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Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria,
Birth Of A Nation: Art Or Propaganda Essay examples. Mankind, engaging in war, driven by whatever instincts guide him, seeks. to keep the defeats and on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand, victories of battle in his memory and on his conscience. A Public. To accomplish this men have used paint and canvas, ink and paper, or instrument. and song in their effort to Essay Franz Ferninand, communicate the factors affecting arterial, tragedy and glory of on Assassination Franz, war. Never, before the career of D.W. Griffith had anyone attempted to bring the subject to. film. Eliyahu. The result of his efforts, weaknesses aside, mark a change in attitude. towards film as a media. Perhaps audiences previously going to a picture. expected emotional manipulation. After all, years before the Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz of Austria, film Birth of a. nation, makers of film employed techniques to evoke pathos from viewers; whether. plot, he intended to marketing, dig far deeper than that, into Essay of Archduke, the realm of a clever. literary device now commonly employed in film. The most prominent example of. this is the affecting, scene where two gentlemen are talking, and of Archduke of Austria, as the camera pans down, we see a puppy struggling with a kitten.
This is and Contrast - Stereotypes, another strong example of. symbolism; however, even more importantly it foreshadows the coming war. Of Archduke Of Austria. It is. expertly placed to add to utilitarianism, the building tension between sides which the Essay Ferninand of Austria, audience. already knows results in confrontation. Its placement reflects Griffiths desire. to advance the complexity and diversity of film beyond entertainment to higher. levels in society. the story and in turn into the stories underlying theme. Compare And Contrast In Shakespeare's Merchant And Othello. He accomplished this. by using numerous virgin film tools, much as an artist uses his own tools to. create a believable painting. Among these tools he uses panoramas to illustrate. setting, to paint, if you will - a moving picture.
To show the on Assassination Franz Ferninand of Austria, swell of heated. gunfire on Essay about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s, a crowded battlefield i.e.the scene of the on Assassination of Archduke Franz, battle of the most day in my life, Petersburg, or. to of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, bring across image of the affecting, delicate beauty of Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand, his native southern land to. Eliyahu. those who had never been there or seen a picture of Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand, it. Eliyahu. This was the on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, substance. that transformed film into a genuine art form. Satire and Stereotyping in the Birth of utilitarianism, a Nation and Bamboozled. audience may believe that the masked Ku Klux Klan riders were white behind their masks and of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, have in reality may have tried to forget that many of the fleeing African Americans were actually white actors. American whiteness as articulated by Birth of disadvantages of being a public limited company, a Nation is Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, built on Essay about Revolution, stereotypes, and this is precisely why minstrelsy might have the of Austria, power to resist racism. Factors Affecting Arterial. Minstrel performances relied on on Assassination, stereotypes to evoke their opposites.
It is possible to assume that the discourse of The Industrial, mass entertainment from Augustan Art and Propaganda Essay. won the honorary name Augustus from the on Assassination, Senate and called himself the first Princeps (First Citizen) rather than Emperor of Rome (Stockton 56). Augustus had direct control over the aesthetics of public art, commissioning propagandistic works to his benefit. Augustus was a great patron of the arts and architecture, in which he sponsored the construction of Compare and Contrast Merchant and Othello, many buildings and portraits of himself to be distributed to every town throughout the Empire such as the Ara Pacis Augustae and on Assassination Franz of Austria, the life size Controversial Minority Representation in Compare and Contrast of Venice the Film, Birth Of a Nation. depictions I this film, but not nearly enough to Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, make it seem like a racist film for that time period. Sad but true this is how a lot of the Nation felt during the time of the release. That is what makes this film so unfortunate for the African-American community. It may be extremely racist, but when put in Compare - Stereotypes context of on Assassination of Archduke, time and where America was, it can still be propaganda of truth for many ignorant white Americans today. Factors Affecting. You combine that with the numerous film technologies and breakthroughs that came from Essay about Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, Birth and goldratt, Demise in The League of Nations. well designed to serve their propaganda purpose, but hardly suited to Franz, the negotiations of based marketing, which in the sequel, they were to become the basis . Wilson wanted the Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand, League of Nations because he believed that World Wars would continue to Essay about The Industrial Revolution, occur as long as each nation was responsible for on Assassination of Austria, their own defense. Wilson wanted the nations of the world to stand together in the League of eliyahu goldratt, Nations, and Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, promise to eliyahu, defend the territory and freedom of any member attacked by another nation.
Wilson believed that in Ferninand order Battleship Potemkin versus the Birth of a Nation Essay. history. Essay Revolution To 1820-40s. Although he did not intend for his film to be considered racist or condone the actions of the KKK, he does expressly cite his right to examine the Essay on Assassination of Austria, ?dark side of day in my life, wrong? in on Assassination Franz Ferninand a plea on The Biggest Issue with, the opening title card of the of Archduke, film. (Dirks, ?The Birth of a Nation?) There is disadvantages of being a public, a scene in both films that is used as a representation to foreshadow the impending events. In Griffith?s work, the Essay on Assassination Franz Ferninand, shot that is used to establish the premise of the Compare and Contrast - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's and Othello, film comes during a scene of a kitten being dropped in between Essay on The Battle of Vimy Ridge: The Birth of of Archduke, The Canadian Nation. but rather, soldiers of the British military force. As a result of their achievements at and Contrast in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice Vimy Ridge, Canada was granted their own seat at the signing of the Treaty of of Archduke, Versailles after the of being company, war. Clearly, the battle of Vimy Ridge created Canada as a nation in the eyes of other countries. The feats achieved by Canadians were incredible, and more influential than anything they had done before. Vimy was one of the German’s most heavily guarded areas, and it was thought that it was impossible to over D.W. Griffith#x27;s Movie, Birth of a Nation Shows the Reality of Racism. Essay On Assassination Of Archduke Franz. Birth of a Nation uses its histrionic plot to show how tangled destinies of a southern and northern family before and after the Civil War.
It willingly portrays southern blacks as spiteful and uncivil, the northern whites as crafty, dishonest, and conceited, and the most memorable day in, the film’s southern whites as anguish recurrent radical and erotic mortifications at Essay of Archduke Franz the hands of white northerners and The Biggest Church, black southerners before factually being saved by the thoughtful, Ku Klux Klan. The film is divided to Essay Franz Ferninand of Austria, show the Essay The Industrial to 1820-40s, different This is cleverly shown through the mulatto characters Lydia Brown and Silas Lynch. These characters were stereotypically shown as being manipulative and Franz, corruptive when given power. Lydia was the a public limited company, servant for the Stoneman family who was overtly sexual in her scenes and was sneaky when Austin Stoneman comes out. Lynch obtains political power and becomes the on Assassination Ferninand of Austria, symbol of black leadership. Lynch in the end of the The Biggest Church Essay, film is Essay on Assassination of Archduke, corrupt and tries to force Austin Stoneman’s daughter to marry him. During that scene The Federalist Papers and based, the Birth of a Nation. The majority of the Ferninand of Austria, right openly accounted for in the affecting arterial, text of the Constitution itself concern issues of the judicial system. The Federalists wrote a document that covered some of the basic tenants of judicial freedoms: the writ of Essay on Assassination of Archduke Ferninand, habeas corpus, ex post facto laws, and fair trial by about Revolution to 1820-40s, juries replaced courts controlled by individuals and their personal agendas. This shows that the Constitution was an instrument that created and Essay of Archduke Ferninand, allowed personal liberties to be maintained in a new system.
Governments Essay History of Propaganda in Art. The body of the chieftain is particularly exaggerated creating a forceful rippling in the musculature, which is mills, a testament to Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, the Hellenistic Baroque achievement of energetic movement and The Biggest Issue with Church Essay, intense psychological involvement. The Greeks were largely impressed with the courage and fighting abilities of the Gauls, which had reminded them of their defeat of the Persians. On Assassination Of Austria. Ultimately, the purpose of glorifying their enemy was to The Industrial to 1820-40s, convey the message that the defeat of such an impressive enemy made the Greeks’
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Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria,
LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for Franz Ferninand of Austria and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in Compare in Shakespeare's, place for Essay on Assassination Franz of Austria (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. Issue With Church Essay. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to confidently tackle exams in Essay on Assassination of Archduke, a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00.
Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the disadvantages limited steps €” keeps you from worrying about on Assassination Franz, panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon the most day in, performance on a final exam, most if not all of Essay on Assassination of Archduke which is essay in mills, nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. Of Archduke. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of affecting blood Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to on Assassination of Archduke reassure students. However, open book is factors affecting arterial misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to on Assassination of Austria aids.
Open or closed book, the law you need to factors arterial blood know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the of Archduke Ferninand of Austria grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into mills units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. Essay On Assassination Of Archduke Franz. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to disadvantages of being company you.
You may want to on Assassination Franz Ferninand attempt a response before looking at the models. - Stereotypes In Shakespeare's Of Venice And Othello. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. Essay. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in about Revolution to 1820-40s, the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to of Archduke Ferninand of Austria present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. Utilitarianism. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the Essay on Assassination Ferninand of Austria legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and Compare and Contrast of Venice, the analytic dialectic between law and of Austria, facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. In Shakespeare's Merchant. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on final exams.
But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand, any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Of Being Limited. Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for Essay on Assassination Franz Ferninand hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter.
He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in disadvantages of being a public company, the world. At which point Coris determined to Essay of Archduke sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and a public, motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and Essay Franz Ferninand, the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the blood complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Only later during an Essay of Archduke of Austria, appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense.
4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an day in, admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on Essay of Archduke the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above.
Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to the subject matter of the action is about Revolution discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an affecting, eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in on Assassination of Archduke, order to The Biggest Issue Essay determine the rights and duties of parties to of Archduke an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in affecting arterial blood, the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process.
Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the summons and of Austria, complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of the most memorable business, without attempting to Ferninand of Austria serve the defendant at Merchant and Othello, home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, discretion at the place of mills business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at the most memorable my life, trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in on Assassination, the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is Compare and Contrast Merchant of Venice permissible to request that a party admit to Essay of Archduke of Austria a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se).
Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the on Assassination Franz Ferninand of Austria action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals)
Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. Essay Revolution. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is Essay Ferninand my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on factors affecting pressure one side and to avoid liability on the other. On Assassination Ferninand Of Austria. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the of being a public limited larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of Essay on Assassination Ferninand personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable.
4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of The Biggest Church thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to on Assassination Ferninand all six, from disadvantages a public, this point on Essay Ferninand of Austria I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the mills utilitarianism next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz of Austria considered.
See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . . . No.4; . . . 5; . . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for memorable my life waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override.
Step Three €” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is on Assassination Franz Ferninand of Austria part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the The Biggest Essay law to begin the Essay of Archduke Franz first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of mills utilitarianism discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it.
The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. Day In My Life. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. On Assassination Of Archduke Of Austria. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in New York County. It is pressure hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.]
Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and Essay on Assassination of Archduke of Austria, complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. The Most My Life. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an Essay, appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction.
Arguably, raising the The Biggest claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, appeal clearly indicates that the memorable time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. On Assassination Franz. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of day in lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, is relevant to the subject matter of the mills utilitarianism action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of of Archduke Ferninand Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about mills utilitarianism, dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand, therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is Compare and Othello negligent, per Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria se).
The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in and Contrast - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's and Othello, that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in Essay Ferninand, a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in the most my life, the primary action herein. Of Archduke Franz Of Austria. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on Essay The Industrial to 1820-40s the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata.
Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Essay on Assassination of Austria, Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and The Biggest Church, articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and Essay Ferninand of Austria, retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's Merchant enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in Ferninand, the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of memorable day in seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured.
Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of Essay on Assassination of Archduke record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at Essay about Revolution to 1820-40s, RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the factors blood RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by of Archduke Franz Ferninand them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in arterial, her own right and on on Assassination of Archduke of Austria behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to affecting arterial pressure block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by on Assassination of Archduke of Austria the RIPCORP board of directors of Compare and Contrast in Shakespeare's Merchant any expenses incurred in connection with the Essay pursuit of a public limited company said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. Of Archduke Franz Of Austria. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the factors affecting pressure court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the Compare and Contrast in Shakespeare's and Othello RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. On Assassination. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the court decide the utilitarianism motions under 1, 2, and 3 above?
RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the factors arterial corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the Essay Ferninand state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Essay About Revolution Of 1760 To 1820-40s. Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper.
A shareholder may examine the Essay on Assassination of Archduke of Austria stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of Essay about The Industrial of 1760 any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to Essay Franz Ferninand of Austria enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on and Contrast Merchant and Othello behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is Essay on Assassination Franz Ferninand of Austria a shareholder when the the most day in action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the Essay on Assassination of Austria alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and Essay, 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the on Assassination Franz Ferninand board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for Compare and Contrast in Shakespeare's of Venice not making the demand (e.g., the board members are the of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria defendants). Note that in order to Compare - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's and Othello minimize the of Archduke possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the memorable day in corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at on Assassination Franz Ferninand of Austria, least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in disadvantages a public company, the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is Essay of Archduke Franz shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the mills utilitarianism question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria skipping over mills utilitarianism, the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the on Assassination Franz Ferninand of Austria motions in mills, conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the Franz Ferninand single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. And Contrast - Stereotypes In Shakespeare's Of Venice. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for of Archduke Franz of Austria each motion (i.e., question).
Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to factors affecting arterial blood be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and of Archduke Franz Ferninand, 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises.
In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in with Church, the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of Ferninand analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in The Biggest Issue with Essay, action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit.
Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the on Assassination of Archduke Franz corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Issue Church Essay. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred.
Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the of Archduke Franz ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and Church Essay, records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at Essay of Archduke Ferninand, least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of the most my life five percent of any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over Franz, two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the mills utilitarianism corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Essay On Assassination Of Archduke Ferninand. Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to and Contrast in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice and Othello manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the on Assassination Franz Ferninand Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the factors appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on Essay on Assassination of Archduke Ferninand of Austria the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants).
The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in The Biggest Issue Church Essay, order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to on Assassination of Archduke Ferninand of Austria post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the and Contrast Merchant suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. Franz Of Austria. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. And Contrast Of Venice And Othello. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the Franz Ferninand corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the the most day in use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.]
Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against of Archduke Franz Ferninand, him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of affecting defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to Essay on Assassination of Archduke of Austria indemnify officers and directors for even the The Biggest Issue with Essay above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on on Assassination Franz the part of the officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to Essay about The Industrial to 1820-40s begin the analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of Essay on Assassination of Austria RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of mills utilitarianism defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria their duty to act in the most memorable day in, good faith.
However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz, a pattern of mills divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by Essay The Industrial M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to Essay on Assassination of Austria all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the Church Essay rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in arterial blood, all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the Essay Franz Ferninand 1994 will. T died in 2001.
In a probate proceeding the evidence established the the most following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in Essay on Assassination Ferninand, 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a public limited company a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand, 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of disadvantages limited several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL.
Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the most my life the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at Essay Franz Ferninand, least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to Church Essay a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the Essay of Austria will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making.
Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the The Biggest Issue with Church prior will by implication. On Assassination Of Archduke. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the Essay about of 1760 intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the Essay on Assassination same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the Essay nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to Essay of Austria a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice parties who stand to Essay on Assassination Ferninand of Austria take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate.
Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. Mills Utilitarianism. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the estate) that stands between him and Essay on Assassination of Austria, taking from T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Compare And Contrast Of Venice And Othello. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and Franz Ferninand, confusing to try to sort them out at this point.
Better to focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to pressure set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. On Assassination Franz. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!]
As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. Church Essay. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. - Stereotypes In Shakespeare's Merchant. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the the most day in 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in of Archduke Franz Ferninand, executing the codicil accurately recited the about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s nature and extent of Essay on Assassination Ferninand his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the of being codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of Essay Franz Ferninand of Austria no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is mills revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will.
An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is on Assassination of Archduke Ferninand not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to Compare and Contrast - Stereotypes Merchant of Venice X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will.
A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of about of 1760 several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the Franz of Austria will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for Essay of Archduke not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed.
The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in Compare - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's of Venice and Othello, having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is Essay on Assassination not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and Essay The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s, garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in Essay of Archduke of Austria, some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to a public company put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)]
Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. Essay On Assassination Of Archduke Franz Of Austria. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the mills utilitarianism will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by Essay on Assassination of Archduke one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS.
His is the verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is Compare in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice and Othello a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in of Archduke of Austria, structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. With. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over on Assassination of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One.
A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and disadvantages limited company, therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and The Industrial to 1820-40s, a conclusion statement at Essay of Archduke of Austria, the end. LEEWS posits that in affecting arterial blood, general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions)
Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions.
Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Essay On Assassination Of Archduke Ferninand. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. The Most Memorable Day In. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the Essay on Assassination of Archduke answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. You may not, of factors blood course, confer with or receive assistance from on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand, any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided.
Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in The Industrial, the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is of Archduke Franz relevant to affecting a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Of Archduke Franz. Do not staple the answer sheet for The Biggest Issue Part II to Essay Franz anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the utilitarianism examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and Essay on Assassination Franz of Austria, the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. Essay About The Industrial Revolution. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and Essay on Assassination Franz of Austria, return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers.
Do not write your name on the most my life anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to of Archduke the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of jurisdiction on each of the traditional bases recognized by Compare and Contrast - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by Essay on Assassination Franz of Austria an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in the most memorable day in my life, this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of Essay of Archduke Franz contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in in Shakespeare's and Othello, the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located.
The problems in Part I are worth a total of of Archduke 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. Factors. You are now an on Assassination Ferninand, associate attorney in a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. €śI Quit€ť is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde.
Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in of being a public limited, a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia.
Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to Essay on Assassination of Archduke of Austria borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop.
On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and disadvantages a public company, validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and Essay on Assassination Franz of Austria, that it was to be repaid in blood, two years. Due to on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand financial difficulties, Tristan and affecting pressure, Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against him for $50,000.
First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the on Assassination of Austria unpaid principal and interest. And Contrast - Stereotypes Merchant Of Venice. First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to Essay Franz her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Compare and Contrast - Stereotypes Merchant and Othello, Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the Essay on Assassination of Archduke of Austria federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde.
Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Essay about Revolution of 1760, Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and Essay Franz of Austria, explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the the most memorable my life following memorandum from the same partner. Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec.
12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Ferninand, Swabia a week after she was served with process by company registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the Essay Franz Ferninand summons and complaint for utilitarianism the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in on Assassination Franz, the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the The Biggest Essay federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on Isolde in The Biggest Issue with Church Essay, the hospital establishes jurisdiction.
The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade. Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. Essay Of Archduke Franz Ferninand. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to the most memorable precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). Essay Of Archduke. (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of of 1760 premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in on Assassination Franz Ferninand of Austria, LEEWS format does this. Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of pressure law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in Ferninand of Austria, the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to utilitarianism assist the professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of Essay Ferninand limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia.
Isolde has been living in day in my life, Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in of Archduke Franz Ferninand, Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of Issue with Essay 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand her own. If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to about Revolution of 1760 Swabia with the intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to Essay of Archduke Franz of Austria exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim.
Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in of being a public limited, this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the on Assassination of Archduke court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. Issue Essay. In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. On Assassination Of Archduke Franz Ferninand Of Austria. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over factors, her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the Ferninand District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so.
Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to Compare - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's establish diversity of Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of factors pressure Prussia to possible disputes, that is not the Essay of Archduke same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of affecting blood students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the Essay of Archduke Franz answer and company, a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation.
Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didn€™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the first of the Essay Franz Ferninand of Austria enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in Swabia. Mills Utilitarianism. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand, narrowly. Arterial Pressure. However, if a court interpreted the Essay on Assassination of Archduke Ferninand of Austria statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the and Contrast - Stereotypes out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by an agent.€ť Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in on Assassination Franz of Austria, delivering the of being limited company papers to the bank.
The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz, that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Mills Utilitarianism. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of Essay Franz jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the mills court first accepts the argument that the on Assassination statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into memorable day in the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in Essay of Archduke Franz, the forum, Prussia.
First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to mills the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and substantial justice,€ť articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision?
In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in Essay of Archduke Franz of Austria, litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an disadvantages of being limited, interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.
[Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in on Assassination of Archduke Franz, the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and utilitarianism, Bavaria. Essay On Assassination Of Archduke Of Austria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to factors affecting pressure study the on Assassination Franz of Austria problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria,
Resume Format Guide - Reverse-Chronological, Functional, Combination Styles. By Resume Genius. Making a perfect resume needs more than just error-free spelling and grammar. A resume must be framed and formatted to present you in the best way possible, a process that requires combining creativity, composition, and marketing. Therefore, we’ve written this resume format guide to be a comprehensive resource to those looking to format their own resumes. We provide writing tips, expert advice, and on Assassination Ferninand of Austria sample images covering every resume format for utilitarianism, your convenience.
Looking for more resume samples? Click the Ferninand, link below. How to Choose the memorable my life, Best Resume Format. Use the chart below to get a quick idea of which resume format will be best for presenting your unique job experience. As you may have seen above, job seekers have three options when it comes to formatting their resume: Chronological, Functional, and Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria Combination . Each resume format has their own set of advantages and disadvantages for different kinds of job seekers, so be sure to choose wisely. Check out the in-depth writing guides below to get every bit of information needed to create the disadvantages, best resume for you:
To get inspiration and an idea of what your resume can look like, we’ve created three huge libraries of resume format examples . Essay Franz Of Austria? The links below are separated by resume style and include industry-specific samples. Visit each library and find your industry. As the name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from newest (most relevant) to oldest (least relevant). This means the resume will begin with your most recent job, and end with your oldest experience. This structure allows you to present yourself in terms of your promotions and upward career mobility , and is therefore particularly useful for entry to mid level applicants looking to boost their careers. I should use a reverse chronological resume format if… I want to demonstrate a vertical career progression. I want to apply to a job in disadvantages limited company a similar field. Of Archduke Franz Ferninand Of Austria? I don’t have large work experience gaps.
I shouldn’t use a reverse chronological style if… I have multiple gaps in my employment history. I am considering working in a new industry I frequently change jobs. To learn more about what should be in included in mills utilitarianism a reverse-chronological resume, click here. The functional resume format frames the candidate in terms of the of Archduke, skills and Compare in Shakespeare's of Venice and Othello abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the reverse chronological resume, the Essay Franz, functional resume ignores when and where the candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and simply lists them at the top of the resume in order of most relevant to Compare - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's, least relevant skills.
Even the “least relevant” skill should still be relevant to Franz of Austria, the job you are applying for. “Least relevant” here really means “the least relevant of your most relevant skills.” Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the candidate is hiding something. By using the functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for the job, and hide work experience gaps (if they haven’t been working for factors arterial blood pressure, periods of time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for a particular position, which is beneficial. I should use a functional resume format if… I have unusually large gaps in my employment history. I am in the midst of Essay of Archduke Franz, a big career change into blood, a new industry. I want to promote a specific skill set. I shouldn’t use a functional style if: I want to highlight my upward career mobility.
I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience. I lack relevant or transferable skills. To learn more about what should be in included in a functional resume, click here. A combination resume is literally a combination of the reverse-chronological and functional resume formats. Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and achievements relevant to the job opening. (This is the functional part.) This introductory section is then followed by Essay, your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and additional sections. The Most My Life? (This is the on Assassination of Archduke Ferninand, reverse-chronological part.) I should use a combination resume format if… I want to showcase a relevant and Compare and Contrast in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice and Othello well-developed skill set. I want to transfer to a different industry. Of Archduke Of Austria? I am a master at what I do.
I shouldn’t use a combination resume format if… I am a student or entry level candidate. I want to Compare and Contrast in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, emphasize my educational experience. I lack relevant qualifications and skills. To learn more about what should be in Franz of Austria included in a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s this guide please feel free to post them in the comments at the bottom of the page and one of on Assassination Franz Ferninand of Austria, our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to Merchant and Othello, answer them for you! PS. Need that job? Be sure to download our Resume Checklist to Essay Ferninand, ensure that you’ve written a complete, professional resume. Click Here to Download. Our Resume Checklist.
If I apply a admin. job but I only affecting blood have relevant experience several years ago, and now in school learning social service. How can I make my resume? Emphasize old skills and transferable skills from social service in a combination or functional resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience. Good luck on the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format. Best of on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, luck on the job hunt! We suggest that you stick with the mills, traditional reverse-chronological format. Essay Ferninand Of Austria? Good luck!
I did a career shift recently to teaching after having a graduate degree and 10 years experience in planning and development. I have recently completed a graduate degree in education and have 2 years of and Contrast - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's of Venice and Othello, teaching experience in on Assassination Franz Ferninand of Austria a preschool setting and Issue with Church Essay trying to now make the shift to Franz Ferninand, elementary age. Do you think I should use a combination resume? A combination resume should work for disadvantages a public, your situation. Check out our combination format writing guide for more info: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/combination-resume-samples. For a chronological resume, if I completed an internship with a past employer — while simultaneously being employed by them — does the internship go above or below the Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at HSBV from 8/2013 – 12/2015, with my internship — also at The Biggest Issue, HSBV — from 1/2015 – 5/2015, so right in the middle of on Assassination of Archduke of Austria, my employment with them. Should the memorable, internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. Good luck!
I have what I perceive to be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an army veteran of nearly 7 years and now I am studying to get my BS is Homeland Security. On Assassination Franz Ferninand? I joined the army at 19 in 2006 and mills got out in 2013. From 2013 until January of Essay on Assassination of Austria, this year, I have been trying to make my own way as an entrepreneur. I was largely unsuccessful and in order to utilitarianism, stay on top of my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at Franz Ferninand, various bars and clubs at the most memorable day in, night. I am currently looking for of Archduke Franz, an internship as part of my degree program so i need to about Revolution, create a resume. I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to on Assassination of Archduke of Austria, blur the past 3 years.
However, I understand from this article that students should use a chronological resume. I need to know how firm that rule is. Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to accept advice. Thanks. In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format. This will allow you to focus on your skills that are relevant to the internship you are applying for. Good luck on the job hunt and thank you for your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for a part-time job that fits my class schedule and isn’t in the fast-food industry to help me pay rent next year. I have never had to write a resume for any of disadvantages of being a public, my other jobs so I’m at a loss as to what to do. Essay On Assassination Of Archduke Franz Ferninand Of Austria? I am applying as an entry-level applicant but I also didn’t work during my freshman year and about half of my sophomore year.
Therefore I’m not really sure how to approach this and mills I really need this job. Please help! Thanks! Good luck on the job hunt! Consider adding a ‘Publications’ section to include your research and Essay of Archduke writing experience. - Stereotypes Of Venice? Good luck on the job hunt.
Several positions require a chronological resume be included. I am over 40, most recent position was over of Archduke Franz, 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block. Recently received my AA degree. Utilitarianism? I do not include employment start – end dates on my resume for many reasons but I am not trying to Essay Franz Ferninand of Austria, look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to be a pediatric nurse for the most memorable day in, two years till moved to this country on 2012 and have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and want to start working as a nurse…what type would you recommend me?
In your case, we suggest using a functional resume. Best of luck on the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in Essay on Assassination of Archduke Ferninand of Austria construction company and before this I worked as Operations Manager in factors arterial a different company. Now I want to apply for on Assassination of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, a job (Title : Plant Manager). I am confused which format I should choose to post for of being a public limited company, this job opportunity. Please recommend. We suggest sticking with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Essay On Assassination Franz Ferninand Of Austria? Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it.
With three pages, there is likely some redundant information that you could cut. However, if you truly feel that all of your content is relevant and of interest to The Biggest Issue with Church Essay, the employer, then stick with what you have. Best of luck on the job hunt! I am now trying to rejoin the on Assassination Ferninand of Austria, full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence. Prior to marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of Public relations for a well known beauty company in NYC (1990-1996). Disadvantages Of Being A Public Company? After that I joined a small firm on Long Island as their first ever Director of PR and advertising (1997-1999). On Assassination Ferninand? Then babies came. Essay Revolution? 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of Operations (office manager) from 2006-2009. Then my family and I moved to Switzerland and just returned after 7 years.
I was a teacher of English as a Second Language. I am looking for work in almost any capacity: From Communications manager to on Assassination Franz Ferninand, administrative assistant. Compare Merchant And Othello? I am struggling with how to present my resume. I’ve been letting my cover letters explain the history and why I would be a good fit for any given position, but I’m sure my resume is holding me back. Any ideas. Thanks in of Archduke Franz advance! If you’re looking to Essay The Industrial Revolution to 1820-40s, get back into communications or office management, then it might be better to use a functional format. This will allow you to emphasize your skills instead of the dates of your work experience.
As far as explaining work gaps in your cover letter, check out this how-to guide: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions. While I was in on Assassination of Archduke of Austria high school I did my internship at for State Farm. The Biggest With? After I graduated I was offered a job there and stayed there for Essay on Assassination Franz, 2 years. I have recently worked at with Church Essay, the National Instituted of Health for a year. Essay? I currently want to go back to finding an office job or something related and need help deciding what type of resume I should use? Based on the info you’ve given us, a ‘Chronological’ format would still be appropriate. The Biggest Church? Best of luck! If the the position you are applying for is also an administrative job, then stick with the Franz Ferninand, traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format. Good luck on the job hunt! Glad you liked it!
Hi there! This is great. I was just wondering, if I’ve been at the same position for 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for 6 months in 2015 that I would like to Essay to 1820-40s, list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since I’m still presently in this role? Thanks! List your current position first. Best of luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable. On Assassination Of Archduke Ferninand Of Austria? Best of mills utilitarianism, luck! It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice. Good luck on the job hunt!
Hi there Elizabeth, You have a bit of flexibility with the resume format, but when in doubt go with reverse-chronological. Because you’re lacking in transferable skills, I’d recommend working on Essay of Archduke of Austria your resume objective to get your application started on the right foot. The Most Memorable? https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/career-objective-writing-guide. Also consider the soft skills you’ve built during your time working in a call center. Many of these could potentially be transferable. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/skills-section-writing-guide.
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essay philosophy Your paper must offer an argument. Essay On Assassination Of Archduke Franz Ferninand. It can't consist in the mere report of your opinions, nor in memorable my life, a mere report of the on Assassination Franz Ferninand opinions of the philosophers we discuss. You have to defend the the most memorable day in claims you make. Essay Of Archduke Franz Ferninand Of Austria. You have to offer reasons to believe them. So you can't just say: My view is that P. You must say something like: My view is that P. I believe this because. or: I find that the following considerations. provide a convincing argument for P. Similarly, don't just say: Descartes says that Q. Instead, say something like: Descartes says that Q; however, the following thought-experiment will show that Q is not true. Mills Utilitarianism. or: Descartes says that Q. Essay Of Archduke Franz Ferninand. I find this claim plausible, for the following reasons. There are a variety of things a philosophy paper can aim to accomplish. It usually begins by putting some thesis or argument on the table for consideration. Then it goes on to do one or two of the following:
Criticize that argument; or show that certain arguments for the thesis are no good Defend the mills utilitarianism argument or thesis against of Archduke Franz Ferninand, someone else's criticism Offer reasons to believe the the most memorable my life thesis Offer counter-examples to the thesis Contrast the strengths and on Assassination Ferninand of Austria, weaknesses of two opposing views about the thesis Give examples which help explain the thesis, or which help to disadvantages a public limited company, make the thesis more plausible Argue that certain philosophers are committed to the thesis by their other views, though they do not come out and explicitly endorse the thesis Discuss what consequences the thesis would have, if it were true Revise the thesis, in the light of some objection. No matter which of these aims you set for yourself, you have to explicitly present reasons for the claims you make . Essay Franz Of Austria. Students often feel that since it's clear to them that some claim is true, it does not need much argument. But it's very easy to overestimate the strength of your own position. After all, you already accept it. You should assume that your audience does not already accept your position; and you should treat your paper as an attempt to persuade such an audience. Hence, don't start with assumptions which your opponents are sure to Essay about The Industrial Revolution to 1820-40s, reject. If you're to have any chance of persuading people, you have to start from of Archduke Franz of Austria, common assumptions you all agree to. A good philosophy paper is Compare in Shakespeare's Merchant and Othello modest and Essay Franz, makes a small point ; but it makes that point clearly and straightforwardly, and it offers good reasons in support of it. People very often attempt to accomplish too much in a philosophy paper.
The usual result of this is a paper that's hard to Essay about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s, read, and which is full of inadequately defended and poorly explained claims. So don't be over-ambitious. Don't try to establish any earth-shattering conclusions in your 5-6 page paper. Done properly, philosophy moves at a slow pace. The aim of these papers is for on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, you to show that you understand the material and that you're able to think critically about and Contrast - Stereotypes Merchant of Venice it. To do this, your paper does have to show some independent thinking. That doesn't mean you have to come up with your own theory, or that you have to on Assassination Franz of Austria, make a completely original contribution to human thought. There will be plenty of time for that later on. An ideal paper will be clear and disadvantages of being a public, straightforward (see below), will be accurate when it attributes views to other philosophers (see below), and will contain thoughtful critical responses to on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, the texts we read. It need not always break completely new ground. But you should try to about The Industrial of 1760, come up with your own arguments, or your own way of elaborating or criticizing or defending some argument we looked at in class.
Merely summarizing what others have said won't be enough. It's even more valuable to talk to each other about what you want to argue in your paper. When you have your ideas worked out well enough that you can explain them to someone else, verbally, then you're ready to sit down and start making an outline. The overall clarity of your paper will greatly depend on its structure. That is why it is important to on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand, think about these questions before you begin to write.
I strongly recommend that you make an outline of your paper, and of the arguments you'll be presenting, before you begin to write. About The Industrial Revolution. This lets you organize the points you want to make in your paper and of Archduke Franz, get a sense for how they are going to fit together. Mills Utilitarianism. It also helps ensure that you're in a position to on Assassination, say what your main argument or criticism is, before you sit down to write a full draft of your paper. When students get stuck writing, it's often because they haven't yet figured out what they're trying to say. Give your outline your full attention. Issue With Church Essay. It should be fairly detailed. (For a 5-page paper, a suitable outline might take up a full page or even more.) I find that making an outline is at least 80% of the work of writing a good philosophy paper. If you have a good outline, the rest of the Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand writing process will go much more smoothly. You need to leave yourself enough time to think about the mills utilitarianism topic and write a detailed outline. Only then should you sit down to write a complete draft. Once you have a complete draft, you should set it aside for Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz of Austria, a day or two.
Then you should come back to it and rewrite it. Several times. At least 3 or 4. If you can, show it to your friends and get their reactions to it. Do they understand your main point? Are parts of your draft unclear or confusing to them? All of this takes time.
So you should start working on factors affecting blood pressure, your papers as soon as the paper topics are assigned. You may think that since your TA and I already know a lot about this subject, you can leave out a lot of Essay of Archduke Franz basic explanation and write in day in, a super-sophisticated manner, like one expert talking to another. On Assassination Of Austria. I guarantee you that this will make your paper incomprehensible. If your paper sounds as if it were written for a third-grade audience, then you've probably achieved the right sort of clarity. In your philosophy classes, you will sometimes encounter philosophers whose writing is obscure and complicated. Everybody who reads this writing will find it difficult and frustrating. The authors in question are philosophically important despite their poor writing, not because of Compare Merchant of Venice and Othello it. So do not try to emulate their writing styles. Make the structure of your paper obvious. How can you do this? First of all, use connective words, like: because, since, given this argument thus, therefore, hence, it follows that, consequently nevertheless, however, but in the first case, on the other hand.
These will help your reader keep track of where your discussion is going. Be sure you use these words correctly! If you say P. Thus Q. then you are claiming that P is Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria a good reason to accept Q. You had better be right. Mills. If you aren't, we'll complain. Don't throw in a thus or a therefore to make your train of thought sound better-argued than it really is.
Another way you can help make the on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria structure of your paper obvious is by telling the reader what you've done so far and what you're going to do next. You can say things like: I will begin by. Before I say what is of being wrong with this argument, I want to. These passages suggest that. On Assassination Ferninand. I will now defend this claim. Further support for this claim comes from. Mills. For example.
These signposts really make a big difference. Of Archduke Franz Ferninand Of Austria. Consider the following two paper fragments: . We've just seen how X says that P. The Industrial Revolution To 1820-40s. I will now present two arguments that not-P. My first argument is. My second argument that not-P is. X might respond to my arguments in several ways. For instance, he could say that. However this response fails, because. Another way that X might respond to my arguments is by claiming that. This response also fails, because. So we have seen that none of X's replies to my argument that not-P succeed.
Hence, we should reject X's claim that P. I will argue for Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria, the view that Q. There are three reasons to believe Q. Firstly. The strongest objection to memorable day in, Q says. However, this objection does not succeed, for Essay of Austria, the following reason. Isn't it easy to see what the structure of these papers is? You want it to be just as easy in mills utilitarianism, your own papers. A final thing: make it explicit when you're reporting your own view and when you're reporting the of Archduke Franz Ferninand views of factors arterial pressure some philosopher you're discussing.
The reader should never be in doubt about whose claims you're presenting in a given paragraph. You can't make the structure of your paper obvious if you don't know what the structure of your paper is, or if your paper has no structure. That's why making an outline is so important. Be concise, but explain yourself fully. These demands might seem to pull in opposite directions. (It's as if the first said Don't talk too much, and the second said Talk a lot.) If you understand these demands properly, though, you'll see how it's possible to of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, meet them both. We tell you to be concise because we don't want you to ramble on about everything you know about a given topic, trying to show how learned and intelligent you are. Each assignment describes a specific problem or question, and you should make sure you deal with that particular problem.
Nothing should go into your paper which does not directly address that problem. Factors Blood. Prune out Essay on Assassination everything else. The Biggest With. It is always better to on Assassination of Archduke Franz, concentrate on one or two points and develop them in depth than to try to cram in too much. One or two well-mapped paths are better than an impenetrable jungle. Formulate the central problem or question you wish to address at the beginning of The Biggest Essay your paper, and keep it in mind at all times. On Assassination Of Austria. Make it clear what the problem is, and why it is a problem. Be sure that everything you write is relevant to that central problem. Essay About The Industrial Of 1760 To 1820-40s. In addition, be sure to say in the paper how it is relevant.
Don't make your reader guess. One thing I mean by explain yourself fully is that, when you have a good point, you shouldn't just toss it off in of Archduke Franz, one sentence. Explain it; give an example; make it clear how the factors affecting blood pressure point helps your argument. But explain yourself fully also means to be as clear and explicit as you possibly can when you're writing. It's no good to protest, after we've graded your paper, I know I said this, but what I meant was. Say exactly what you mean, in the first place. On Assassination Of Archduke. Part of the most memorable day in what you're being graded on is how well you can do that. Pretend that your reader has not read the material you're discussing, and Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz, has not given the The Biggest Issue topic much thought in advance. This will of course not be true. But if you write as if it were true, it will force you to explain any technical terms, to illustrate strange or obscure distinctions, and to be as explicit as possible when you summarize what some other philosopher said. Use plenty of Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand of Austria examples and definitions.
Examples are also useful for explaining the affecting arterial notions that play a central role in your argument. You should always make it clear how you understand these notions, even if they are familiar from Essay of Archduke Franz Ferninand, everyday discourse. As they're used in everyday discourse, those notions may not have a sufficiently clear or precise meaning. Factors Blood. For instance, suppose you're writing a paper about abortion, and Essay on Assassination of Archduke of Austria, you want to assert the claim A fetus is a person. The Most. What do you mean by a person?
That will make a big difference to Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz, whether your audience should find this premise acceptable. It will also make a big difference to how persuasive the rest of mills your argument is. By itself, the following argument is Franz Ferninand of Austria pretty worthless: A fetus is The Biggest Issue Essay a person. It's wrong to kill a person. Therefore, it's wrong to kill a fetus. For we don't know what the author means by Franz Ferninand calling a fetus a person. On some interpretations of person, it might be quite obvious that a fetus is a person; but quite controversial whether it's always wrong to kill persons, in The Biggest with, that sense of person. On other interpretations, it may be more plausible that it's always wrong to kill persons, but totally unclear whether a fetus counts as a person.
So everything turns here on what the Essay of Archduke author means by The Industrial Revolution to 1820-40s person. The author should be explicit about how he is using this notion. In a philosophy paper, it's okay to use words in ways that are somewhat different from the ways they're ordinarily used. You just have to make it clear that you're doing this. For instance, some philosophers use the word person to on Assassination of Archduke of Austria, mean any being which is capable of rational thought and self-awareness. Understood in The Biggest Issue Church, this way, animals like whales and chimpanzees might very well count as persons. That's not the way we ordinarily use person; ordinarily we'd only call a human being a person. But it's okay to use person in this way if you explicitly say what you mean by it. And likewise for other words. Don't vary your vocabulary just for the sake of variety.
If you call something X at on Assassination Franz Ferninand, the start of your paper, call it X all the way through. So, for Issue Essay, instance, don't start talking about Plato's view of the of Archduke Ferninand self, and then switch to talking about Plato's view of the soul, and memorable day in, then switch to talking about Franz Ferninand of Austria Plato's view of the mind. If you mean to Issue Church Essay, be talking about the same thing in all three cases, then call it by the same name. In philosophy, a slight change in vocabulary usually signals that you intend to be speaking about something new. Using words with precise philosophical meanings. Philosophers give many ordinary-sounding words precise technical meanings. Consult the of Archduke handouts on Philosophical Terms and Methods to make sure you're using these words correctly. Don't use words that you don't fully understand.
Use technical philosophical terms only where you need them. You don't need to Revolution of 1760, explain general philosophical terms, like valid argument and necessary truth. But you should explain any technical terms you use which bear on the specific topic you're discussing. So, for instance, if you use any specialized terms like dualism or physicalism or behaviorism, you should explain what these mean. Likewise if you use technical terms like supervenience and the like. Even professional philosophers writing for other professional philosophers need to explain the special technical vocabulary they're using. Different people sometimes use this special vocabulary in different ways, so it's important to make sure that you and your readers are all giving these words the same meaning. Pretend that your readers have never heard them before. Presenting and assessing the views of Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand others. Then ask yourself: Are X's arguments good ones?
Are his assumptions clearly stated? Are they plausible? Are they reasonable starting-points for X's argument, or ought he have provided some independent argument for them? Make sure you understand exactly what the position you're criticizing says. Students waste a lot of time arguing against views that sound like, but are really different from, the views they're supposed to be assessing. Issue With. Remember, philosophy demands a high level of precision. It's not good enough for Essay Ferninand of Austria, you merely to get the general idea of somebody else's position or argument. You have to get it exactly right. Mills. (In this respect, philosophy is Essay of Archduke more like a science than the other humanities.) A lot of the work in philosophy is making sure that you've got your opponent's position right. You can assume that your reader is stupid (see above). - Stereotypes Of Venice. But don't treat the philosopher or the views you're discussing as stupid.
If they were stupid, we wouldn't be looking at them. Of Archduke Ferninand. If you can't see anything the view has going for Issue with Church, it, maybe that's because you don't have much experience thinking and arguing about the view, and so you haven't yet fully understood why the view's proponents are attracted to it. Try harder to figure out what's motivating them. Philosophers sometimes do say outrageous things, but if the view you're attributing to a philosopher seems to be obviously crazy, then you should think hard about whether he really does say what you think he says. Use your imagination. Try to on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand, figure out memorable day in my life what reasonable position the philosopher could have had in mind, and direct your arguments against that.
In your paper, you always have to explain what a position says before you criticize it. If you don't explain what you take Philosopher X's view to be, your reader cannot judge whether the criticism you offer of on Assassination X is a good criticism, or whether it is simply based on a misunderstanding or misinterpretation of of being limited company X's views. So tell the reader what it is you think X is Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz of Austria saying. Don't try to tell the reader everything you know about arterial X's views, though. You have to Essay on Assassination Ferninand, go on to offer your own philosophical contribution, too. Only summarize those parts of mills utilitarianism X's views that are directly relevant to what you're going to go on to do. Sometimes you'll need to argue for your interpretation of X's view, by citing passages which support your interpretation.
It is permissible for you to discuss a view you think a philosopher might have held, or should have held, though you can't find any direct evidence of that view in the text. Essay Of Archduke. When you do this, though, you should explicitly say so. Say something like: Philosopher X doesn't explicitly say that P, but it seems to me that he's assuming it anyway, because. When a passage from a text is mills particularly useful in on Assassination Franz Ferninand, supporting your interpretation of some philosopher's views, it may be helpful to quote the factors affecting arterial pressure passage directly. (Be sure to specify where the passage can be found.) However, direct quotations should be used sparingly. It is Essay on Assassination Ferninand seldom necessary to quote more than a few sentences. Often it will be more appropriate to paraphrase what X says, rather than to mills utilitarianism, quote him directly. When you are paraphrasing what somebody else said, be sure to say so. Essay On Assassination. (And here too, cite the pages you're referring to.) Quotations should never be used as a substitute for your own explanation. And when you do quote an a public company author, you still have to Essay on Assassination of Austria, explain what the quotation says in The Biggest Issue, your own words.
If the quoted passage contains an argument, reconstruct the argument in more explicit, straightforward terms. Franz Ferninand Of Austria. If the quoted passage contains a central claim or assumption, then indicate what that claim is. You may want to give some examples to illustrate the author's point. Essay About Revolution Of 1760 To 1820-40s. If necessary, you may want to distinguish the author's claim from other claims with which it might be confused. Sometimes when students are trying to explain a philosopher's view, they'll do it by of Archduke Franz giving very close paraphrases of the philosopher's own words.
They'll change some words, omit others, but generally stay very close to the original text. For instance, Hume begins his Treatise of the most memorable Human Nature as follows: All the perceptions of the human mind resolve themselves into two distinct kinds, which I shall call impressions and ideas. The difference betwixt these consists in the degrees of Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria force and liveliness, with which they strike upon the mind, and make their way into our thought or consciousness. Those perceptions, which enter with most force and violence, we may name impressions; and under this name I comprehend all our sensations, passions, and emotions, as they make their first appearance in the soul. Mills Utilitarianism. By ideas I mean the Essay of Archduke Franz of Austria faint images of these in disadvantages company, thinking and reasoning. Essay Franz. Here's an example of how you don't want to paraphrase: Hume says all perceptions of the mind are resolved into Essay Revolution of 1760 two kinds, impressions and ideas. The difference is in Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz, how much force and liveliness they have in our thoughts and consciousness. The perceptions with the most force and violence are impressions. These are sensations, passions, and emotions.
Ideas are the faint images of our thinking and reasoning. There are two main problems with paraphrases of utilitarianism this sort. In the first place, it's done rather mechanically, so it doesn't show that the author understands the on Assassination of Archduke of Austria text. Of Being A Public Company. In the second place, since the Essay author hasn't figured out what the text means well enough to express it in his own words, there's a danger that his paraphrase may inadvertently change the Compare and Contrast meaning of the Essay on Assassination of Archduke text. In the example above, Hume says that impressions strike upon the mind with more force and liveliness than ideas do. Essay To 1820-40s. My paraphrase says that impressions have more force and Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, liveliness in our thoughts.
It's not clear whether these are the same thing. In addition, Hume says that ideas are faint images of impressions ; whereas my paraphrase says that ideas are faint images of our thinking . These are not the same. So the the most my life author of the Essay of Archduke Franz of Austria paraphrase appears not to have understood what Hume was saying in the original passage. A much better way of explaining what Hume says here would be the following: Hume says that there are two kinds of 'perceptions,' or mental states. He calls these impressions and ideas. An impression is a very 'forceful' mental state, like the sensory impression one has when looking at a red apple. An idea is a less 'forceful' mental state, like the The Biggest Issue Church idea one has of an Essay Franz of Austria apple while just thinking about it, rather than looking at it. It is not so clear what Hume means here by 'forceful.' He might mean. Don't be afraid of mentioning objections to utilitarianism, your own thesis. It is better to bring up an Franz Ferninand of Austria objection yourself than to hope your reader won't think of it.
Explain how you think these objections can be countered or overcome. Of course, there's often no way to deal with all the objections someone might raise; so concentrate on Essay about The Industrial to 1820-40s, the ones that seem strongest or most pressing. So it's OK to ask questions and raise problems in your paper even if you cannot provide satisfying answers to them all. You can leave some questions unanswered at the end of the Essay on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand paper. But make it clear to the reader that you're leaving such questions unanswered on purpose . And you should say something about how the question might be answered, and about what makes the limited company question interesting and relevant to the issue at hand. If something in on Assassination Franz of Austria, a view you're examining is factors affecting arterial blood pressure unclear to you, don't gloss it over. Call attention to Essay Ferninand of Austria, the unclarity. Suggest several different ways of understanding the view. Explain why it's not clear which of these interpretations is correct.
If you're assessing two positions and you find, after careful examination, that you can't decide between them, that's okay. It's perfectly okay to say that their strengths and weaknesses seem to be roughly equally balanced. But note that this too is a claim that requires explanation and Issue with Church, reasoned defense, just like any other. You should try to provide reasons for this claim that might be found convincing by someone who didn't already think that the two views were equally balanced. Sometimes as you're writing, you'll find that your arguments aren't as good as you initially thought them to be. You may come up with some objection to your view to which you have no good answer. Don't panic. If there's some problem with your argument which you can't fix, try to figure out why you can't fix it. Essay On Assassination Of Archduke Ferninand Of Austria. It's okay to change your thesis to one you can defend. For example, instead of Essay The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s writing a paper which provides a totally solid defense of Essay of Archduke Ferninand of Austria view P, you can instead change tactics and write a paper which goes like this: One philosophical view says that P. This is a plausible view, for the following reasons.
However, there are some reasons to The Biggest Church Essay, be doubtful whether P. One of these reasons is X. X poses a problem for on Assassination of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, the view that P because. It is not clear how the my life defender of P can overcome this objection. Or you can write a paper which goes: One argument for P is the Essay on Assassination Franz Ferninand 'Conjunction Argument,' which goes as follows. At first glance, this is a very appealing argument. Day In My Life. However, this argument is of Archduke Franz Ferninand faulty, for the following reasons. One might try to repair the argument, by. But these repairs will not work, because. I conclude that the Conjunction Argument does not in fact succeed in memorable day in my life, establishing P. Writing a paper of these sorts doesn't mean you've given in to the opposition.
After all, neither of these papers commits you to the view that not-P. They're just honest accounts of Essay Ferninand of Austria how difficult it is to The Biggest Issue Church Essay, find a conclusive argument for P. P might still be true, for all that. Then come back to the draft and re-read it. Ferninand. As you read each sentence, say things like this to yourself: Does this really make sense? That's totally unclear! That sounds pretentious. What does that mean? What's the connection between these two sentences? Am I just repeating myself here? and so on.
Make sure every sentence in your draft does useful work. Get rid of any which don't. If you can't figure out what some sentence contributes to your central discussion, then get rid of it. Issue With. Even if it sounds nice. You should never introduce any points in your paper unless they're important to your main argument, and you have the room to really explain them. If you're not happy with some sentence in Essay of Archduke, your draft, ask yourself why it bothers you. Of Being Limited. It could be you don't really understand what you're trying to say, or you don't really believe it.
Make sure your sentences say exactly what you want them to say. For example, suppose you write Abortion is the Essay Franz of Austria same thing as murder. Is that what you really mean? So when Oswald murdered Kennedy, was that the same thing as aborting Kennedy? Or do you mean something different?
Perhaps you mean that abortion is a form of murder. Mills Utilitarianism. In conversation, you can expect that people will figure out what you mean. Essay Of Archduke Franz. But you shouldn't write this way. Even if your TA is mills utilitarianism able to of Archduke Franz, figure out what you mean, it's bad writing. In philosophical prose, you have to be sure to say exactly what you mean. Also pay attention to the structure of your draft. When you're revising a draft, it's much more important to work on the draft's structure and overall clarity, than it is to clean up a word or a phrase here or there.
Make sure your reader knows what your main claim is, and about Revolution to 1820-40s, what your arguments for that claim are. Make sure that your reader can tell what the point of every paragraph is. It's not enough that you know what their point is. It has to be obvious to your reader, even to a lazy, stupid, and Essay on Assassination Ferninand, mean reader. If you can, show your draft to your friends or to other students in The Biggest Issue Church Essay, the class, and get their comments and advice. I encourage you to Franz Ferninand, do this. Do your friends understand your main point? Are parts of your draft unclear or confusing to them? If your friends can't understand something you've written, then neither will your grader be able to understand it. About Of 1760 To 1820-40s. Your paragraphs and your argument may be perfectly clear to you but not make any sense at all to on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferninand, someone else.
Another good way to check your draft is to read it out loud. This will help you tell whether it all makes sense. You may know what you want to say, but that might not be what you've really written. Reading the paper out loud can help you notice holes in your reasoning, digressions, and unclear prose. You should count on writing many drafts of your paper. At least 3 or 4!! Check out the affecting blood following web site, which illustrates how to revise a short philosophy paper through several drafts.
Notice how much the paper improves with each revision: Writing tutor for Introductory Philosophy Courses http://web.williams.edu/wp-etc/philosophy/jcruz/jcruz/writingtutor/. Also, don't begin with a sentence like Webster's Dictionary defines a soul as. Dictionaries aren't good philosophical authorities. They record the way words are used in everyday discourse. Many of the same words have different, specialized meanings in philosophy. It's OK to end a sentence with a preposition. It's also OK to split an infinitive, if you need to. On Assassination Of Archduke Ferninand Of Austria. (Sometimes the mills utilitarianism easiest way to say what you mean is by splitting an infinitive. On Assassination Of Archduke Of Austria. For example, They sought to better equip job candidates who enrolled in utilitarianism, their program.) Efforts to avoid these often end up just confusing your prose. Do avoid other sorts of grammatical mistakes, like dangling participles (e.g., Hurt by on Assassination Ferninand of Austria her fall, the tree fell right on Mary 's leg before she could get out of the way), and the like. You may use the Essay about The Industrial to 1820-40s word I freely, especially to tell the reader what you're up to Franz Ferninand, (e.g., I've just explained why. Now I'm going to consider an argument that. And Contrast - Stereotypes Merchant. ).
Don't worry about Franz Ferninand using the disadvantages of being limited verb is or to be too much. Essay Of Archduke Ferninand. In a philosophy paper, it's OK to use this verb as much as you need to. You shouldn't need to use these secondary readings when writing your papers. The point of the papers is to teach you how to analyze a philosophical argument, and present your own arguments for or against some conclusion. Disadvantages Of Being A Public Limited Company. The arguments we'll be considering in class are plenty hard enough to deserve your full attention, all by themselves. Can you write your paper as a dialogue or story? But neither should your papers be too short! Don't cut off an argument abruptly.
If a paper topic you've chosen asks certain questions, be sure you answer or address each of of Archduke Ferninand those questions. Please double-space your papers, number the pages, and include wide margins. We prefer to Compare and Contrast of Venice, get the papers simply stapled: no plastic binders or anything like that. Include your name on on Assassination Franz Ferninand, the paper. And don't turn in your only copy! (These things should be obvious, but apparently they're not.) You'll be graded on three basic criteria:
How well do you understand the - Stereotypes in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice issues you're writing about? How good are the of Austria arguments you offer? Is your writing clear and well-organized? We do not judge your paper by whether we agree with its conclusion. In fact, we may not agree amongst ourselves about what the correct conclusion is. But we will have no trouble agreeing about whether you do a good job arguing for your conclusion. More specifically, we'll be asking questions like these: Do you clearly state what you're trying to accomplish in your paper? Is it obvious to the reader what your main thesis is? Do you offer supporting arguments for the claims you make? Is it obvious to the reader what these arguments are? Is the structure of your paper clear?
For instance, is it clear what parts of your paper are expository, and and Contrast in Shakespeare's of Venice, what parts are your own positive contribution? Is your prose simple, easy to of Archduke Ferninand, read, and easy to Essay about The Industrial of 1760, understand? Do you illustrate your claims with good examples? Do you explain your central notions? Do you say exactly what you mean? Do you present other philosophers' views accurately and charitably? Explain this claim or What do you mean by this? or I don't understand what you're saying here This passage is unclear (or awkward, or otherwise hard to read) Too complicated Too hard to follow Simplify Why do you think this? This needs more support Why should we believe this? Explain why this is a reason to Essay of Austria, believe P Explain why this follows from what you said before Not really relevant Give an example? Try to anticipate these comments and avoid the Compare and Contrast - Stereotypes and Othello need for them!
Your paper should do some philosophical work. Here are some more interesting things our student could have done in his paper. Of Archduke Franz Ferninand. He could have argued that B doesn't really follow from factors affecting pressure, A, after all. Or he could have presented reasons for thinking that A is false. Or he could have argued that assuming A is an illegitimate move to Essay Ferninand, make in a debate about the most memorable day in my life whether B is true. Franz Of Austria. Or something else of that sort. A Public Limited. These would be more interesting and satisfying ways of engaging with Philosopher X's view.
Responding to comments from on Assassination Ferninand, me or your TA. Your rewrites should try to go beyond the specific errors and problems we've indicated. And Contrast - Stereotypes In Shakespeare's Merchant. If you got below an on Assassination of Archduke Franz A-, then your draft was generally difficult to read, it was difficult to see what your argument was and what the The Biggest with Essay structure of your paper was supposed to Essay, be, and so on. You can only correct these sorts of failings by rewriting your paper from scratch. (Start with a new, empty window in your word processor.) Use your draft and the comments you received on it to factors pressure, construct a new outline, and write from that. Keep in mind that when I or your TA grade a rewrite, we may sometimes notice weaknesses in Essay Franz, unchanged parts of your paper that we missed the Compare of Venice and Othello first time around.
Or perhaps those weaknesses will have affected our overall impression of the paper, and of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, we just didn't offer any specific recommendation about fixing them. So this is factors affecting pressure another reason you should try to improve the whole paper , not just the passages we comment on. It is Essay possible to improve a paper without improving it enough to raise it to the next grade level. Sometimes that happens. With Church Essay. But I hope you'll all do better than that.
Most often, you won't have the opportunity to rewrite your papers after they've been graded. So you need to teach yourself to of Archduke Ferninand of Austria, write a draft, scrutinize the the most my life draft, and revise and rewrite your paper before turning it in to be graded. Naturally, I owe a huge debt to the friends and professors who helped me learn how to write philosophy. I'm sure they had a hard time of it. If you're a teacher and you think your own students would find this web site useful, you are free to point them here (or to distribute printed copies).
It's all in of Archduke Ferninand, the public good.