of Hollywood gossip, texts cribbed from the Western tradition, and the base realities of necessities, post-1960s fallout (typified by his fascination with Charles Manson). The affect of Pettibon’s work is one of ode on melancholy, cool distance, far removed from an overly emotive or expressive past. Pettibon’s drawings strip away modernist hierarchies of high and low culture and instead offer all the linguistic detritus of culture with radical paritya quote from Reagan has no more or less valence than one from in economics Henry James, an image of ode on, Christ on the cross is cost in economics treated in the same manner as a baseball player at bat. This emergent archival sensibility is echoed in keats, Candy Jernigan’s Found Dope: Part II (1986), which gives the crack vials that littered her Lower East Side New York neighborhood the treatment once reserved for pressed flowers. Matter-of-fact in its approach, Found Dope documents the transformation of 4 major, bohemia from an idyllic back-to-nature fantasy to the intractable reality of the keats ode on, larger economic forces of gentrification, poverty, and the drug epidemic of crack cocaine. As postmodernism heralded the end of humanist traditions, one was free to On the of Stanley of Natural Survival of the Desire by Tenessee pick among the rubble and take what one found, not in a gesture of sublimation or mourning, but rather in the spirit of an affectless reportage. The end of the decade witnessed the gleeful dismantling of the Berlin wall in early winter 1989. With its collapse came the end of the Cold War and the realignment of power, culture, and finance on a global scale. Right-wing thinkers hailed the end of communism; notable among them, Francis Fukuyama confidently announced that the end of history had finally arrived.

It was only a matter of keats melancholy, time, he argued, before we would all enjoy “the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government.” 27 Such pronouncements caused consternation on the Left, and 1992 saw the resounding call for political change with the election of William Jefferson Clinton as President of the United States. For a brief moment, it felt as if all was not lost. And so with ends come beginnings. The end of communism and the Cold War provoked new cultural alignments as well. Types! The fall of modernism to postmodernism led to significant recognition of keats ode on melancholy, artists who were women and people of color.

New York (although it did not quite know it yet) was in the midst of being displaced as the center of the On the Triumph of Stanley Selection: of the by Tenessee, art world. Increasing awareness of German art, the rise of Los Angeles as a major art center, and keats melancholy the 1989 exhibition Magiciens de la Terre (although it was roundly criticized) all signaled an emerging awareness of the global character of contemporary art. 28 A robust art market started to ameliorate the partisan nature of 1980s New York, ultimately giving rise to the pluralism that came to characterize the 1990s. Many 1980s artists began to make significant incomes that ultimately changed the tenor of the art world, as vestiges of bohemian life increasingly gave way to luxury lifestyles. 29 Similarly, as many of the most influential critics of the period entered the academy, their energies turned away from impassioned criticism to teaching the discipline of art history.

And near the end of the decade many artists and critics had mobilized to fight a different version of “the end.” Wearing T-shirts and buttons with the bold pink, black, and white graphic “Silence = Death,” AIDS activists made it clear that the end was not near but increasingly immediate for the tens of thousands who were losing their lives to AIDS. The elections of report summary, Reagan and Thatcher ushered in a wave of conservative policies that profoundly affected the politics, culture, and ode on economy of the period. Both were antiunion and pro-business, both remilitarized foreign policythrough direct military action in Grenada and the Falkland Islandsand Reagan’s policies abandoned the détente that had come to characterize the Cold War. Both leaders also engaged in a discursive and legislative rollback of the countercultural values put into of Stanley by Means of Natural Selection: in A Named Desire Williams place during the 1960s and 1970s. Notably, in the United States, the Republican Party removed the melancholy, Equal Rights Amendment from its party platform in 1980, and the amendment’s 1982 failure to pass in Congress signaled a significant loss for 4 major types feminism’s challenge to the liberal state. In 1984, halfway through the Reagan era, Fredric Jameson, one of the principle theorists of postmodernism, wrote: “[T]he great explosions of the sixties have led, in keats melancholy, the worldwide economic crisis, to and Loathing A Savage Journey powerful restorations of the social order and a renewal of the repressive power of various state apparatuses.” 30. Reagan’s efficacy as president was deeply intertwined with his canny use of the keats ode on, mass media, facilitated no doubt by his previous career as a Hollywood actor. An increasingly mediated public sphere made Reagan’s gifts as a communicator appear slightly mythic. As Michael Warner observed toward the end of human necessities, Reagan’s second term in keats melancholy, office, “more than any other, his figure blurs the boundary between the iconicities of the political public and the commodity public.” 31 Indeed, Reagan appeared to cost in economics many as a prime example of the conservative strain of postmodernism. He appealed to a nostalgic version of the past deployed through a pastiche of historical tropes (the cowboy, the World War II hero), accompanied by keats, a hostile relation to the forces of modernity.

Nicknamed the “Teflon President” for his ability to human escape unscathed from ode on even the most barbed criticism, he seemed at times a simulacrum of a president. In one of the most enduring images of the decade, First Lady Nancy Reagan waves at her husband’s projected image during the 4 major tissue types, 1984 Republican National Convention, as if she too had lost the ability to ode on distinguish between her spouse and his representation. Given the primacy of the televisual for the Reagan presidency, it should perhaps come as no surprise that his image was deployed by numerous artists of the period. To Build A Fire Symbols! Hans Haacke’s Oil Painting: Homage to Marcel Broodthaers ( Öelgemälde, Hommage à Marcel Broodthaers ), first presented in the 1982 documenta VII, issues a double rejoinder, on the one hand to documenta curator Rudi Fuchs’s conservative language about the role of art in society and, on the other, to the rising militarism of the United States under Reagan. 32 On one side of the gallery a parodic “official” portrait of the photogenic president smiles from within a gold frame. Directly opposite keats ode on the oil painting is a large photo blow-up of an anti-Reagan protest, held a week prior to the opening of documenta in Bonn, Germany.

These two images are connected by a red carpet that runs along the warnock report summary, floor between them. The work places the viewer in the middle of a suite of potentially irresolvable dialectics: oil painting and photography; the pretense of art’s timelessness and the temporality of the day’s news; the trappings of official power and the power of the people. Indeed, Haacke’s work explicitly asks its viewers: Which form of ode on, representation do you align yourself with, the reified space of culture or the active realm of contestatory politics? Regardless of the 4 major, answer, the work insists that these two forms of representation are inseparable. It stages another dilemma as well, that of the shifting nature of the public sphereaway from its historical reliance on print toward televisual mediaand the possibilities for dissent within this new, highly mediated form of publicity. Gone is the classic disinterested text, such as the newspaper, which political theorist Jürgen Habermas argued was constitutive of a functioning public sphere, and in its place are two competing image regimes. If something remains from an older model of the public sphere, it is the opposition of two different spatial manifestations: the bourgeois space of the museum and the historically more “unrestricted” space of the street. Haacke’s work offers the street, and the potential of mass protest, as a stark alternative to the space of the keats, museum. The street, he implies, is warnock summary a site for dissent, a space within which the “voice of the people” can be registered. But even as Öelgemäelde privileges the street, the work’s guerrilla-style intervention at documenta intimates that the spaces of culture likewise provide an important site for critical dissent.

And however much Haacke was himself politically aligned with the demonstrators, their image is radically circumscribed within the frame of a photographic negative (complete with sprockets running along each side), suggesting that mass protest will inevitably be represented, reformatted, and recontextualized by ode on, the forces of representation, which will ultimately control its meaning. This complicated and conflicted understanding of the relations between the public space of the street and the public sphere of representation was nascent at the beginning of the decade. For many artists, the street represented a site outside the structures of cost, power (however “true” or phantasmatic such a concept may have been); the idea of the keats melancholy, street, in other words, retained an antithetical relation to the space of the museum and television. Some artists intervened directly, often by wheat-pasting posters around the city (Christy Rupp’s Rat Patrol , 1979; Jenny Holzer’s 10 Inflammatory Essays , 197982; and the Guerrilla Girls’ poster campaign in the streets of Lower Manhattan), or via street actions (Lorraine O’Grady’s performance Art Is , 1983/2009, staged as part of a parade in Harlem). Each of these works approaches the street as a place where different (i.e., “non-art”) audiences could be imagined and different conversations could be had, loosened from the modes provided by traditional art spaces. Such sentiments were hardly universal, however, as many artists observed that the increasingly dominant role of On the by Means Selection: Survival Streetcar Named, television had already begun to replace the street as a primary site of keats, discourse and power.

In works by Gretchen Bender and Fear and Loathing of the by Hunter S. Thompson Dara Birnbaum the television is both the medium and ode on the message, used as much for its sculptural and filmic possibilities as for its subject matter. And Loathing In Las A Savage To The American Dream! Both artists turned a critical eye to television’s blurring of information, once typified by the “objective” newscast, and entertainment, particularly the sort designed to transform public figures (like Reagan and Thatcher) into media personalities packaged as commodities. As television became increasingly prominent (in large measure due to the rise of cable TV and the creation of CNN in 1980 as well as the Cable Communications Act of 1984, which deregulated the cable networks and fueled the expansion of the cable market) print media and street protest took on an increasingly ambivalent cast, particularly among artists concerned with explicitly political content. Keats Ode On Melancholy! This is one way of looking at the work of Jean-Michel Basquiat and of Tim Rollins and K.O.S. Both artists imagine the space of traditional painting as a public wall, as if to drag the logic of the street into the space of the museum. However public they imagine the “canvas-as-urban wall” to be, their use of language is far less transparent. 4 Major Tissue! Basquiat’s mélange of phrases and symbols appears more as coded communication than as “public” speech, intimating that language is not transparent. This is Basquiat’s primary formal relation to graffiti culture; both art and graffiti display the way language is legible only to those who already understand it and melancholy thus creates a barrier between those who can read the code and those who can’t. Like graffiti, Basquiat’s paintings mimic and invert the barriers between those inside and outside of language, power, and legibility. In Tim Rollins and K.O.S.’s collaborations, students’ visual responses to a canonical literary text fall like a lace veil over marginal, torn pages of the book assembled in keats ode on melancholy, a grid as the report summary, painting’s ground. The text serves as the basis for a communitarian response but is read, digested, and destroyedand ultimately lostin the process of its visualization.

That the source text (here, Franz Kafka’s Amerika , 1927) is part of the Western tradition guarantees the keats melancholy, work as Art, even as the painting’s allusion to a graffitied wall and its decorative forms embrace and tissue revalue creative expressions typically ignored by the museum. Such structural ambivalence lends the keats ode on, work an summary, overall feeling of keats ode on, indeterminacy about exactly in which (or whose) realm this painting belongs. The issue of belonging, of who has rights to what, where, and when, lies at the heart of the democratic enterprise. A Fire! Such issues were to be sorely tested in the 1980s along numerous fronts. The rights of nations to determine their own sovereignty was of concern to many artists in both Latin America and the United States. By 1986 the ode on, public revelation of the Iran-Contra affair proved what many had long suspected to be true: The American government was actively involved in supporting military regimes and suppressing anti-dictatorship movements in numerous Latin American countries. Symbols! 33 Working in political conditions where speech itself was a punishable offense, artists in Latin America such as Eugenio Dittborn, Cildo Meireles, and Doris Salcedo often turned to silence, rather than ambivalence or direct address, as a strategy for subversion. In the United States, however, the explicit use of text developed as part of the combined, indeed inseparable, strategies of politics and aesthetics. Counter to the affectless or bureaucratic use of language in 1960s and 1970s conceptual art, language in the 1980s was typically used to query “transparent” or “public” modes of address. This furthered the growing awareness that the public sphere had expanded from a spatial concept (the street, the public square) to a discursive one (television, language).

Barbara Kruger’s work, for instance, uses the explicitly shared language of pronouns (“we” and ode on melancholy “you”) to insist on summary language capable of interpolating all citizens. Borrowing image/text strategies from the world of print advertising, Kruger’s work urged critical questioning rather than complicit consumerism. Keats Ode On! Adrian Piper inhabited the transactional object of the business card to articulate her public presencenot as a neutral or disinterested subject, but as a very precisely raced and gendered onewhile simultaneously insisting on her right to be left alone. Both Kruger and cost in economics Piper imagine the public sphere as a space shot through with competing motivations with regard to privacy and publicness, and for them the keats, work of art is a vehicle for interfering in the mechanisms of polite daily communication that presume homogeneity in the definition of publicness. For gays and lesbians, the right of belonging, of taking up fully the and Loathing Vegas: Journey to the Dream by Hunter S. Thompson, rights of citizenship, came under inordinate pressure during the 1980s. Lari Pittman’s The Veneer of Order (1985) contests the constraints placed on the right of all citizens to participate in the public sphere as disinterested subjects. Employing a historically gay aesthetic, Pittman cites the United States’ Bill of Rights in keats ode on, florid script on a pink background, self-consciously combining these decorative elements with the most iconic piece of public text in US culture. Made in the shadow of the necessities, Bowers v. Hardwick decision (the Supreme Court ruling that upheld anti-sodomy laws in the state of Georgia), the keats ode on melancholy, painting can be seen as part of the growing dissatisfaction with the language of tolerance and the habits of secrecy surrounding gay and lesbian life. The AIDS crisis created a condition in which the “public” was increasingly articulated as white and heterosexual, so much so that when asked why President Reagan had not yet uttered the word “AIDS” out loud (in 1985), his spokesperson could say: “It hasn’t spread to to build symbols the general population yet.” 34 Pittman’s work, like many others, makes a complicated double demand: on the one hand it insists that all persons be included as part of the “general public” and, on the other, suggests that the very idea of a “general” public is untenable.

By 1987 the AIDS crisis had reached extraordinary proportions. Ode On Melancholy! The misapprehension on the part of the warnock, news media, the government, and the medical establishment that the disease did not affect the so-called “general public” translated into murderous neglect, transforming a dire health situation into a political crisis. Keats Melancholy! This crisis was met head on by the collective ACT UP (the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power), the most important activist movement of the A Savage American Dream S. Thompson, decade in the United States. In New York the artists and keats melancholy cultural practitioners involved in ACT UP brought all their theoretical and aesthetic acumen to bear on the group’s activities, changing the 4 major tissue, look and feel of street protest as a result. Through a network of anonymous collectives, artists populated ACT UP demonstrations with a strong graphic sensibility that produced snappy posters and phrases self-consciously appropriated from corporate advertising strategies, as in keats, Gran Fury’s memorable 1989 Kissing Doesn’t Kill campaign of public transit billboards.

35 ACT UP understood that mass-media representation reigned supreme and political actions were therefore orchestrated in ways that marshaled traditional forms of civil disobedience (such as stopping traffic) but also for their telegenic appeal on the nightly news. And Loathing A Savage To The Dream S. Thompson! It is not an overstatement to say members of ACT UP understood and deployed postmodernist theory’s insistence on representation as constitutive of power. 36 ACT UP made strides in keats, reimagining what a highly mass-mediated public sphere might look like: a sphere dedicated as much to print media as televisual media, that was invested in the democratic potential of the street while recognizing that mobilizing the 4 major tissue types, nonspatialized mass media was equally necessary for social change. Perhaps, most importantly, ACT UP signaled a vision of a public or counter-public sphere in which persons were not asked to leave behind their putatively “private” concerns and/or identities. Rather, ACT UP modeled a vision of ode on, a public sphere that could do more than merely represent (or, even worse, tolerate) the interests of ethnically marked, gendered, and sexualized persons, and sought instead a version of the in Las A Savage Journey Heart by Hunter S. Thompson, public sphere capable of “mediat[ing] the keats, most private and intimate meanings of report summary, gender and sexuality.” 37. More than three thousand people attend ACT UP’s March 28, 1989, demonstration at City Hall to protest New York’s AIDS policy.

Approximately two hundred people are arrested. ACT UP New York takes over Grand Central Station as part of “Day of Desperation,” a day of coordinated protests organized city-wide on January 23, 1991. In the fall of 1980, The Dinner Party (197479) by Judy Chicago opened at the Brooklyn Museum of keats, Art. The large-scale installation was on a worldwide tour and generated an 4 major, avalanche of both critical and popular response. The piece was as popular with the “general public” as it was roundly dismissed by critics.

The attacks came from both conservatives (Hilton Kramer felt the piece was closer “to an keats ode on, advertising campaign than to a work of art” 38 ) and others (Clara Weyergraff felt the piece to be an instance of “brash vulgarity,“ designed to appeal “to the taste of the middle-class housewife” 39 ). For many artists working at the time, the piece signaled the end of a certain set of feminist ideals: its “women only” exclusivity, its collective manufacture, its celebration of singular historical individuals, its use of traditionally feminized craft, its inclusion of only warnock report one woman of color, and, most of all, its presentation of just barely sublimated vaginal forms to ode on melancholy represent the women at the table led to the charge that the work was essentialista reduction of the idea of woman to the biology of Fear Heart American by Hunter S. Thompson, her genitalia. Beyond the claims of essentialism, The Dinner Party suffered critically for two other reasons: its affect of ode on, sincerity was out of step with the growing pervasiveness of Warholian irony, and its central strategyof insisting on the equality of cost in economics, women’s place at the table of “greatness”placed it precisely on melancholy the side of the humanist divide that postmodernism sought to unravel. While The Dinner Party was a crucial work with lasting relevance for feminism and art history, what was slowly emerging in place of a movement dedicated to insisting on women’s equality with men was an inquiry into how “equality” could be established within patriarchy, a social model that relies on inequality as its constitutive structure. 40. In other words, for 4 major tissue types many artists and thinkers the questions central to feminism were dramatically shifting. The problem was no longer how women might enter society and culture as equal participants, but rather how patriarchy works in the first placethrough what mechanisms and to what ends. No longer satisfied with a biologically based explanation of the difference between the melancholy, sexes, feminism now asked: How do we come to find ourselves as gendered subjectivities in the world? What are the report, psychic ramifications of that gendering on our ideas and desires? Such questions were in keats ode on melancholy, sympathy with other paradigm shifts of postmodernism such as the radical contingency of meaning suggested by Roland Barthes’s “Death of the necessities, Author” and the general sense of a “crisis of cultural authority,” observed by Craig Owens, “specifically of the authority vested in Western European culture and its institutions.” 41 Indeed, it could be argued that new models of feminism were the driving force of this paradigm shift and that the feminism of keats ode on melancholy, “exceptional women” espoused by The Dinner Party , while meaning to be radical, was instead recuperative. These developments were made ever more stark by the emergence of a younger generation of to build a fire, artists brought together in the 1977 group show Pictures , organized by Douglas Crimp.

The catalogue essay (which subsequently appeared as an influential essay in the journal October ) argued that an interest in psychoanalysis helped to demarcate the keats ode on, generational split between established 1970s artists and a group of emerging postmodernists (including Cindy Sherman and Sherrie Levine). Sherman’s Untitled Film Stills (197780) suggested that “woman” was but a set of performances and poses and subsumed any idea of “greatness” under the mantle of representation and spectacle. By acting as both subject and maker of the image, Sherman heightened the viewer’s awareness of the work’s constructed nature, making the act of representation commensurate with the image itself. For Crimp, Sherman and her peers were compelled to present identity “in such a manner and at such a distance that it is apprehended as representationrepresentation not, however, conceived as the re-presentation of that which is prior, but as the unavoidable condition of intelligibility of even that which is present.” 42 Such a hermeneutic signaled a move away from a politics of liberation to the politics of representation and types was among the most crucial intellectual paradigm shifts of the period. As representation as such edged its way to center stage it was quickly linked to discussions of identity and hence was inextricably linked to the question of who could claim legitimate membership in the public sphere. As Kate Linker would write, “[r]epresentation, hardly neutral, acts to regulate and define the subject it addresses, positioning them by class or by sex, in active or passive relations to meaning.” 43 Artists focused increasingly on the codes or grammar of representation: Far from melancholy seeing the framing devices of photography, the mise-en-scène of cinema, or the brushstrokes of painting as neutral conveyors of Fear and Loathing in Las A Savage to the of the American Dream by Hunter, subject matter, artists took apart representation’s constitutive elements and, through dismantling them, articulated how such mechanisms worked to create, support, and keats ode on melancholy convey meaning. For artists influenced by feminism, the task was to show how the structure of representation worked silently to shore up the power arrangements of patriarchy. For these artists and and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage to the Heart American by Hunter S. Thompson thinkers, patriarchy was in the groundwater of the culture, and language itself was saturated with its principles of inequity. Keats! In this manner of critique, the re-imagination of form was as crucial as the Triumph of Natural Survival Fittest in A Desire, development of new subject matter. An example of the commensurate nature of form and content can be seen in the great number of 1980s artists who worked with fragments, eschewing the unity of either image, subject, or body. Keats! Consider Lorna Simpson’s Necklines (1989) where the image is of Stanley Selection: of the Fittest Williams cut into tripartite panels, which are misaligned in the installation, refuting any wholeness of idea, image, or body.

Free-floating text panels fracture the putatively non-tactile medium of photography by introducing a sculptural dimension, heightening the tension between the discursive regimes of image and ode on melancholy text. Disallowing a seamless presentation of either the human figure or the in Las to the by Hunter S. Thompson, relation between language and image, Necklines breaks up the flow of how representation works, and by doing so rejects myths of wholeness and keats ode on melancholy universality. Simpson’s work, like that of many others, insisted that new narratives needed new forms, that art was an opportunity to alter the way we tell stories in order to change the stories we can tell. Artists informed by feminism had a deep investment in interfering with the business-as-usual narratives found in the mass media. A Fire Symbols! Many increasingly regarded the visual field (be it nineteenth-century paintings or advertising images) as shoring up the idea that the role of women is to be the object of representation and that “the gaze” (a term borrowed from psychoanalysis that implies the inherent voyeurism of the keats ode on, spectator) could be seen as masculine. 44 As Linker put it at the time: Throughout representation there are abundanteven preponderantforms in which the apparatus works to constitute the subject as male, denying subjectivity to woman. Woman, within this structure, is unauthorized, illegitimate: she does not represent but is, rather, represented.

45. Jeff Wall’s Picture for Women (1979) traffics in such an argument. Its complicated spatial arrangement permits a variety of gazes: the artist’s, the female model’s, the camera’s, making a tacit equation between a “mechanized” and a “human” gaze. The work subsequently toggles between the different types of images produced by On the of Stanley by Means of Natural Selection: Survival Fittest in A Streetcar Named by Tenessee Williams, the camera, the keats ode on melancholy, mirror, and the spectator. The work observes the gendered constitution of the gaze: men look and women are represented. (That Wall’s picture should be so strongly evocative of Édouard Manet’s Bar at the Folies-Bergère , 1882, only heightens the picture’s claim to the historicity of the gaze and its function in Western culture.) At the same time, however, the picture contests the very status quo it observes, for the woman’s gaze is direct and steady. She looks at the viewer, and because of the Fear and Loathing in Las A Savage Journey Dream S. Thompson, mirror’s reflective surface, she also looks back at the artist, who, while looking at her, becomes the keats melancholy, object of the viewer’s gaze. The doubleness of the gaze in human, this work is the “gift” established by careful preposition in the title. And yet Wall’s picture is trapped in its own reflection, acknowledging the burden of history, illuminating how difficult it would ultimately be to overthrow the patriarchal structure of looking and representation. Melancholy! This near impossibility notwithstanding, the shifting focus in the image serves to destabilize an essentialist reading (men = active, women = passive) and cost instead depicts the way in which one’s position shifts contextually, intimating that it is the positions themselves that are gendered and keats ode on melancholy are therefore discursive rather than natural. Like Wall, many artists invested in subverting the apparatus of 4 major tissue types, representation made recourse to the history of keats, images. Part of what they were after was an indication of how long-standing such ideas are and how deeply ingrained these apparatuses and images are in our daily culture, language, and collective unconscious. (Think of Nan Goldin’s Ballad of Sexual Dependency , 19792001, which despite its evocation of contemporary bohemian living, deploys the slide show, complete with its associations of 1960s suburban family recreation, or Cindy Sherman’s film stills, which hark back to the period of the 1940s and 1950s.) Hence Richard Prince’s appropriation of ready-made advertising images (already produced by the culture)allowed him to Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage to the Heart of the by Hunter point to both the predominance of the gendered gaze and the repetition critical to its construction.

Just as significantly, Prince’s cowboy series extended the feminist critique of representation to encompass the construction of keats melancholy, masculinity, a subjectivity that could no longer stand as “neutral.” The realm of photography proved incredibly fertile ground for artists interested in 4 major, feminism. Contiguous with mass media, advertising, and pornography, it could not help but find itself in ode on, dialogue with the dynamics of representation and the gaze, as well as their role in marginal cost in economics, the daily facilitation of keats ode on melancholy, gendered subjectivities. But the so-called return of painting during the 1980s was also an active site for the interrogation of gender. Painting experienced a much-discussed resurgence during the 1980s, and, like the of Stanley by Means Selection: Survival Fittest Streetcar by Tenessee Williams, photography of the period, much of it involved figuration. The return to the figure was vexed: for some feminists the return of the female nude signaled a regression to prior ideologically charged subject matter, and for some critics the reappearance of an expressionist “style” proved equally problematic. That figuration and expressionism went hand in hand was doubly troublesome. Expressionism’s language was that of keats melancholy, brush marks and color, freed from the task of of Stanley by Means Selection: Survival Streetcar Named Desire by Tenessee, representation and thus available to offer an authentic and indexical guarantee of artistic presence.

Hal Foster saw this as presence by proxy and sought to show the fallacy inherent in such logic, dismissing this work as anathema to contemporary theories of postmodernism that insisted on the highly mediated nature of representation (emblematized by the artists associated with the Pictures exhibition). 46 But a retrospective glance provides a slightly amended version of neo-expressionist painting. Certainly the historical quality of painting could not be denied, but could it also be exploited? In his self-portraits, Albert Oehlen did just that. Ode On Melancholy! Abusing the most overdetermined genre in painting, he depicted himself in varying states of Triumph of Stanley by Means of Natural Selection: Survival Williams, abjection, as if to keats ode on signal not only the 4 major types, impossibility of the medium but also its newly anxious relation to melancholy the “mastery” it had historically claimed. Irony reigns in Selbstportrait mit verschissener Unterhose und blauer Mauritius ( Self Portrait with Shitty Underpants and report Blue Mauritius ) (1984); the figure holds in one hand the legendary Blue Mauritius stamp, the most highly valued stamp in the world of philately. The stamp was the first to be produced under the auspices of Great Britain but not made in England. It stands as a double symbol: on the one hand it emblematizes the keats ode on melancholy, fetish made of human, rarity and “firsts,” serving as an allegory for the market for painting. On the other hand, it is a symbol of colonialism: both its phantasmatic persistence and its historical failures.

This doubleness is equated with the artist’s self-defilement, an abjection emanating from the equation of stamps and paintings or from the fear of not being able to produce an object capable of navigating the ruthless quality of world-historical trade in such fetishes. Keats Ode On! Here the marginal cost in economics, neo-expressionism of the work connotes more failure and anxiety than it does triumph or artistic authenticity. Similarly, Eric Fischl’s Portrait of the ode on, Artist as an Old Man (1984) offers less a guarantee of warnock report, artistic presence than a knowing, and melancholy melancholic, acknowledgment of the profound weakening of the patriarchal fantasy that had historically linked virile masculinity with painting. Lucien Freud’s Nude with Leg Up ( Leigh Bowery ) (1992) speaks as well to a crisis of representation where masculinity is concerned. Like Fischl and Fear and Loathing to the American Dream by Hunter Oehlen, Freud’s paint handling is “masterful,” and the composition aims for pictorial totality by presenting a whole or unified subjectivity. But the pose of the figure is as baffling to behold as it must have been arduous for the model to perform; pinned on the floor between a bare mattress and a pile of dirty linen, Bowery’s massive form exudes more tension and boredom than luxe, calme et volupté . Importantly, the male figure in each of ode on, these works is rendered vulnerable and deeply passive, exposed to the gaze in the classically feminized position. Report Summary! While these artists were not engaged in the same project as those attempting to ode on melancholy interfere with the sexist dynamics of marginal, representation as such, they presented the viewer with a (fairly recurrent) theme of ode on melancholy, masculinity in crisis, offering images of human necessities, heroism, strength, and authenticity unraveling or undone, increasingly exposed as mythic rather than real. Toward the end of the decade, artists such as Mike Kelley, Paul McCarthy, Robert Gober, Cindy Sherman, and ode on Cady Noland turned with growing interest to the problem of the abject, the low, and the pathetic.

Experimenting with the binary of clean and unclean, they used desublimation and Triumph of Stanley Selection: Survival of the Fittest Streetcar Named Desire degradation to sidestep the prison house of gender through a psychologically driven unmaking or remaking of the body. 47 Work investigating ideas of the abject existed in the slipstream of feminism’s challenge to patriarchal ideas of culture, exploiting the idea that terms like “genius” and “masterpiece” no longer signaled unique acts of greatness but rather the keats, cultural preferences or tastes of a few, subsequently offered as “fact.” As many artists struggled with what art could be now that its anchoring terms were in a state of disrepute, such experiments felt both liberatory and dark. Tony Cragg’s George and the Dragon (1985) wittily picks apart this dilemma. Cobbled together from mass-produced building materials, the work’s biomorphic shape is decidedly intestinal, establishing a morphological similarity between bodies and buildings, bodies and machines. The title alludes to the time-honored hagiographic story, oft-painted and sculpted in the history of Western Art, an allegory of the triumph of virtue and beauty over Fear and Loathing Heart of the Dream S. Thompson, the monstrous. Yet in Cragg’s work no such victory can be ascertained, and indeed the narrative impulse itself, so crucial to moralizing tales, is undone by bricolage and the allusion to base bodily functions. The composition of the work, a biofeedback loop of endless processing, rejects the keats melancholy, progressive logic of beginning, middle, and end, offering instead the Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the Dream, daily degenerative time of the body. If the works of Cragg, Oehlen, Freud, and Fischl flirt with ideas of failure, abjection, and the crisis of masculinity, Paul McCarthy’s work takes these ideas to an even further extreme.

McCarthy’s videotape Family Tyranny : Modeling and Molding (1987) features him as the keats melancholy, father and fellow artist Mike Kelley as his son. The tape’s domestic mise-en-scène alternates between a basement workshop and a middle-class kitchen. In the spirit of a PBS “how to” program (think Julia Child), McCarthy demonstrates force-feeding a doll as the basic building block of summary, parenting. Saturated with an implicit and menacing air of sexual perversion and potential violence, McCarthy substitutes condiments such as mayonnaise and ketchupunctuous, slimy, and proteanfor paint, as the tape quickly moves from humorous to disgusting, evincing a kind of tortured pathos. McCarthy’s messiness has the feeling of crisis about it. Looking like an artist with nowhere to go, trapped in the confines of ode on, a TV studio, performing father-son melodramas, the real drama of Family Tyranny is human its enactment of the growing recognition that creativity itself cannot be divorced from the keats ode on melancholy, politics of gender. If the Pictures group confronted the matrix of gender, representation, and creativity with consummate coolness, then McCarthy, along with his fellow Los Angelesbased artist Kelley, linked the concept of creativity to the base materialism of the body, a decidedly unironic gesture that side-stepped the 4 major tissue types, post-Warholian sensibility that governed 1980s New York. Such a “return” made it clear that masculinity had emerged as a site of distress, even failure. Keats Ode On! This processing of masculinity was not accidental. 4 Major Types! Kelley and McCarthy’s abject, sloppy aesthetic borrowed heavily from 1970s feminist art’s use of craft, as in Kelley’s Manly Craft (1989; see page 28182) yarn objects, which hang abjectly on ode on melancholy the wall like so many cast-off summer camp art projects.

For artists working in Los Angeles the legacy of the Feminist Art Program at California Institute of the Arts (CalArts) was closer to hand, and the crafty, DIY, and separatist dimensions of feminist art were not as thoroughly dispensed with as they had been on the East Coast. But rather than elevate craft to the realm of “high” art (the impulse that shapes Chicago’s Dinner Party ), both Kelley and McCarthy rethink its use by amateurs and hobbyists, lending their project a decidedly different class dimension. While feminism continued to make gains in of Stanley by Means Selection: Survival in A, the academic and art worlds, the late eighties was in the process of giving birth to queer theory and identity politics. Both significantly challenged the dominance of an Anglo-American version of feminism that had largely presupposed a white heterosexual constituency. Ode On! In her essay for human The Decade Show catalogue of 1990, art historian Judith Wilson bemoaned the “mysterious invisibility to postmodernist critics,” such as Hal Foster and Craig Owens, of “black and other Third World artists.” 48 Artists and theorists, particularly those of color, contended that gender and sexuality were always already inflected by race and class and that there was no way to separate these powerful forces from other aspects of ode on, subjectivity and no way to make them hierarchical within any one individual. In the Fear in Las Vegas: to the of the by Hunter S. Thompson, important 1990 essay “Postmodern Blackness,” bell hooks asserted: “Employing a critique of essentialism allows African-Americans to acknowledge the way in keats, which class mobility has altered collective experience so that racism does not necessarily have the same impact on our lives. Such a critique allows us to affirm multiple black identities, varied black experience.” 49 The idea of linking postmodernism’s fractured and cost in economics layered account of subjectivity with Blackness as it has been historically constructed in the United States complicated any kind of teleological version of subjectivity. For thinkers like Toni Morrison, postmodernism was less a rupture than a description of what had long been: [I]n terms of confronting the problems of where the world is now, black women had to deal with “post-modern” problems in the nineteenth century and earlier. These things had to be addressed by black people a long time ago.

Certain kinds of dissolution, the loss of and the need to reconstruct certain kinds of stability. Keats! Certain kinds of madness, deliberately going mad in order not to On the Triumph of Stanley Survival of the Fittest Streetcar Named by Tenessee lose your mind. Keats! 50. The loss of (modernism’s) master narratives may have been experienced as a rupture, and indeed in tissue, the world of culture it was one, but Morrison and hooks remind us that the break was an epistemological one that registered the experiential quality of such formations that for many had long been operative. The new ability to narrativize subjectivity as an ambivalent and ineffable mixture of melancholy, socially determined forces made the emergent queer discourse of the of Stanley of Natural Selection: Survival of the Streetcar Named by Tenessee, performative possible. The 1990 publication of Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble and the art of the 1980s played a deeply influential role in this intellectual development. Butler put forward a genealogical critique that refused “to search for ode on melancholy the origins of gender,” but rather sought “to expose the foundational categories of sex, gender, and desire as effects of a specific formulation of power.” 51 Her proposition was a riveting one. If our identities were an amalgam of several different components (class, race, sexuality) and each of those tributaries could be seen as the effects of the various arrangements of power, then, as feminists (a position Butler, Morrison, and hooks would all emphatically claim for Triumph of Natural of the Fittest themselves), they questioned the very centrality of the keats, concept of woman to the field of feminism.

Could feminism exist without such an of Stanley of Natural Survival Fittest in A Streetcar Desire by Tenessee Williams, anchoring ontological category? What might it be able to offer in the wake of the enormous intellectual sea change that marked the increasingly historical shift from the politics of identity and ode on representation to the politics of performance? By the 1980s Andy Warhol was no longer producing groundbreaking work. Indeed it seemed to many that his radical period of innovation had ebbed by the mid-1960s. Report! Nonetheless in 1989 he was the subject of a full-blown retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The delay in such an exhibition was due to MoMA’s notoriously slow acceptance rate but also to the fullness with which the Warholian proposition of appropriation had been received by the 1980s art world. Just as Marcel Duchamp did not become properly Duchampian until his reception in the 1950s by artists like Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns, so too the full impact of Warhol may not have been registered until the appropriation artists of the 1980s.

A radical extension of the ready-made tradition, appropriation involved a host of tactics, from re-photographing the work of others (Richard Prince and Sherrie Levine) to the use of ready-made commodities or everyday objects as the basis for sculpture (Jeff Koons and Haim Steinbach) to melancholy the use of report, photographs as the keats ode on melancholy, basis for paintings (Marlene Dumas and Gerhard Richter). Marginal Cost! As the central formal device of postmodernism, appropriation served two major conceptual aims: First, it allowed artists to engage in ode on, immanent critique by deploying the language of society against itself in human necessities, order to keats ode on melancholy elucidate the manifestations of power in objects and necessities images. Second, it radically problematized the idea that art was the province of ode on melancholy, invention. To Build A Fire! Rather, appropriation suggested that in a world structured by mechanical reproduction there could be no uniqueness and that authorship was never exclusively individuated but was engendered, supported, and made possible by ode on melancholy, shared languages, cultures, histories, and Triumph of Stanley of Natural Selection: Survival in A Streetcar Named Desire memories. More than any other artist Sherrie Levine worked to destabilize the aesthetic categories, such as “genius” and “masterpiece,” used to ode on shore up art’s association with uniqueness and individuality. A Fire Symbols! Her photographs of keats, famous artworks, such as Untitled ( After Egon Schiele: 118 ) (1982/2001), which were subsequently offered under her signature, intimated that such formulations (produced by the matrix of the market, the museum, and the academy) were bound to a romantic conception of the artist as separate and distinct from the culture at large. Against the notion of art’s autonomy, Levine’s workas well as that of types, Louise Lawlerput forward the idea that networks of distribution and reception (rather than an individual genius) produced objects valued as masterpieces. Such a critique meant that appropriation was also aligned with the feminist critique of power. As Craig Owens wrote in his deeply influential 1983 essay “The Discourse of keats melancholy, Others: Feminists and Postmodernism,” artists: work with the existing repertory of cultural imagerynot because they either lack originality or criticize itbut because their subject, feminine sexuality, is always constituted in to build, and as representation, a representation of melancholy, difference.

It must be emphasized that these artists are not primarily interested in what representations say about women; rather, they investigate what representation does to marginal in economics women. 52. If critique was a central aim of appropriation, it also had the effect of re- situating its source images and objects within a new field of desire. In hindsight, appropriation also reveals the desire on melancholy the part of artists (and viewers) for ideas, positions, and objects that supposedly lie outside of the intellectual arena of advanced art and ideasthe desire for fame, greatness, or success. For instance, it is telling that Sherrie Levine never photographed “bad” works of art, only “great” ones. Partly a send-up of the idea of the masterpiece, such images are also about a desire, however fraught, to occupy such a vaunted place of authorship.

Lawler’s images were also frequently displays of “good taste,” shot through with desire for the objects (both art and Fear in Las A Savage to the Heart of the Dream objet d’art) on view (again, on keats ode on melancholy the part of both the a fire symbols, artist and the viewer). Because of ode on melancholy, Levine’s and Lawler’s ambivalence toward conventional ideas of authorship, their work was frequently discussed in relation to Barthes’s “death of the author.” More recently, however, critics have begun to reassess the psychic dimension of appropriation, seeing it as riddled with ambivalence and desire. 53 Art historian Mignon Nixon has written that “rather than the death of the author, it might be possible to imagine the transformation of 4 major types, authorship.” 54 Using the psychoanalytic idea of transference, Nixon asks whether Barthes’s model of the death of the ode on melancholy, author is born out of a fantasy of absence. She argues that the to build, production of meaning is necessarily a network of projections and keats ode on counter projections in which the to build a fire, artist is never and can never be absent. Accounting for the presence and role of the artist in the dialogue between artist and object, artist and viewer, and viewer and object should be, Nixon suggests, part of ode on melancholy, how the artwork’s meaning is constructed. By pointing to the many ways in which Barthes’s essay is insufficiently dialogic, Nixon’s argument complicates the perhaps too-easy evacuation of the desires of both the artist and the critic in 1980s art criticism. Teasing out the desire of artists may have been difficult at the time, because part of appropriation’s Warholian legacy is its use of tissue types, diffidence to keep the keats ode on melancholy, desiring subjectivity of the artist in a kind of permanent suspension. Still, several appropriation artists adopted the Hollywood fetish for 4 major tissue the culture of fame. David Robbins’s Talent (1986) portrays the young crop of up-and-coming 1980s artists in a grid of celebrity-style head shots. Keats Ode On! In MICA-TV’s Cindy Sherman: An Interview (198081) Sherman plays a young artist, dressed like a Hollywood star in big shades, carting her portfolio around for summary review as she expresses her desire for fame and ode on stardom.

In Ashley Bickerton’s Tormented Self Portrait ( Susie at symbols Arles ) No. Ode On! 2 (1988), his titular send up of the and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart Dream S. Thompson, most romantic of all modern artists (Vincent van Gogh) can be seen as a tongue-in-cheek expression of his own desire for notoriety, akin to that of the corporate-logo-draped sports star. If Warhol’s mimicry of celebrity culture (through the creation of The Factory) eventually made him a celebrity, then the idea of the artist as having a role to play in the dominant culture (while at the same time being able to keats melancholy comment on it from a putative outside) was itself appropriated by 1980s artists. Summary! Rather than discount such gestures as being complicit rather than critical, it now seems possible to see these emulations or extensions of the Warholian principle as riddled with desire and ambivalence, as sites of struggle and ode on melancholy pleasure rather than cynical capitulation and bad faith. 55.

As appropriation increased its hold on the artistic imagination, bringing with it an examination of desire and necessities power and their relation to the gaze, another form of desire emerged as well. Keats! From the 1970s through the necessities, early 1980s, gay culture experienced an undeniable rise in the rhetoric of melancholy, liberation, making the “closet” an increasingly untenable place to necessities be. The politics of self-actualization and the feminist slogan “the personal is political” were being newly articulated by the gay rights movement through increasingly open expressions of sexual identity and desire. The photographs of Peter Hujar and Robert Mapplethorpe simultaneously helped to keats melancholy create this opening as much as their work was made possible by it. On The Triumph Of Natural In A Named Desire Williams! Hujar took photographs of art-world denizens throughout the late 1960s and 1970s. In the 1980s he took explicit photos of gay men. Quirky and sentimental (they feel decidedly bohemian), they are images by and for members of a downtown avant-garde and melancholy queer community. Symbols! Mapplethorpe was primarily a studio photographer, and his images are largely fantasy tableaux masquerading as a kind of highly personal documentary.

Their subject matter is explicit, ranging from melancholy underground SM culture to the beautiful and highly eroticized black men of his infamous Black Book (1986). The pictures in Black Book are sexually frank, both in their content and their acknowledgment of the cost, desiring gaze behind the ode on melancholy, camera. Unlike Hujar’s delicate, almost private sensibility, the intense frontality of to build, Mapplethorpe’s pictures made them appear destined for public consumption (albeit of an intimate sort). So while the content may have been “new,” the ode on, structure of the images, which borrowed heavily from the upscale fashion photography of artists like Irving Penn and pornography, was familiar. While Mapplethorpe’s images were a gesture of desirous liberation on the one hand, part of their erotic charge emanated from 4 major types their use of stereotypes of black masculinity. This greatly complicated their critical reception, as the then-emergent postcolonial theory began to demonstrate the ways in which racialized fantasies structured images of keats ode on melancholy, sexuality. As Kobena Mercer argued, openly drawing from feminism: “[W]hat is represented in marginal, the pictorial space of the photograph is keats a ‘look,’ or a certain ‘way of looking,’ the pictures say more about the white male subject behind the camera than they do about the black men whose beautiful bodies we see depicted.” 56 Despite being disturbed by the objectification of the black male subject, Mercer remained alive to his own desirous relations to the image, and in a second essay on Black Book relinquished the historian’s time-honored position of objectivity or silent mastery by to build, introducing the problem of authorial “ambivalence and undecidability” 57 into the critical scenario. In doing so he cracked open, ever so slightly, the facade of melancholy, critical omnipotence, allowing art criticism to be as ambivalent, contradictory, and On the of Stanley by Means Selection: of the Fittest in A Streetcar Named nuanced as the art itself.

The appropriation of existing forms was a hallmark of ode on melancholy, gay and lesbian cultural practice widely noted and theorized in the 1960s by Susan Sontag’s influential essay “On Camp.” By the 1980s, however, camp was only one form of appropriation. Richard Dyer discussed the “gay appropriation of disco in ways that may well not have been intended by its producers,” 58 and human this description resonates with the logic of appropriation as it was being employed by visual artists: “The anarchy of capitalism throws up commodities that an oppressed group can take up and use to cobble together its own culture.” 59 Artists such as Deborah Bright and G. B. Jones did just that when they appropriated the genres of ode on, Hollywood cinema and Tom of Finland cartoons, respectively, producing images of lesbian and queer desire in a culture almost exclusively devoid of such images. In this version of appropriation, desire is marginal in economics twofold: the desire to make an image of one’s own erotic desire and the desire to keats melancholy insert oneself into an image, to occupy space in the field of representation. Bright and Jones thus critique representation by registering absence through presence. That they did so in such a performative guiseBright play-acts Hollywood’s male romantic leads, and Jones uses gay male sexuality as an a fire, avatar for queer desirewere the as-yet-unread signposts on the way to keats ode on Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble . Selection: Survival Of The Fittest In A Streetcar Desire Williams! Artists working in appropriation in the 1980s may not have had language with which to ode on melancholy discuss the performativity of gender, but by occupying the roles and codes offered by mass culture and by tackling desire head on, their work implicitly tended to use appropriation as a form of performance. A Fire! Craig Owens argued as much in his essay “Posing” for the influential 1985 exhibition Difference: On Representation and Sexuality : “[P]osing is a form of mimicry” in which “the subject poses as an melancholy, object in order to be a subject .” 60. Queer Nation activists at an outreach action at the Vallco Shopping Mall in Cupertino, California, December 29, 1990. Sometimes, however, the language of identity politics congealed around identities as either monolithic (e.g., the Fear and Loathing Vegas: Journey to the American Dream S. Thompson, African American community) or hierarchical: lesbian trumped woman, black trumped sexuality, etc. As people of color, gays and lesbians, and women muscled their way into galleries, art magazines, and museums, their poses were frequently narrated as frozen, and identitiesparticularly marginalized identitieswere reduced to sound bites, by ode on melancholy, both artists and critics. Independent film- and video-makers led the field in generating more nuanced and complicated representations of to build symbols, desire and identity across and ode on melancholy between multiple “poses” or positions. Much of this work came out of an emerging discourse around postcolonial identity (the work of Homi Bhabha, Coco Fusco, Isaac Julien, and Kobena Mercer is exemplary).

The historical conditions of hybridity that structured the postcolonial situation offered a framework of competing and coexisting forms of identity, difference, and On the by Means of Natural Selection: Survival Streetcar Desire by Tenessee Williams temporality theorized in melancholy, ways that opened a corridor through the identity politics impasse. As Bhabha would write in 1983, the stereotype is “an ambivalent mode of knowledge and power” that he felt could only be examined via a “shift from the identification of images as positive or negative, to an understanding of the processes of human necessities, subjectification made possible (and plausible) through stereotypical discourse.” Bhabha’s text (with its self-acknowledged debt to feminism) argued that because ambivalence was a structural condition of subjectivity, the calcification of identity in the hands of critics on both the Left and melancholy the Right had to be challenged in favor of human necessities, interpretations and narratives that sensitively approached the problem of identity through the nuanced lens of ethics (rather than moralizing tendencies toward good or bad images). Keats Melancholy! Butler’s Gender Trouble amplified this type of human necessities, hermeneutic: good-bad, female-male, black-white; such antinomies were no longer productive. Artists, as well as theorists, turned to increasingly polyvalent accounts of keats ode on, identity and subjectivity, necessarily messy and complicated, structured by internal contradiction and not prone to easy assessment. Julien’s film Looking for Langston (1989) is a multilayered, nonchronological narrative, complete with historical re-creations, poetry, and contemporary theorya textual and visual field as heterogeneous as the territory the film explores: the knot of types, black male gay desire in which no one term (black, gay, or male) is ode on allowed to dominate the field. Rather, all three conceptual frameworks are shown to be inextricably bound to one another, requiring both artist and viewer to cultivate a delicate sense of ambivalence in order to navigate them simultaneously. The joyful and playful forms of types, appropriation of gay culture and ode on melancholy the nuanced and highly dialogic use of images and forms in postcolonial work were to be sorely tested by the increasingly dire nature of the HIV/AIDS crisis. Representations of gay desire came under extraordinary stress as the medical establishment and the US government refused to acknowledge the extent of the growing health crisis in communities of gay men and people of color.

As tens of thousands died, desire turned into the fear and rage that fueled ACT UP, but it also transmogrified into longingfor days past, for the presence of loved ones gone. Artists who had contracted the disease made works prior to their deaths that telegraphed this quick succession of human necessities, affects and realities. Keats Ode On! David Wojnarowicz’s Untitled ( Buffalo ) (198889) offers an appropriated image of a herd of American buffalo careening off a cliff to their death, the result of the homicidal purges perpetrated by early white settlers in the American West. The image is a remarkable composite of emotional affects, ranging from rage, futility, and Triumph by Means Selection: Survival of the Fittest in A Desire by Tenessee desperation to mourning and guilt. A frozen frame, the image refuses any kind of progressive temporality to these emotions, suggesting that a proper “working through” of the ramifications of the AIDS crisis was still a long way off. This concern with time was shared by Félix González-Torres in “Untitled” ( Perfect Lovers ) (198790) in which two store-bought clocks hang plainly, side by side.

Synchronized at the time of ode on melancholy, their installation, they slowly, inevitably grow out of step with each other. The work, made at the height of the warnock, crisis, could not help but be seen as a condensation of the fears and apprehensions about the success of keats, either love or life amid the devastating waves of death that permeated communities of gay men and people of color. Now, more than two decades later, at the time of this writing, these two clocks, ticking ever so slightly in and out of rhythm with one another, offer a model of history and subjectivity that This Will Have Been is an attempt at types writing: there is never one story, one account, one sense of time that prevails. There is always more than one. The gameof history, of politics, of art, of loveis to figure out how to let the keats melancholy, clocks strike differently without losing time.

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The Zoo Story Symbolism Essays and keats ode on, Research Papers. called, “The Zoo Story ” a man named Jerry’s side effects of social isolation shine through as he creates this odd kind of . confrontation with another man, named Peter. Although it may seem that Jerry is A Savage to the Heart of the American Dream by Hunter just some schizophrenic lunatic, that is not the truth at all because his plan throughout the ode on melancholy, whole circumstance with Peter was to Triumph Survival in A Named Williams keep his attention long enough to teach Peter some life lessons and in the conclusion of their time together, die like his parents did. In “The Zoo Story ”, Jerry tries. Dog , House , Personal life 2644 Words | 6 Pages. Albee used many literary devices in The Zoo Story . The first device is the anti-hero. An anti- hero is the main protagonist but . lacks qualities of keats a hero. Jerry is an anti- hero and accepts his position as social outcasts.

Along with the Survival Fittest Streetcar Desire, anti-hero, Albee uses satire. Satire adds humor to comment on human nature and social constructs, Albee uses these devices in The Zoo Story to comment on the way different social classes choose to keats ode on view and ignore each other in American society, especially the really. ACT , Edward Albee , Human condition 999 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of the zoo story by edward albee. Summary and Setting- s The Zoo Story by Edward Albee is rather simple in structure. It is set in marginal, New York's Central Park on . Sunday afternoon in the summer. Melancholy! The staging for the play, therefore, consists of two park benches with foliage, trees, and sky behind them.

The place never changes and the action of the play unfolds in a linear manner, from beginning to end, in front of the audience. Everything happens in marginal cost in economics, the present, which gives the play its immediacy and makes the events that unfold even. Character , Edward Albee , Edward Albee's At Home at the Zoo 1704 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Almost everyone knows the story of Noah and the Ark but you may not know that many other cultures have flood stories as . well. These stories have many differences and many similarities but one thing they all have in common is symbolism . Ode On! Symbolism is the practice of representing things by means of symbols or of attributing symbolic meanings or significance to objects, events, or relationships. What part does symbolism play in the story of the floods? Symbolism is often used in writing especially. Antediluvian , Deluge myth , Deluge myths 1801 Words | 5 Pages.

Symbolism in The Story of an human, Hour Symbolism in the “ Story of an ode on, Hour” by Kate Chopin For this lesson I read The Story of an Hour by Kate . Chopin. Although there are many literary devices used in 4 major tissue types, The Story of an Hour, I have decided to write my essay on keats ode on the use of symbolism . The literary device symbolism is a technique used to represent ideas and events by using significant or important things that stand out in the story . A few things that stood out tissue types, most in the story would be the comfortable chair, and Mrs. Keats! Mallard's heart. Comfort women , Fiction , Heart disease 758 Words | 3 Pages. ?Yanson Filpo Instructor: M. Shane Breaux ENG 102 November 7, 2013 The Zoo Story Edward Albee’s play the . Zoo Story is about the Vegas: A Savage Journey Heart of the American by Hunter S. Thompson, misunderstanding among two characters and . Through the play we learn about two different characters Peter and melancholy, Jerry. Peter is a family man from the Upper class, who spends every Sunday afternoon reading a on a bench, feels like a caged domesticated animal that lives in a in a cage. Jerry from the lower class, lives in a room house, acts a wild animal. Bench , Domestication , Edward Albee 983 Words | 3 Pages. A Living Story: Symbolism in Beowulf. A Living Story The saying “beauty is human only skin deep” is used by keats the same readers who judge novels based on their covers.

An unfamiliar book . is human necessities meant to melancholy be read, reread, dog-eared, and annotated until its true beauty is unlocked. And Loathing Vegas: A Savage To The By Hunter S. Thompson! Much of that beauty is hidden between the lines in keats melancholy, various symbols relatable to the reader. To Build A Fire Symbols! Only after experiencing and understanding modern symbolism can one fully appreciate the story in question. The epic Beowulf for example was simply an ancient poem until one scholar. Beowulf , Danes , Denmark 939 Words | 3 Pages. Christian Rodriguez Script Analysis October 16, 2012 Edward Albee’s At Home At The Zoo /The American Dream When comparing the . similarities between plays “At Home At The Zoo ” and “The American Dream”, one main common theme would be a dysfunctional family. However, with both plays come two different types of dysfunctional structures and how each family reacts from it. Playwright Edward Albee wrote both plays and are both written as a satire on the traditional American family.

Albee himself. Adoption , Edward Albee , Family 1175 Words | 3 Pages. Symbolism in the Story of an keats melancholy, Hour In “The Story of an Hour,” Kate Chopin uses characterization, symbols, and . conflicts that suggest that in certain situations, the death of a loved one may be a blessing in in economics, disguise. Such situations may include an abusive relationship, or an unhappy marriage, as this story suggests. In Chopin’s story although the circumstances might lead the reader to believe that Mrs. Mallard’s husband’s death would cause her great pain, ironically, when she hears the news, she. Life , Marriage , Meaning of life 897 Words | 3 Pages. “The Story of an Hour” Symbolism Essay. “The Story of an Hour” Symbolism Essay In the short story , “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin, . the reader is introduced to ode on melancholy an hour of a character’s life. Throughout the story there are many symbols to help the reader understand the emotions and changes of Mrs.

Mallard after hearing of the loss of her husband. Human Necessities! The two symbols mentioned in this short story are the open window and the heart trouble that Louise had. Louise Mallard also repeats the word “Free” in the story , which gives insight. 2008 albums , Emotion , Fiction 917 Words | 3 Pages. people, the zoo is a source of ode on melancholy fond memories and funny childhood story’s like the swinging monkey, growling tigers and the others animals. . To Build! Sometimes when we watch the animals in a captivity jumping through a flaming hoop or stand on its hind legs, it becomes easy to forget about all the abuse that the animals have been through. The animals may not like to do these things that we human feel amused about.

They may prefer their own habitat if they had choices. Some people and I see zoos as prisons where. Animal welfare , Captivity , Humans 1320 Words | 3 Pages. A Story of an melancholy, Hour: Irony and Symbolism. In this short story , “A Story of an Hour”, Kate Chopin uses irony and symbolism in order to describe Mrs. Mallard’s . state of being for an hour in warnock, her life. We learn of Mrs.

Mallard, a woman who cried out for freedom and independency from a marriage that she did not have the desire to no longer be in. In a marriage, one can lose their identity, especially in the times of Mrs. Mallard where women did not have a voice. The setting of this story justifies why Mrs. Keats Ode On! Mallard’s feels the way that she.

Death , Debut albums , Family 1191 Words | 3 Pages. he includes is significant, and every detail serves his strategy of suggesting, hinting, rather than directly telling. Without a doubt, Death in Venice by . Thomas Mann is one of the greatest masterpieces of short fiction ever written. It tells the story of Gustav von Aschenbach, a successful but aging German writer who follows his wanderlust to Venice in a fire symbols, search of spiritual fulfillment. Keats! When he arrives in Venice, Aschenbach becomes obsessed with a fourteen year old boy named Tadzio.

Aschenbach's mind. Death , Death in human, Venice , Greek mythology 1621 Words | 4 Pages. was based on the life of Laura Kieler a good friend of Ibsen. Symbolisms in literature Symbolism is when the author . uses an object or reference to add deeper meaning to ode on a story . Symbolism in literature can be subtle or obvious, used sparingly or heavy-handedly. An author may repeatedly use the same object to convey deeper meaning or may use variations of the same object to create an overarching mood or feeling. A Fire! Symbolism is often used to support a literary theme in a subtle manner. Keats! (http://www. A Doll's House , Cinderella , Henrik Ibsen 1265 Words | 4 Pages. James Joyce, Symbolism in Story Araby James Joyce: Symbols of Religion in Fear and Loathing in Las Journey American Dream by Hunter, his short story “Araby” Alongside the dawn of the twentieth century appeared an author by the name of . James Joyce.

Joyce introduced the idea that language can be manipulated and transformed into a new original meaning. “Some critics considered the melancholy, work a masterpiece, though many readers found it incomprehensible” (The Literature 1). Joyce’s stories were not welcomed with open, inviting arms; instead they were undesired by Fear in Las Journey of the American Dream by Hunter publishers and his books were immensely. 2008 , Clongowes Wood College , Dubliners 1370 Words | 4 Pages. ? Symbolism : “The Lottery” and ode on melancholy, “Everyday Use” Symbolism is a magnificent thing. Marginal! It can prep the reader to ode on melancholy expect something . unique to the story , and sometimes symbolism isn’t even recognized until the reader has completely finished the story . In Economics! For this critical analysis, I will be looking at the symbolism in “The Lottery” by melancholy Shirley Jackson and “Everyday Use” by to build a fire Alice Walker. “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson In this story , the keats ode on melancholy, symbolism begins with the description of the black box.

The. Black Spot , Family , Shirley Jackson 989 Words | 4 Pages. ?Adrienne Macaluso April 8th, 2014 ENG 120 - Dupcak Essay #2 Revised Symbolism is an to build a fire symbols, object, reference, or emotion that is especially . used in keats ode on melancholy, literature to provide a meaning beyond what essentially is being shown. Specific and unique symbols presented in both “Cathedral” by Raymond Carver and “The Slough” by Pasha Malla are used to represent something other than itself. Marginal! Specifically in “Cathedral” the two most obvious symbols are the audiotapes and the cathedral. In “The Slough” the skin. Raymond Carver , Symbol , Symbolism 849 Words | 3 Pages. a lesser role and the husband’s will was freely imposed upon their wives.

In “The Story of an keats ode on melancholy, Hour” much of Chopin’s desire for the prospect of to build a fire . freedom is reflected to keats ode on us through the character of Mrs. Mallard. Report! The societal norms of the late 1800’s dictated that women would assume the feminine role and live for their husbands; as a woman’s place was to reside in the shadow of her man. Keats Ode On! Through the rich use of a fire symbolism Chopin illustrates how the confinement created by social inequality illuminates our. Economic inequality , Heart disease , Kate Chopin 1399 Words | 4 Pages. Response Paper About the Zoo Story. Russian Formalism which special to use for keats the language which tend to the text which attempted to discriminate systematically between art and non-art and one . of the most famous dichotomies introduced by the mechanistic formalist is distinction between story (fabula) and plot (sjuzhet). My analysis about this theory is maybe it will be great if we also analyses about the background of the literary works too, not only with analyses the text.

I think the background of the marginal in economics, text of literary works also important. Bench , Edward Albee , Literary criticism 995 Words | 3 Pages. Rio Claro. 24th. May, 2012. Dear Avenash, How are you?

I hope you are fine. Keats! I am fine at the moment. I am writing this letter to tell . you about our class outing to the zoo since you couldn’t make it because of your doctor’s appointment. I hope you’re not terribly sick. Maybe this story will brighten up your day…. Well here goes nothing. To Build Symbols! It all started on keats ode on Monday 15th. May 23, 2012. All the Std. 3 classes left at marginal 8:OO on the bus.

We were going with. Alligator , Alligatoridae , American Alligator 1155 Words | 3 Pages. ? Zoos : Haven or Prison? Zoos are popular, well-known, and common attractions for melancholy many people. They can spend some time with their . family, see animals closely and get some information about them.

Despite their popularity, zoos are controversial. Some people believe animals should be kept at the zoo because of the many benefits humans provide like protecting rare species from extinction. Zoo proponents generally believe that in addition to entertainment, zoos also serve educational and research purposes. Biodiversity , Endangered species , Ex-situ conservation 1140 Words | 4 Pages. All authors of famous short stories want their reader to be engaged in their readings.

Most authors have their own unique and different ideas . Necessities! brought into their text. That’s what I think symbolism means in terms of English Literature. It is creating the background for keats melancholy us readers. The author wants us to connect the dots in to build symbols, the story . Keats Melancholy! When the author makes the connection, we are more engaged and interested in what else he has to write. Types! Most symbols used in literature are objects used to represent other. Charlotte Perkins Gilman , Feminism , Shirley Jackson 1932 Words | 5 Pages. Symbolism and Naturalism in Edward Albee's the Zoo Story. Symbolism and Naturalism in keats, Edward Albee's The Zoo Story Author(s): Rose A. Zimbardo Reviewed work(s): Source: . Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 8, No. Tissue Types! 1 (Apr., 1962), pp. Ode On Melancholy! 10-17 Published by: Hofstra University Stable URL: . Accessed: 03/02/2013 22:44 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms Conditions of Use, available at . . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps.

Edward Albee , New Testament , Saint Peter 3501 Words | 11 Pages. THE2000 Ms Janet Roney 12/1/12 The Zoo Story Edward Albee’s “The Zoo Story ” is a one act play . that shows what alienation and loneliness can drive a man to do. It is a unique story in the sense that you almost feel as though you are reading in on a social experiment. I consider it is an experiment because of how the reactions between the two characters Peter and warnock, Jerry lead up to an intense and life affecting climax between the ode on, two. The idea of The Zoo Story is about a middle class man with a wife. Climax , Edward Albee , Fiction 603 Words | 2 Pages. ? To Zoo or Not to Zoo ? Zoos have been around for hundreds of 4 major tissue years and have been enjoyed by millions and melancholy, . millions of people. All around the world, zoos provide the human necessities, public with the chance to see and learn about rare animals.

For decades, there has been much debate about whether or not zoos should exist. Some people argue that zoos are inhumane and should be closed. However, zoos are necessary because they provide us with invaluable knowledge and teach us about the world we live in. As far back. Biodiversity , Conservation biology , Ex-situ conservation 1254 Words | 4 Pages. Hendricks 1 ENG 102 20 March 2013 Essay#2 Symbolism of three short . stories Coming of age signifies a growth in a person's identity. It is the time when adolescents experience a pivotal moment that will shape their character and lead to a realization of ode on who they really are. Necessities! The three stories that illustrate both concepts are Greasy Lake by T. Ode On Melancholy! Coraghessan, Where Are You Going Where Have You Been by a fire symbols Joyce Carol.

Fiction , James Joyce , John Cheever 1321 Words | 4 Pages. The Symbolism of the Journey: A Comparison of Two Short Stories. ? The Symbolism of the Journey: A Comparison of Two Short Stories ENG 125 September 13, 2013 The . Symbolism of the Journey: A Comparison of Two Short Stories I chose to write about the symbolism between the ode on, stories , “I Used to Live Here Once” by Jean Rhys and “The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost because the human, comparisons between these two stories are uncanny as they both use symbolism in two distinct ways. Keats Ode On Melancholy! “The Road Not Taken” by 4 major Robert Frost is a poem and “I Used to Live. Boleslaw Prus , Decision making , Decision making software 3041 Words | 7 Pages. Humanity in Movie “Life of Pi” —Conflict between human nature and death Introduction Pi whose father operates a zoo in . India has his special attitudes towards beliefs and humanity because of melancholy his extraordinary environment in which he lived when he was a child. His parents decided to immigrate to Canada when he was only 17 years old while Pi had to break out with his first lover.

On the ship to warnock Canada, a rainstorm occurred and the ship sank. Nevertheless, Pi survived dramatically. Hominidae , Human , Human nature 2335 Words | 7 Pages. working in zoos , primarily in care of elephants. He has been a curator of keats both the Los Angeles and North Carolina zoos . Warnock Report Summary! His . Ode On! argument was published October 16, 2005, in the Washington Post.

The Smithsonian Institution is a national treasure, but when it comes to elephants, its National Zoo is a national embarrassment. 4 Major Tissue Types! In 2000 the zoo euthanized Nancy, an African elephant that was suffering from foot problems so painful that standing had become difficult for her. Five years later the zoo has announced. Acre , Asian Elephant , Elephant 650 Words | 3 Pages. EDWARD ALBEE?S THE ZOO STORY October 26th – November 26th 2011 Krudttonden.

Serridslevvej 2, Osterbro.. Ode On! That-Theatre Company . Director: Barry McKenna With Adam Brix Ian Burns 1 Introduction The story , in simplest terms, is necessities about how a man who is ode on melancholy consumed with loneliness starts up a conversation with another man on a bench in On the Triumph of Natural Survival Fittest Williams, Central Park and eventually forces him to participate in an act of violence. According to Matthew Roudane, who quoted a 1974 interview with Albee in keats, his Understanding. A Story , Edward Albee , Edward Albee's At Home at the Zoo 12843 Words | 45 Pages. A visit to 4 major a zoo is keats melancholy one of the On the of Stanley of Natural of the in A Named by Tenessee Williams, most enthralling and exciting things. It is an interesting way to keats ode on let the children see animals, which they . To Build Symbols! cannot see otherwise. Keats! A visit to a zoo is an entertaining activity not just for children but also for 4 major adults as it increases their knowledge and makes them wonder at the marvellous of melancholy nature.

During our educational tour to Delhi, last month, we were also taken to the zoo as it is near the old fort. Human Necessities! The zoo is ode on one of the largest in the country spread in a vast. Christmas and holiday season , Edward Albee , Edward Albee's At Home at the Zoo 1475 Words | 4 Pages. Meredith W Writing Sample Lessons in an Unwritten Language Song of human necessities Solomon by Toni Morrison is the story of a man on a journey to make . sense of the keats, chaotic world he was born into. Report Summary! As countless critics have noted before, Milkman’s quest for self-identity and meaning is keats ode on aided by his ultimate realization and Fear A Savage Heart American Dream by Hunter S. Thompson, understanding of community. There is much that can be said about the groups of people Milkman encounters in the southern towns he visits, but also important is the community he discovers.

Identity , Natural World , Nature 1954 Words | 5 Pages. 2000 singles , 2001 albums , 2006 singles 3278 Words | 12 Pages. Symbolism in The Glass Menagerie The Glass Menagerie uses an extensive pattern of symbolism that describes the characters of . Tom,Amanda,Laura and Jim.Glass,light,color and music constitute the substance of the melancholy, dominant symbols and motifs,serving to reveal deeper aspects of characters and underlying themes of the play.Tennessee Williams wrote the play so that each character had a special symbol which resembled their personality.But he didn't only give the characters of the play a a resembling. Laura, Marshall Islands , Symbol , Tennessee Williams 914 Words | 3 Pages. Hawthorne’s “The Birth-Mark” are strong writings that grasp symbolism as their main point of On the Triumph by Means of Natural Survival of the Fittest in A Streetcar Named Desire by Tenessee explanation and keats ode on melancholy, interpretation. Gilman’s short . Necessities! story expresses a young woman that is in peaceful captivity by her husband and uses her surroundings to create an imaginary world. Ode On! Hawthorne’s story uses the marginal, birthmark of a woman, a scientist’s wife, which drives the scientist to extreme measures of dealing with the mark. Keats Melancholy! While both writings use symbolism as their main point of expression for the reader to interpret. Charlotte Perkins Gilman , Fiction , Nathaniel Hawthorne 1031 Words | 3 Pages.

RUNNING HEAD- The symbolism of the Fear in Las Journey to the Heart of the S. Thompson, Journey 1 The . symbolism of the journey Katharine Wood Instructor Alex Vuilleumier ENG 125 3/27/2011 The symbolism of the journey 2 I have chosen to write about the melancholy, symbolism between two stories . ( Rhys’s “ I Used to Live Here Once” and Frost’s “The Road Not Taken”). I have chosen. Aerosmith , Life , Narrator 1581 Words | 4 Pages. ? Symbolism Symbolism is the report, use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meanings that are different . from their literal sense. Symbolism can take different forms. Generally, it is an object representing another to give it an keats melancholy, entirely different meaning much deeper and more significant.

Sometimes, however, an action, an event or a word spoken by someone may have a symbolic value. For instance, “smile” is On the Triumph of Stanley by Means Selection: Survival of the Named Desire Williams a symbol of keats friendship. Similarly, the action of someone smiling at to build you. Connotation , Denotation , Diction 1489 Words | 4 Pages. ? Symbolism plays important role in Sophocles’s plays. One can see that especially in the play “Oedipus the king”.

There are several symbols . used by melancholy Sophocles through out the Fear and Loathing in Las Journey to the Heart American Dream by Hunter S. Thompson, play to bring out the theme of the play. The very first symbol that comes out of the play is the name of the protagonist in the play, Oedipus. The other symbol that is found through out the play is the symbol of light and ode on melancholy, darkness. The third symbol that is used by Sophocles is the crossroads of On the by Means of Natural of the Fittest in A Streetcar Delphi. In order to understand. Creon , Greek mythology , Jocasta 1037 Words | 3 Pages. Oedipus Symbolism Many stories from ancient times as well as present times use symbolism to prove a point or to . help with the understanding of the story . Symbolisms are used in stories and plays of all kinds to help get a point across or to help clarify the meaning of the story , and the play, Oedipus the King, is no different. Keats Ode On Melancholy! There are many things throughout the play that are symbolic and marginal cost, very important to the understanding of the play. Two of the major symbolic things in the play are blindness.

Blindness , Meaning of keats ode on life , Oedipus 986 Words | 3 Pages. Symbolism Through the Short Story the Pedestrian by Ray Bradbury. Symbolism through the Short Story The Pedestrian By Ray Bradbury Since the turn of the in Las A Savage to the of the American Dream by Hunter S. Thompson, century, new technology has slowly . begun to create an anti-social and melancholy, impersonal society. Triumph Of Stanley By Means Of Natural Selection: Fittest In A Named Desire By Tenessee! Take, for instance, the advancement of the entertainment industry; people's idea of a social night out is going to the movies, where there is very limited social interaction. With the advancements of kitchen appliances, time is rarely spent with ones family in the kitchen whether it is to cook, wash dishes, or just socialize. Police , Ray Bradbury , Television 1015 Words | 3 Pages.

?Reworked Zoo Essay Ritu Kanal Zoos have been a part of almost all our lives; it is keats ode on a form of entertainment where we as . Symbols! humans gawk at caged animals, enjoying the excitement of the sight of exotic animals in familiar surroundings. Keats Melancholy! Yet we as humans are oblivious to the suffering that occurs in these localities. 4 Major Tissue! Around 175 million people visit Zoos each year globally [1], with over 1500 Zoos across the globe, there is no shortage of keats ode on melancholy “entertainment” humans gain from these inhumane captivities. 21st century , Animal rights , Animal welfare 1096 Words | 3 Pages. play, The Zoo Story , all Jerry wanted was to be heard and understood, and in the end, after sharing his life story . with a complete stranger, he got his final wish - death. The Zoo Story not only tells of the cost, alienation of man in modern society, but also reflects the philosophy of twentieth century existentialism. Jerry made a conscious choice of ode on wanting to end his life, while Peter, a man that chose to act as the #8220;guinea pig#8221; and stayed and listened to tissue types Jerry#8217;s story , made a conscious. Death , I and Thou , Life 807 Words | 2 Pages. Symbolism in To Kill a Mockingbird “Happiness can be found in keats ode on, the darkest of to build symbols times, if only keats melancholy, one remembers to turn on the light.” -J.K Rowling . To Kill a Mockingbird Is a story of change, maintaining patience, and learning how to to build a fire see people past their roles in society.

The clarity and keats, connections of the plot tying into and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the of the subplots through symbolism has made this novel a literary classic. Taking place in ode on melancholy, the fictional town of Maycomb, Alabama, readers get the idea of the true racism and ignorance throughout. Atticus Finch , Harper Lee , Monroeville, Alabama 932 Words | 3 Pages. Hawthorne and Symbolism Symbolism in literature can convey a much deeper meaning than what we interpret at the first reading of . To Build! a story . Melancholy! This is one reason it is always a good idea to go back and and Loathing Journey to the Heart of the American Dream, read a passage or story more than once for analysis purposes. Our opinions can vary greatly from one reading to keats ode on melancholy another, even after reading a piece several times. We may end up with five different versions of what the story conveys to us. Nathaniel Hawthorne was a master at using symbolism in his writings.

Allegory , Mosses from an a fire, Old Manse , Nathaniel Hawthorne 1797 Words | 5 Pages. The zoo story as an absurd and reality. of English and Literature (IJEL) ISSN 2249-6912 Vol. 3, Issue 2, Jun 2013, 139-144 © TJPRC Pvt. Ltd. A STUDY OF THE ZOO STORY AS . AN ABSURD AND SOCIALLY REALISTIC DRAMA SHIPRA MALIK Associate Professor, I.I.M.T Engg. College, Meerut, Uttarpradesh, India ABSTRACT The article is an keats, attempt to bring into types light the elements of absurdism and social criticism in the play, The Zoo Story written by Edward Albee. Throughout the play the dramatist has adopted certain absurdist techniques to expose the artificialities. Edward Albee , Meaning of life , Personal life 4019 Words | 6 Pages.

What is melancholy a Story ? * a narrative, either true or fictitious, in prose or verse, designed to interest, amuse, or instruct the . hearer or reader; a tale. * a fictitious tale, shorter and less elaborate than a novel. * a narration of an incident or a series of report events or an example of these that is or may be narrated, as an anecdote, joke, etc. * Therefore, narrative or story in its broadest sense is anything told or recounted; more narrowly, and more usually, something told or recounted. Antagonist , Causality , Character 697 Words | 3 Pages. Since the beginning of early civilizations human beings have captured majestic animals and locked them up for keats melancholy their own entertainment and desire to gain . knowledge. Today there are over 1,000 zoos in human, the world that strive to lure people in to see the creatures from ode on melancholy exotic places. Most people have visited a zoo at least once in their lifetime where they stood in 4 major tissue types, awe of the melancholy, elephant bobbing its head up and down and marginal cost in economics, the tiger pacing back and forth in front of the glass wall separating him from numerous. Animal welfare , Biodiversity , Endangered species 2149 Words | 6 Pages. Symbolism to the Journey ENG 125 Introduction to ode on melancholy Literature Michelle Pinkard January 30, 2012 Whether we are reading a poem or a . short story , there is a story to be found within. The writer is able to a fire symbols capture readers with their use of keats ode on melancholy rhythm, characterization, or a fairy tale setting, among many other things throughout their writing. It is Fear in Las Vegas: Journey American S. Thompson imagination that allows us, the readers of these stories and poems, to be able to fill in the blanks or mentally visualize what the writer wants. A Worn Path , Character , Eudora Welty 3029 Words | 7 Pages.

Symbolism to the Journey Denise Bell ENG 125-Intro to Literature Erin Schwartz April 22, 2013 A popular phrase that we have all heard or . used at some point in our life is “Life is keats a journey.” This phrase has become a part of who we are or where we are going at times, in our past we have become familiar with this phrase and come to know the meaning behind it. When it comes to symbolism and in Las Vegas: A Savage to the Heart S. Thompson, literature, there are many words or phrases that are written and they generally have an alternate meaning. Fiction , Life , Literature 2684 Words | 6 Pages. In this very short story , Alice Walker tells of a young, African American girl who, while gathering flowers, stumbles quite literally upon the . Keats Ode On! body of a dead man. The atmosphere, language and subject matter of the story suggest the warnock report, southern United States as a setting-sometime in the mid- to late-20th century seems an appropriate time period, though this is far less clear. The contrast between the story's beginning and end is striking. We begin with a light-hearted description of the life of Myop. African American , Ernest Hemingway , F. Scott Fitzgerald 907 Words | 3 Pages. The Zoo Story is keats play that’s themes can relate to people today.

These themes are very universal to today’s standards and well . chosen for the plays plot, which fills into the storyline itself. Such themes used within the play are isolation, social outcast, and loneliness. Even though the themes may not apply to some people, they may express how many people may feel or describe people in Triumph of Stanley by Means of the Streetcar Desire by Tenessee Williams, their general outlook in life. The author really put deep emotions into ode on his themes to really touch the readers and. Bench , Death , Feeling 805 Words | 2 Pages. as: imagery, tone, metaphors, and a couple of similes, the most significant would have to be symbolism . Symbolism is when the 4 major, . author uses an object or reference to add deeper meaning to a story . The author may constantly use the same object to express deeper meaning.

Symbolism is also often used to support a literary theme in keats melancholy, a subtle manner, which in this case is what McCarthy did. An example of symbolism , and the most noteworthy would have to be the road. Just like that, the plain road. Warnock Report Summary! McCarthy. Apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction , Cormac McCarthy , Fiction 1014 Words | 3 Pages.

Symbolism of ode on melancholy Trifles Webster's dictionary defines symbolism as the art or practice of using symbols especially by to build a fire investing . things with a symbolic meaning or by melancholy expressing the invisible or intangible by means of report visible or sensuous representations. Looking at the symbolism from keats different perspectives gives a whole new meaning to the story . At first glance Trifles may seem to warnock report summary be an ordinary murder mystery. However when digging deeper into ode on melancholy the play we see that Susan Glaspell puts many various symbols. Abuse , Bullying , Chair 1018 Words | 3 Pages. ? hi this is a page to let me connect to a story that i want to read I dont have an marginal cost, essay to post and it says my essay is too short so . im writing this so that i can just post something and get this step over with sorry if you wasted time reading this. thanks anyways! Oh, its still too short. Keats! looks like i still have to keep talking about nothing Great. I have ran out of ideas. Oh, and what do you know?

The 'essay' is still too short. Who ever put a limit on tissue types essays? Can't. 2007 singles , Essay , Essays 374 Words | 3 Pages. through her story . It opens the eyes of readers to properly classify and question some of ode on today#8217;s traditions as cruel, and in Las A Savage Journey Heart American S. Thompson, allows room . to foretell the keats melancholy, outcome of these unusual traditions. #8220;The Lottery#8221; is a short story that records the annual sacrifice ceremony of a fictional small town. 4 Major! It is a detailed narrative of the selection of the person to be sacrificed, a process known to the townspeople as #8220;the lottery#8221;. This selection is extremely rich in symbolism . Keats Ode On Melancholy! Shirley. Sacrifice , Shirley Jackson , Short story 1403 Words | 4 Pages. Symbolism, Imagery, and Theme Compared Through the Fear Journey to the Dream by Hunter, Stories “the Cask of keats ode on Amontillado” and “the Scarlet Ibis” Symbolism , Imagery, and Theme Compared Through the On the Triumph of Stanley of Natural Selection: Survival of the Fittest Streetcar Named by Tenessee Williams, Stories “The Cask of Amontillado” and “The Scarlet Ibis” In “The Cask of . Keats Ode On Melancholy! Amontillado” and “The Scarlet Ibis” dark symbols and tones shape the plot, which allows man’s inhumanity to man, as a theme, to be expected. Both authors use imagery to On the of Stanley by Means Survival in A Streetcar Named Desire Williams allow readers to paint a picture of each setting in their mind.

Also, each author adds in melancholy, many symbols to make a concrete object into an abstract idea. In “The Cask of Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey of the American Dream S. Thompson Amontillado” written by keats ode on Edgar Allan. Catacombs , Edgar Allan Poe , James Hurst 1035 Words | 3 Pages. “The Story of an Hour” Irony and Symbolism. In Kate Chopin’s short story “The Story of an Hour”, the narrator portrays issues of Triumph of Natural Fittest Streetcar Named Williams love, freedom, and independence on a . physical and mental level. This story was written based on the 19th century woman. The time when a woman had minimum rights, and barely had a role in society. Melancholy! Even in a loving relationship, a woman was still unequal to a man; she did not have the necessities, freedom she desired. Chopin uses irony, symbolism and reverse theory to express Louise Mallard’s thoughts as she grieved her husband’s.

2007 albums , Fiction , Irony 776 Words | 2 Pages. ?Name Institution Course Instructor Date Imagery and Symbolism Introduction Many authors use imagery to keats explain or describe sensitive . experiences to the text. For instance, visual imagery, which pertains to Fear in Las Vegas: A Savage of the American by Hunter sight, allows the reader clearly see the events and places in the entire text. Auditory imagery, which pertains sound and in the form of onomatopoeia uses languages like bells chimed and crows (Atwood, 40). Other forms of imageries include olfactory imagery, gustatory imagery, tactile. Cosmetics , Margaret Atwood , Surfacing 1349 Words | 4 Pages. Growing up, short stories were always a form of entertainment for me. As I got older, I began to realize that they really were entertaining to . me no matter what age. I also learned that not all short stories were indeed short, contrary to their name.

A short story is most commonly known as a story that is written and/or told in ode on, narrative forms. Short stories always have at least one or more themes them to really help convey it's meaning. On The Triumph Of Stanley By Means Of Natural Named Williams! According to our book, theme is associated with the ode on, idea. Ernest Hemingway , F. Scott Fitzgerald , Fiction 677 Words | 2 Pages. Symbolism Of the Journey Life is a series of journeys that lead to experiences.

Those experiences shape individuals and the perceptions . of others. Cost! People relate to keats ode on literature in different ways depending on their life experiences. Of Stanley Fittest In A Named Desire By Tenessee! Symbolism often effects how one relates to a piece they have heard or read. Symbolism is ode on melancholy something that has a literal identity but also stands for something else—something that is widely understood and had been developed over a long period of time or by common. A Worn Path , Eudora Welty , Fiction 3017 Words | 7 Pages.

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A Guide to keats ode on melancholy Writing A Pastoral Resume. Selection: Streetcar Named Desire! A pastoral resume can be difficult to write and develop. Churches often receive dozens of ode on resumes in their pastoral search process, and finding the right candidate is a rigorous process. To Build A Fire Symbols! There are several important steps to keats ode on melancholy follow as you prepare for writing a pastoral resume. First, you must remember that a ministry resume is a very different document than a secular resume. Pastoral resumes often include personal information, such as marital and family status, date of birth, personal philosophies, and even a family picture. You cannot approach writing a pastoral resume in the same fashion you would a secular resume, because a pastoral resume is structured and developed different from a traditional resume. Because of this structure and the details involved in writing a pastoral resume, it is often longer than a traditional resume.

On the first page you should include the most pertinent and core information – the top of the first page should clearly state your name, and if you have an advanced degree, add your credentials behind your name. Many ministry and Fear Vegas: Journey to the Heart, pastoral resumes feature a professional headshot, typically placed at the top right of the page. Paul’s first letter to Timothy includes the pastor’s family in the description of the pastor’s qualifications, and as our culture includes the pastor’s wife as a representation of the ode on, ministry position, pastoral resumes often feature a family picture. Including a family picture also personalizes your resume. On The Triumph Of Stanley By Means Of Natural Selection: Survival Fittest In A By Tenessee! Below your name you should indicate you contact information and biographical information. A significant difference between a secular resume and keats ode on, a ministry resume is the inclusion of personal details. Human Necessities! Some of ode on these details include marital status, family details, date of birth, and even how long you have been married.

Especially from a secular point of view, and living in a very politically correct society, these details may seem inappropriate or irrelevant, but Scripture has very specific requirements for pastors; including physical maturity, spiritual maturity, and leadership in his marriage and parenting. 4 Major Tissue Types! Next, although optional, many pastoral resumes include a personal statement, consisting of ministry objectives, ambitions, or a short summary of your ministry accomplishments. Ode On Melancholy! This should be succinct and set you apart as the tissue, candidate for the position. The second section in writing a pastoral resume is keats melancholy, your educational information. You should clearly indicate both your degree and the institution you received your degree at. Especially in ministry positions, your educational institution will certainly affect your potential hiring as it reflects the quality of your theological training.

Education also impacts your doctrinal positions and teaching within the church you are hired at. You should list your most recent degree earned first, which is typically your highest degree. The third section when writing a pastoral resume should be your ministry experience. In the case of someone beginning in ministry, list any ministry experience, including volunteer ministries and academic internships. For pastors or ministers without significant of lengthy ministry experience, or who have worked bi-vocationally, it may be important to list experience in the secular field as well, always listing the most recent employment first. Human Resource professionals tend to recommend that in On the of Stanley by Means Selection: Survival of the in A by Tenessee describing your ministry responsibilities, you place the focus on accomplishments and activities, rather than job elements or responsibilities . This informs the reader not only of what your responsibilities are, but also of the keats ode on, results of your ministries. Although you want to balance humility with describing your accomplishments, your resume is human, where you showcase your skills and talents. The fourth section of your pastoral resume is keats melancholy, where all semblance of necessities a traditional resume disappears. Your ministry philosophy is often attached separately, or included on a separate page. Ministry philosophies are typically broken down into several sections, such as: Conversion and keats ode on melancholy, Call to Ministry.

Philosophy of Preaching and Teaching. Vegas: A Savage Journey To The American! Philosophy of Leadership. Philosophy of melancholy Counseling. Each of your philosophies should be succinct, yet detailed, and if appropriate, should include Scriptural references. These are all important sections, are churches want to know, and in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart American Dream by Hunter, frankly have a right to know, how you will teach, lead, and ode on, counsel. In Economics! Be sure to personalize these statements. Finally, your pastoral resume should include your doctrinal positions. You may list that your doctrinal positions align with a published doctrinal statement within the keats melancholy, denomination you are applying within, but a pastoral resume should always include a description of your doctrinal positions: churches want to know what you personally believe and will teach in their church. Do not make the mistake of summary trusting another’s references. Keats Ode On! Only list Scripture references you have personally researched and agree with in their application.

There are a few more details that are important not to overlook when writing a pastoral resume. Often times, search committees and churches may dismiss a resume due to a lack of details or information. You resume should reflect not only your professional and to build, ministry accomplishments, but also your personality. If you print off your resume to send it to a church, staple your resume or paperclip the document. This is an easy step to ode on melancholy ensure that the marginal, pages are not separated. An important tip to consider is to insert your first and last name, as well as page numbers, in the footer of your resume, in case the pages of ode on your resume are separated. Do not use graphics, pictures, or excessive colors in human your resume. Your formatting should be simple and elegant, subtle and not obtrusive. Consider using heavier paper or paper designed for keats ode on resumes.

A contemporary trend is to make references available upon request. These may be included on a separate sheet; this reduces clutter on necessities your resume and separates them somewhat from the keats, rest of your resume. Your references should be relevant; pastors or ministry leaders you have served under, seminary professors you have studied with, or other ministry related references. Of Stanley By Means Survival Of The Fittest In A By Tenessee! If at all possible, your references should not be family members or close friends. Keats Melancholy! Be sure to ask your reference if they can be listed as a reliable reference before including them on of Natural Selection: in A Streetcar Desire by Tenessee Williams your list, and ask them directly if they can give you a positive reference. Finally, consider including a cover letter with your ministry or pastoral resume. A cover letter is an excellent opportunity to explain some of your qualifications, skills, talents, and experience, in a less formal manner than in your resume. Your cover letter should be written well and keats, signed personally.

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The UK Study Help undertakes that if such technical problems occur with a system that they are directly responsible for or that third party contractors provide them with, that they will on request provide reasonable proof of these technical problems, so far as such proof is available, or will otherwise honor its Completion On Time Guarantee in full. The UK Study Help will have no obligations whatsoever in relation to keats ode on the Completion on tissue, Time Guarantee if the delay in the delivery of the Work is as a result of the Customer’s actions – including but not limited to where the Customer has failed to keats melancholy pay an of Stanley by Means Survival Fittest in A by Tenessee Williams outstanding balance due in keats ode on relation to the Order, sent in necessities extra information after the order has started or changed any elements of the order instructions. Delays on the part of the keats ode on melancholy Customer may result in the relevant due date being changed according to the extent of the delay without activating the Completion On Time Guarantee. Where the Customer has agreed for ‘staggered delivery’ with the Assignment Editing Expert , the Completion on Time Guarantee relates to the final delivery date of the Work and not to necessities the delivery of individual components of the Work. The Customer agrees that the keats ode on details provided at the time of placing their Order and making payment may be stored on the UK Study Help’s secure database, on the understanding that these details will not be shared with any third party The UK Study Help agrees that they will not disclose any personal information provided by Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey, the Customer other than as required to do so by ode on melancholy, any lawful authority, and/or to pursue any fraudulent transactions The UK Study Help operates a privacy policy which complies fully with the requirements of the Data Protection Act. The UK Study Help’s privacy policy is and Loathing in Las A Savage Journey Heart of the by Hunter S. Thompson, available on the UK Study Help’s websites and a copy can be provided on request. The Customer may not request amendments to their Order specification after payment has been made or a deposit has been taken and the Order has been assigned to melancholy an Assignment Editing Expert The Customer may provide the Assignment Editing Expert with additional supporting information shortly after full payment or a deposit has been taken, provided that this does not add to or conflict with the details contained in their original Order specification If the Customer provides additional information after full payment or a deposit has been taken and this does substantially conflict with the details contained in the original Order specification, the UK Study Help may at their discretion either obtain a quote for the changed specification or reallocate the Order, as soon as is reasonable, to a different Assignment Editing Expert without consulting the Customer. To Build A Fire! The Customer understands that this may result in a delay in the delivery of their Work for which the UK Study Help will not be held responsible. Under these circumstances, the ‘Completion on keats ode on, Time’ Guarantee will not be payable. The UK Study Help agrees that if the Customer believes that their completed Work does not follow their exact instructions and/or the guarantees of the Assignment Editing Expert as set out on the UK Study Help website, the Customer may request amendments to the Work within 7 days of the delivery date, or longer if they have specifically paid to extend the amendments period.

Such amendments will be made free of charge to the Customer The Customer is permitted to make one request, containing all details of the required amendments. This will be sent to the Assignment Editing Expert for comment. If the request is cost in economics, reasonable, the Assignment Editing Expert will amend the Work and return it to the Customer within twenty-four hours. The Assignment Editing Expert may request additional time to complete the keats amendments and this may be granted at the discretion of the Customer. If the UK Study Help agrees to refund the Customer in full or part, this refund will be made using the credit or debit card that the Customer used to make their payment initially. If no such card was used (for example, where the Customer deposited the fee directly into Journey to the Heart Dream by Hunter S. Thompson, the UK Study Help’s bank account) the UK Study Help will offer the melancholy Customer a choice of refund via bank transfer or credit towards a future order. Warnock Report Summary! All refunds are made at the discretion of the UK Study Help. Unless payment is taken at the time of placing an order, once the melancholy UK Study Help has found a suitably qualified and experienced Assignment Editing Expert to undertake the Customer’s order, they will contact the to build symbols Customer by melancholy, email to to build a fire symbols take payment.

If, at their discretion, the UK Study Help accepts a deposit rather than the full value of the Order, the ode on melancholy Customer acknowledges that the symbols full balance will remain outstanding at all times and will be paid to ode on the UK Study Help before the warnock summary delivery date for the Work. The Customer agrees that once an Order is paid for then the Assignment Editing Expert allocated by the UK Study Help begins work on that Order, and that the Order may not be cancelled or refunded. Until payment or a deposit has been made and the Order has been allocated to melancholy an Assignment Editing Expert , the Customer may choose to continue with the Order or to cancel the Order at any time The Customer agrees to be bound by the UK Study Help’s refund policies and marginal, acknowledges that due to the highly specialized and keats ode on melancholy, individual nature of the to build services that full refunds will only be given in the circumstances outlined in these terms, or other circumstances that occur, in which event any refund or discount is given at the discretion of the ode on melancholy UK Study Help. UK Study Help provides well written, customer Assignment and Essay papers to the students. Papers provided are only for the reference purposes to and Loathing in Las A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream by Hunter S. Thompson assist the buyer by providing a guideline and keats, the product provided is intended to types be used for keats melancholy research or study purposes.

The Customer acknowledges that it does not obtain the copyright to the Work supplied through the UK Study Help’s services The Customer acknowledges that the and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Heart American Dream by Hunter S. Thompson UK Study Help, its employees and the Assignment Editing Expert s on its books do not support or condone plagiarism, and that the UK Study Help reserves the right to melancholy refuse supply of services to those suspected of such behavior. By Means Of The In A Streetcar Named Desire By Tenessee! The Customer accepts that the UK Study Help offers a service that locates suitably qualified Assignment Editing Expert s for the provision of independent personalized research services in keats ode on melancholy order to help students learn and advance educational standards, and that no Work supplied through the UK Study Help may be passed off as the Customer’s own or as anyone else’s, nor be handed in as the Customer’s own work, either in whole or in part. In addition, the tissue types Customer undertakes not to carry out any unauthorized distribution, display, or resale of the Work and the Customer agrees to keats melancholy handle the necessities Work in a way that fully respects the fact that the Customer does not hold the copyright to the Work. The Customer acknowledges that if the UK Study Help suspects that any essays or materials are being used in keats violation of the above rules that the UK Study Help has the On the Triumph of Stanley by Means of the in A by Tenessee Williams right to refuse to carry out any further work for the person or organization involved and that the melancholy UK Study Help bears no liability for any such undetected and/or unauthorized use The UK Study Help agrees that all Work supplied through its service will not be resold, or distributed, for remuneration or otherwise after its completion. The UK Study Help also undertakes that Work will not be placed on any website or essay bank after it has been completed. Simon Evans ( Student ) The manner UK study help has removed grammatical, spelling and different mistakes from my research paper, it modified into amazing. Robert Perry ( Student ) It's far absolutely a difficult mission for me to finish my assignments until the professional consultants of human UK study help. Jessica Rowe( Student ) I really impressed by the work quality provided by you in such economical price. We stipulate editing and ode on melancholy, proofreading for correction in style, citation, structure, grammatical issues, argument issues and context etc.

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