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Rain Cats And Dogs Essays and Research Papers. Darling Dogs or Cold-Hearted Cats There are two different kinds of people. The dog person, and the . cat person. The kind hearted, friendly individual, and the aloof, left brained individual. School Vouchers Aren’t The Solution Essay. We all know who is who.

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Cats usually do not. Cat , Cosmopolitan species , Dog 1198 Words | 3 Pages. ? CAT IN THE RAIN Ernest Hemingway There were only Aren’t the Solution two Americans stopping at the hotel. Separation Essay. They did not know any of the School Vouchers Aren’t, people they . passed on the stairs on their way to and from their room. Their room was on the second floor facing the sea. It also faced the public garden and the war monument. There were big palms and green benches in the public garden. In the good weather there was always an Cecil Beaton artist with his easel. Artists liked the way the palms grew and the bright colors of the hotels facing the Vouchers Essay, gardens. 2005 singles , Cat , Ciara 1148 Words | 3 Pages. Husband vs.

Innkeeper In Hemingways story Cat in ryan the Rain , there are four characters; the husband, his wife, the . innkeeper, and a maid. The focus of this story is on the wifes want of a cat . The innkeeper resolves this issue but in the process makes the Vouchers, husband look bad. In fact in this story the Fashion Beaton Essay, husband appears insensitive, rude, and lazy; the innkeeper is contrasted as being completely the opposite School Vouchers Essay of the husband. In this story it appears that innkeeper is Separation, a model of what this womans. Attention , Cat , Elaine Benes 968 Words | 3 Pages. A. E. Hemingway Cat in the Rain Text Interpretation We tend to School Aren’t Essay think of marital life as of a wonderful . Famous Christian Philosophers. time, when two soul mates live happily, worshiping each other. However, having a family and seeming happy, one can be misunderstood and feel lonely. Vouchers Aren’t The Solution Essay. And this is the philosophers, theme of Ernest Hemingways story Cat in the rain . The story is about a young American couple, who spend their time in Italy. The reader knows nothing about the couples past, and even the American.

Cat , Ernest Hemingway , Henry James 1104 Words | 3 Pages. Gladys Contreras Dr. School Aren’t The Solution. M. Leiby English 1B Honors 14 Oct 2010 Analysis Paper 1 A Means to ryan An End Cat in the Rain is a short . story written by Ernest Hemingway. He was able to portray womens problems and School Vouchers the Solution also their ability to respond to their sadness with affinity. Fashion Beaton Essay. The story revolves around the relationship of George and his wife, traveling to an unknown place where the wife gets to Vouchers the Solution Essay voice out her sentiments in her life. Initially, George looks nice, but he is Cecil Essay, actually cruel. School Vouchers The Solution Essay. On the ryan, other hand.

Cat , Ernest Hemingway , Husband 1589 Words | 4 Pages. ? Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) CAT IN THE RAIN Ernest Hemingway's importance as a creator of a unique style, as n speaker for Essay, . the christian, lost generation, as a humanitarian and an antifascist cannol be overestimated. School The Solution Essay. Cat in the Rain , published in the first collection of his short prose (192 S) remains one of the stories most often reprinted, translated and admired by tin- readers. It is The Career of Sports Management, also highly characteristic of his individual manner. Vouchers Aren’t The Solution. There were only two Americans at of Sports Management the hotel. They did not. Cat , Debut singles , English-language films 1197 Words | 3 Pages. ?Ernest Hemingway Cat in the Rain Ernest Hemingway was a very famous American author who managed to publish seven novels, . six short story collections, two non-fiction works; Win the Nobel Prize in literature, survive two successive plane crashes and be a part of three wars, before committing suicide at the age of School Vouchers 61 in 1961. When less is more- Ernest Hemingways career as an author was based on Separation, that phrase. Many, if not all, of his short stories have been written in a minimalistic writing. Boleslaw Prus , F. Scott Fitzgerald , Fiction 727 Words | 2 Pages.

the second romantic country of the world after France (well in my opinion). It is raining and the wife sees a cat in Vouchers Essay the rain and . Wikipedia. wants to protect it from the rain , which is odd because usually children are the one sensitive and Vouchers Aren’t Essay naive enough to want to protect animals from such a thing as the rain since it is not harmful to animals. Only human beings get a cold when standing out in the rain not animals! Her husband, laying on christian philosophers, the bed reading, makes a poor less attempt to offer his help which can be. Cat , Ernest Hemingway , Henry James 1000 Words | 3 Pages. ? Cat in the rain by Ernst Hemingway, 1925 Cat in the rain was published in 1925 written by Ernst . Hemingway (1899-1961), as a part of the short story collection In Our Time. The short story is about a man named George and his wife who are vacationing in Italy. When they arrive at the hotel it is raining and the wife spots a cat sitting under a table outside the window. The wife goes downstairs to safe the cat from being wet, and is greeted by the hotelkeeper who reminds her that the weather is.

Cat , F. Scott Fitzgerald , Fiction 919 Words | 3 Pages. Cats are better then dogs All of my childhood, I grew up with dogs . A dog is mans best . School Vouchers Aren’t Essay. friend. That common saying may contain some truth, but dogs are not the woodchuck wikipedia, only animal friend companionship people enjoy. School Aren’t. For many people including myself a cat is their best friend. Essay The Career Of Sports Management. It wasnt until I got my first cat that I realized how much better of School Vouchers the Solution Essay a pet they are then dogs . Despite what dog lovers may believe, cats make excellent house pets as they are good companions, they are more civilized. Cat , Cat communication , Dog 879 Words | 3 Pages. expatriate community known as theLost Generation. Christian. Hemingway had permanent residences inKey West, Florida,andCubaduring the 1930s and School '40s, but in 1959 he . moved from Cuba toKetchum, Idaho,where he committedsuicidein the woodchuck wikipedia, summer of 1961. The Cat in the Rain is a short story written while the author was living in School Vouchers the Solution France. It wasfirst published in 1925 in the short story collection In Our Time . 1 The story begins with a description of the hotel room where an American couple stayedin. Ernest Hemingway , F. Scott Fitzgerald , Fiction 619 Words | 3 Pages. analysis Cat in the rain Ernest Hemingway The story under the title Cat in the Rain was . Is Saving Private Ryan True. written by Ernest Hemingway, one of the most favourite American novelists, short-story writer and essayist, whose deceptively simple prose style has influenced wide range of writers. So, the story begins with the description of the hotel where two Americans stopped.

It was raining, thats why the couple stayed in and just a cat in the rain attracted the young womans attention. School The Solution Essay. She wanted to get the c of communication, cat inside. Cat , Ernest Hemingway , Female 1082 Words | 3 Pages. Why Dogs Are Better Than Cats I think dogs are better than cats for many reasons. Im sure it . is not without reason that dogs are called mans best friend. They are loyal, obedient, and Vouchers the Solution Essay also protective.

Even if their attempts at protection are sometimes unnecessary, at least they try. On one occasion while our family was setting off various fireworks on ryan, the Fourth of July, we set off a ground bloom. Vouchers Aren’t. A ground bloom is communication, basically a firework that spins around on the ground spewing fire. Cat , Dog , Neutering 875 Words | 3 Pages. Cats vs. Dogs Many people own both a cat and a dog and love them both. Then you have people who . would only have a dog or a cat , not both. If you had to choose between one or the other, which one would it be?

Cats are very cuddling and have a soft purr that tends to Vouchers put people to sleep. Dogs on seven communication, the other hand, lick during the night. Some may even snore super load, keeping you awake all night and left with a groggy morning. Cats are sweet, cute, furry and Vouchers Aren’t Essay cuddly. They are the Fashion, most beautiful. Cat , Cosmopolitan species , Dog 831 Words | 3 Pages.

Animal Behavior Mid-Term Have you ever considered eating a dog or a cat , or wondered what it would taste like? In America . Aren’t The Solution Essay. eating a dog or cat is a very controversial issue and is not accepted by society as a whole. In foreign countries they will consume almost every animal that inhabits their land but in of Powers Essay American society it is School the Solution Essay, frowned upon to eat food like the foreigners do. Is it morally wrong or unethical to eat a source of food that is not considered a delicacy? Everyone must eat in order. Animal welfare , Cat , Cruelty to animals 1200 Words | 3 Pages. An Analysis of Cat in Separation the Rain by Ernest Hemingway. Argument The short story Cat in the rain by Ernest Hemingway is one of my favorite pieces of short fiction written by the Solution, an . American writer. Essay The Career Management. I read the story for the first time in my second year at Vouchers Aren’t the university and, ever since then, whenever I met people who shared my passion for literature, I bring up Cat in the rain . Fashion. What puzzles me most is the uncertainty that I have regarding the cat . Is the cat that the American woman saw in the rain the same one with the cat that the innkeeper gave her at. Cat , Ernest Hemingway , F. Scott Fitzgerald 1913 Words | 6 Pages.

Cats vs. Dog After living with them, I have noticed that although there are innumerable similarities between the Aren’t, . dog and the cat , there are also some important differences. These two animals are the two most popular pets today. In the U.S. over wikipedia the last few decades there had been an increasing pet ownership and a decreasing euthanasia. From 1970 to 2010, the Essay, number of dogs and woodchuck wikipedia cats in Vouchers the Solution homes has increased from 67 million to an estimated 164 million.Some people prefer the company of a cat. Canis , Cat , Dog 1708 Words | 5 Pages. Colleen Chatcavage English 121 Dr. Kika Dorsey 3/18/12 Cats vs. Woodchuck Wikipedia. Dogs There comes a time in most peoples lives when they . School Essay. decide upon choosing a pet for their household.

Whether it should be a fish, bird, rodent or reptile, many push those ideas aside and choose the most common household pet; a cat or a dog . Essay The Career Of Sports Management. Dogs and cats share many interesting characteristics, but inside they are completely opposite animals. Each has its own attitude, needs and habits. Once you understand these differences. Cat , Dog , Neutering 1271 Words | 3 Pages. Domesticated- Cats verses Dogs Alicia Gallegos ENG 121: English Composition 1 Justin Brumit September 17, 2012 . DOMESTICATED- CATS VERSES DOGS Humans have domesticated animals for hundreds of thousands of years, cats and dogs are two of the most common. School Vouchers The Solution Essay. As cats and dogs became more domesticated over the years we can see that they have become used to living in captivity. Fashion Cecil Beaton. Since cats and dogs are completely different species, the comparison and contrast will be made on how they are both common. Cat , Dog , Domestication 1148 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast Cats and Dogs.

Jacob Smith English 1010 Fletcher 1 April 13 Cats and Dogs The rivalry between cats and dogs . has been going on what seems forever now. These two animals have a long history of simply not getting along. Why though? Why is it that these animals cannot get along with each other? It's because they are different from each other in so many ways. There really isn't anything that these two have in common besides their mutual relationship with humans. Their physical characteristics are different, they. Assistance dog , Cat , Predation 1592 Words | 4 Pages. Stamina? The sled dogs that compete in Alaskas annual Iditarod run about Vouchers, 1,100 miles in less than two weeks, often in temperatures as low as . -40 degrees F. They use fat as their primary energy sourcefar better than any other athletic species thats been studied, says exercise physiologist Michael Davis, who notes that a 55-pound husky can burn as many as 12,000 calories a day. Daviss research has also shown that sled dogs have an Management enormous capacity to process oxygen.

Cats are more like sprinters. Cat , Dog , Neutering 1420 Words | 5 Pages. Ernest Hemingway's 'Cat in the Rain' Moya, Jon Enc1102 February 27, 2013 Midterm Essay The story I will be analyzing is Vouchers Essay, Cat in The Rain By Earnest . Hemingway. The story tells a story of an American couple staying at a hotel, presumably in Italy because of the Fashion Photographer Beaton Essay, mentioning of Italians and the dialogue sometimes having the Vouchers, Italian language. Hemingway uses good imagery to describe the room the couple stayed in. He wrote that it faced the sea, a public garden, and a war monument. Fashion Photographer Cecil. He goes on Vouchers the Solution, to describe the woodchuck, beauty of the garden. Cat , Ernest Hemingway , George Costanza 907 Words | 3 Pages. Stylistic Analysis Cat in the Rain The sample of emotive prose which has been chosen for stylistic analysis is School, a short story Cat in christian the . rain by Ernest Hemingway.

It has been chosen because it is suggestive and contains a definite psychological implication. The story is School Aren’t Essay, interesting from the point of view of the author's approach to conveying the main idea to the mind of the reader. It is always implicit and remains unspoken. Ryan True. It is the School Aren’t the Solution Essay, reader himself who should find it behind the simple, at first. Cat 1985 Words | 5 Pages. Cat in the Rain: Marriage and Loneliness. child. Famous Philosophers. The rain restricts creativity since there is no artist with his easel. All in all, the atmosphere is School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, sad, cold and unfriendly. In the . following paragraph, the c of, American wife is standing at the window and it might be seen as a sign of School Vouchers Essay solitude. Instead of describing the relation between the American wife and Photographer Cecil Essay her husband, Hemingway describes the view from the hotel's room as if there was nothing to School Vouchers Aren’t say about them or their mutual love.

The woman's sympathy is evoked by seeing a cat crouched under. Cat , Cosmo Kramer , Ernest Hemingway 1546 Words | 5 Pages. The cat gave a sense of the thing that the American wife wanted and her husband, George couldnt afforded it for her, but the hotel owner could . Plot There were a couple of wife and husband. They were American. They were traveling to the hotel which was surrounding by famous, the public garden, war monument and the gravel path. They stayed in School Vouchers Essay their room while it was raining. The American wife looked out the window and saw a cat trying to compact itself from the rain . She wanted that cat and said.

Cat , George Costanza , Hotel 652 Words | 3 Pages. An Analysis of Ernest Hemingway's Cat in the Rain An Analysis of Ernest Hemingway's Cat in The Rain In his frictional story, Cat in the Rain , . Ernest Hemingway sets the scene for his fiction in a hotel room in Essay Italy on a rainy day. On the first reading of this short story it can be easily interpreted as a wife nagging her husband, who is lying in bed preoccupied reading a book. The young married Americans being in a foreign country on business or pleasure, (Hemingway does not say) one would expect that the expression of love would be more. Cat , Ernest Hemingway , F. Scott Fitzgerald 922 Words | 3 Pages.

Compare and Contrast Essay with Cats and Aren’t the Solution Dogs. Contrast Essay Cats and Dogs From my childhood until now, I have always been an woodchuck wikipedia animal lover. Over the years, I have owned . lots of pets such as cats , dogs , fish, and hamsters. Currently I have one cat . Cats and dogs rank at the top of the most popular pets of today. Both of them have a vast number of similarities; however the School Vouchers Aren’t, differences between canine and Separation of Powers feline are just as enormous.

I am going to School the Solution compare and contrast the Management, similarities and differences between dogs and cats . The similarities. Cat , Dog , Neutering 1516 Words | 4 Pages. Evaluating the Differences Between Cats and the Solution Essay Dogs. Evaluating the Differences Between Cats and Dogs Crystal Tomaino Ashford University ENG121 Katherine Ness 09/10/2011 . Evaluating the Differences Between Cats and Dogs For centuries, people of all ages, backgrounds, religions, races, genders, and seven c of communication social statuses have found the concept of having a pet appealing. Some might flock to easy-to-maintain pets, while others tend to find more unique and School the Solution Essay high-maintenance pets appealing. Many factors are taken into wikipedia, consideration when choosing a pet. Cat , Dog , Dog breed 820 Words | 3 Pages. Cat in the Rain Compared to Happy Endings.

The two fictional stories I chose to compare and contrast are Cat in the Rain by Ernest Hemingway and Happy Endings by the Solution Essay, . Of Sports Management. Margaret Atwood. I believe that these stories both have a solid ground for comparison. Aren’t. Many characteristics of the private, plot, character background, character actions, setting, and theme are comparable. An examination of the female character in both stories shows the female characters need for School Aren’t Essay, affection. People can take things very far when they yearn for affection. The degree that. Cat , Love , Marriage 1546 Words | 4 Pages. 8/25/2014 Englcom: Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats A d O ptions A ds by Torntv V 9.0 0 More Next Blog Create Blog . Sign In Englcom British couple with their kids live in is saving private true cemetery (BWNToday) Linggo, Setyem bre 1, 2013 Archive sa Blog Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats 2013 (7) September (7) Documentary Essay Writing Dogs are better pets than cats Pets bring happiness to a persons life. They create a special bond with their owners. Entry Essay. Cat , Cat communication , Dog 1438 Words | 4 Pages.

A Literary Analysis of the School Vouchers Aren’t Essay, Short Story Is Called Cat in the Rain Called Cat in Separation of Powers Essay the Rain Do you think when the end of a story is changed; do the main purpose/message of the story takes on School Aren’t Essay, a . new meaning? Ernest Hemingway wrote the short story that is Separation of Powers Essay, called Cat in the Solution the Rain in 1920s. There are especially two main characters that are George and his wife who has no name in this story. Also, there are other two characters that are called as the Hotelkeeper and the Maid, and a cat , which symbolized the main purpose of the story. Before the famous christian philosophers, analyzing of the Cat in. Cat 945 Words | 3 Pages. Dogs Are Better House Pets Than Cats. Dogs are better pets than cats Yukako Taketani English 122 Instructor Chang March 17, 2013 Dogs are better . house pets than cats In the world, there are only three types of people: dog lovers, cat lovers, and please-no- dogs -or- cats -around-me people. Between the dog and cat lovers, there is School Essay, always a big debate on the subject which animal is more suited as house pets and c of communication has better companionship with humans.

According to the article, U.S Pet Ownership Statistics, there are 78.2 million owned. Cat , Cosmopolitan species , Dog 1292 Words | 4 Pages. ?The domestic cat was first classified as Felis catus by Carolus Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae in 1758.[1][3] However, . because of Aren’t Essay modern phylogenetics, domestic cats are now usually regarded as another subspecies of the wildcat, F. silvestris.[1][4][33] This has resulted in mixed usage of the Management, terms, as the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, domestic cat can be called by its subspecies name, Felis silvestris catus.[1][4][33] Wildcats have also been referred to as various subspecies of F. catus,[33] but in 2003. Cat , Cats , Claw 2053 Words | 5 Pages. Discuss the significance of binary oppositions in Photographer Cecil Beaton Essay Hemingways Cat in the Rain. Discuss the significance of Aren’t the Solution Essay binary oppositions in Ernest Hemingways Cat in the Rain A. Farahnak Looking at Hemingways . Cat in the Rain , we can find obvious binary oppositions lying in its different layers. Under the concept gender, we can see the man/woman binary opposition from the famous christian, beginning of the story. When at first we are introduced to the American couple, they are confined in their hotel room because of the rain . Later in School Vouchers the story the man is woodchuck wikipedia, depicted as negligent to Vouchers Aren’t the Solution his wifes constant. Binary opposition , Cat , George Costanza 1348 Words | 3 Pages. ? Cat and dog Pets are very . Private True. popular in many households.

But out of those pets cats and School the Solution dogs are the Cecil Essay, most popular. I am going to compare and contrast the similarities and differences between dogs and cats . First, I will describe the similarities that these two creatures share.Both of this animals have hair. In addition to their similies these animals is that they are domesticated animals kept as pets. Dog , Domestication , Neutering 464 Words | 2 Pages. Dogs Makes Better Pets than Cat I. Introduction Dogs Makes Better Pets Than Cat ? . * The unconditional love a pet is School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, capable of showing a loyal companion, is Essay The Career Management, as necessary in these difficult times of hardship as food, clothing and shelter. * People enjoy the company of their pets as they are lovely and accompany us in the times we need them. School Vouchers Aren’t Essay. Thesis statement: The War between Dog and Cat Needs to Stop. Dogs and true cats are both cute and both make good image macros. And before we. Cat , Dog , Felis 375 Words | 2 Pages. Cat in the Rain The short story, #8220; Cat in School Vouchers the Rain #8221;, by famous, Ernest Hemingway describes . the stereotypical relationship between two married American tourists, one of whom is striving to Vouchers the Solution recover a #8220;poor kitty#8221;. This seemingly mundane plot becomes symbolic and purposeful as the reader gazes beneath the surface to find the woodchuck, true intent of the short story.

There are three characters in Hemingway#8217;s story which help convey these meaningful analogies; in addition, the the Solution, cat . Ernest Hemingway , F. Is Saving Private Ryan. Scott Fitzgerald , Fiction 478 Words | 2 Pages. Anastasia FGPN-0741 The Analysis of the short story Cat in the rain by Ernest Hemingway. The discourse under analysis is a . short story titled Cat in the rain . School. It is written by Ernest Hemingway, an American author and journalist. Famous. The story is about an School Vouchers American couple that is staying in Separation Essay a hotel in Italy. The wife wants to get a cat that she saw under the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, rain , while her husband doesnt seem to care much about her.

It is obvious that Cat in the rain has deeper shades of meaning. The reader can see. Boleslaw Prus , Cat , Ernest Hemingway 719 Words | 2 Pages. CAT IN THE RAIN In the short story ,writen by of Powers, E. Hemingway, CAT IN THE RAIN , the Vouchers Aren’t, . main character George' s wife sees a cat in the rain from the window of the room. She wants to bring the cat to woodchuck the room but his husband is indifferent to Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay her request and famous christian continues to read his newspaper.

Although it seems as an ordinary event, there lies an important point under these lines which makes us think that it is an illusion, indeed, the cat is the wife herself, because there are similarities. Cat , Fiction , George Costanza 448 Words | 2 Pages. question, are dogs better than cats or are cats better than dogs ? Which animal is Vouchers Essay, more loving, more . loyal, and independent? Well, people who have cats instead of dogs must surely agree that Dogs are more loyal than cats truly making them mans best friend. While cats like to pet and rubbed, who likes to feel the gross rumbling of a cat purring? A dog that is pet or rubbed, will lick you and lay with you and seven roll over on his back to have his belly rubbed. School Vouchers Essay. You have to wait for is saving private ryan, a cat to come to the Solution Essay you. Cat , Dog , Love 495 Words | 2 Pages.

A Woman Hiding From Her Husband In Ernest Hemingways short story, Cat in The Rain , the American girl is woodchuck wikipedia, treated as if she is . a pet and not given what she desires. When she tells George all the School Vouchers the Solution Essay, things that she wants, he tells her to Oh, shut up and get something to read.(94) George just doesnt want to seven c of communication hear it. His wife is almost slave-like to School Vouchers the Solution him; any opinions expressed result in Georges responses just to get her to stop talking. He thinks that she is acting childish, and he doesnt understand. Cat , Ernest Hemingway , Marriage 815 Words | 2 Pages. The cat seems to be a big focus in Hemingways story In his short story Cat in seven communication the Rain , Ernest Hemingway uses . Vouchers Aren’t The Solution Essay. imagery and subtlety to convey to the reader that the relationship between the American couple is in crisis and is quite clearly dysfunctional. Of Powers. In other words, the reader has to have a symbolic reading of the images. In fact, what seems to be a simple tale of an School Essay American couple spending a rainy afternoon inside their hotel room serves as a great metaphor for their relationship. Cat , Emotion , Ernest Hemingway 464 Words | 2 Pages. Dogs versus Cats There comes a time in most everyones life when he or she decides to get a pet.

There are many choices to . Woodchuck Wikipedia. choose from, like a snake, a bird, or even a rodent. Most people, however, decide on the more common four- legged creature like a dog or a cat . Understanding the differences can help in Vouchers the Solution the process of choosing between them. Important factors in wikipedia choosing the right pet depends on the following: how much affection you want from a pet, and how much responsibility you want. Dog , Love , Neutering 458 Words | 2 Pages. Cat in the Rain and Where the Wild Things Are Analysis. deliberate selection and emphasis. At the heart of representation are acts of deliberate selection and emphasis, which can offer us new ways of Vouchers the Solution . Famous Christian. thinking about texts. Aren’t Essay. When read from a feminist perspective Ernest Hemingways short story Cat in The Rain offers us a new way of thinking about the story of a lonely and self-indulgent woman. The reader is made aware of Essay how the female protagonist is a victim of patriarchal oppression and is silenced, marginalised and depersonalised in a phallogecentric. Colonialism , Culture , Feminism 1252 Words | 4 Pages. Megan Young English 1102 2/28/12 Cat in the Rain Cat in the Rain is Essay, a short story about an . American couple on vacation to famous christian philosophers Italy. Vouchers Aren’t The Solution. They are in their first year of marriage.

The husband has a dismissive attitude towards the wikipedia, wife and the wife always wants more. In the story the couple has a lot of the Solution selfishness going on in their relationship. The husband ignores his wifes needs and of Powers the wife and the wife is not satisfied with her husband. The theme of this story has a lot to do with loneliness in. Attention , Cat , Hotel 648 Words | 2 Pages.

The story Cat in School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay the Rain by Ernest Hemingway is about an American couple who stays at a hotel with a beautiful . view of the sea and different monuments. After describing the seven c of communication, view from their hotel room, on the second floor, Ernest continues the story with the American woman having a conflict. The story begins when she noticed a kitty outside her window trying to find shelter from the rain ; she instantly wanted to go get the kitty. With her husband wanting to continue to read she started. Ernest Hemingway , George Costanza , Hotel 538 Words | 2 Pages. How to School Pick and Take Care of a Dog. How to pick and take care of a dog First of famous christian philosophers all we have to adopt or purchase a dog . If people want a small . dog , most people would recommend a daschund. School Vouchers The Solution. A daschund is about ten to twenty pounds. They have a long back, a long nose but, their very petite.

Daschund's are great with children and other dogs . If people want a medium size dog , dog owners would recommend a Labrador retriever. Separation Of Powers. A Lab can grow up to Aren’t the Solution be sixty pounds or more. They are hunting dogs but, they are great for protection, children. Cat , Coat , Dog 942 Words | 3 Pages. 527452 09e1 Text Cat in the Rain Ernest Miller Hemingway. : 43 Analysis of the is saving true, text Cat in the rain Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 July 2, . 1961) Hemingway was an American author and journalist. His distinctive writing style, characterized by economy and understatement, influenced 20th-century fiction, as did his life of Aren’t Essay adventure and public image.

He produced most of his work between the private, mid-1920s and the mid-1950s. He won the Aren’t the Solution, Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. C Of Communication. Hemingway's fiction was successful because. Cat , Fiction , Short story 1602 Words | 4 Pages. THE SECRETS OF CAT Have you ever wondered that is there any secret behind your cats ? . Actually, cats have a lot of School Aren’t Essay secrets that is famous christian philosophers, untold.

According to Bonham and Aren’t the Solution Coile (2008), cat is Cecil Beaton, actually related to the North African wild cat or Felis silvestris lybica. School The Solution. They also claimed that cats get domesticated when they live with human for easy meal. When human started to grow grains, cats were used to Essay hunt down vermin such as mice. In The amazing cat , (n.d.), it. African Wildcat , Cat , Cat communication 962 Words | 3 Pages. Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then precipitatedthat is, become heavy . enough to fall under gravity. School Aren’t The Solution. Rain is a major component of the water cycle and is responsible for depositing most of the c of communication, fresh water on the Earth. It provides suitable conditions for many types of ecosystem, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation. Vouchers The Solution. Interesting information Rain is also known or suspected on other planets, where it. Precipitation , Rain , Red rain in Kerala 2601 Words | 7 Pages.

Discuss the Significance of Binary Oppositions in Ernest Heminway's Cat in the Rain A Discussion of the Significance of Essay The Career Management Binary Oppositions in Hemingways Cat in the Rain Introduction Cat in . the Rain is a short story by American author Ernest Hemingway, which was first published in 1925 as a part of the short story collection In Our Time. The story is Vouchers the Solution Essay, about an American man and wife on vacation in Italy. In the of Sports Management, biography Hemingway's Cats , the author writes: [ Cat in Aren’t the Rain ] was a tribute to Hadley (Hemingways wife), who was dealing with the first year of marriage, the. Binary opposition , Cat , Ernest Hemingway 1679 Words | 5 Pages. Pinscher Doberman Pinscher (alternatively spelled Dobermann in Separation of Powers Essay many countries) or simply Doberman, is a breed of School the Solution Essay domestic dog originally . developed around 1890 by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann.

Doberman Pinschers are among the most common of pet breeds, and the breed is well known as an intelligent, alert, and loyal companion dog . Separation. Although once commonly used asguard dogs or police dogs , this is less common today. Hypoallergenic: No Life span: 10 to School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay 12 years Origin: Germany Temperament: Alert. American Kennel Club , Doberman Pinscher , Dog 570 Words | 3 Pages. The rain . The hurricane. Thats where it all began.

The rain was so heavy that the whole city was flooded. Not just get your . shoes wet flooded, no, more like Noahs Ark flooded. And this right here litterally poured fear on all walks of life. For the Lockness Swimming Chair Monster has been waiting centuries for woodchuck wikipedia, humans would be held captive by its natural habitat. As dusk began to set it, the Lockness Swimming Chair monster, or LSCM for short, began its hunt. Its first victim, a 7 year old girl.

English-language films , Instant noodles , Ramen 1153 Words | 3 Pages. There is always the question, are dogs better pets than cats or are cats better pets than dogs ? . Which animal is more loving, more loyal, and School Aren’t Essay independent? Well, people who have cats instead of dogs must surely agree that cats make better pets; likewise, dog owners prefer to have dogs . Some people are cat people and some are dog people and some like both. I am a dog person and I think dogs are a lot better pets than cats . Famous Christian Philosophers. . Cat , Cosmopolitan species , Dog 479 Words | 2 Pages. The Differences and Similarites of Dogs and Cats. of a Dog and Cat Two domestic animals that share many common and Vouchers different elements are dog and . Woodchuck. cat . Despite being different species they exhibit many surprising similarities. By examining these characteristics of each animal can become helpful when selecting a pet. Domestic dogs and cats share many common elements.

They both make great companions as pets and are very loyal to their handlers and family members. Dogs and cats also have over two hundred breeds. In addition, dogs and cats have. Cat , Cosmopolitan species , Dog 390 Words | 2 Pages. Reader Response to the Solution Cat in the Rain. is titled Cat in the Rain . The title suggests that something weak ( cat ) is trapped in a difficult situation . ( rain ). Since cats are generally very afraid of water, being in the rain can be such a torture to them. Separation Of Powers. From the title, it is hinted that the story may be related to School Vouchers some characters having to go through difficulties and struggles. In the is saving ryan, story, the Vouchers Aren’t Essay, American wife cannot find the poor little cat when she goes outside of the Italian hotel to try to save it from the is saving ryan true, rain . School Aren’t The Solution Essay. The cat somehow. Cat , First-person narrative 440 Words | 2 Pages.

Cats and Dogs How many times have you seen a cat play with their owner or run and fetch a stick? How many times . have you seen a deputy cat ? On the many occasions that you happen to see a dog , are they always so lazy and cannot be bothered to play with you? Scientists have studied and interpreted the ways of philosophers these species. School Vouchers. They have come up with conclusions to is saving support their research as well as many similarities and Aren’t differences between both species. Ryan True. Both of these sophisticated animals have many. Cat , Dog , Felidae 705 Words | 2 Pages.

Technicalities of Dogs and Cats Amazing and loving creatures dogs and School Vouchers Essay cats are the perfect pets. . The comfort and warm feeling they give makes getting through the day so much easier. Many people have their preferences when it comes to seven dogs and cats . Although cats and dogs have similarities there are many differences as well, such as different types of breeds, food, and training. Dogs and Vouchers Aren’t Essay cats are loveable and unique animals that have a plethora of The Career Management different breeds with many crazy colors, sizes. Cat , Coat , Dog 857 Words | 2 Pages. Do You Prefer: Dogs or Cats ? Dogs and cats have been competing for the title of man's best friend . for years. School Vouchers Aren’t Essay. Some people will swear that dogs are the best because they are loyal, playful, and friendly. Is Saving Ryan. Others will vow that cats make the best pets because they are independent, easy to care for, and are great hunters. Yes, they are both adorable. Yes, they are both cuddly, but which one makes the best pet?

This essay will persuade you to lean towards dogs in this debate. Dogs will love you a.

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10 Ways to Aren’t, Improve Your Writing While Thinking Like a Comedy Writer. Does it sometimes feel as if your writing is a dog chasing its tailyou circle around and around, but keep returning to the same themes, characters and ideas? But does the thought of going down a new path cause your palms to sweat and your heart to beat like a hummingbird whos downed a double espresso? If so, you may have SWEATS: Serious Writer Experiencing Anxiety and Timidity Syndrome. The surest sign: You have on occasion referred to woodchuck, yourself as a Serious Writer without cracking a smile. Fortunately, you dont need medication to Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, cope with your ailmentall you need is a shot of philosophers, Comedy Writing 101.

It doesnt matter what writing style you call home; every writer can benefit from learning a few new tricks. If youre a fan of such bestselling authors as Carl Hiaasen, Janet Evanovich, Christopher Moore or Maureen Dowd, you know that humor can be a great tool in many different genres. But beyond that, the reckless act of trying to be funny can free any writer from the fear of taking chances and boost creativity in unexpected ways. With that in mind, here are 10 ways you can improve your writing by Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, thinking like a comedy writer. #10 HOLD YOUR READERS ATTENTION WITH INCONGRUITY. Famous Philosophers. Incongruity is the main reason we laugh. When logic and familiarity are replaced by School Vouchers the Solution Essay, things that dont normally go together, such as a man lying in a hammock in an elevator, humor arises naturally as our minds recognize that things are out of place and try to find a way to make them connect.

Donna Gephart, author of the Sid Fleischman Humor Awardwinning middle-grade novel As If Being 12? Isnt Bad Enough, My Mother Is President , notes: I always strive for the unexpectedquirky characters, unusual settings, wild plot ideas, etc. And I tend to find opportunities to sneak more humor into my books through successive revisions. But incongruity is effective in other ways, too. Even if your goal isnt laughter but simply keeping your readers engaged, you can use incongruity to keep things fresh by finding ways to Photographer Beaton, combine unexpected elements. Vouchers The Solution Essay. A great way to summon incongruity is an exercise I call the Journalistic Association List. Simply write the words who , what , where , when and why across the top of a sheet of paper and true separate the columns with vertical lines. Aren’t The Solution Essay. Then draw a horizontal line about christian halfway down the page. Choose your topic (the more concrete, the betterfor example, space travel) and in the appropriate columns in the upper half of the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, grid, fill in all the words you naturally associate with the Separation, topic.

Then ask yourself, What dont I associate with this topic ? Fill the the Solution, bottom half of the page with your answers. (See Page 20 for a short example of what this exercise might look like, though yours should be much longer.) Select the most interesting associations, and consider: How can you use them to add interest to your work-in-progress? Similar to of Sports Management, incongruity is the idea of School Essay, misdirection, a concept used by all writers who make readers believe they. are going down one path and then lead them astray. In comedy, the setup of a joke provides direction and seven c of communication the punch line provides misdirection, which is why it goes at the end. Learning the School Vouchers Essay, art of misdirection has benefited both my novels and my stand-up comedy by giving me the Cecil Beaton Essay, ability to zap an Vouchers, audience with the unexpected, says bestselling mystery author L.J. Sellers, a former comedy-writing student of mine. But that doesnt mean just throwing in a twist near the end of woodchuck wikipedia, a story.

Instead, consider using misdirection throughout any given piece in order to keep your readers guessing. One of School Vouchers Aren’t, my favorite exercises for generating misdirected ideas is called Illogical Ways. First, choose a problem youd like to resolve with misdirection. For example, lets say youre writing a novel and your main character needs to have a broken leg. Your goal is to c of communication, find illogical ways for that to happen. Starting at Essay the end of the alphabet (because it makes your brain work differently), list one illogical way for each letter. For example: In a ZEBRA stampede. Slipping on nonfat YOGURT. A XYLOPHONE accident. WEARING pantyhose too tight, causing her to is saving ryan, trip You can use this exercise to push even the Vouchers Aren’t, most benign details of your stories beyond the obvious, keeping your readers enthralled along the way. #8 FIND AN ELEMENT WORTH REPEATING.

Comedy relies on repetition. Watch a sitcom and Photographer Beaton notice how often something is School Essay, repeated before the big laughs come. The magic number is usually threean action is repeated twice, and christian philosophers then the third time, the writer goes for the hilarity. But repetition serves a purpose beyond just building the joke: It gives readers a feeling of being an insider, someone who knows whats going on because they were there the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, first time. Whether youre striving for humor or not, consider how you might use repetition and the rule of three as devices to Photographer Beaton, achieve this. School Vouchers Aren’t. #7 USE FAMILIARITY TO YOUR ADVANTAGE. Building on the idea of repetition, the running gag is Beaton Essay, a popular comedy device. A running gag is an amusing character, situation or catchphrase that reappears throughout a work.

Its easiest to School Vouchers Aren’t Essay, illustrate this concept using examples from The Career of Sports Management, TV comedies: On Cheers, everyone yells Norm! every time that character comes into the bar; on School the Solution Essay, Home Improvement, Wilsons face is true, always obscured by something; and whenever Rose (Betty White) starts to School Essay, tell the other women on The Golden Girls a St. Olaf story, the laughs begin before she even reaches the punch line. You can draw on the effective idea of private true, a running gag without it actually being a gag. Simply introduce an endearing character quirk into School the Solution your next short story, or end an essay or article with a recognizable tagline, and youre there. #6 SATISFY READERS WITH A CALLBACK. A callback refers to using a memorable line from the beginning of a piece later in another context. Communication. This is an Vouchers Essay, excellent tool for creating a feeling of completion in Fashion Photographer Cecil readers minds. Aren’t. Fans of Dave Barry will recognize this as something he frequently uses to close his humor columns. Communication. (Once youve finished reading this article, youll see Ive used it as well). The great news is, a callback doesnt have to School, be funny to work. Famous Christian Philosophers. Try it and see. #5 EMPLOY THE POWER OF PLAY. Its very hard to write funny or innovative stuff if youre in a serious mood, so I always strive to be as childlike as possible when approaching my craft. As children we were motivated by fun and didnt have an inner critic whispering in Vouchers Aren’t the Solution our ear, Is this project leading to something worthwhile and productive? Most researchers and parents agree that young children (from 3-7) laugh much more often than most adults.

Clearly we knew something decades ago that would come in handy now. No matter your genre, lack of playfulness can drain the creativity out of your writing faster than a leaky bathtub drains chocolate milk and Lucky Charms. The best way to introduce more childlike fun to your writing is to follow Shakespeares advice: The plays the thing. Of course, he meant this in woodchuck another contextbut this article is about taking things out of context, so go for Aren’t Essay it! Play with your children or your pets. Separation. Take an improv class. Dance badly to Aren’t, your favorite music.

Take recess instead of a coffee break. Just make sure your inner 5-year-old has a chance to christian, play at least once a day, and School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay even more often when youre facing a writing deadline. Of all genres, humor is one that lends itself best to short-form writing, which is why its a great field for writers with commitment issues. Stalled in your efforts to write the Great American Novel? Take a break and write sticky notes, greeting cards, one-liners and T-shirts instead. I do.

Behold, some of my recent work: On an Essay The Career of Sports Management, apron: My other apron burned in Vouchers the Solution the fire. On a sticky note: Youre not the boss of of Sports, me. Oh, wait, you are. My mistake. Vouchers Essay. On a button: Im now available in 3-D. Glasses not included. The beauty about Separation of Powers Essay learning to School Essay, write short and Fashion snappy is that it can help anyone create attention-grabbing titles, subtitles and sidebars. Gephart, who has written for a humorous greeting card company, agrees: I think my practice writing short, funny lines helped tremendously in my ability to come up with catchy titles for my novels. A great exercise for honing this talent is to set a clock for School 10 minutes and Essay try to write as many bumper. stickers as you can on a topic youre currently exploring in your writing. When youre done, choose a favorite. How might you put it to good use? One of the truisms in School Vouchers the Solution Essay comedy writing is that it takes most writers approximately 10 attempts at a joke to create the funniest punch line.

This is woodchuck, a great rule to remember as youre rewriting your feature article for the seventh time. If things are going well, youre way ahead of the game. The rule of 10 also works in brainstorming, which is why I teach my writing students to use top 10 lists to come up with titles, plot points or character names. The most important part of this exercise is the Solution, writing a headline that stimulates creativity. Instead of Top 10 Good Names for a Bad Guy, for example, try Top 10 Unexpected Names for a Bad Guy, or Top 10 Nicknames a Bad Guy Might Have Had in woodchuck wikipedia Middle School. The point is this: No matter what youre writing, you should never settle for the first thing that comes to mind. Only good can come when you push yourself further. Aren’t Essay. #2 REMEMBER: NOTHING IS OFF-LIMITS.

Comedy writers and comedians tend to c of, push buttons and boundaries. Think of Mae West, George Carlin, The Smothers Brothers, Larry Gelbart, Richard Pryor, Sarah Silverman and Chris Rock, to name a few. It may be that people who are attracted to Aren’t the Solution, writing funny have fearlessness built into their DNA, or perhaps comedy is a socially acceptable form of expressing outrage at societys foibles. Fearlessness and christian unflappability, however, are important for any writer. The minute a voice says, Dont go there, you may find that rejecting that advice will lead you to the most important writing adventure of your life. Ive written many humorous political essays and wondered what consequences might ensue. But I havent let it stop medespite the School Vouchers Aren’t, fact that I once came home to a message on Cecil Essay, my answering machine that began, This is a call from the School Vouchers, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Comedy writers who also perform are regularly exposed to others material. As a stand-up comic for the past 20 years, Ive witnessed the work of several hundred other comedians. Is Saving. Watching and listening to them has influenced who Ive become as a writer and performer. In the same way, all writers should regularly learn from Vouchers the Solution Essay, other writers.

If youre a poet and dont attend local poetry slams, youre missing out on famous, the rush of creative thought that happens when youre around others who do what you do. If youre a writer and dont participate in writing groups or conferences, now is a great time to change that. With the idea in mind of exposing yourself to others work, Ill leave you with one last exercise, which I call Where Do We Go from Aren’t the Solution, Here? Just write down a sentence or two from any piece of writing by a favorite author, then use that as a prompt to write two pages in your own style, going in christian philosophers any direction you want. For example, where would you go from Dorothy Parkers, Id love to dance with you.

Id love to be caught in a midnight fire at sea? Or how about School Vouchers Gelbarts, I dont know why theyre shooting at us. All we want to do is bring them democracy and white bread? With all these techniques for pushing beyond the christian, expected, learning to be silly and reaching outside your genre, it should be easier to approach new projects from Vouchers Aren’t, a different perspective. And if you become a better laugher and have more fun at the same time, I wont tell anyone. Your status as a Serious Writer is Essay of Sports, safe with me. Want to Vouchers the Solution Essay, write funny? Consider: Also check out wikipedia these items from the Writers Digests collection: 9 thoughts on “ 10 Ways to Improve Your Writing While Thinking Like a Comedy Writer ”

I must thank you for School Vouchers the Solution Essay this really helpful tips! Funny ideas don#8217;t come easily to everyone! And just like any other kind of writing, it is a mastered by some people after a little practice, while it takes others a lot of time and work to get even a snigger from the reader! Anyway, any kind of writing is a real challenge! I think that if you want to give a try, you must go for it! And the best thing you can do is hoping, that everyone will enjoy it! Your advice is private ryan, very valuable experience which surely will help me to improve my skills! Thanks for the great article! My genre is comedy that#8217;s what I have focused most of my writing energy on as well as children#8217;s books.

I#8217;ve found this article to be insightful. If anyone reading this blog has time please check out School Vouchers the Solution Essay my blog and communication read some of my works I have an Archer, Workaholics, It#8217;s Always Sunny, and Bob#8217;s Burgers spec script up as well as 6 episodes of a sketch comedy show (inspired by SNL, Portlandia, Key and Peele) that I created and a feature screen play called Just Peachy. My blog is called http://www.Pugnitup.com and I am open to constructive critiques #128578; Thanks again for the article. Love this article, but I can#8217;t help it, it did make me snicker that it was so serious#8230;or so it comes across to me. I#8217;ve been working on School Aren’t the Solution, some humor writing and for everyone who says humor comes in fits and starts, I say it all comes in is saving ryan fits and starts. All of it. But there is a mood and School Vouchers the Solution a way of stringing words together and Photographer Beaton Essay if you have a character through which you can deliver the humor and you can capture his/her voice, then you#8217;re a bit ahead of the game. I find sitting down and writing even when it doesn#8217;t #8216;feel#8217; funny often means I write much more intentionally and School Aren’t the Solution ask myself more questions. Then the next day things are much more humorous. It#8217;s a skill like everything else and christian philosophers it takes practice. I can now almost seamlessly slip into my character#8217;s voice and come up with humor.

I said almost. Great article! I love comedy but I haven#8217;t tried writing it very much. This is good motivation, though! #128578; You also have to be brave too. Having recently read #8216;Malice in Blunderland#8217; by Jonny Gibbings, an astonishingly rude, violent and as some are saying, the funniest book ever, and School Vouchers the Solution I agree. Of Powers. But it#8217;s all down to taste. He pushes boundaries, limits of taste and that is Vouchers Aren’t Essay, where comedy can break new ground. His blog is the same. The thing is seven, with others like him, such as the rapper MNM that he is being compared to, there is a lot of very clever stuff going on, hidden inside stupid. The seeds of a gag planted long, long before the punch-line, twists and dialogue with a dark comedy twist.

I was lucky enough to go to one of his readings before the paper launch (post ebook), what struck me was there was a consistency between him and his work. School Vouchers The Solution. He is private, a naturally, very funny guy. I#8217;d have to say the fruits of Vouchers Aren’t, surviving a very dark life. The ability to think something, and just write it is where I fail. Editing it to seven c of communication, make it less offensive or getting hung up on #8216;is it funny though?#8217; There are writers who can do funny, and School Vouchers the Solution Essay there are funny writers. Love the true, article, Leigh.

I would love to write humor on a regular basis, but the ideas are still not regular enough. Your ideas will certainly boost my incentive to Vouchers Aren’t, pursue this more. What a hilarious read! I was all LOL the whole way through it, especially when that guy got that pie in the face (he deserved it). On a #8220;serious#8221; note, this was one of the most valuable and thoughtful posts I#8217;ve read in Separation of Powers some time. Thank you for sharing your tips, I#8217;ll keep these nuggets handy. Thanks for the advice. I consider myself a mostly serious writer, with most commedy I write ending up sort of accidentalmy brain demanding a break from all this seriousness, in School Essay other words. I never really thought of commedy having a method behind it.

It does give me something to think about.

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5.2 Reading Results Data into the Database. Caution: The database should contain the same set of selected nodes and elements that were selected for the solution. Otherwise, a data mismatch may occur. For more information about School Vouchers Aren’t, data mismatches, see Section 5.2.2.3. Once model data are in philosophers, the database, either the SET , SUBSET , or APPEND command is used to School Aren’t read in results data from the results file. The default maximum number of substeps in the results file ( Jobname .RST) is 1000.

When the number of substeps exceeds this limit, you need to is saving ryan issue SET ,Lstep,LAST to bring in Vouchers, the 1000th load step. Wikipedia? Use /CONFIG to increase the limit. Caution: For a nonlinear analysis, interpolation between time points usually degrades accuracy. Therefore, take care to postprocess at a time value for which a solution is available. Some convenience labels are also available on SET : SET ,FIRST reads in the first substep . The GUI equivalent is School Vouchers Aren’t Essay, First Set. Christian? SET , NEXT reads in the next substep. The GUI equivalent is Next Set. School Aren’t Essay? SET ,LAST reads in the last substep . The GUI equivalent is Last Set. The NSET field on the SET command (GUI equivalent is woodchuck wikipedia, By Set Number) retrieves data that corresponds to its unique data set number, rather than its load step and substep number. This is extremely useful with FLOTRAN results, as you can have multiple sets of results data with identical load step and substep numbers.

Therefore, you should retrieve FLOTRAN results data by its unique data set number. The LIST option on the SET command (or List Results in the GUI) lists the School the Solution Essay, data set number along with its corresponding load step and substep numbers. You can enter this data set number on the NSET field of the next SET command to request the private true, proper set of Vouchers, results. The ANGLE field on SET specifies the of Powers, circumferential location for Vouchers Aren’t, harmonic elements (structural - PLANE25, PLANE83, and SHELL61; thermal - PLANE75 and woodchuck, PLANE78). 5.2.2 Other Options for Retrieving Results Data. 5.2.2.2 Reading Selected Results Information. The SUBSET command behaves like the SET command except that it retrieves data for the selected portions of the Vouchers Essay, model only. It is very convenient to use the SUBSET command to look at the results data for Separation, a portion of the model. For example, if you are interested only in surface results, you can easily select the the Solution Essay, exterior nodes and elements, and seven, then use SUBSET to retrieve results data for just those selected items. You can use any of the commands SET , SUBSET , or APPEND to School Aren’t read data from the c of communication, results file into the database.

The only difference between the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, commands or paths is how much or what type of data you wish to retrieve. When appending data, be very careful not to seven generate a data mismatch inadvertently. For example, consider the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, following set of commands: At this point results data for nodes 1 to 5 from load step 1 are in the database. The database now contains data for both load steps 1 and Separation, 2. This is a data mismatch. When you issue the PRNSOL command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsNodal Solution ), the program informs you that you will have data from the second load step, when actually data from the Solution two different load steps now exist in of Powers Essay, the database. The load step listed by Vouchers Aren’t the program is merely the one corresponding to woodchuck the most recent load step stored.

Of course, appending data to the database is Vouchers Aren’t Essay, very helpful if you wish to compare results from different load steps, but if you purposely intend to mix data, it is extremely important to keep track of the source of the private true, data appended. To avoid data mismatches when you are solving a subset of a model that was solved previously using a different set of elements, do either of the following: Do not re-select any of the elements that were unselected for the solution currently being postprocessed. Essay? Remove the earlier solution from the ANSYS database. Photographer Cecil Beaton? You can do so by exiting from ANSYS between solutions or by saving the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, database between solutions. For more information, see the ANSYS Commands Reference for Essay, descriptions of the INRES , NSEL , APPEND , PRNSOL and SUBSET commands. If you wish to Vouchers clear the database of any previous data, use either of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseZero Load Case. Either method sets all current values in the database to zero, therefore giving you a fresh start for further data storage. Famous Philosophers? If you set the database to zero before appending data to it, the result is the same as using the SUBSET command or the equivalent GUI path, assuming that the arguments on SUBSET and APPEND are equivalent. Note -All of the options available for the SET command are also available for Aren’t the Solution, the SUBSET and APPEND commands.

By default, the SET , SUBSET , and The Career of Sports Management, APPEND commands look for Vouchers the Solution Essay, one of these results files: Jobname. RST , Jobname. RTH , Jobname. RMG , or Jobname .RFL . You can specify a different file name by is saving ryan true issuing the School Vouchers the Solution, FILE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocData File Opts ) before issuing SET , SUBSET , or APPEND . Think of the element table as a spreadsheet, where each row represents an element, and each column represents a particular data item for the elements. For example, one column might contain the average SX stress for the elements, while another might contain the element volumes, while yet a third might contain the woodchuck, Y coordinate of the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, centroid for each element. To create or erase the Fashion Beaton, element table, use one of the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableDefine Table or Erase Table. 5.2.3.1 Filling the Element Table for Variables Identified By Name. Some items, such as the element volumes, do not require Comp ; in such cases, Item is VOLU and Fashion Beaton, Comp is left blank. School Vouchers Essay? Identifying data items by of Powers an Item , and Comp if necessary, is School the Solution, called the Component Name method of famous, filling the element table. The data which are accessible with the School Essay, component name method are data generally calculated for most element types or groups of element types.

The ETABLE command documentation lists, in general, all the Item and Comp combinations. Seven Communication? However see the Element Output Definitions table in each element description in Essay, the ANSYS Elements Reference to see which combinations are valid. Table 5-1 is an example of such a table for BEAM4. You can use any name in the Name column of the table that contains a colon (:) to fill the element table via the Component Name method. Is Saving Private Ryan True? The portion of the name before the School Vouchers the Solution Essay, colon should be input for the Item argument of the ETABLE command. The portion (if any) after the colon should be input for the Comp argument. The O and R columns indicate the availability of the items in the file Jobname .OUT ( O ) or in the results file ( R ): a Y indicates that the item is always available, a number refers to a table footnote which describes when the item is conditionally available, and a - indicates that the item is c of communication, not available.

Table 5-1 3-D BEAM4 Element Output Definitions. 5.2.3.2 Filling the Vouchers, Element Table for Variables Identified By Sequence Number. The data in the tables is Management, broken down into Vouchers, item groups (such as LS, LEPEL, SMISC, etc.). Each item within the item group has an of Powers identifying sequence number listed. You load these data into Vouchers Aren’t, the element table by giving the item group (such as LS, LEPEL, SMISC, etc.) as the Item argument on the ETABLE command, and the sequence number as the Comp argument.

This is referred to as the Sequence Number method of filling the element table. Seven C Of? For example, the maximum stress at Aren’t Essay, node J for Fashion Photographer Beaton Essay, BEAM4 is Item =NMISC and Comp =3, while the initial axial strain (EPINAXL) for the element (E) is Item =LEPTH and Comp =11. 5.2.3.3 Notes About Defining Element Tables. The ETABLE command works only on the selected elements. School Vouchers? That is, only data for the elements you have selected are moved to the element table. Separation Of Powers? By changing the selected elements between ETABLE commands, you can selectively fill rows of the element table. School Vouchers Aren’t The Solution? The same Sequence Number combination may mean different data for different element types. Is Saving Private? For example, the combination SMISC,1 means MFOR(X) for Aren’t, BEAM4 (member force in the element X direction), P1 for SOLID45 (pressure on seven communication face 1), and FNTOT for CONTAC48 (total normal force). School Vouchers Aren’t The Solution? Therefore, if your model has a combination of element types, be sure to select elements of one type (using ESEL or Utility Menu SelectEntities ) before using the ETABLE command.

The ANSYS program does not automatically refill (update) the element table when you read in a different set of results (such as for a different load step) or when you alter the results in woodchuck, the database (such as by a load case combination). For example, suppose your model consists of our sample elements, and School Vouchers Aren’t, you issue the following commands in POST1: At this point, the ABC column in the element table still contains data for load step 1 . To refill (update) the column with load step 2 values, you should issue the command ETABLE , REFL , or specify the refill option via the GUI. You can use the element table as a worksheet to do calculations among results data. This feature is described in Essay The Career of Sports, Section 5.4. To save the element table, issue SAVE , Fname , Ext in POST1 or issue /EXIT ,ALL when exiting the ANSYS program. (If you are using the GUI, follow the prompts in the dialog boxes that appear when you choose Utility MenuFileSave as or Utility MenuFileExit .) This saves the table along with the rest of the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, database onto Beaton, the database file. To erase the entire element table from memory, issue ETABLE ,ERASE ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableErase Table ). (Or issue ETABLE , Lab , ERASE to erase just the Lab column of the element table). The element table will automatically be erased from School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay memory if you issue a RESET command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocReset ). 5.2.4 Special Considerations for Principal Stresses. You have requested an interpolated time point or angle specification on the SET command. You have performed load case operations. In the above cases (including all cases for SHELL61), you must choose Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseLine Elem Stress or issue the command LCOPER ,LPRIN in order to calculate the Separation of Powers, principal stresses.

Then you may access this data through ETABLE , or any appropriate printing or plotting command. Contour displays Deformed shape displays Vector displays Path plots Reaction force displays Particle flow traces. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsNodal Solu. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsElement Solu. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsElem Table.

Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsLine Elem Res. The PLNSOL command produces contour lines that are continuous across the entire model. Use either for primary as well as derived solution data. Derived solution data, which are typically discontinuous from element to element, are averaged at Aren’t the Solution Essay, the nodes so that continuous contour lines can be displayed. Sample contour displays of primary data (TEMP) and of Powers, derived data (TGX) are shown below. If PowerGraphics is enabled, you can control averaging of Vouchers the Solution, derived data with one of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp.

Any of the above allows you to specify whether or not results will be averaged at element boundaries where material and/or real constant discontinuities exist. For more information, see Chapter 10, Power Graphics. Caution: If PowerGraphics is disabled (which is the private ryan true, default for most element types), you cannot use the AVRES command to control averaging, and the averaging operation is performed at School Vouchers, all nodes of the selected elements without regard to the attributes of the elements connected to them. This can be inappropriate in christian, areas of material or geometric discontinuities. When contouring derived data (which are averaged at the nodes), be sure to select elements of the same material, same thickness (for shells), same element coordinate system orientation, etc. See the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, PLNSOL command description for further information. The PLESOL command produce contour lines that are discontinuous across element boundaries. Wikipedia? Use this type of display mainly for derived solution data. For example:

Figure 5-3 A sample PLESOL plot showing discontinuous contours. The PLETAB command contours data stored in the element table. The Avglab field on the PLETAB command gives you the option of the Solution, averaging the data at nodes (for continuous contours) or not averaging (the default, for having discontinuous contours). The example below assumes a SHELL99 (layered shell) model and shows the difference between averaged and non-averaged results. The PLLS command displays line element results in the form of contours. This command also requires data to be stored in the element table.

This type of display is commonly used for shear and moment diagrams in beam analyses. The example below assumes a BEAM3 (2-D beam) model with KEYOPT(9)=1: PLLS simply draws a straight line between values at Essay, the I and School the Solution, J nodes of an element without any regard to how the result item varies along the woodchuck wikipedia, element length. You can use a negative scaling factor to invert the plot. You can produce isosurface contour displays by first setting Key on the /CTYPE command ( Utility MenuPlotCtrlsStyleContours Contour Style ) to 1. See Chapter 6 for more information about isosurfaces. Averaged principal stresses : By default, principal stresses at each node are calculated from averaged component stresses. You can reverse this, so that principal stresses are first calculated per Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, element, then averaged at the nodes. Communication? To do so, use one of the following: Command(s): Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp. This method is not normally used, but can be useful in special circumstances.

Averaging operations should not be done at nodal interfaces of differing materials. School Aren’t Essay? Vector sum data : These follow the same practice as the principal stresses. By default, the vector sum magnitude (square root of the sum of the squares) at each node is of Powers Essay, calculated from School Vouchers Aren’t Essay averaged components. Seven? By using the AVPRIN command, you can reverse this, so that the vector sum magnitudes are first calculated per element, then averaged at the nodes. Aren’t? Shell elements or layered shell elements : By default, results for shell or layered elements are assumed to private true be at School the Solution, the top surface of the shell or layer.

To display results at the top, middle or bottom surface, use the SHELL command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp ). For layered elements, use the LAYER command (Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp) to Fashion Photographer Cecil indicate layer number. Von Mises equivalent strains (EQV): The effective Poisson's ratio used in computing these quantities may be changed using the AVPRIN command. Command(s): Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot Results-Contour Plot-Nodal Solu. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot Results-Contour Plot-Element Solu. Utility MenuPlotResultsContour PlotElem Solution.

Typically, you would set the effective Poisson's ratio to the input Poisson's ratio for elastic equivalent strain ( EPEL ,EQV) and to 0.5 for School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, inelastic strains ( EPPL ,EQV or EPCR ,EQV). C Of? For total strains ( EPTOT ,EQV), you would typically use an School Aren’t the Solution Essay effective Poisson's ratio between the input Poisson's ratio and 0.5. The Career Of Sports Management? As an alternative, you can save the School Essay, equivalent elastic strains using ETABLE with the effective Poisson's ratio equal to the input Poisson's ratio and save the equivalent plastic strains in another table using 0.5 as the c of communication, effective Poisson's ratio, then combine the School the Solution Essay, two table entries using SADD to famous christian obtain the total equivalent strain. Utility MenuPlotResultsDeformed Shape. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsDeformed Shape. For example, you might issue the following PLDISP command: You can change the displacement scaling by issuing the /DSCALE command ( Utility MenuPlotCtrlsStyleDisplacement Scaling ). Be aware that when you enter POST1, all load symbols are automatically turned off. These load symbols remain off if you subsequently re-enter the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, PREP7 or SOLUTION processors.

If you turn the load symbols on in POST1, the resulting display will show the loads on Beaton the deformed shape. To produce a vector display, use one of the School Aren’t the Solution, following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsPredefined or User-Defined. To scale the arrow lengths, use one of the following: Utility MenuPlotCtrlsStyleVector Arrow Scaling. You can also create your own vector quantity by specifying two or three components on the PLVECT command.

1. Define path attributes using the PATH command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDefine PathDefined Paths ). 2. Define the points of the path using the PPATH command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationDefine PathModify Path ). 3. Map the desired quantity on to the path using the PDEF command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsMap onto woodchuck, Path ) 4. Aren’t The Solution Essay? Use the wikipedia, PLPATH and PLPAGM commands ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsPlot Path Items ) to display the School, results. More details on this appear later in Essay of Sports Management, Section 5.3.4. Like reactions, you can also display nodal forces using labels NFOR or NMOM on the /PBC command ( Utility MenuPlotCtrlsSymbols ). These are forces exerted by an element on its node. The sum of these forces at each node is usually zero except at constrained nodes or at nodes where loads were applied. By default, the force (or moment) values that are printed and Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, plotted represent the total forces (sum of the static, damping, and inertial components).

The FORCE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp ) allows you to separate the total force into individual components. 5.3.1.6 Particle Flow and Charged Particle Traces. A particle flow or charged particle trace requires two functions: 1. The TRPOIN command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsDefi Trace Pt ). Photographer Cecil Beaton? Either defines a point on the Solution the path trajectory (starting point, ending point, or anywhere in The Career Management, between). 2. The PLTRAC command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsPlot Flow Tra ). School Vouchers Aren’t The Solution Essay? Either produces the flow trace on an element display. Up to famous christian 50 points can be defined and School, plotted simultaneously. A sample PLTRAC plot is shown below. Figure 5-9 A sample particle flow trace. The Item and Comp fields on christian PLTRAC allow you to see the Essay, variation of a specified item (such as velocity, pressure, and temperature for a particle flow trace or electric potential for a charged particle trace).

The variation of the item is displayed along the seven, path trajectory as a color-contoured ribbon. Other commands are: TRPLIS command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsList Trace Pt )-lists trace points. TRPDEL command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsDele Trace Pt )-deletes trace points. TRTIME command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsTime Interval )-defines the Aren’t the Solution, flow trace time interval. ANFLOW command ( Utility MenuPlotCtrlsAnimateParticle Flow )-generates an communication animated sequence of particle flow. Notes. Particle flow traces occasionally stop for no apparent reason. This can occur in stagnant flow regions, near wall flow regions, or when a particle is tracking along an element edge. To resolve the Vouchers Aren’t Essay, problem, adjust the seven communication, initial particle point slightly in the cross stream direction. Vouchers? For charged particle traces, the christian philosophers, variables Chrg and Mass input by the TRPOIN command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsDefi Trace Pt ) have units of columbs and kilograms, respectively, in the MKS system.

The particle tracing algorithm could lead to School an infinite loop. For example, a charged particle trace could lead to an infinite circular loop. Essay The Career Management? To avoid infinite loops, the PLTRAC command argument MXLOOP sets a limiting value. Sample Listing of PRESOL,ELEM. 5.3.3.1 Listing Nodal and Element Solution Data. Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsNodal Solution. To list specified results for selected elements, use one of these methods. Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsElement Solution.

To obtain line element solution printout, specify the ELEM option with PRESOL . The program will list all applicable element results for the selected elements. Sample Listing of PRNSOL,S. 5.3.3.2 Listing Reaction Loads and Applied Loads. Listing reaction loads and applied loads is a good way to Vouchers Aren’t the Solution check equilibrium. It is Photographer Cecil, always good practice to check a model's equilibrium after solution. That is, the Vouchers the Solution Essay, sum of the applied loads in a given direction should equal the sum of the reactions in is saving private ryan, that direction. School Aren’t The Solution? (If the sum of the christian philosophers, reaction loads is not what you expect, check your loading to see if it was applied properly.) The presence of coupling or constraint equations can induce either an actual or apparent loss of the Solution, equilibrium.

Actual loss of load balance can occur for poorly specified couplings or constraint equations (a usually undesirable effect). Coupled sets created by ryan true CPINTF and constraint equations created by CEINTF or CERIG will in nearly all cases maintain actual equilibrium. Constraint equations can also cause an apparent loss of School Vouchers the Solution Essay, equilibrium because, as stated previously, the seven, reaction force at a constrained DOF that belongs to a constraint equation does not include the force passing through that equation. This would affect both the individual reaction force and the reaction totals. (This is a good reason not to constrain a DOF that belongs to a constraint equation.) Also, the sum of nodal forces for a DOF belonging to School Aren’t the Solution a constraint equation does not include the force passing through that equation, which affects both the individual nodal force and the nodal force totals. Separation Of Powers Essay? A separate listing of constraint equation reactions is available during a batch solution (and can be requested with the OUTPR command), but these reactions cannot be accessed in Vouchers Aren’t Essay, POST1.

For most properly connected constraint equations, these should total to zero in c of, FX, FY, and FZ. (The moment totals may not be zero because a proper moment summation would have to include the effect of School Vouchers the Solution, forces.) Other cases where you may see an woodchuck apparent loss of equilibrium are: (a) four-node shell elements where all four nodes do no lie in School Aren’t, an exact flat plane, (b) elements with an elastic foundation specified, and (c) unconverged nonlinear solutions. C Of Communication? See Section 15.8.2 of the School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, ANSYS Theory Reference. Another useful command is FSUM . FSUM calculates and Separation Essay, lists the force and moment summation for the selected set of nodes. Main MenuGeneral PostprocNodal CalcsTotal Force Sum. The NFORCE command provides the force and moment summation for Aren’t Essay, each selected node, in addition to woodchuck an overall summation. Main MenuGeneral PostprocNodal CalcsSum @ Each Node. The SPOINT command defines the point (any point other than the Vouchers Essay, origin) about which moments are summed.

Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableList Elem Table. Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsElem Table Data. To list the sum of each column in the element table, use the SSUM command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableSum of Each Item ). The PRVECT command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsVector Data ) lists the magnitude and direction cosines of specified vector quantities for philosophers, all selected elements. The PRPATH command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsPath Items ) calculates and School Vouchers Essay, then lists specified data along a predefined geometry path in philosophers, the model. You must define the School the Solution Essay, path and Essay of Sports Management, map the Aren’t the Solution Essay, data onto Cecil Beaton, the path; see Section 5.3.4. The PRSECT command (Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsLinearized Strs ) calculates and then lists linearized stresses along a predefined path. The PRERR command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsPercent Error ) lists the percent error in School, energy norm for all selected elements. The PRITER command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsIteration Summry ) lists iteration summary data.

To restore the original order of nodes or elements, use the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsUnsort Nodes. Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsUnsort Elems. 5.3.3.6 Customizing Your Tabular Listings. Note -You can define paths only in models containing solid elements (2-D or 3-D) or shell elements. Separation Of Powers? They are not available for line elements. Three steps are involved in reviewing results along a path: 1. Define the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, path attributes [ PATH command]. 3. Of Powers? Interpolate (map) results data along the path [ PDEF command]. Once the data are interpolated, you can review them using graphics displays [ PLPATH or PLPAGM commands] and tabular listings or perform mathematical operations such as addition, multiplication, integration, etc. Advanced mapping techniques to School Aren’t the Solution Essay handle material discontinuities and accurate computations are offered in of Sports Management, the PMAP command (issue this command prior to PDEF ).

Other path operations you can perform include archiving paths or path data to a file or an array parameter and recalling an existing path with its data. The next few topics discuss path definition and usage. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDefine Path Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDefine Path On Working Plane. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDefine Path Supply the following information for the PATH command: A path name (containing no more than eight characters). The number of path points (between 2 and 1000). School Aren’t? Required only in private ryan true, batch mode, or when defining path points using the By Location option.

When picking is used, the School Vouchers the Solution, number of path points equals the number of picked points. The number of sets of data which may be mapped to this path. (Four is the minimum; default is Separation, 30. There is no maximum.) The number of School Vouchers the Solution, divisions between adjacent points. (Default is 20; there is no maximum.) When using the By Location option, a separate dialog box appears for Photographer Essay, defining path points ( PPATH command). Enter the Global Cartesian coordinate values of the path points. The shape of the interpolated path geometry will follow the currently active CSYS coordinate system. Alternatively, you can specify a coordinate system for geometry interpolation ( CS argument on the PPATH command). Note -To see the status of path settings, choose the PATH ,STATUS command.

The PATH and School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, PPATH commands define the path geometry in the active CSYS coordinate system . If the true, path is a straight line or a circular arc, you need only the two end nodes (unless you want highly accurate interpolation, which may require more path points or divisions). Note -If necessary, use the CSCIR command ( Utility MenuWorkPlaneLocal Coordinate SystemsMove Singularity ) to move the coordinate singularity point before defining the path. To display the path you have defined, you must first interpolate data along the path (see Section 5.3.4.3), then issue /PBC ,PATH,, 1 ( Utility MenuPlotCtrls Symbols ) followed by the EPLOT or NPLOT command ( Utility MenuPlot Elements or Utility MenuPlotNodes ) . ANSYS displays the path as a series of straight line segments. The path shown below was defined in a cylindrical coordinate system: Figure 5-11 A node plot showing the path. 5.3.4.3 Interpolating Data Along the Path. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath Operations path operation. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsUnit Vector.

These commands require that the path be defined first. Using the PDEF command, you can interpolate virtually any results data along the path in the active results coordinate system : primary data (nodal DOF solution), derived data (stresses, fluxes, gradients, etc.), element table data, FLOTRAN nodal results data, and so on. The rest of the Solution Essay, this discussion (and in Essay The Career of Sports Management, other documentation) refers to an interpolated item as a path item . For example, to interpolate the thermal flux in the X direction along a path, the command would be as follows: The XFLUX value is an arbitrary user-defined name assigned to Vouchers Aren’t the path item. TF and X together identify the item as the thermal flux in the X direction. Note -You can make the results coordinate system match the active coordinate system (used to define the path) by issuing the following pair of commands: The first command creates a user-defined parameter (ACTSYS) that holds the value defining the currently active coordinate system. The second command sets the results coordinate system to the coordinate system specified by ACTSYS. To clear path items from the famous christian philosophers, path (except XG, YG, ZG, and S), issue PDEF ,CLEAR . For instance, you can save path items from Vouchers the Solution one path, define a parallel path, and calculate the difference in path items between the two paths by using the PCALC command ( Main Menu General PostprocPath Operations operation ).

The PVECT command defines the normal, tangent, or position vectors along the path. Fashion? A Cartesian coordinate system must be active for School Vouchers Aren’t Essay, this command. For example, the command shown below defines a unit vector tangent to the path at each interpolation point. TTX, TTY, and TTZ are user-defined names assigned to the X, Y, and Z components of the vector. Of Sports? You can use these vector quantities for fracture mechanics J-integral calculations, dot and Aren’t Essay, cross product operations, etc. For accurate mapping of normal and famous christian philosophers, tangent vectors, use the ACCURATE option on the PMAP command. School Essay? Issue the PMAP command prior to mapping data.

Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsPlot Path Items. To get a tabular listing of specified path items, use one of the Fashion Beaton, following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsPath Items. You can control the path distance range (the abscissa) for PLPATH and School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, PRPATH ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsPath Range ) or the PRANGE command . Fashion Photographer? Path defined variables may also be used in place of the path distance for the abscissa item in Vouchers Essay, the path display. You can use two other commands, PLSECT ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsLinearized Strs ) and PRSECT ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsLinearized Strs ), to woodchuck wikipedia calculate and review linearized stresses along a path defined by the first two nodes on the PPATH command. Aren’t The Solution Essay? Typically, you use them in seven communication, pressure vessel applications to separate stresses into individual components: membrane, membrane plus bending, etc. The path is defined in the active display coordinate system. You can display a path data item as a color area contour display along the path geometry.

The contour display offset from the path may be scaled for the Solution, clarity. Essay The Career Of Sports? To produce such a display, use either of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsPlot Path ItemsOn Geometry. 5.3.4.6 Performing Mathematical Operations among Path Items. The PCALC command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath Operations operation ) lets you add, multiply, divide, exponentiate, differentiate, and integrate path items.

The PDOT command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDot Product ) calculates the dot product of two path vectors. The PCROSS command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsCross Product ) calculates the cross product or two path vectors. 5.3.4.7 Archiving and Retrieving Path Data to a File. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive Path -Store-Paths in file. To retrieve path information from a file and store the data as the currently active path data, use the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive. Path-Retrieve-Paths from file. You can opt to School Aren’t archive or fetch only the path data (data mapped to Separation path ( PDEF command) or the path points (defined by the PPATH command).

When you retrieve path data, it becomes the currently active path data (existing active path data is the Solution, replaced). If you issue PARESU and have multiple paths, the first path from the list becomes the currently active path. Sample input and seven, output are shown below. 5.3.4.8 Archiving and Retrieving Path Data to an Array Parameter. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive.

To retrieve path information from an array variable and Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, store the data as the currently active path data, use one of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive. You can opt to archive or fetch only the path data (data mapped to path ( PDEF command) or the path points (defined by the PPATH command). The setting for Separation of Powers, the POPT argument on PAGET and PAPUT determines what is Vouchers Aren’t Essay, stored or retrieved. Is Saving? You must retrieve path points prior to retrieving path data and labels. When you retrieve path data, it becomes the currently active path data (existing active path data is the Solution, replaced).

Sample input and output are shown below. Figure 5-12 A sample PLPATH display showing stress discontinuity at a material interface. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDelete Path. Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcDelete Path You can opt to delete all paths or choose a path to delete by wikipedia name. To review the Vouchers the Solution Essay, current list of path names, issue the command PATH ,STATUS. In the postprocessor, the program calculates an Essay Management energy error for each element in School Vouchers Essay, the model.

The energy error is similar in concept to Photographer Cecil the strain energy. The structural energy error (labeled SERR) is a measure of the discontinuity of the stress field from element to element, and the thermal energy error (TERR) is a measure of the discontinuity of the heat flux from element to element. School Vouchers? Using SERR and christian, TERR, the ANSYS program calculates a percent error in energy norm (SEPC for structural percent error, TEPC for thermal percent error). Note -Error estimation is based on stiffness and conductivity matrices that are evaluated at School Vouchers, the reference temperatures (TREF). Error estimates, therefore, can be incorrect for elements with temperature-dependent material properties if those elements are at a temperature that is significantly different than TREF. In many cases, you can significantly increase program speed by suppressing error estimation. This improved performance is most evident when error estimation is turned off in a thermal analysis.

Therefore, you may want to use error estimation only when needed, such as when you wish to determine if your mesh is wikipedia, adequate for good results. You may turn error estimation off issuing ERNORM ,OFF ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp ) . By default, error estimation is active. Since the value set by the ERNORM command is not saved on Jobname .DB, you will need to reissue ERNORM ,OFF if you wish to again deactivate error estimation after resuming an analysis . In POST1 then, you can list SEPC and TEPC for all selected elements using the PRERR command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsPercent Error ). The value of SEPC or TEPC indicates the relative error due to a particular mesh discretization. To find out where you should refine the mesh, simply produce a contour display of SERR or TERR and look for high-error regions. Using this error estimation technique, you can set up an automated scheme whereby the Aren’t, mesh is The Career of Sports Management, automatically refined in high-error regions.

This is called adaptive meshing . Vouchers The Solution? See Chapter 3 of the ANSYS Advanced Analysis Techniques Guide . For theoretical details about error estimation, see the woodchuck wikipedia, ANSYS Theory Reference . 5.4.1 Rotating Results to a Different Coordinate System. Using the RSYS command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp ), you can change the active results coordinate system to global cylindrical ( RSYS ,1), global spherical ( RSYS ,2), any existing local coordinate system ( RSYS , N , where N is the School Essay, local coordinate system number), or the nodal and element coordinate systems used during solution ( RSYS , SOLU ). If you then list, display, or operate on the results data, they are rotated to this results coordinate system first. You may also set the results system back to Fashion Essay global Cartesian ( RSYS ,0 ). Figure 5-14 illustrates how displacements are reported for Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, several different RSYS settings. The displacements are in terms of the famous christian, nodal coordinate systems (which are always Cartesian systems), but issuing the RSYS command causes those nodal systems to be rotated into School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, the specified system. For example, RSYS , 1 causes the results to famous christian philosophers be rotated parallel to Vouchers the global cylindrical system such that UX represents a radial displacement and The Career, UY represents a tangential displacement. (Similarly, AX and AY in School Aren’t the Solution Essay, a magnetic analysis and VX and VY in a fluid analysis are reported as radial and tangential values for RSYS ,1.) Caution: Certain element results data are always output in wikipedia, the element coordinate system regardless of the Aren’t Essay, active results coordinate system. Communication? These are miscellaneous result items that you would normally expect to be interpreted only in the element coordinate system. School The Solution? They include forces, moments, stresses, and strains for beam, pipe, and spar elements, and member forces and moments for woodchuck, some shell elements. In most circumstances, such as when working with a single load case or during linear combinations of multiple load cases, rotating results data into the results coordinate system does not affect the final result values.

However, most modal combination techniques (PSD, CQC, SRSS, etc.) are performed in the solution coordinate system and involve squaring operations. Since the squaring operation removes the School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, sign associated with the data, some combined results may not appear as expected after being rotated into the results coordinate system. In these cases, you can use RSYS , SOLU to avoid a rotation and to is saving private true keep the results data in Vouchers the Solution, the solution coordinate systems. As an example of when you would need to change the results coordinate system, consider the case of wikipedia, a cylindrical shell model, in which you may be interested in School Vouchers, the tangential stress results. The SY stress contours before and after results coordinate system transformation are shown below for such a case. See the RSYS and PLNSOL command descriptions for further information. Figure 5-15 (a) SY in Fashion Beaton, global Cartesian system (b) SY in global cylindrical system (note that nodes and elements are still in global Cartesian system) Note -In a large deformation analysis (for example, if you have issued the NLGEOM ,ON command and the element has large deflection capability), the element coordinate system is School Aren’t the Solution, first rotated by Essay the amount of rigid body rotation of the element. Therefore the component stresses and strains and School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, other derived element data include the effect of the rigid body rotation. The coordinate system used to Separation of Powers Essay display these results is the School the Solution, specified results coordinate system rotated by the amount of Essay Management, rigid body rotation . The exceptions to this are HYPER56, HYPER58, HYPER74, HYPER84, HYPER86, and HYPER158.

These elements always produce stresses and strains in the specified results coordinate system (no rigid body rotation added). The primary data (for example, displacements) in a large deformation analysis do not include the rigid body rotation effect , because the nodal coordinate systems are not rotated by the amount of rigid body rotation. 5.4.2 Performing Arithmetic Operations Among Results Data. The procedure to do calculations among results data requires three simple steps: 1. Use the ETABLE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableDefine Table ) to bring one or more result items into Vouchers the Solution, the element table or worksheet. 2. Famous Christian? Perform the desired arithmetic operations using commands from the CALC module ( SADD , SMULT , SEXP , etc.). 3. Review the outcome of the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, operations using PRETAB ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableList Elem Table ) or PLETAB ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TablePlot Elem Table ). A discussion of the element table appears earlier in this section.

The ETABLE command moves specified results data for all selected elements into the element table. One value is stored per element. Is Saving Private Ryan? For example, if you select 10 elements and issue the command shown below, an average UX value is calculated for each element from the School Vouchers the Solution, nodal displacements and stored in the element table under the is saving private ryan true, ABC column. The element table will be 10 rows long (because only 10 elements were selected). If you now want to Vouchers Essay double these displacements, the command would be: For further information, see the SMULT command description in the ANSYS Commands Reference . The element table now has a second column, labeled ABC2, containing twice the Essay, values in column ABC. School Vouchers Aren’t Essay? To list the element table, simply choose PRETAB ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableList Elem Table ).

Another example of arithmetic operations is to calculate the seven communication, total volume of selected elements. School Aren’t? To do this, you might store all element volumes in private ryan, the element table, select the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, desired elements, and sum them using the SSUM command: See the ryan true, ETABLE , ESEL , and SSUM command descriptions for further information. All operation commands ( SADD , SMULT , SSUM , etc.) work only on the selected elements. ANSYS does not update element table entries automatically when a different set of results is read into the database. Essay? An element table output listing displays headers which indicate the status of each column relative to the current database. CURRENT indicates that the column data is from the current database, PREVIOUS indicates that it is from seven c of a previous database, and Aren’t, MIXED indicates that it results from an operation between previous and current data. (Once a column is wikipedia, labeled mixed, it will not change status unless you erase or redefine it with all elements selected.) The following commands cause column headers to change from CURRENT to School PREVIOUS: The ETABLE ,REFL option, which refills (updates) the element table with values currently in the database, does not affect calculated items. In the above double-the-UX example, if you read in Separation of Powers, a different set of results and then issue ETABLE only the School Vouchers the Solution Essay, ABC column will be updated (current status). Fashion Beaton? The ABC2 column remains as is School Aren’t, (keeps its previous status).

You can use the fact that ANSYS does not update the element table automatically after a new SET command to good advantage: for example, to is saving ryan true compare element results between two or more load steps, or even between two or more analyses . The following CALC module commands apply to Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay calculations using the wikipedia, element table: The SABS command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableAbs Value Option ) causes absolute values to Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay be used in subsequent element table operations. The SADD command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableAdd Items ) adds two specified columns in the element table. The SALLOW command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety Factor factor type ) defines allowable stresses for safety factor calculations. The SEXP command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableExponentiate ) exponentiates and multiplies two columns in the element table. Management? The SFACT command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety FactorRestore NodeStrs or Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety FactorSF for Vouchers Aren’t, Node Strs ) defines which safety factor calculations will be performed during subsequent display, select, or sort operations. The SFCALC command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety FactorSF for ElemTable ) calculates safety factors (for ETABLE items). The SMAX command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableFind Maximum ) compares and stores the maximum of two columns. C Of Communication? The SMIN command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableFind Minimum ) compares and stores the School Aren’t Essay, minimum of woodchuck, two columns. The SMULT command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableMultiply) multiplies two specified columns in the element table. The SSUM command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableSum of Each Item ) calculates and prints the sum of each element table column. The TALLOW command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety FactorReset Temps or Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety FactorTemp-depend ) defines the temperature table for safety factor calculations.

The VCROSS command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableCross Product ) calculates the cross product of two vectors stored in Vouchers, the element table. The VDOT command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableDot Product ) calculates the dot product of two vectors stored in the element table. 5.4.3 Creating and Combining Load Cases. A load case is a set of results data that has been assigned an arbitrary reference number. For instance, you can define the set of results at load step 2, substep 5 as load case number 1 , the set of results at time=9.32 as load case number 2 , and so on. Is Saving? You can define up to 99 load cases, but you can store only one load case in the database at School Vouchers, a time. A load case combination is an operation between load cases, typically between the load case currently in the database and private, a load case on a separate results file (or on the load case file , explained later). The outcome of the operation overwrites the results portion of the database, which permits you to display and Aren’t the Solution, list the of Sports, load case combination. A typical load case combination involves the the Solution Essay, following steps: 1. Define load cases using the LCDEF command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseCreate Load Case ). 2. Read one of the load cases into the database using the c of communication, LCASE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseRead Load Case ).

3. Perform the desired operation using the LCOPER command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad Case operation ) . As an Vouchers Aren’t the Solution example, suppose the results file contains results for several load steps, and you want to compare load steps 5 and 7 and store the The Career, maximum in memory. School Vouchers Essay? The commands to private true do this would look like this: The database now contains the maximum of the two load cases, and you can perform any desired postprocessing function. Note -Load case operations ( LCOPER ) are performed only on Essay the raw solution results in philosophers, the solution coordinate system. The solution results are: Element component stresses and strains in the element coordinate systems Nodal degree-of-freedom values, forces and reaction forces in the nodal coordinate systems To have a load case operation act on the principal/equivalent stresses instead of the component stresses, issue the Vouchers Aren’t, SUMTYPE ,PRIN command. It is important that you know how load case operations are performed. Many load case operations, such as mode combinations, involve squaring, which renders the famous christian philosophers, solution results unsuitable for transformation to the results coordinate system, typically the Global Cartesian, and unsuitable for performing nodal or element averages. A typical postprocessing function such as printing or displaying average nodal stresses [ PRNSOL , PLNSOL ], for Vouchers the Solution, example, involves both a coordinate system transformation to the results coordinate system and a nodal average. Furthermore, unless SUMTYPE ,PRIN has been requested, principal/ equivalent stresses are not meaningful when computed from squared component values.

Therefore, it is recommended that you use only untransformed [ RSYS ,SOLU], unaveraged [ PRESOL , PLESOL ] results whenever you perform a squaring operation, such as in wikipedia, a spectrum (SPRS, PSD) analysis. writing the data to a load case file appending the data to the results file. Use the LCWRITE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseWrite Load Case ) to write the School Vouchers the Solution, load case currently in memory to a load case file. The file is named Jobname. L nn , where nn is the load case number you assign. Using nn in subsequent load case combinations will refer to the load case stored on the load case file. The following example illustrates the Cecil Beaton, use of the School Vouchers Aren’t Essay, LCWRITE command: Using the RAPPND command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocWrite Results ), you can append the load case currently in memory to the results file. The data are stored on Fashion Photographer Beaton the results file just like any other results data set except that:

You, not the program, assign the load step and School the Solution Essay, substep numbers used to identify the data. Only summable and constant data are available by default; non-summable data are not written to the results file unless requested ( LCSUM command). The following example illustrates use of the RAPPND command: Tip: You can use the The Career Management, RAPPND command to combine results from two results files (created with the same database.) You can use the POST1 FILE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocData File Opts ) to toggle between the two results files to School Essay alternately store results from one and append to the other. You can define a load case by setting a pointer to a load case file with the LCFILE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseCreate Load Case ). Then, you can use the LCASE or LCOPER commands to read data from the file into memory. Essay? You can erase any load case by issuing LCDEF , LCNO ,ERASE, where LCNO is the load case number. Aren’t? To erase all load cases, issue LCDEF ,ERASE. These options not only delete all load case pointers, but also delete the Separation Essay, appropriate load case files (those with the default file name extensions). To zero the results portion of the database, issue LCZERO ( Main Menu General PostprocLoad CaseZero Load Case ) or LCOPER ,ZERO . Vouchers The Solution? The LCABS and LCFACT commands ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseAbsolut Value and famous philosophers, Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseScale Factor ), allow you to specify absolute values and Aren’t Essay, scale factors for specific load cases. Cecil? The program uses these specifications when you issue either LCASE or LCOPER . ANSYS applies scale factors after it calculates absolute values. Results data read into the database from the results file (via SET or LCASE commands) will include boundary condition information (constraints and School Vouchers the Solution Essay, force loads).

However, load cases read in from a load case file will not. Fashion Photographer Cecil Beaton Essay? Therefore, if boundary conditions appear on graphics displays after you issue an School Vouchers LCASE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseRead Load Case ), they are from a previously processed load case. The LCASE command does not reset the boundary condition information in memory. After a load case combination is Fashion Photographer Beaton Essay, performed for structural line elements, the principal stress data are not automatically updated in Aren’t, the database. Famous Philosophers? Issue LCOPER ,LPRIN to recalculate line element principal stresses based on the current component stress values.

You can select a subset of load cases using the School Vouchers the Solution, LCSEL command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseSele Ld Cases ). Once a subset is selected, you can use the label ALL in place of a load case number on load case operations. Cecil Essay? You cannot use load case combinations with FLOTRAN results data. 5.4.3.2 Combining Load Cases in Harmonic Element Models. 5.4.3.3 Summable, Non-Summable, and Constant Data. Load case combinations (using LCOPER ). Reading in a load case with active scale factors (using LCFACT or LCASE ). School Vouchers? Reading in results data and modifying them using the FACT or ANGLE field on the SET command. Separation Of Powers Essay? Summable data are those that can participate in the database operations. All primary data (DOF solutions) are considered summable.

Among the derived data, component stresses, elastic strains, thermal gradients and fluxes, magnetic flux density, etc. are considered summable (see Table 5-4). (For an inclusive list of summable data, see the description of the ETABLE command in the ANSYS Commands Reference . ) Note -Sometimes, combining summable data may result in meaningless results. For example, adding nodal temperatures from two load cases of a linear, pure-conduction analysis gives meaningful results, but if convection is School Aren’t Essay, involved, the addition of temperatures is not meaningful. Therefore, exercise your engineering judgement when reviewing combined load cases. Non-summable data are those that are not valid for linear superposition, such as nonlinear data (plastic strains, hydrostatic pressures), thermal strains, magnetic forces, Joule heat, etc. (see Table 5-5). These data are simply set to famous zero when the programs performs a database operation. You may combine non-summable data using LCSUM,ALL before your LCOPER commands, but you are cautioned on interpreting these values appropriately. Constant data are those that cannot be meaningfully combined, such as element volumes and element centroidal coordinates (see Table 5-6). These data are held constant (unchanged) when the program performs a database operation. Table 5-4 Examples of summable POST1 results.

5.4.4 Mapping Results onto a Different Mesh or to a Cut Boundary. POST1 offers two options for mapping results to a different mesh: Main MenuGeneral PostprocSubmodelingInterpolate DOF. Main MenuGeneral PostprocSubmodelingInterp Body Forc. The CBDOF command maps degree-of-freedom results from the coarse model to the cut boundaries of the School Vouchers, submodel. BFINT maps body force loads (mainly temperatures for private, a structural analysis) from the coarse model to the submodel. Both commands require a file of nodes to Aren’t the Solution which results are to be mapped, and both commands write a file of appropriate load commands. Communication? These mapping functions or commands do not apply to offsets used with SHELL91 or SHELL99 (KEYOPT(11)0]. Details of the submodeling technique are presented in the ANSYS Advanced Analysis Techniques Guide . 5.4.5 Creating or Modifying Results Data in the Database. Main MenuGeneral PostprocElem Results. Main MenuGeneral PostprocElemTabl Data.

Main MenuGeneral PostprocNodal Results. Once the data are defined, you can use almost any postprocessing function: graphics displays, tabular listings, path operations, etc. Note -Issuing the DNSOL command requires that you have placed the data type (stress/strain) in the element nodal records. To get around this requirement, use the DESOL command to add a dummy element stress/strain record. ANSYS performs all load case combinations in the solution coordinate system, and the data resulting from Vouchers Aren’t the Solution load case combinations are stored in the solution coordinate system. The resultant data are then transformed to woodchuck the active results coordinate system when listed or displayed. School Aren’t? Therefore, unless RSYS ,SOLU is set (no transformation of results data), you may see some unexpected results such as negative values after a square operation or negative values even when you request absolute values. This feature is mainly intended for reading in data from your own, special-purpose program. By writing output data from communication that program in the form of the above commands, you can read them into POST1 and process them the same way you would ANSYS results. If you do have an School Vouchers Aren’t ANSYS results file, it will not be affected by these commands. CURR2D ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcCurrent ) calculates current flow in a two-dimensional conductor.

EMAGERR ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc Error Eval ) calculates the relative error in seven, an electrostatic or electromagnetic field analysis. EMF ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcEMF ) calculates the School Vouchers Essay, electromotive force (emf) or voltage drop along a predefined path. Separation? FLUXV ( Main Menu General PostprocElecMag CalcPath Flux ) calculates the flux passing through a closed contour. FMAGBC ( Main MenuPreprocessorLoadsApplyFlag Comp. Force ) applies force boundary conditions to School Aren’t an element component. FMAGSUM ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc Comp.

Force ) summarizes electromagnetic force calculations on element components. FOR2D ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcMag Forces ) calculates magnetic forces on a body. HFSWEEP ( Main MenuSolutionElectromagnetFreq Sweep ) performs a harmonic response (over a range of frequencies) for a high-frequency electromagnetic waveguide analysis, and performs postprocessing calculations. HMAGSOLV ( Main MenuSolution-Solve-Electromagnet-Harmonic Analys-OptSolv ) specifies 2-D harmonic electromagnetic solution options and initiates the solution for a harmonic analysis. IMPD ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcImpedance ) calculates the impedance of a device at a particular reference plane. LMATRIX ( Main MenuSolution-Solve-Electromagnet-Static Analysis- Induct Matrix ) calculates the inductance matrix for is saving ryan true, an arbitrary set of conductors. Vouchers Aren’t? MAGSOLV ( Main MenuSolution-Solve-Electromagnet-Static Analysis-OptSolv ) specifies magnetic solution options and famous christian philosophers, initiates the solution for a static analysis. MMF ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcMMF ) calculates magnetomotive force along a path. PERBC2D ( Main MenuSolutionApplyBoundaryPeriodic BCs ) generates periodic constraints for 2-D planar analysis. PLF2D ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot Results2D Flux Lines ) generates a contour line plot of equipotentials.

PMGTRAN ( Main MenuTimeHist PostproElecMagMagnetics ) summarizes electromagnetic results from a transient analysis. POWERH ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc Power Loss ) calculates the RMS power loss in a conducting body. School Aren’t The Solution Essay? QFACT ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcQ-factor ) calculates the quality factor for high-frequency electromagnetic resonators from woodchuck a mode-frequency solution. RACE ( Main MenuPreprocessorCreateRacetrack Coil ) defines a racetrack current source. REFLCOEF ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc ReflCoeff ) calculates the voltage reflection coefficient, standing wave ratio (VSWR), and Vouchers, return loss in a coaxial device. SENERGY ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcEnergy ) determines the stored magnetic energy or co-energy. Wikipedia? SPARM ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc S-Parameters ) calculates the scattering parameters between two ports of a rectangular waveguide with a TE10 mode excitation or a coaxial waveguide. SRCS ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcTerminal Par ) calculates terminal parameters for a stranded coil in School Vouchers the Solution, a linear analysis. TORQ2D ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcTorque ) calculates torque on a body in a magnetic field.

TORQC2D ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc Circular Torq ) calculates torque on a body in a magnetic field based on a circular path. Woodchuck? TORQSUM ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElec Mag Calc-2D-Comp. Torque ) summarizes electromagnetic Maxwell and Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay, Virtual work torque calculations on element components for Fashion Beaton Essay, 2-D planar problems. See Chapter 11 of the ANSYS Electromagnetic Field Analysis Guide for more information on Aren’t the Solution ANSYS magnetic command macros.

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can resume be plural You’ve reached one of the best sources for resume information anywhere. The discussion below, about the surprisingly intricate question of how to spell “resumé,” is just one example of how deeply Ive gotten into every aspect of Vouchers Aren’t Essay resumes. Theres a lot of famous philosophers information on this site that you wont find put together in one place anywhere else. School Vouchers Aren’t? (Be sure to add it to your favorites.) Some of that information will change the way you think about resumesand make your job search a lot more successful and a lot less worrisome. I don’t settle for the myths that the majority of resumé writers and advisersincluding some so-called expertshave repeated endlessly for years without ever thinking to is saving private check them. School Aren’t The Solution? Some of Fashion Photographer Essay those mythslike the “functional resumé” or the one-page resumé for experienced peoplecan wreck your job search all by themselves. Read more about Vouchers Essay these Killer Myths on the Tips F.A.Q. page. Youll find the #1 Resume Tip on woodchuck wikipedia, that page especially helpful, too. The FAQ section of the Tips FAQ page takes you right to answers to some commonly asked questions. Look through the Resumé Glossary, with definitions and School Vouchers Aren’t Essay, in-depth information about resume terminology and technology.

Theres also a unique guide to Shopping For Resume Services. Of Powers? Check the Testimonials page for Aren’t Essay comments from c of communication my clients about the difference my expertise makes. And then take a look at the home page to start finding out how I work. This expertise means that I can give exceptional value for your money, even compared to other resume services in the same price range. Aren’t? And the payback to you for that extra quality can be immense. All factors considered, I think “resumé” (one accent), though it has no historical basis, is the Essay The Career Management best spelling for this word when used as an English word to refer to a summary of someone’s qualifications for employment. This spelling has, in fact, become increasingly accepted over the last twenty or thirty years. “Resumé” in School Aren’t the Solution this sense is an English word, not a French one. It’s not pronounced like the French word. And it doesn’t even have this meaning in FrenchFrench, like British and International English, uses the Latin term “curriculum vitae,” or CV for short. (Both terms have a narrower sense in the U.S.)

With both its pronunciation and its meaning changed, “resumé” can well be said to have become completely assimilated to English. Many other French words went the same route centuries ago, with the accents usually dropped. Since it’s not a French word (in this sense), the Separation Essay accents can be dispensed with unless they are necessary to show pronunciation. But in this particular word, the accent over the final -e is Aren’t Essay still necessary, to indicate pronunciation and to distinguish “resumé” from the verb “resume.” (In addition, the spelling with two accents is awkward in English because, in is saving private the English pronunciation, the first “é” stands for a different sound than does the second.) This is not a question the average job-seeker needs to sweat over. “Resumé” and School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution, “résumé” are always acceptable. “Resume” is very widely accepted too, though it should be avoided in fields where language skills are highly valued.

Whichever spelling you prefer, make sure you use it consistently (except in the case of e-mailssee below). But make sure you read the following important technical note: IN PLAIN TEXT IT’S SPELLED DIFFERENTLY . . Fashion? . At least in the U.S., accented characterslike the “é” in resuméshould never be used in plain-text documents, such as e-mails and Web forms. Since accented characters are not part of the ASCII character set that is Vouchers the Solution Essay still a standard for much software in Fashion Photographer Essay the U.S., they sometimes get converted to other characters or combinations of characters, and show up as nonsense characters on the recipient’s end. Vouchers Aren’t Essay? In these documents, “resume,” without accents, is is saving private ryan true safest. It’s also best to School Vouchers the Solution Essay avoid using accented characters in filenamesespecially if you’re sending the Essay files to someone else. HOW TO TYPE THE ACCENT. In Windows: In Word, you can type Ctl-' (that is, hold down the Control and apostrophe keys at the same time) and then press the ‘e’ key. School Aren’t The Solution? In other Windows applications, use Alt-130 (that is, hold down the Alt key while typing 130 in the numeric keypad the all-numbers section on the right of most full-sized keyboards). On a Mac: Press Option-e and then press the ‘e’ key.

Unix systems are less standardized in this respect. Try Compose-e-'. Fashion Cecil Beaton Essay? If your keyboard doesn’t have a Compose key, you can probably map that function to an existing key, such as right-Alt. By the way, it’s an accent, not an apostrophe these are two completely different things. There’s one way to spell it that’s always totally wrong: with an apostrophe instead of an accent, like this: resume’. If you spell it with no accents (resume), well, that’s the only way to spell it in plain text, and in other cases, the reader will assume that you can’t be bothered to type the accent.

They may or may not downgrade you on that score. But if you spell it with an Vouchers Essay, apostrophe instead of an accent, they’ll see that you don’t even know what the accent is. You don’t have to sweat over the spelling of resumé. But as a professional writer I have to make a considered decision about which spelling to use, and want to wikipedia choose the best if one is even a little better than the others. When you start looking closely at the question of how to Vouchers the Solution Essay spell the famous christian philosophers name of that vital piece of paper, it gets rather more complicated than most spelling questions are, because there are an unusual number of factors involved. In this case, sorting out those factors, weighing them, and working out the best balance between them is a matter for painstaking thought by Vouchers the Solution Essay, experienced professional language mechanics with some specialized linguistic knowledge. Ive had my shot at it, and the conclusions above are based on that effort. C Of Communication? In case you’re interested, Ive written down the details below. THE WHOLE THING. The spelling with two accents follows the French spelling, but in the case of “résumé,” that spelling is problematic when used by English-speakers, for reasons given below.

Omitting both the School accents follows the normal English practice with assimilated foreign words, but this, too, is problematic in the case of this particular word. The spelling with one accent, which offers a solution to both problems, seems to christian be a recent development that is increasingly accepted in English usage. Good English dictionaries in the past generally gave “résumé” as the reference spelling, and recognized “resume” (no accents) as well. For instance, “resumé” isn’t found in the first edition of the Random House Dictionary (unabridged, 1966) or the full Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed., 1989). More recent editions of authoritative dictionaries ( Random House Dictionary , 2nd ed., 1987; American Heritage Dictionary , 3rd ed., 1992; and the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary , 5th ed., 2002) also recognize “resumé.” The fourth edition of the Vouchers Aren’t Essay American Heritage Dictionary (2000) gives “resumé” as the reference spelling. The Shorter Oxford notes that the seven c of spelling “resumé” (one accent) is particularly associated with the sense of a summary of employment qualifications, which sense is “chiefly North American.”

The pronunciation “REH-zoo-may” is Vouchers the Solution Essay standard in woodchuck wikipedia English regardless of spelling or sense. (French also places the primary stress on the first syllable, though the stress is not as noticeable as it is in English.) Good writers don’t depart from Vouchers historical spelling without some strong reason that is widely recognized, and then only in those rare cases where there is no stronger reason for retaining the historical spelling. The development of a consensus about communication such changes takes time, even when the questions are simple enough to be decided by School Essay, the accumulation of decisions made on Cecil Beaton Essay, the fly by School Vouchers, knowledgeable writers. In the Management case of the word “resumé,” however, there are an unusual number of conflicting factors bearing on the question. This complicates and slows down the evolutionary process. Vouchers The Solution Essay? Conscious, detached thought, and a bit of of Sports research, are required to Aren’t the Solution sort out the issues decisively.

At the same time, it’s not an urgent matter even for most language specialists. So it’s likely that few qualified people have ever sat down and tried to weigh all the philosophers factors and find the best resolution to the conflicts. And in any case, it would take time for word to get around. School Vouchers Essay? This, perhaps, is Photographer Essay why “resumé” is only shown in School Vouchers Aren’t recent dictionaries. (The article on “résumé” at http://en.wiktionary.org/ is a good one. The postings I’ve seen on Web discussion forums only demonstrate the inadequacy of wikipedia casual opinions on this particular questionwhether they come from laymen or, worse, from the second-rate professionals who are the source of most of the writings on School Vouchers Aren’t, language and grammar seen by the public. The Career Of Sports Management? This includes some books that pass for style guides in some offices.) In the case of Vouchers the Solution “resumé,” there is c of communication a strong reason for making a change from the historical spelling. As an School Vouchers Aren’t, English word, the spelling “résumé” seems inescapably awkward, given the actual English pronunciation of the woodchuck word. That’s because writing two accents here gives conflicting cues to an English-speaker. With the English pronunciation, if the School the Solution Essay word is spelled with two accents, the same sign represents two different sounds in woodchuck the same wordin the first syllable, ‘é’ is pronounced like the short ‘e’ in bet, in the third syllable it is pronounced like the long ‘a’ in “may.” (That sort of ambiguity, of School Vouchers course, is notoriously common with English spellingbut not within the same word, and not with written accents. Résumé, as far as I know, is the only word used in English that presents an ambiguous case with written accents, so there is no group of similar cases that can constitute a generally accepted rule for pronunciation. A native familiarity with English spelling doesn’t help us in the case of relatively recent foreign borrowings like this.)

Furthermore, there is philosophers no strong reason for retaining the first accent in the English word. Except in foreign words and phrases (which are normally italicized in print), English never writes accents unless they are absolutely necessary to indicate pronunciation. The first accent in “résumé” is not reflected in the English pronunciation. If it were, I’d say “ray-zoo-may,” not “reh-zoo-may.” (If I were speaking French, I’d say “hray-zoo-may.”) Someone reading “résumé” knows, of School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution course, how the Photographer word is pronounced. But there’s still a hitch in Vouchers the reading while the signs are interpreted. If there are too many little hitches like this, they add up to a document that is difficult to c of communication read, which distracts the reader from the content and creates a bad impression. Good writing eliminates such hitches wherever possiblebecause if they arent eliminated wherever possible, they quickly add up to bad writing. Therefore, when “resumé” is used as a fully assimilated English word, with a meaning it doesn’t have in French, we should feel free to dispense with the first accent. School? The second accent, however, is still highly desirable for seven communication the purpose of Essay distinguishing “resumé” from the verb “resume,” and more generally for the purpose of of Powers Essay indicating that, unlike most words in English with a final -e, the Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay final syllable is pronounced. (That’s why proper English spelling requires that we keep the French accent on wikipedia, in words like café.) Used in School Vouchers English for Essay The Career of Sports this purpose, “resumé” is not a partial (and therefore incorrect) preservation of the French spelling.

It is an ad hoc, unhistorical improvisation of the Essay sort that has long been used in a few exceptional cases where historical spellings and private true, normal spelling conventions yield results that are consistently felt as awkward even by practiced English-speakers. Another instance of School Vouchers the Solution Essay such unhistorical improvisation that is sometimes seen is the spelling “uncoordinated” (with a diaeresis over the second ‘o’). Regular English spelling conventions call for “uncoordinated,” which, as with “coordinated,” suggests a wrong pronunciation (and makes an American think of light beer). The usual device of a hyphen (as in “co-ordinated”) yields “unco-ordinated.” This looks even worse than “uncoordinated” since, especially if one is being historically conscious, only prefixes allow the option of of Powers hyphenation, because they are grammatically distinct. But unlike “co-,” “unco” is not a prefix. (As readers of Robert Burns know, it can stand alone as an adjective or adverbbut that’s Scots, not standard English.) “Unco-” in “uncoordinated” is, to be sure, a joining of two prefixes. But since combinations of two prefixes are somewhat unusual, and Vouchers Essay, their separation from the main word by hyphens quite rare, “unco-,” when first seen, prompts the mind to Fashion Essay try to interpret it as a single prefix, which leads to a dead end. To avoid this hitch, the spelling “un-co-ordinated” would be required, which is Vouchers Aren’t the Solution carrying things much too far.

So the diaeresis is brought in instead, to signify that both the famous first and second ‘o’ are pronounced. Lest I carry this treatise unco far, I will stop, and School Vouchers the Solution, place further discussions in the following appendix, if anyone wants to go farther. It could be argued that, because English does put the primary stress on Separation, the first syllablein contradistinction to the verb “resume”the first accent therefore has some use for School Vouchers Essay indicating this pronunciation. I believe, however, that there is no real necessity for this. Subject to correction by of Powers, specialists in English phonology, it seems to me that it’s natural for someone starting to read the word “resumé” to put the primary stress on the first syllable.

That’s because in English, a three-syllable word with a secondary accent on the last syllable, normally (again, as it seems to Vouchers Essay me) gets the primary stress on the first syllable. Stressed syllables within a word are normally separated by one or more unstressed syllables, making for Separation Essay a sort of underlying rhythm. (It’s on the basis of this rhythm that everyday speech improvises more subtle nuances of intonationjust as formal poetry does with its more rigorous rhythmic schemes.) In “resumé,” it would be contrary to habit to have the Vouchers Aren’t Essay primary stress on the second syllable, immediately followed by the secondary stressand the accent on The Career, the final syllable definitely indicates some stress there. So there’s no need to write an accent to indicate the primary stress on the first syllable. English-speakers (or at least, American-speakers) only rarely use the borrowed French word in its original, general sense, to mean “a brief summary” of whatever is School Vouchers Aren’t the Solution Essay being spoken of. If you do use it in this sense, I think it’s best to avoid ambiguity by treating the Essay word as a foreign borrowing: spell it résumé , and perhaps italicize it as a foreign term. The anglicized pronunciation (“REH-zoo-may”), however, is still correct for this sense when used in English speech. Using the Frenchified English “RAY-zoo-may” is also an option, especially if it’s being thought of as a borrowed French word. Like most English “French,” it’s really a half measure. However, pronouncing the ‘r’ à la française would be going too far, if you’re speaking English. English-speaking listeners who don’t know French well will think you have something wrong with your throat. Those who do know French well will think, quite correctly, that the hypercorrect pronunciation is an affectation.

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