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attributes resume Get via App Store Read this post in our app! Mentioning personal qualities on monopolistically CV [duplicate] This question already has an answer here: I've noticed that a lot of CVs contain a segment that looks something like: I have fast learning skills, out-of-the-box thinking, high motivation, loyalty and dedication. Brent Men And? I am a hard worker and a team player and monopolistically, intend to put in a lot of hard work. I've noticed some people put those 'personal qualities' segments at macbeth exam the very top of a CV below the name/phone number part. Competitive Market? Unlike cover letters (which I tend to good people, read after the market, initial filtering) I don't understand those segments. Is there any merit in including those segments in macbeth exam, a CV? Can I conclude something meaningful when I read a CV and see that segment? marked as duplicate by gnat, Jan Doggen, Jim G., IDrinkandIKnowThings, keshlam Sep 1 '14 at monopolistically 3:05. This question has been asked before and monopolistically, already has an answer.

If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question. Any film student worth their salt will tell you that one should show, not tell a story. Including these qualities at the top of how does motivation sports performance a CV is competitive like a billboard proclaiming Our Best Yet! - no evidence is research provided beyond a dubious claim. Their resume, CV and monopolistically market, cover letter should show you that they learn fast and are loyal, through rapid advancement and model abuse, persevering through hard times. Monopolistically Competitive? Claiming them at the top is at good best redundant and at monopolistically market worst flagrantly disrespecting a reviewer's time. Macbeth Exam? Another example: If I told you I am smart, would that prompt you to upvote this answer? No? What if I provided a well-thought-out response that showed I had some knowledge in monopolistically market, this area?

My best guess is that they do it because some resume writing advice sites (and some writers) recommend it. I know that up until recently, I had a section like that on there too. Macbeth Exam? It used to monopolistically market, be common to have one (at least in macbeth exam, Canada). The accepted opinion has been moving away from monopolistically competitive this now, and country, many sites say to monopolistically competitive, have an brent staples black space, overview of monopolistically competitive market who you are at research topics the top. Competitive Market? Kind of an runner mla citation, introduction.

To back this theory up, check out monopolistically competitive market any random resume sample in this list of the kite Monster's Resume Samples and competitive, you'll see what I mean. Staples? You can still see it being advised to include a resume profile of monopolistically competitive some sort on macbeth exam the about careers site. So, I don't think you can jump to any conclusions other than that they tried to monopolistically, make a good resume and winter essay, followed advice as seen online. Monopolistically? Should personal qualities be included information in a resume? No. Winter Essay? A resume should detail the monopolistically competitive, applicant's experience, not his/her personal qualities. Winter Essay? It may be desirable to highlight certain personality traits in monopolistically competitive, a resume, but that can be done much more effectively by uk carefully wording the entries related to market, work experience. For example, let's say you want to transition from good people team lead to market, development manager. Which of of child these better shows leadership? Lead developer/designer for ASP.NET and monopolistically market, MVC applications.

Led an international team that successfully designed and developed several complex, business-critical ASP.NET and MVC applications. The Kite? Everything in monopolistically competitive market, a resume should leverage personal experience to good o'connor, show that the person is a great candidate for exactly the type of job that they want. Monopolistically Competitive Market? Anything else is useless fluff that dilutes the real message. That said, there is certainly a place to self-identify as a hard worker, leader, great communicator, etc. That place is the cover letter, not the competitive market, resume.

Most importantly, it tells you that they think those characteristics are important or impressive (although perhaps only indirectly, in the kite mla citation, that they think you think they're important for competitive, this role). You might be able to conclude more from the fact that someone thinks loyalty is of child abuse worth mentioning here, than you can from market their belief (or claim) that they're loyal! It doesn't tell you that they actually possess the winter essay, characteristics to any remarkable degree. Especially something completely vague like out-of-the-box thinking. Competitive Market? You might read that and runner, figure that all of your candidates think out of the monopolistically competitive, box, not just this one, but some of them would call it having a good idea. As for whether there's any merit in sociological model, it -- if its a CV posted online, then it makes a lot of sense to monopolistically, have some kind of summary up top indicating what kind of country o'connor jobs you're looking for, why you want them, and what basic attitude you bring. This kind of monopolistically personal qualities stuff often creeps in there. Runner Mla Citation? If it's a CV submitted for a particular application with a cover letter, then it probably repeats stuff from the cover letter, although it might still be a worthwhile summary of why they're good for monopolistically market, the role. You could view it as a reading comprehension test, has the candidate accurately identified and summarized what the role calls for?. Ideally it's backed up by motivation sports performance relevant experience, in competitive market, which case it serves as a sort of abstract of the model, result the author wishes to monopolistically market, prove in research, this paper, but that's not always practical. If you believe yourself to monopolistically market, be unusually loyal it might be quite easy to present examples of this, but quite difficult to monopolistically market, put those examples in your CV , which operates well above the level of specific incidents in competitive market, which you demonstrated loyalty.

Therefore this statement in the CV is (intentionally or otherwise) bait. It might induce you to ask at sociological model abuse interview a question that the market, candidate has (you'd think) prepared for. Sociological Model? Of course, if you cared about loyalty then you'd be asking all candidates about monopolistically loyalty, and the kite, if you don't care about monopolistically market loyalty why waste interview time drawing a rehearsed answer? So you can argue it's complete pointless as far as that goes, except that I suspect in practice it does occasionally prompt an interviewer to runner mla citation, talk about market something they otherwise wouldn't, just like the the kite runner, also-controversial hobbies section. It would seem to monopolistically competitive market, me irrational to space, ignore this information in monopolistically market, a CV, if you would pay attention to exactly the same thing written in social work, a cover letter (I'm not sure if you're saying you actually do that not).

Unless you're extremely busy and monopolistically competitive, have clear instructions written in whatever process they went through to affect performance, submit the market, application, it's pretty much nonsense to the kite, punish applicants because they don't follow your conventions of competitive what goes where.

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Monopolistically competitive market

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main frame resume 123 Bellevue Ave E APT K. Seattle, WA 98102-5514. Skilled engineer with strong communications skills gathered over 25 years of industry experience. Able to innovate, and advocate successfully for a vision with technical and non-technical stakeholders. Monopolistically Competitive! Committed to high-quality, reusable code that will stand the test of time.

Good examples of my writing and code can be found in the technical section of my website at 04/2013-12/2016 Break for macbeth exam, personal reasons. During this time I had to take a break from the working world for personal reasons. Competitive! I did some professionally relevant programming and studying during this time. Here are some highlights: Taught myself a new branch of math related to error correction and cryptography.

Wrote a Python library to allow me to do arbitrary galois field calculations as part of my learning (you can see it on market my BitBucket account). Achieved a Toastmasters' Competent Communicator certification and partly completed an Advanced Communicator Bronze certification. Gave some instruction on beginning and intermediate level computer science concepts. 01/2012-04/2013Innovative Converged Devices (renamed to macbeth exam, 1066 labs, then acquired by DAQRI) Linux, bash, Windows 7, VirtualBox, Jenkins, Mercurial, Git, Subversion, C++, Windows Automotive, Bugzilla.

I was hired to bring order to a very chaotic development process at competitive market ICD.! Through clever use of VirtualBox and Jenkins I was able to ensure the competitive market repeatability of builds of Windows Automotive based software. Through planning, training and the kite runner, automation I was able to assist developers in using the Git source repository in a way conducive to well-managed software development. Maintain and administer Git source repositories both locally and on Github Ensure repeatability of bilds of monopolistically competitive market Windows Automative based software Set up and maintain Bugzilla bug reporting systems Provided internal training, support and macbeth exam, automation for source repository and bug reporting tools. 08/10-02/11iMatch LLC. Linux, bash, Hudson, Mercurial, Subversion, C++ I worked for iMatch on monopolistically competitive market a contract they had with a company that (among other things) serves advertising. I was the build and release engineer for a hosted ad serving system written in C++, and also played the role of technical lead for, the same project. Key resource when team members needed technical assistance with open source technologies. Competitive! Championed coding techniques for winter essay, achieving higher quality. Market! Managed the team's source repository and macbeth exam, continuous integration system.

Sucessfully used Mercurial as a tool for dealing with indiscriminate branching in a Subversion repository and re-exported the result back to Subversion. Played a role in managing people and personalities to help the team become more effective. 03/10-06/10TradeTech. Linux, Postfix, Python, Perl, bash. I worked here as a system administrator shoring up their systems until they hired someone permanently. Designed and implemented spam filter customization wrapper for monopolistically, gluing spamassassin and work research topics, postfix together.

Created a wiki for capturing tribal knowledge. Provided consulting that resulted in significant performance improvements for competitive, their web application. 09/08-04/09Attachmate. Senior Software Engineer. C++, Linux, Unix, PKI, OpenSSL, ssh, secsh.

Assisted in development of Attachmate's implementation of the kite runner mla citation ssh (i.e. the IETF secsh standard). Monopolistically Market! I assisted in reviewing code for bugs, making design decisions with a security impact and writing code to fix bugs and add new features. Discovered important bugs in the kite mla citation, code by inspection. Either fixed bugs myself or assisted in fixing them. Assisted in creating tests to show bug's existence and prevent regression. Convinced people to clearly articulate the reasons for design choices, and discovered better ways to optimize all design criteria. Learned new complex cryptography APIs and implemented software on top of competitive them. Helped several team members learn better and safer C++ coding techniques. Wrote reusable code demonstrating those techniques. Uk! 11/07-02/08Evri. Ant, Subversion, Linux, Maven.

I was the build engineer for Evri. I was responsible for making sure the monopolistically competitive build environment, build system, and source control system supported the needs of the developers who used it. Improved integration with Maven so many build products could be removed from source control. Made several tweaks to improve modularity of Ant scripts as well as moving them from a procedural to a declarative style so developers could invoke any target at macbeth exam any time instead of having to invoke them in competitive market, a particular order. Made a case for and sketched out preliminary plans for moving to a distributed source control system. People! Git was already informally used by many developers. Changed build system to invoke new automated deployment system to run integrated, full-system tests. Moved several operations from external perl scripts into Ant so the build was easier to monopolistically competitive market, understand. Assisted test engineer in understanding and using Ant to its full capabilities. 02/07-08/07Regence Blue Shield on a contract for Kforce.

Python, AIX, Java, Source Code Management, Turbogears, Ant. I was a release coordinator for staples black, Regence. I managed the source code control system, official builds, the build system, and releases for competitive market, a team of developers. Brent Staples Public! I also did other miscellaneous coordination tasks as required, and was sometimes called on to investigate version histories to determine how some change happened or where lost changes might be. I was also responsible for monopolistically competitive market, ensuring that developers have followed Regence policies and good software engineering practices in both testing and creating a system that can be built with a well defined set of tools.

Wrote a web app in Turbogears (a Python web app framework) to automate certain portions of my job and provide better visibility into which builds of winter essay which projects have been released. Started building mindshare and comfort with new version control tools that work better than existing tools to ease possible future transition to those tools. Ensured mission critical applications were not deployed to production without adequate testing. Provided a communications channel for disparate groups to learn surprising ways their actions might affect each other, thereby enabling them to competitive market, make better plans to minimize the negative impact of those actions. Coordinated the actions of different groups to ensure that an uk environment is adequately set up for monopolistically competitive, a new piece of software or changes to an existing piece of software. 05/06-11/06Lockdown Networks. Senior Software Engineer.

Ruby, Linux, Layer-2 networking, switches, Ethernet, VLAN, 802.1q, SNMP. Lockdown Networks makes a network appliance that controls the switches on your network in black public space, an attempt to enforce a security policy that both ensures only authorized users use the network, and that those user's systems are clear of various forms of infectious software. It does this by isolating them from the main network until they pass a configurable policy. Add and/or confirm support for new switches in the Ruby based switch controller. Participate in design discussions about future directions for various parts of the software. 06/05-05/06TeraCloud Inc. Senior Software Engineer. C++, Linux, TCP/IP, HTTP, SSL, XML, Xerces, OO design, OO programming, Python, z/OS, mainframe. TeraCloud makes software that customers use to get a handle on what all the competitive hard-drive space is brent black men and public space being used for on competitive the computers they own. It does this using an agent that's installed on the computers whose storage is to be monitored, a server that maintains a database and macbeth exam, periodically fetches data from the agents, and a client that queries the server for its data. Maintain an agent that acts as an ersatz web service written in C++ that runs on an IBM mainframe running z/OS.

This agent makes calls to mainframe assembly code written by other programmers in the organization and it also queries VSAM tables. Act as a resource for questions about Unix systems and monopolistically competitive market, C++. Participate in design decisions and reviews for all parts of TeraCloud's product line. 11/03-05/ SDE III (Software Development Engineer 3) Linux, C, C++, TCP/IP, relational databases, Oracle, multi-threaded programming, Python, shell scripting, NFS, system administration, OO design, OO programming, perl. Amazon is the worlds biggest online retailer. I worked in the supply-chain side of things where Amazon makes extensive use of information technology to reduce costs.

Front-line, pageable support for common errors and problems of a set of Amazon's supply-chain Oracle databases. More difficult problems were brought to the attention of an Oracle DBA. Wrote reports in, perl and Python that combined data from multiple data sources to provide insight into competitive, holiday supply-chain operations for upper management. Maintained existing C, C++, and perl code. Answered questions about macbeth exam internal details of Unix, Linux and Oracle for developers and support staff. Provided some mentoring for monopolistically market, less experienced developers. 2/01-3/03TIE Commerce (formerly St. Winter Essay! Paul Software)

Senior Software Engineer. Unix, Linux, Solaris, AIX, HP-UX, C, C++, Java, TCP/IP, SMTP, relational databases, multi-threaded programming, Python, shell scripting, cron, CVS, Subversion, test-first design, extreme programming, NIS, NFS, system administration, OO design, OO programming, perl, Ethernet, IPv6, cryptography, AES. Unix, systems programming and software engineering mentor/guru. Managed version control, meshed backups with ITs backup scheme using Unix shell scripts and monopolistically, cron. Administered hardware and software environments for Product Development using NIS and uk, NFS. Also compiled, installed and maintained Open Source tools for our various platforms.

Fixed bugs and implemented new features in flagship eVision product, which was written in C++ and Java. Solved many tricky issues involving interactions between threads and other operating system features. Worked to plan least risky change that would solve a customer's problem. Developed escalation procedures for support department and assisted in implementing them. Led an effort to port all existing C++ code to the new ISO C++ standard to increase portability. The code that I wrote when I worked at St. Paul Software is competitive market still in operation. Of the sections of social topics code of that maturity level, it is among the monopolistically most bug free. Senior Software Engineer.

C, Unix, Solaris, Linux, Sybase, relational databases, CVS, OO design, OO programming, Python, perl, CGI. eBenX administrates healthcare plans for large companies. From a technical standpoint, this mostly involves reading large payroll databases exported in a flat file format into a database, then exporting the staples men and data to competitive market, insurance companies in the format they ask for. Developed procedures and software for release and version management using Python, Sybase, and CVS Answered questions about Unix and systems programming Assisted Keith Willenson in re-engineering mission critical software. 5/97-7/99Global Maintech ( Senior Software Engineer.

Unix, Tru 64 Unix, DEC, Linux, embedded systems, realtime systems, C, C++, perl, Java, JNI, multi-threaded programming, CVS, OO design, OO programming, TCP/IP, SNMP, OS/2, HMC, shell scripting, software engineering. This company makes a unique enterprise management product. Macbeth Exam! It's a combined hardware/software solution that's capable of competitive agentless management of a wide range of systems, including mainframes, Unix, VMS, and some NT. Implemented program to assist in testing using TCP/IP and winter essay, my StreamModule framework. Market! Transformed script interpreter into daemon that forks copies of itself to work, lower startup time for scripts. Debugged SNMP and OS/2 based system for managing IBM mainframes. Visited several different customer sites for onsite service and repair of monopolistically competitive market software. Our customer's opinion of our company repeatedly went up on winter essay the basis of my knowledge, analytic ability, honesty, and experience. Assisted in competitive, creating multithreaded object-oriented designs and answered questions on C++ and people, Unix issues. Monopolistically Competitive! Participated in a system of work rigorous code review. 3/96-5/97 St.

Paul Software, St Paul, Minnesota (currently known as TIE Commerce) Unix, DGUX, SCO Unix, AIX, Solaris, Microsoft Windows NT, C++, C, perl, shell scripting, TCP/IP, Visual C++, protocol design, OO design, OO programming. This company creates software that helps people work with EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) transactions. At the time that I worked there most of the software was in C, but they were moving to C++. Monopolistically Competitive! They were using C++ for most new development.

The software had also been moving to work topics, a three tier client/server architecture. Their product ran on almost any flavor of Unix or MSDOS. They had been trying to monopolistically market, port to NT, and macbeth exam, were about monopolistically midway through porting/re-architecting for work topics, the NT platform when I left. Most of my work there was on the 2nd tier of a three-tier client/server system. Sole designer and competitive market, implementor of middle tier of three-tier client server architecture. Used StreamModule.

Also responsible for communications protocol between UI and middle tier. Documented this well enough that another program that used the protocol was written in Java after I left. Learned Windows NT and ported middle tier to NT in three months. Wrote a perl script to automate FTP uploads and downloads of EDI data to good country people o'connor, and from a mainframe. Coded a perl script that mapped data from several formats into one format. Served as a C++ and Unix mentor/guru, assisted other developers in moving to C++ from C. Helped identify and solve systems portability issues. 10/95-12/95Insource, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Unix, Solaris, C, Oracle, relational database, protocol design. This company is a consulting firm that often hires outside contractors. At that time in Oklahoma City, they did most of the Unix/C/Oracle development for a company called Datatimes. Datatimes marketed a search engine running on MS Windows that connected via an X.25 network to monopolistically, a multiple terabyte database of news articles.

The database ran on a Sun Solaris platform. All of my work there was done under Solaris 2.4, and competitive, used Oracle PRO*C for all database accesses. Learned Oracle's Pro*C in a couple of weeks and wrote code that processed large queries of the kite several joined tables. Took initiative in suggesting and implementing design changes to increase portability in the future. Coordinated changes between middleware, management GUI and end-user GUI. 1/93-9/95 WinterFire Software, Inc., St.

Paul, Minnesota. C++, Microsoft Windows 3.1, Unix, OO design, OO programming, Paradox, relational databases. This company consulted for companies trying to move their programming shops towards a more object oriented way of competitive doing things. WinterFire designed and wrote object oriented software. I wrote pieces of the software WinterFire's clients had contracted for. All of the work was in C++, usually for IBM PC's running DOS, or MS Windows.

My typical project was to write a few C++ classes that interfaced with a relational database and provided services for a user interface layer. Wrote a large piece of a code generator currently used at work research a client site to write a highly praised hospital control and scheduling application. Ported StreamModule to OS/2 and monopolistically, used it for good country o'connor, the same hospital scheduling package. Designed and implemented part of a translation layer between an market object oriented database and a relational database. 9/89-2/95 Bellboy Incorporated, St. Uk! Louis Park, Minnesota. C, C++, GW-Basic, QuickBasic, MS-DOS, Windows 3.1, Paradox, B-Trees, system administration, Quatro Pro, OO design, OO programming. Wrote and maintained programs in C, C++, GW-BASIC, and QuickBasic for PCs running MS-DOS, MS Windows, and Lantastic. This was mostly accounting and inventory control software.

Learned Paradox and wrote a useful application with multi-table entry forms, lookup tables, a several level menu hierarchy, and a wide variety of report formats within 2 1/2 days of getting Paradox. Sole IT person for 10 PC shop. Troubleshoot and solve all software problems, and advise on a course of action for monopolistically competitive, hardware problems. Wrote software that significantly improved the speed and winter essay, accuracy of accounting. Monopolistically! Wrote my own B-Tree based database manager 9/89-7/92 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota (volunteer work) C, C++, Unix, Solaris, HP-UX, FORTRAN, Pascal, Scheme, shell scripting, X-Windows, Motif.

Helped maintain a network of Sun Sparcstations and HP Series 400 workstations. Volunteer consultant for students working with C, C++, FORTRAN, and Pascal on Sun Sparcstations, or an Encore Multimax running a BSD 4.3 compatible, multi-processor Unix. Answered programming questions from brent black men and public space students ranging from freshman to graduate students. Also answered questions about systems and networking Helped system administrators maintain the campus computing facilities Wrote software to monopolistically, generate and analyze data for a paper on usefulness of TCP or UDP over ATM for video traffic 8/88-7/89 Electronic Specialties, Brooklyn Park, Minnesota. Wrote a program for MSDOS that serves as a simple database for blind people. It is research topics a substitute for monopolistically competitive market, those things that most people would use notes by the telephone or personal organizers.

This was done on contract while I was still in high school. This program should now be commercially available. Created new version of CP/M based filing application for MS-DOS. With advice from a blind person, carefully tweaked the user interface to work well for mla citation, someone using a text-to-voice system. I've owned and monopolistically competitive market, administer a Unix system in my home. This system was running SCO Unix 3.2r4 until late 1993, when I switched to UnixWare.

I switched again in 1999 to running Linux. Uk! It's currently not serving anything right now, though I expect that to change in the near future. Right now, this page is competitive market hosted on a server at a hosting company. Here is people a list of stuff running on my home network that I've installed, and configured myself: postfix based mail server (where most of my mail is delivered) Firewall, with logging of likely intrusion attempts (there are several a day) Web servers (, and hopper/) with and without SSL. IMAP server (with and without SSL) DNS server IPv6, every computer on the network has a globally routable IPv6 address. Competitive Market! GNU mailman mailing list server DHCP server NTP time server. There has never been a successful break in on men and public space my network except for the time I unwisely allowed someone to run a Windows 2000 server on it.

There are many attempts per competitive market day to do so. This resume is hand coded in conforming XHTML. This entire site is hand coded in good country, more-or-less conforming HTML or XHTML. This project has been licensed to some of monopolistically competitive market my employers under a proprietary license, and has gone through a complete refactoring or two as I discovered more about the problem domain. Mercurial is winter essay a version control system I found, and monopolistically competitive market, liked so much I started contributing to the project. The project is written in Python, and you can check out the commit log for the project to see what kinds of things I've added to it. I've also written a simple Python program to keep a Mercurial repository in sync with a directory in a Perforce depot.

In the course of pursuing a BS in computer science at the University of MN, I wrote several notable pieces of software. The dates are important. Few people were doing any serious distributed computing in 1991. In 1989, wrote a Mandlebrot set generator using TCP/IP to distribute processing over several CPUs from different manufacturers. In 1990, wrote a C++ class library around XLib, a low level X-Windows function library. Country People! Motif builds on Xt, which builds on XLib. In 1991, wrote an asynchronous I/O, and market, event processing package in C++ that was the brent black men and public genesis of the StreamModule system.

This package was subsequently used with TCP/IP in a distributed ray tracing application. Monopolistically! When we ran the application we achieved a nearly linear speedup proportional to macbeth exam, the number of processors used.

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A Few Essays That Worked (And a Few That Didn#8217;t) Jacques Steinberg, education correspondent for market the Times, appears on the Today show to discuss what works in a college essay. By None None on Publish Date December 6, 2010. Social! In preparation for a segment on NBC#8217;s #8220;Today#8221; show this morning, I reached out to the admissions offices at the University of Virginia and Occidental College in California for examples of essays that they considered memorable #8212; for good, or ill. Before I share some of these samples, a caveat (one familiar to regular readers of this blog): while it can be instructive to read actual college admissions essays, trying to competitive market, copy a particular approach #8212; or in macbeth exam, some cases avoid it #8212; can be perilous. That#8217;s because how one responds to an essay can be an intensely personal experience. That said, I would argue that there are some basic lessons to monopolistically market, be gleaned from the the kite, following examples. Here, for monopolistically instance, is an excerpt from an work topics, essay that was not especially well received at the University of Virginia, in part because the writer misjudged the age and sensibility of his or her audience: John Lennon’s song ‘Imagine’ was sung by Fox’s new show, #8216;Glee.#8217; In one particular episode, a deaf glee club performed this song.

I heard it before when John Lennon sang it: unfortunately I did not care much for it. When I watched this episode while the deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230; John Lennon sang it like a professional, but what he did not have was the emotion behind the words. He sang it more staccato than legato. He sang it like it was his job, and competitive market nothing more. These singers from Glee sang with powerful emotions.! … Another essay, also musical in monopolistically competitive, focus, got a more appreciative read at U.V.A.: I strode in front of 400 frenzied eighth graders with my arm slung over my Fender Stratocaster guitar — it actually belonged to staples black public, my mother — and launched into the first few chords of Nirvana’s ‘Lithium.’ My hair dangled so low over my face that I couldn’t see the crowd in front of me as I shouted ‘yeah, yeah’ in my squeaky teenage voice.

I had almost forgotten that less than a year ago I had been a kid whose excitement came from monopolistically market waiting for the next History Channel documentary. It was during the awkward, hormonal summer between seventh and uk eighth grade when I first heard Nirvana’s ‘Smells Like Teen Spirit.’ The song shocked my senses — until that point my musical cosmos consisted mainly of my father’s Beatles CDs. Competitive! I would argue that the admissions committee was able to relate a little more to this essay than the first. And it was certainly more evocative and detailed. It also conveyed more about the brent staples black space, writer (and applicant) #8212; a crucial quality in market, a college admissions essay. I turn, now, to excerpts from a recent essay that struck a visceral chord within the admissions office at Occidental (where, as an aside, President Obama began his college career): My head throbbed as I closed my eyes and macbeth exam tried to convince myself to competitive, give up. Brent Staples Black Men And! ‘Come on, Ashley. Market! Put the good o'connor, pencil down. Competitive! Just put the pencil down and go to uk, bed,’ I told myself sternly. I had been hard at work for hours — brutal, mind-numbing hours.

I groaned as I moved over to my bed, collapsing in a pile of blankets and closing my eyes. I lay there for a moment or two, gathering strength, gaining courage. My tense shoulders began to unclench as I stretched out and opened my bleary eyes… Suddenly, I bolted upright on my bed, eyes wide, blankets flying. Everything had fallen into place. I stumbled madly to my desk, thumped myself down, and snatched up my pencil. ‘I’ve got it! That’s it!’ I whooped, scribbling furiously, as my brother pounded on my wall for silence. I had just won another skirmish in monopolistically market, my ongoing battle with the crossword puzzle. What worked here? I#8217;m told the work research topics, admissions officers appreciated how the writer conveyed her love of words — and in monopolistically competitive, the process told them much about herself. As a writer, I admired the country, way she built a sense of mystery at the outset, one that served to draw the market, reader in. I#8217;ll close with an attempt at metaphor that fell a bit flat, at winter essay, least in its reception at Occidental.

The applicant writes: I believe in competitive, jello; a silly greeting, tasty dessert, or the answer to life as we know it? Factor #1: Have you ever tried to make jello? It takes patience. First you have to boil the water; then mix it with powder, stirring for two minutes; then finally adding the cold water and putting it in the fridge for forty-five minutes. Macbeth Exam! Think about the creation of people… To share your own thoughts on competitive essay strategies #8212; and, perhaps, some excerpts of your own #8212; please use the comment box below. Comments are no longer being accepted. Although the essays chosen as the #8220;good#8221; examples are well-written, I found the other 2 more interesting.

Each of those writers seemed to be struggling to express a concept instead of a fairly typical self-absorbed picture. Obviously. the #8220;good#8221; essays are easier to social work research, identify with, but they are also rather juvenile. Our education system tends to reward the neat package, not the messy one. I#8217;d like to think that both sets of essay writers deserve an monopolistically, excellent education. I saw this segment on the Today Show and I am surprised about the first essay. I understand the concept of Glee being a new show and seeming juvenile, but it isn#8217;t. I find the show rather creative for taking older songs, modernizing them, and market reintroducing them to a new generation of people. Winter Essay! Not to mention it adds new life to monopolistically competitive market, a song already loved by the older generation who watch the show as well. If anything it shows the blatant generation gap between the administrators and the students writing their essay. John Lennon was a great artist but it doesn#8217;t mean I#8217;m obligated to be a fan, nor is this student.

People should respect the difference of opinion. This student was honest enough to say he/she didn#8217;t like the song and why when performed by John Lennon, but found beauty in the song he/she previously dismissed when performed by a group of deaf children. I think that shows a strong sense of self in the student which was, unfortunately, overlooked. Thank you so much for these examples. I will note that the Jello essay uses semicolons improperly. Grammar errors destroy credibility. I was accepted early decision to Virginia, and folks ask me all the time about my application essay. I wrote about the single moment of shaking an opponent#8217;s hand during a national debate tournament. Winter Essay! I was terrified about this opponent, but when I shook his hand, it was cold, limp, and soaking wet.

Knowing he was just as nervous as I changed everything for me. I wanted to share with the competitive market, application committee my revelation that I don#8217;t need to be intimidated by anyone. My advice for future applicants: Ask yourself what #8220;gift#8221; your essay delivers to the reader. What#8217;s the pay-off for the audience? If you aren#8217;t writing with the audience in mind, the essay will seem self-indulgent. Thanks so much! This is the part of the social work topics, application that should be removed. Students that write their own essay are at a distinct disadvantage (unless they are among those students that truly do have talent in this area.) Because the stakes are so high and the competition so great, more and more families are hiring consultants to either write or heavily edit the essays. A consultant could definitely tidy up the Glee and the jello essay and make it relevant. At least we know that the monopolistically, Glee and jello essay writers received no assistance. Monopolistically Competitive Market! Other than the macbeth exam, most competitive schools is anyone reading the monopolistically competitive market, essays??

It seems that a well written essay if accompanied by low standard test scores gets ignored when in good, fact the essay is a better example of what the competitive, student can do. Staples Black Men And Public Space! These students pour over every word as they see their future hanging in the balance. Does the admissions committee at University of Maryland actually read the competitive market, answers to the short answer questions? Do they read the essays? I find these examples and the ensuing comments to country, be an example of just how subjective college admissions officers are when making their decisions. Some admissions essays must be objectively bad (poor grammar, incoherent prose, etc.) and I imagine that some must be objectively good, however, it seems to me that the great bulk lie in the middle. Market! In that middle ground then isn’t the merit of one’s essay inextricably tied to the taste’s of the admissions officers reviewing that essay? Would a brilliant essay by Hunter S. Staples Black Men And Public! Thompson be tossed out because the reader hated drug use and non-conformity?

Would an essay by Tom Wolfe be rejected because the reader hated exclamations? Oh my! Maybe that great 18th century wordsmith Charles Dickens pamphlet would be considered too word? Or Hemingway’s to sparse? What I found so troubling about the monopolistically, admissions cycle when I went through it a decade ago was how arbitrary decisions seemed to be at the top schools. It always seemed to me that once you were in a pool of qualified applicants (good grades, test scores, extra-curricular activities) that admissions came down to chance. I was admitted to the #1 US New School but admissions at a half a dozen lesser ranked schools where I had GPAs and SATs over the 75% mark. Some friends were admitted everywhere they applied, one friend was denied admission everywhere he applied but his in-state safety school despite the fact that he had mid 1500s SATs, a 4.0 GPA and winter essay founded our schools Environment Club. I’ve never figured out why that happened, I doubt there’s a simple answer.

The college a person attends doesn’t define them or set them on a fixed course through life. Competitive Market! Nevertheless, it is important and it does matter. In fact it matters tremendously to those students and good o'connor parents who struggle through courses and bills to make their dreams of monopolistically competitive market education a success, and that’s why it is so terrifying that chance and subjectivity play such a large role in the college admissions process. The purpose of the good people, essay is to competitive, reveal something personal about yourself to uk, the admissions committee that isn#8217;t conveyed elsewhere in the application. The first essay didn#8217;t work because it was analysis of the merits of monopolistically two versions of a song. I#8217;m surprised that the crossword puzzle essay was offered as an essay that worked #8212; it seems unoriginal, forced, overly dramatic, self-coscious. Uk! I read plenty of those as an admissions officer. The debate one worked because it revealed the competitive, author as an observant, empathetic and uk mature person. Monopolistically Competitive Market! And for jello #8212; I think that could have been a very funny essay with some good editing, and perhaps may have revealed the the kite runner, author as a quirky kid with a good sense of competitive humor.

I agree with lp#8217;s analysis. Good People! It should be drummed into every applicant: whatever the market, subject, the real point is to winter essay, provide a sense of yourself. Monopolistically Market! Unless you are some kind of master stylist, writing about #8220;other things#8221; will not impress #8212; and uk even superlative style might very well be lost on monopolistically competitive market an admissions officer who is, after all, looking for a reason to make a decision #8212; any decision #8212; about macbeth exam, your application. I too think the crossword puzzle essay seems silly and forced, but I also think the other musical essay was trite and forced. I am afraid that this is what the admissions process has reduced essay writing to. With the exception of the second entry, (the Nirvana kid), the rest fell flat. He seemed to monopolistically market, convey his thoughts fluidly, and in the manner that he was thinking them. Macbeth Exam! The first entry was of minor interest#8230; but obvioulsy didn#8217;t achieve what it was intended to achieve.

The third was simply terrible. Market! Enough said. The Kite Runner Mla Citation! The fourth had redeeming value. There are multiple purposes for the essay. One is to guage an applicant#8217;s ability to market, write. Fortunately, many employers, like The Times, still value this ability. If your child does not #8220;have a talent#8221; in this area, he/she needs to get to work. More important, if a consultant writes an applicant#8217;s essay, that applicant is cheating. Your answer implies that it is acceptable for a student to do so.

It is no more acceptable for a consultant to write the essay than it is for a student to exaggerate in her list of extracurricular activities. The essay is important and valuable and research should remain a part of the application process. It#8217;s not the topic, or it#8217;s generational relationship to competitive, the reader, it#8217;s the writing, Sentence structure, organization, rhetorical flourish; the good essays have all three of these. The poor essays just needed some editingor, in good people, some cases, a lot of competitive editing. People O'connor! The College Application Essay is one of the best ways to introduce yourself to monopolistically competitive market, the Admissions Committee but must be done with care or it will reduce your chances for admission. Certainly there is a lot of good advice out brent staples space, there, yet it seems hard to believe that by the time a student reaches 17 or 18 years old, they need help with writing a 250-500 word essay! I#8217;ve worked with teens applying to monopolistically competitive, college for several years now, guiding them through the process, and social topics yes, helping to write their essays. Believe me, they need it!

Please realize that just over monopolistically, 26% of mla citation kids are now receiving professional guidance with their essays and college applications. Why? Competition has increased dramatically; a combination of demographics and the simplicity of The Common Application has contributed to the average student now sending out 10 or more applications! Assume that most kids will have similar GPA#8217;s, SAT#8217;s and a noteworthy background in athletics, music or some other passion when applying to monopolistically, a particular school#8230;..what really differentiates him or her? The essay and a personal interview. Some schools do not offer interviews and more and more schools are adding supplemental essays to their applications to weed out the, students that may not be all that serious about attending their school, even if they are accepted!

Colleges are businesses with expenses and payrolls and endowments to consider. Use every tool you have to write a great essay, but grades and SAT scores still trump the. essays unless you can guarantee you#8217;ll bring them their first ever College Golf Championship! (Might be a good topic to write about!) Write a very interesting narrative that people will want to read and monopolistically not put down until they have read the very last word! Write to your audience#8230;#8230;do not write about the time you got caught doing something illegal and brag about your brillant negotiating skills with the police and how you managed to the kite runner, avoid being arrested! Forget humor unless you are a professional comic#8230;#8230;very hard to convey a funny story#8230;#8230;.sometimes you really need to have been there! Finally, have lots of monopolistically market people read it, and if it#8217;s not excellent, just very good, do it again! Its that important! Good Luck Everyone January 1st Deadline is coming fast!

Is post number 12 an advertisement? Its seems like an awful lot of private college admissions #8220;counselors#8221; use the comments sections of this blog to justify their services. For the record I agree with the Curmudgeon, having a consultant write your college application for you is monopolistically competitive cheating. Its fine to have some help, but the majority of the work and the essay#8217;s #8220;voice#8221; should be the student#8217;s. Good! As a further aside, who is to say that these advisors actually improve the monopolistically competitive, essays.

I#8217;m not a professional writer and I don#8217;t work in admissions, but I find #8220;Highly Competitive Essays'#8221; use of exclamation points to be excessive. Hi The Curmudgeon (#10), Post #12 confirms my point. If one fourth of the kids are receiving paid help, that puts the rest of the applicants at a distinct disadvantage. You would be very surprised to research topics, find out just how many people are hiring consultants to write these essays. I absolutely do not mean to infer that it is market acceptable to cheat. I only the kite mla citation mean to say that it creates an unfair playing field. Until the colleges can figure a way to monopolistically competitive, make it fair, I think the essay should be removed. Students can submit graded English assignments instead. Social Work Research! I remember the kind of competitive person that I was as a teenager and know that if I had to write a college essay, it would have been the jello one. Work Topics! In addition, I liked the Glee/Lennon essay because I wanted to know what she was going to say about the former Beatle. On the contrary, I lost interest in the 2nd music essay and skimmed over the crossword one (the so-called good essays).

As a CUNY applicant in 1979-80, I didn#8217;t need to monopolistically market, complete an application essay. Winter Essay! However, as a student years later (20-30 years later to be exact), my writing matured and I have won academic honors and one scholarship for monopolistically market my writing (I graduated from a state school). I love writing and macbeth exam couldn#8217;t imagine my life without it (although I write for pleasure, not publication). By the market, way, my SAT scores were also low but I received a Bachelor#8217;s at 43 and a Master#8217;s (4.0 GPA) at 46. I currently have my dream job, introducing books to children. So there, admission officers! Consider reading the the kite runner, book(s) ESSAYS THAT WORKED; every admissions officer does.

My son wrote his essays for his AP English class at a top high school as an assignment. The #8220;prompts#8221; are known about in summer, so making it a part of AP English in fall was easy especially since many students applied to monopolistically competitive, UC and the private colleges routinely and country o'connor it boasts a 95% college rate. Monopolistically Competitive! They went through several reviews and revisions. And by the end they worked well. He got into UCLA that was his first choice. After that experience, my daughter put together her essays easily with my son#8217;s input. She ran them by mla citation, her college English and History instructors (she went entirely the community college route in lieu of high school). Monopolistically Market! She got into Berkeley that was her first choice. I believe that students who don#8217;t have diligent and brent men and space involved English instructors who are willing to make these college essays a part of their curriculum or personal time are at a significant disadvantage. Even though the essay is written by the student and in the student#8217;s voice, these professionals pointed out flaws that needed correction and reinforced the prompt questions.

And in subsequent university courses, the care of these instructors is evident in any courses where my kids must write an market, essay. They had a lasting impression. I would wish other student would get this guidance. Macbeth Exam! I feel that these essays were #8220;first drafts#8221; with ideas but no guidance to refine them. So as a means to judge students, it really only competitive shows the schools and winter essay students who have caring instructors and competitive follow through on their suggestions and those who may lack such resources. Monopolistically Market! That comment read like an ad! But guess what. Even ads can have too many exclamation points!

If I was an people, admissions reader, I#8217;d be exhausted by all of those bangs! Please, please, please, spare us the ads in the comments! Btw, the crossword essay was stylistically hackneyed! This is an competitive, interesting article. Winter Essay! These next few weeks certainly are critical for college applications! On the essay side of monopolistically competitive things, I#8217;ve found the site, really helpful in assisting my daughter with building her essay. I believe the importance of college application essays are overblown here. You cannot expect engineering students to brent staples black public, write as eloquently as liberal arts students. The jello essay may have been written by an engineering student while the crossword puzzle essay by monopolistically, a liberal arts student. I hope colleges are not just looking for good writers.

This country needs great engineers too! And you are not going to be impressed by many of their college app essays. I agree with seachange. Cheating is unjustifable, but we all know it happens. Winter Essay! Besides consultants, friends, siblings and parents have been known to write students#8217; essays. There is little chance to cheat on an SAT/ACT test or an AP/IB exam; these results, along with the transcript, should be given more weight. Yet every autumn it is the competitive market, essay that causes the most anxiety. Work Research Topics! My son and I brainstormed for weeks before he came up with a suitable topic to write about. Then it took him another a few weeks to write and monopolistically competitive market edit his essay. I would hate to see his four years of hard work and excellent grades/test results wasted because the admissions committee at runner, his number one school was not intrigued by his essay. Especially if someone with lower grades and test results is admitted on the basis of an essay which they did not write.

We are told that admissions counselors can tell the monopolistically competitive market, difference between an essay written by the kite runner mla citation, a high school student and one by an adult. I hope they really can. Personally, I feel the competitive, essay is important to give a #8220;face#8221; to the applicant. The rest of the application is a listing of grades, scores and extracurriculars (which can easily be embellished) but the essay is supposed to be the student#8217;s voice. I agree with another poster that sending in a graded English assignment is a good alternative. These examples demonstrate the monopolistically competitive, importance of teaching our kids to communicate effectively, not only work research topics through the written word, but also through speaking. If kids can#8217;t communicate their ideas through proper grammar techniques and through content, admissions officers have a difficult time deciding if they are an appropriate match for monopolistically competitive the school.

Communication is winter essay key in all fields. The kids who wrote the lesser essays may be amazing people, but they failed to market, communicate it. Glenda. I am often asked how to compose memorable application essays out of “ordinary” teenage lives. Macbeth Exam! High school seniors who haven’t won international awards or lived on houseboats or in monopolistically competitive, homeless shelters can feel as if their essays have little to offer. They’re terrified that they will make the same “mistakes” that are highlighted here in “The Choice” (and no wonder … even Ian admissions professional for three decadeshad a tough time differentiating between the “good” and “bad” ones!). I always reply that, during my 15 years of mla citation reading application essays at Smith College, many of the most memorable submissions were on mundane topics. One of competitive market my all-time favorites was about the kite mla citation, a laundry mishap at a summer school. The author explained how she had accidentally washed her roommate’s expensive white undergarments with her own red sweatshirt. Of course, the monopolistically competitive, essay wasn’t really just about laundry … it was more about the boundaries of winter essay friendship. Other wonderful essays I recall include a hilarious one on playing in a truly terrible school band and another called “Why I Shop at Wal-Mart.” While there are lots of books out there that serve up samples of “successful” essays, there are two that I especially like that offer helpful suggestions on how to competitive, craft your own. #8220;On Writing The College Application Essay: Secrets of topics a former Ivy League Admissions Officer,#8221; by Harry Bauld (which I’ve recommended for eons) and a newcomer called, #8220;Concise Advice: Jump-Starting Your College Admissions Essays,#8221; by monopolistically market, Robert Cronk, both lead students through the composition process and never lose sight of the fact that 17-year-olds can rarely report triumphs—or traumas—that might help their essays stand out in a crowd.

Admission officials really DO want to read about their applicants’ experiences, no matter how “typical,” and they are eager to view them through the writers’ eyes. Students shouldn’t ever worry that they have nothing cataclysmic to chronicle. After all, what could be more #8220;ordinary#8221; than laundry? I would say that the applicant who wrote the #8220;Imagine#8221; essay didn#8217;t get due to the essay#8217;s flat prose, poor organization, and questionable grammar, not its subject matter. The song was not sung #8220;by the staples space, show,#8221; but by the characters on the show. The sentence #8220;When I watched this episode while the deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230;#8221; is just an incredible mess. He didn#8217;t watch #8220;while#8221; they were singing; it should be #8220;were joined by;#8221; and #8220;surprisingly affected me#8221; is a terribly clumsy construction.

How about: #8220;As I watched another glee club join the deaf adolescents in singing the song during this episode, I was surprised by how much it affected me.#8221; Not all applicants will be strong writers, but all need to monopolistically competitive market, show at least a basic grasp of how to communicate a thought.

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coles cover letter This is a step-by-step guide to filling out the online flat-rate VAT form. It has been updated (September 2010) to take account of the new-look online form. The flat rate VAT scheme is brilliant. Multiply your VATable income by the flat-rate amount. And that's it. Monopolistically! You may even turn a small profit . The instructions on filling out your online VAT return, however, are laughable, although they have got a bit better following the recent redesign.

Oh my god, they've redesigned it AGAIN and the kite runner mla citation removed the flat rate vat instructions!! Here's the new form: Flat rate vat online return. How to fill out your online VAT return if you're in the flat-rate scheme. Here's what you need to do written in a less complicated way than HMRC manage it. For most people, you still only enter two numbers: In box 1 , you enter the competitive amount of staples men and VAT you owe. So that's your income, including VAT, mutiplied by your FRVS rate. So if you had income of monopolistically ?12,000 INCLUDING VAT, and your FRVS rate was 10%, you would enter ?1,200 here. In box 6 , you enter your income INCLUDING VAT.

So that's ?12,000 in this example. I know it says excluding VAT but this is WRONG. So enter the runner mla citation amount INCLUDING VAT. I'm not kidding - the monopolistically competitive form is wrong - it's aimed at uk normal VAT people. There was a period when it said include VAT if you're on the flat rate vat scheme, but they've removed it. In the other boxes, I enter a zero. If your affairs are a bit more complicated, you may have to fill out the other boxes.

This is explained here. But, essentially: You fill out box 2 only if you bought goods or services from other EU countries. Box 3 is monopolistically market calculated for you. Box 4 is usually 0 as you can't reclaim VAT you've paid under the FRVS. Good People! There are exceptions for capital expenditure over ?2,000, VAT you've paid at initial registration, and reverse-charge purchases from abroad. Monopolistically Market! For most people, none of macbeth exam this applies. Box 5 is calculated for competitive, you. Box 7 is social research usually 0, unless you've bought goods from another EU country or made a ?2,000+ capital purchase. Box 8 and market box 9 are applicable only work research topics if you've traded with other EU countries. That's it, though.

For most people, fill out competitive box 1 and 6, and remember to enter your income INCLUDING VAT. I was about to men and space see my accountant because I just could not work out the vat form. Monopolistically Competitive! It is so simple, yet on the government website I could find no answers, and the helpline people thought I was talking another language. Thanks for the plain english advice!! Thank you very much, I too could find nothing on HMRC site. Uk! Was beginning to tear my hair out sorting which boxes and figures to use. Monopolistically Market! Also HMRC blurb seems to the kite runner mla citation say you use from monopolistically market next quarter but the official advice letter backdated mine to current quarter and winter essay it's due in this week. Monopolistically Market! The blurb obviously means from the next actual submitted return. Many thanks, I too was struggling to fill in my first return.

Simple instruction from HMRC are required. When I called them last week they said they asked if I would like to attend a seminar on VAT ! er no thanks. # Thanks for the advice. Thanks. This is really useful. It never fails to amaze me that government can be miss the obvious. Country People O'connor! I could not find any help on monopolistically market the HMRC website either. Thanks for this . I was going to see my accountant to find out how much he would charge me to winter essay fill this form in or if he could do it in with the market price he quoted me for end of year . This has saved me feeling as thouhe is doing me a favor when it is so simple I can do it myself . Thank you for your help. On the form Box 6 is meant to the kite runner mla citation be the figure EXCLUDING any vat, so do we not put the competitive market total income subtracting the VAT charged? So in your example, is this not 50K minus any VAT charged or am I wrong? Hi, no, that's the problem. The form is macbeth exam completely wrong if you're on the flat rate vat scheme.

To quote HMRc here: The Flat Rate Scheme does not have its own VAT return, so users must complete a standard return in a different way. Monopolistically Market! By different, they mean completely illogical. They direct you to here, where they say about box 6: Enter the turnover to the kite which you applied the flat rate scheme percentage, including VAT. The problem is that the form/return is for the standard VAT scheme where you do enter it EXCLUDING. When you're on the flat rate vat scheme, you use the same form, but enter the amount INCLUDING Vat.

Idiotic, but true . Thanks very much Malcolm, this has now cleared it all up! Just wanted to add my thanks for monopolistically market, this excellent, clear advice. I've been dreading filing my VAT return and mla citation the form is complete gobbledegook if you're on market the flat rate scheme, but this has made it so simple. Can I also add my thanks. The amazing thing is macbeth exam that by monopolistically competitive, not bothering to redesign the people form (which is monopolistically competitive market inexcusable for those paying online), I would imagine HMRC are actually losing money. For example, I think a common misperception is that on the FRS you repay your percentage, say, 10%, of the uk vat exclusive figure, thereby proifiting by the current VAT rate MINUS your fixed figure (so 5% in this case), when in fact, it should be the VAT inclusive figure, as you say. Here's a good example of someone (supposedly savvy), misunderstanding the scheme:

Thanks for competitive market, this great advice. These is nowhere on HMRC websire that explains this in macbeth exam, simple terms. Also have you noticed how you NEVER get a receipt for the VAT you pay? I do a direct transfer all the time but NEVER get anything to say the funds have been received. How terrible. How ridiculous can HMRC get? Thank you so much for the great advice. Monopolistically! There is nowhere on good HMRC website that has a simple explanation like this.What a refreshing change. So you only fill in those two sections? when you are claiming back vat on a purchase, what box do you put it in and do you take it of the total payable to vat man.

eg turnover+vat 50,000 box 1. frv @10% 5,000 box 6. eg vat paid on new van ?1,000, where do you put this figure and do you now pay the monopolistically competitive market vat man ?4,000. Yes - crazy isn't it! One thing that's worth remembering is the runner mla citation fact that you can reclaim the full VAT paid on items over ?2,000 (inc. VAT) even when you are on a flat rate scheme. But where does that go on the form? I have no idea. Perhaps it's box 4 but it's a guessing game with this form. HI, I read the stuff on your blog reference filing my vat return and only filling in box 1 6 which seems logical but i have had my VAT return returned for competitive, errors.Is this because i did not file it onloine.

These instructions are about the flat-rate vat scheme only. Are you definitely in good country people, it? I've never submitted a paper return - but you can see the HMRC instructions on filling out the returns here - which cover any additional complications as well. Hi, Yes i am definately in monopolistically competitive, it? I will keep you posted? Hi Malcolm, I have just found out from HMRC that my refturn was returned due to the fact i did not complete boxes 3 and 5. I don't think my case was a one off but they have said to me Box 1,3 and 5 all will have the same figure in, ie the ammount you are going to pay them and obviously box 6 being your total sales. I will keep you informed of any developements. Ah.

If you look at the screenshot at brent black space the very top, you'll see the online version of the form has value will be calculated in boxes 3 and 5 - it's done automatically. With the competitive market paper version, you must need to fill them in yourself. Brent! Cheers. Many thanks - cracking advice that I have used and passed on to a number of other rather confused users of the FRS. Where possible I always try and quote your website if I see a query on-line. I just wanted to monopolistically competitive say thanks for such a clear and final explanation of how to fill out my return.

Every time I get my return I end up coming here just to double check the illogical way to proceed. Its unbelievable that HMRC can't get it together to sort a flat rate form. I wondered if you could kindly help, I just can't find a satisfactory answer to winter essay this anywhere - If I have annual income of 10k, only 8k of which was vatable - which gave rise to ? 1,300 in vat received, the monopolistically calculation of vat due to HM Customs, at my flat rate of 9.5%, would be; 9.5% x ? 9,300 ie. 883.50. Therefore I enter ? 883.50 in Box 1 and ?9,300 in Box 6, however, in which box do I indicate the unvatable 2k (sales to vat exempt EU/Australia)? Trevor: Quick question - shouldn't 8k give rise to ?1,200 VAT (8,000 * 15% = ?1,200)?

That aside, my understanding is that you can ignore the VAT-exempt stuff. The FRVS means you don't have to account for everything and so you can ignore the non-relevant stuff when you submit the form. So I'd ignore it for the kite, VAT purposes (that's what I did when I had a small amount of income from abroad). However, I'm not an overseas VAT treatment expert! Have you tried reading the godawful HMRC guide to VAT and international trade? I have attempted to read that guide but am soon scratching my head! The ?1,300 figure arises from vat charged at a mixture of 17.5% and 15% rates.

Anyway, many many thanks. So just the ?883.50 in Box 1 and ?9,300 in Box 6? Is it that simple?! ?1,300 - ah, that would make sense. I think it is as simple as you say. Until the VAT man comes visiting, they don't really care about the monopolistically competitive calculation, which is why it seems you don't need to tell them about the non-relevant stuff. But, as I say, I'm not a VAT expert so if you've got any worries, you could try ringing the VAT people at HMRC? If not, just fill it in and submit! Thank you Malcolm, your advice is greatly appreciated!! I've just realised after reading your article that in the box 6 need to include VAT in that box. I've filed it wrong since I start my company last year as I never include VAT in box 6. In this case, what can I do?

Do I have to let them know or do I have to good people o'connor fix the return since last year? Not sure, sorry. I'd probably err on the side of monopolistically telling them (especially if you've paid the right amount). But maybe worth asking somewhere like the Accountacy Age forums in good country people, case there are penalties or whatever. Thanks Malcolm, I've always paid the right amount but always confuse about these figures . I will seek more advice somewhere but I don't think it's fair if there are any penalties to be paid since the monopolistically competitive market form is not very clear for the kite runner mla citation, a start and I don't think that everyone would have time read all their guidelines as it's clearly said to monopolistically competitive market exclude VAT in box 6.

I just read the info from the men and link you provided to hmrc regarding box 6, in monopolistically market, paragraph 7.7 common errors made on VAT returns .. apparently exclude VAT is one of the common errors so, I'm not alone. Very helpful. I'm in the process of monopolistically submitting my first Flat Rate VAT Return, and would have done it completely wrong had it not been for runner mla citation, this article. Thanks sooooo much for this, Malcolm. I do have an accountant who told me that this was the correct way, but it was so long ago I forgot and got confused by monopolistically, the form. Uk! until I read your article. Competitive Market! Nice to have the reassurance.

Trevor: if you are still out there, I am in the same boat as you and my accountant said to include the total earnings (even that which is not UK/VAT-able) in the box. As Malcolm says, HMRC don't seem bothered about whether the calculations match. well at least they haven't in the 2+ years I have been trading. Very helpful but i've just completed my quarterly return online and i think this may need updating slightly? I filled it as you describe but i there is now a requirement to put a zero in to each of the other boxes. Yes, you leave them as 0 - you shouldn't have to enter 0 as the online form comes pre-filled with 0.00. Just don't delete them! The online form has changed, so your screen shot of the country people old form is no longer applicable. The boxes on the new form are no longer pre filled with 0.00, so you have to competitive market actively enter 0.00 in winter essay, all the other boxes or you get a form error.

I've updated this now with the new form and monopolistically competitive new instructions. Thanks - I visit this page every three months. Best page on the internet ever. Macbeth Exam! Class. At last, the online form now states that those on the flat rate scheme should enter the VAT-inclusive amount. Market! Too late for me - I have been miscalculating for years, and now have to pay back a tidy sum. Runner! Is it the competitive market case that I only need to correct for the last four years? (You cannot adjust your VAT return, or make an macbeth exam error correction notification, for any errors that arose in accounting periods that are outside the time limits at paragraphs. 4.6.1 and 4.7 - Notice 700/45 How to correct VAT errors).

And since the underpayment is monopolistically competitive less than ?10k, all I need to do is make up the shortfall when I do my next VAT return? This is what the VAT hotline told me, but I'd like to mla citation have confirmation. I used to be a self-employed sole trader and VAT-registered (not flat-rate). Competitive! Then in 2007 I stopped being a sole trader and started a limited company. I applied to register the limited company for VAT, using the flat-rate scheme. HMRC told me that instead of starting a fresh registration, I should transfer the registration from my old sole-trader business, so I did.

For the first year of trading (2007-08), I took the 1% discount on the flat VAT rate. Now, HMRC are telling me that I owe them ??? because I shouldn't have taken the 1% discount: it is only available to businesses in their first year of VAT registration, which doesn't apply to me, because I transferred the registration from uk my old business! Is this correct? I feel like I've been misled! If I'd known this would happen, I would have started a fresh registration, not a transfer. What do you think? At the risk of competitive sounding a little daft. The VAT man takes more than the winter essay percentage of VAT than it would first appear. eg if your FRVS is 10%, and VAT is at 15% that would be 2/3s or 66.66% of VAT charged on market your invoice but because its calculated from uk a total INCLUDING VAT its actually a higher percentage. IE if your invoice was for competitive market, ?100 the VAT at 15% would be ?15 (a total inc VAT of macbeth exam ?115)

If your FRVS is 10% you would hand back ?11.50 to that VAT man - that would actually be 11.5% of your invoice (not incl VAT) The only reason I highlight any of this is because I've been making it more difficult for myself by calculating my VAT due using the FRVS to calculate the percentage to hand back to the VAT man of the VAT from my invoice. So using the above example I would be handing back ?10 and keeping the ?5 for myself. That means the VAT man would be ?1.50 short. So that does mean that I owe the VAT man some money - but I'll let him work that out himself.

Your figures are right. So yes, it sounds like you owe him money, I'm afraid. I think you should probably pay him . Monopolistically Market! he's not going to work it out for himself (as you don't declare the FRVS %age you use on the form). I am using the VAT flat rate scheme paying VAT every three months. Good People! Obviously I charge 17.5% VAT to my clients, but when it comes to calculating my annual income for competitive, my annual tax return, do I include those VAT charges in my total? If so won't I end up paying a igher amount of income tax which surely cancels out the benefit of being VAT-registered in the kite runner, the first place.

Rachel: You account for both the monopolistically competitive market VAT you pay AND which you receive when calculating your end of year profit. So you don't pay more tax on your profit just because you're VAT registered. Outside the monopolistically flat rate vat scheme, VAT is neutral for taxes on staples black men and your profits (as you pay the monopolistically competitive market government the difference between the macbeth exam amount you receive and the amount you pay). With the FRVS, it's possible to make a profit or loss on competitive VAT depending on staples black space your actual VAT figures compared with the assumed flat rate. I made a small vat profit last year - ie the amount I paid HMRC as flat rate VAT was less than the amount I had received from charging people VAT. I paid corporation tax on this as i recall. But I wasn't worse off (as the vat profit minus the tax was still more than not having the vat profit in the first place). That's probably an overcomplicated answer . Thank you so much for making this clearer - Ithe whole excluding vat bit was very confusing when you are on the Flat rate scheme. I do have a little question - if something is invoiced for and the event held in a certain VAT quarter but the market client doesn't pay up until the next quarter do you include it in the period it was paid in or held in the kite, (if that makes any sense).

I was under the impression you waited until you were paid. If you're not in the FRVS, you can choose between standard and cash accounting (ie do you account for invoices on the basis of when they are issued, or when they are paid. Details here. That link is more for the explanation as you can't use cash accounting if you're in the FRVS. However, the FRVS has its own cash-based turnover method. Monopolistically Competitive! Hooray! Read sections 8 and 9 here. Winter Essay! Some of the subsections of competitive market section 9 look a little complicated, mind . Thanks so much for brent staples men and public space, this! So much better than the stodgy HMRC site.

once you have deducted your FRSV and paid the Vat if there is any profit canthis be taken out of the company without paying corporation ta on monopolistically it. Darren: No, you have to pay tax . Interesting comment above. I am FR registered to 9% and brent staples space charge the monopolistically competitive standard 17.5%. I questioned the difference which I call VAT profit to good o'connor both my accountant and the tax offfice and they both told me that this additional profit is monopolistically competitive market NOT subject to CT. Who is right and who is wrong and where is the definative document to reflect this. I would be interested to hear your thoughts.

Many thanks. Darren / Ray: maybe I should have said I have to people o'connor pay tax My accountant (I think) just has some sort of income amount (which includes VAT) and a load of outgoings (one of monopolistically which is winter essay FRVS). And then I'm taxed on market the difference. I'm sure he'd say it was more complex than that, but I think that's it in essence. As to work a definitive document . There's this from monopolistically market a few years ago: That gives the mla citation context for market, reading this which says: Computation of macbeth exam trading profits. Expenses will probably be shown inclusive of monopolistically competitive VAT as it is irrecoverable (similar to a business not registered for macbeth exam, VAT), and monopolistically competitive it is likely that turnover will be shown net of the flat rate VAT payment. Country! You may however find that the market flat rate VAT payment is macbeth exam shown as a profit and loss expense rather than deducted from total turnover. There's also a worked example.

You should also read this which says: It is expected that accounts for businesses who are using the scheme will be prepared using gross receipts, less the flat rate VAT percentage, for turnover and competitive market that expenses will include the irrecoverable input VAT. For both VAT and income tax purposes, there is a requirement to social research topics keep a record of monopolistically competitive sales and purchases. Winter Essay! But, for businesses using the monopolistically market scheme, that record does not have to analyse gross, VAT and staples black men and space net separately. Competitive! The records need only be complete, orderly and easy to follow. Actually, those two descriptions of what to the kite do sound slightly different to market how I described my accountant doing it. Anyway, I hope that all helps . Malcolm, many thanks for that.

I am not sure if there are cross wires and only came across your site when a google search pinged you up. Would you agree the following: FR VAT@ 9% ? 1057.50. The difference NOT being subject to CT. Is that as you read and work research understand it? It is my belief that this can go straight in monopolistically, your pocket and is one of the benefits of a small business being on macbeth exam the flat rate scheme. I called my accountant this afternoon and he confirmed this again to monopolistically me. Once again thanks for your comments. Ray - that's not my understanding, no. Winter Essay! Looking at the IR advice I quoted earlier, you would show your expenses including VAT (although you don't have any expenses in monopolistically competitive, your example). Country People O'connor! And your turnover in your example would be ?111,750 minus ?1057.50 = 110,692.50.

You'd then pay tax on the difference between this figure and your expenses (including VAT). Having said that, that's just the IR's recommended treatment. If your accountant has a different way to monopolistically competitive do it, maybe I should switch to him! And I'm not accountant, so please don't take my word for any of this . This post started just because the original FRVS online form instructions told you to do the opposite of what you should do. I just submitted my VAT return online and was stunned that HMRC have not produced a suitable form for uk, people who pay a flat rate. Monopolistically Market! The VAT helpline told me I must put total value of sales including VAT, not excluding as it says on the form. Why is there not a flat rate form. Staples Black Public! You're then told by the software that you may have made an market error, and do you really want to submit your return. Time they put their house in order.

Love this page. Have sent it to SO many people who query me about these things. But . I'm not perfect. And on my last VAT return, I've noticed a mistake. I entered the VAT due (mistakenly) in both boxes 1 and 4, effectively reclaiming the amount due. Uk! Hence my total bill was zero. I didn't notice - as annoyingly I can never find the vat return to inspect until some weeks after it is submitted. So . I paid my VAT correctly but the actual return says I was due to pay nothing. ARGGh. Are you with me? So . this time round I'm trying to monopolistically competitive correct it.

But if I put a negative figure in VAT reclaimed box, it adds this to my total vat due. Obviously this figure is higher than I should pay for this quarter. But it does not seem to accuont that, in their eyes, I overpaid them last quarter. What to good people do? The phone helpline is useless.

I've tried numerous times in monopolistically competitive, the last few days and after listening to 2 minutes of menus, I get 'Sorry, we're very busy etc. Goodbye!' Grateful for any help. Thanks for this - it's a shame the brent men and HMRC helpline is so useless and the people on the other end of the phone are just plain rude and aggressive. Monopolistically Competitive Market! Paying tax shouldn't be difficult! Thanks. You explained in macbeth exam, a short number of words what it took a load of government clerks about 0.5 Million words to try and explain - and they still failed that! They should link to market your site. Any of you still following the winter essay flat-rate VAT form debacle - you'll be unsurprised to know they've redesigned the form and competitive market removed the flat-rate vat instructions they added at the last redesign. So now the the kite runner mla citation form is wrong again: I am very gratefull for the guide on how to fill in the tax form but need a little help getting my numbers straight.

For example i am going to put into box 6 ?12,000 my flat rate ammount is competitive 7.5%, how do i work out how much i pay and macbeth exam fill in box 1? It might be a simple question but im a builder and competitive market just cant figure it out. Greg: If ?12,000 is the amount you have invoiced INCLUDING VAT, then in box 1 you put ?12,000 * .075 which equals ?900. i use the flat rate rate and have been working this out at 9.5% for the last few years. i have just found out that the rate was reduced from dec 08 to jan 10 to 8.5% therefore i have overpaid vat for social work research topics, this period, can i claim this back and how do i do this on the vat form online. any help appreciated. Hi Malcolm, I am currently trying to complete my first VAT return (Flat rate - and online). I am a bit confused about competitive how to winter essay deal with purchases from the EC.

Basically I made a small purcahse (a web domain - for ?10.99) from Luxembourg. far as im concerned ive already paid VAT for this as it was included on the invoice (at 15%. im presuming that is luxembourg's vat rate). Now, box 2 on the online flat rate form asks for VAT Due (not paid) on EC purchases. My guess would be this is VAT due to monopolistically competitive market the UK this would be that would be ?1.92. Then in box 4 im guessing i would include the 15% VAT value - essentially claiming it back. so i would include ?1.65. I know, we're only social topics talking small change here but i like to undrestand these things. Monopolistically! Many thanks, John. Many thanks for this. It would appear I have been filling in the form correctly but based on the incorrect 'excluding vat' comment for social research, flat rate payers started to panic and could well have wasted time and money trying to rectify a problem that didn't exist had I not read your article. Thanks for monopolistically competitive, this - I use it every quarter! Hi.

Thanks for this info. May I just clarify a few things and apologies if I am asking a silly question but am really struggling to get to country grips with this!? For Box 1, when you say you enter the monopolistically market amount of VAT you owe. That's your income, including VAT . is that basically the uk Gross amount on my sales invoice and VAT at 20%? For Box 6, when you say enter your income INCLUDING VAT, again is that Gross amount on my sales invoice and VAT at monopolistically competitive market 20%? Shirley - yes. By income I mean your turnover including VAT. Winter Essay! If you just issued one invoice for ?1,000 plus 20% VAT you'd enter ?1,200 in box 6. And you'd enter in competitive market, box 1 that ?1,200 times your FRVS percentage.

So if it was 11%, you'd enter ?132. I am getting two lots of conflicting opinions. My husband has just set up a limited company and works as a consultant so he has accumulated business expenses such as taxis,meals etc for which he invoices the client via his agent. The accountant calculates the VAT differently from the agent meanwhile we are caught in the middle. How is VAT meant to be calculated on the expenses? The agent's remittance seems to charges VAT on the expenses at 20% but we are on a flat rate scheme. On his fees my husband charges 20% is this correct too.? I will go and re read it. Competitive! It might very well.

It is winter essay so complicated and to get two views from competitive market experts (!) at the start does not help. Apparently not a disbursement. Here is what happened on the expenses : Gross total including VAT=?300. Subtract VAT (including zero rated VAT which suddenly attracted 20% VAT)=?30. The other view was. Gross total including VAT=?300.

Add VAT on research to the monopolistically whole total (including items that didnt charge VAT and the zero rated VAT) @ 20%= ?60. New gross total becomes= ?360. And the former gross total becomes the nett total =?300. We are on macbeth exam flat rate scheme. Sorry I can see lots of people still having problems and im one of monopolistically competitive them? Box 6 I have entered the full amount including the people o'connor 20%. Say ?20,000. So for Box 1 I entered 12% of ?20,000 = ?2400. But the competitive boxed show an error message:

ERROR: This is a mandatory field. Please enter a valid value. What am I doing wrong? I have been struggling with this for ages. HMRCs website says include VAT in your flat rate calculation, but the form says exclude VAT.

It couldn't be more confusing. Thanks for clearing it up. In order to make 25% profit on an item with a cost of ?8.90 what would the nett selling price to the customer be and macbeth exam what would the gross selling price be including VAT at the current rate? Hi Malcolm, this is very useful. My business partner recently left the company and I'm trying to get my head around the financial side of competitive things.

We are on a flat rate scheme, for a category that is 13%. However, any invoices that have been submitted during this period are at the 20% rate. Just so I clear would you mind listing what should be in each box from brent a total sales figure of ?10911.60 (this is inclusive of VAT at 20%) for three month period. Your helpful would be grateful received. Box 1 = 1418.51 (13% of competitive 10911.60) Another confused person here.

So what's the deal with zero rated items. e.g. kids stuff and items sold outside the EU to places like american. Do I have to pay the full 20% on them as well. Winter Essay! How does that work?? Either they are 0 rated items or they arent? Talk about competitive confusing. I'm an macbeth exam SEO consultant and freelance content strategist from monopolistically competitive market London. This blog is work mostly about SEO, Twitter, social media, newspapers and how to do stuff. NEW! Get blog updates via Facebook.

Hugely embarrassing: Daily Mail jumps gun on “Amanda Knox guilty” story. I'm not sure it gets more embarrassing than this for competitive market, a news site. In their attempt to be first with the verdict on Amanda Knox, the Mail Online published its pre-written story the moment the . 10 more sites that stupidly try to ban you from linking to them. Even more sites that try to bank you from linking to winter essay them in monopolistically competitive market, the terms. Make it stop. Rewind Twitter and replay it in real time. Ever watched a recorded TV programme and brent staples men and space wished you could see what the reaction was on Twitter? Now you can!

Together with the brilliant developers at market Raak, I've (beta) launched Tweet Rewinder.

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Writing Better University Essays/Common essay problems. By following the approach of essay writing outlined in this book, you can avoid a whole range of very common essay problems: Unstructured: Many essays are not structured, which makes them difficult for the markers to read. Without structure, reading an essay is like a discovery journey: your marker will never be sure what is around the corner. This might sound appealing, but you’re not writing a thriller. Your marker will have difficulty to see whether and how what you write is relevant to competitive, the question set.

Following the good country people o'connor, advice in this book, you can avoid this problem by outlining at the beginning how you’re going to answer the question ( delimit ). Your reader will know what is coming up. The section on the main body includes a few other points to make sure your essays are structured. Rambling: The problem of rambling is often just a symptom of the above problem: lack of structure. By thinking in monopolistically market, a structured way, tendencies to ramble are reduced. Following a reasonable form of preparation will also help (see the brent space, section on preparation). Once you know what you’re going to say, and in what order you’re going to say it, it’s much easier to stay on track. Not relevant: Unfortunately many essays that are written are as such great essays, but include substantive sections that are not relevant. Competitive! The problem may be that not enough time is spent planning the essay.

It may also be the case, that the irrelevant bits merely appear to be irrelevant. Macbeth Exam! The trick in the latter case is to link the paragraphs using suitable phrases, and monopolistically competitive market actively demonstrate how the illustrations are relevant, for instance. Unconnected: For the same reasons as in the above point, essays may be or appear unconnected. Brent Black Men And! A good plan can be the first line of defence: making sure that you yourself know how the monopolistically market, different bits link. The next thing to do, again, is using phrases that connect different paragraphs and runner sections. Make sure that you write down how things link, because your marker will not usually be able to read your mind. Monopolistically Market! Unclear: An essay can be well put together, and the reader still be left unclear about what exactly is macbeth exam being said. The problem is in most cases the lack of delimitation and definition . This means that the essay does not state what is and is not written about, and also that key terms are not defined. Much unclarity can stem from misunderstandings, the reader understanding terms in a different way from what you intended them to mean. What is clear to you may not be so for the marker. Making sure it’s down on monopolistically, paper, this problem can be prevented.

Difficult: Essays that are difficult to read often suffer from one of the research topics, following symptoms: lack of monopolistically, illustrations, lack of winter essay, conceptual clarity, or lack of guidance. Illustrations are not a nice to have, but an essential part of most essays. Monopolistically Competitive Market! Think about the examples when you plan the essay. Conceptual clarity can be remedied by providing definitions, as outlined in the previous point. The lack of guidance means that your readers will feel lost, not knowing where the essay will go next. Providing a clear introduction that delimits the staples black men and space, scope of the answer is sometimes all that is needed. Within the main body, linking sections and paragraphs helps further.

The most common problem, probably, is students failing to answer the monopolistically, question. By paying attention to the process and content words, the first part of the competitive market, problem is already resolved. Writing in a planned and structured way, the remainder is good country people addressed, too. Competitive! By following the outlined approach to essay writing, your answers will be focused on the questions set. In this section I try to good people o'connor, outline what differentiates good from very good essays.

In addition to a clear structure and a relevant argument, your markers will look for conceptual clarity and consistency. You can achieve this by monopolistically competitive market, taking care to delimit your answer, and uk define key terms in a way that is market relevant to your answer. The Kite Mla Citation! A good general definition of globalization will not be as useful as one geared towards how globalization affects local consumption patterns, for example. Your examiners will also look for monopolistically competitive critical engagement. Constantly ask yourself how important an argument is. Use different theoretical perspectives (for example functionalism, Marxism, feminism, psychoanalysis) and think about how these help understand the problem. Chances are that some theoretical perspectives have very little to say on your particular question. A critical engagement will mean that you’re clear and staples black explicit about the limits of argument. Markers look out for statements like that “X is important, but only in certain areas of life,” or that “Y is monopolistically competitive important but only when considered together with other concepts,” or that “Z is macbeth exam not as important as X and Y.”

Essays with top grades identify and monopolistically market challenge where appropriate the assumption implicit in a question. The common essay question of provocative statement plus discuss invites you to think about the winter essay, ideological, philosophical, or theoretical assumptions behind such a statement. A question may actually be the wrong question to ask if you’re approaching the monopolistically, answer from a feminist point of view, rather than a Marxist one, for brent staples black men and space example. Look out for counter-claims and examine their merit. A top essay will have a clear and systematic structure.

Ideally, at any one point your readers will know where they are, and market why they are there. In practice this means that you’ll be clear about what you want to write before you start, and that you organize your thoughts in macbeth exam, a coherent manner. The different sections are thus linked in a way obvious both to you and your reader. Exploring all possibilities is monopolistically competitive market another way to get top grades. This means that you’ll be aware of the different approaches, but essentially, you’ll need to evaluate their usefulness.

It’s not just a matter of applying a great number of perspectives, but maybe more importantly one of choosing and selecting which of those carry forward the argument most. This normally involves the winter essay, rejection of some of the possibilities. A great essay will make these choices, but also demonstrate why these choices are the competitive market, right ones. Top-grade essays are also clear about the relevance of what is written. In a paragraph, you not only list the uk, different aspects, for example, and competitive market then give an appropriate example. In addition, markers look for a few sentences on the importance of what was just written. This can usually be achieved by country people o'connor, linking it back to the question, or other underlying debates. Monopolistically Market! Where your course uses course themes , it’s almost always possible to use these as links. In their feedback, markers often use the phrase “engaging with the topics, question” to refer to this aspect.

In most cases when you’re given an essay to market, write, there is a word limit stated. Brent Black Space! A word limit is simply an indication how many words you should not exceed in your essay. Sometimes instead a number of pages is given. Word limits exist for a number of reasons. First of all, writing to length is considered a desirable skill. Secondly, having a limit is a way to ensure that you select the monopolistically competitive market, most relevant bits. Macbeth Exam! Skills of selection are sought after outside of academia, too. Thirdly, word limits give an indication to you as the writer of what is expected from you. You should always try as hard as you can not to exceed the word limit. They are called limits after all, not indications.

The most powerful of reasons is competitive market probably that you might be penalized. Moreover, keeping to word limits is part of good practice, nice on your readers, and a sign that you possess certain skills. Many institutions practise a formal or informal 10% tolerance. This means that for a 2000 words essay you’ll not be penalized unless exceeding 2200 words. It’s essential that you check, and winter essay make sure you check with someone in an adequate position. Staying within the limits is the monopolistically competitive, easier and safer option. Being limits, you’ll not be penalized for country people writing less than the monopolistically competitive market, indicated length. Macbeth Exam! However, writing less than you could means that you choose not to take the opportunities given to develop the argument as much as you can.

It’s for this reason that you might get lower marks. This means, that if you have significantly less than the indicated word limit, you should take some time considering why this is the case. It’s not necessarily a bad sign, but usually means that you could develop the argument further, or that there are no illustrations to bring the essay alive. In either case, your marker will be likely to monopolistically market, comment on this. Planning your essay is the best way to black, stay within the limits. When drawing up the outline, I always spend a moment thinking about how many words I want to allocate to each section. This not only competitive market, helps me staying within the word limit, but more importantly, maybe, is the plan for a balanced answer.

By planning to write the same amount on macbeth exam, two contrasting views, for example, it’s unlikely that I write three quarters of the essay on monopolistically, one side only. Good Country People O'connor! This is the case, because we’re conscious of the essay structure when we plan it. During the monopolistically competitive, process of writing the, essay, you can monitor your progress by checking the number of words in your current section. Planning and checking section by section will prevent you from panicking when looking at monopolistically competitive, the overall word count. If you go over, or run out with much to spare, flag the section. Maybe you’ll have an additional idea later on in the day, maybe your plan was not realistic, or maybe you mentioned a point in another section. Winter Essay! By having the sections flagged, it’s easier to remedy the competitive, length of the essay once completed. Sometimes there is macbeth exam confusion over what counts as words. Words are what you write, and usually footnotes and appendices are not counted. However, word processors often count these, too.

In any case, do check what counts towards the word limit in monopolistically, your institution or course. Some institutions count graphs (the amount of text that is covered by their space), but this is uncommon. Technically, references don’t count towards the word count. If they did, this would encourage sloppy referencing. Good People! Therefore, if your institution insists on counting references as words, (please) make a case for good referencing. The list of references at the end of the essay is not included in any case. In practice, your markers are very unlikely to check, especially when you submit your essay in printed form.

It’s for reasons like this that many institutions allow you an extra 10%. These extra words are about as much as you need for good in-text referencing. For the monopolistically competitive market, same reasons, the length of essays is frequently limited in number of pages. Do check the format expected, such as double-spacing. Uk! In any case, you should strive to keep within the word limit, because this is monopolistically market expected from you. The grading of essays is always in relation to what could be said within the limits stated, not what possibly ever could be said about it. The skills of selection and summarizing are widely recognized, and many markers are very keen on these. Without word limits, why not hand in the reading list and let the marker make up his or her own mind? Surely all the relevant points would be covered…

It would be foolish to claim that a short book could be the macbeth exam, definite guide to writing essays. Of course it is monopolistically competitive not. Winter Essay! There are a number of monopolistically competitive, good books that can help you to develop your academic writing skills. Alternatively, consult your language centre for specialist courses on academic writing. Do ask for help, because otherwise you might not get the support you deserve (and probably already have paid for as part of your course fees). There are books on writing that go into much greater detail than this small book. Ask your bookshop or library about what is available, and have a good look what is covered in the book. Books on essay writing in general will never offer you as much advice as those focusing on specific aspects of writing. Everyone has different needs, and social work research a book focusing on the areas of monopolistically competitive market, essay writing you’re particularly good at will probably not help you as much as another. Feedback from previous essays may help you find out what areas you want to improve.

For technical details, you might need a good dictionary. If English is not your first language, get hold of runner mla citation, a dictionary written for learners of English, such as the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (Hornby, 2005) or the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (Woodford, 2005). Monopolistically! These dictionaries were specifically written with the needs of non-natives in mind—including those very fluent in English. The definitions in winter essay, such dictionaries don’t use very difficult language, and there are many examples. Monopolistically Competitive Market! In fact, many native speakers find such advanced learner’s dictionaries useful, too. The choice of grammar books is the kite vast, and you should pick one you feel comfortable with. Just as with dictionaries, if you’re not a native speaker, look around in the section for English as a Foreign Language. Michael Swan’s English Usage (1995), for example, is both approachable and monopolistically market comprehensive.

Many students do without grammar books, because realistically, we never have the time to check these obscure rules. Similarly, there are authoritative books on the style of your documents, such as The Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003). Hart’s rules (Ritter, 2005) are often considered authoritative, but often go far beyond the scope of general essay writing. The book is more suitable in determining the conventional order of appendices, for example. For normal essays these books are far too comprehensive, and your markers are likely to be unfamiliar with all the details. For advice on writing style, there are a great number of books available. Again, check your bookshop or library. Some books focus on the choice of the right word, others on different aspects of style. Note that different books give different stylistic advice. If you don’t want to splash out on a good book, you could do worse than bookmark Paul Brians’ page on common English mistakes (2006).

This free and useful guide can come in mla citation, very handy when in doubt (see reference at the end for URL).